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BASICS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

The Pre - Production And Production Systems In


In nahar

By:
Shreya Bahl
And
Ridhi Kapoor
Objectives
• To study various production processes involved
in an apparel manufacturing organization.
• Develop an intellect for clothing manufacture
technology with regard to fabric cutting.
• To study the layouts of the fabric, cutting and
sewing department and propose the layouts for
to utilize the floor space efficiently.

Conclusions
• Learning of different steps in production related to
the pre production and sewing processes.
• Ample knowledge about managing production for
maximum output how to manage the industries
how the work floor and the labour were being
under used and how they can be put to best use to
get maximum output.
• The project on the whole helped us learn in a
practical way how work is done in a garment
producing unit and how efficiently can we process
the work.

Suggestions
• Changes required in fabric storage area:
 Division of storage area into-ready to cut area, surplus
fabric area, dead stock area
 Well maintained fabric under check area.

 Well maintained components storage area.


• Change in off loading technique-
 equal length of bed required to the loading bay.
Prevents miss happening and saves manpower.
• Proper medical chest required.
• Workers should be should be provided with metal
glove while using straight knife. Prevents cut.
1.
Project work
 Fabric received
 Fabric stored

 Fabric checking

 Marker making and Grading


 Cutting

 Sewing

 Primary checking

 Stain removal

 Mending


Fabric receiving
• Received from sister concern-DHANDHARI
through truck.






• Offloading-manual-movement through trolleys and bins.




• Rolls carried through trolleys and entered in register


after weighing them, entry as per challan, ticket
attached to the roll, carrying roll#, date, DIA, GSM.

ROLL.NO

G.S.M

DIA

WEIGHT

DATE
• FABRIC STORAGE- in racks, after weighing,
white-out of the poly bag, colored- covered,
trims and collars stored seperately.




• No inspection of fabric, testing for GSM, DIA.
3 Fabric cards maintained:-

One stored with the department.

One sent to buyer.

One to supervisor for approval


Marker making and grading
• Markers made through CAD
• GRADING- CAD system used.
Spreading
• It is done manually.
• Continuous ply laying is the method
generally used.
Cutting Department
• Hand sheers and vertical straight knife used
• Plaid fabrics- cut as one ply, require careful
cutting
• Plain fabric- cut as many plies through vertical
straight knifes.
• For cutting stripers cutting pasted on the
patterns for matching garment parts.



• Fabric board hanged in the cutting room


containing all combos which are being cut.


• Bundles made and sent to sewing department.






Sewing department
• Issue to sewing through computers.




• Straight line system followed.

 LAYOUT FOR SEWING DEPARTMENT
• First sent to moon patch attachment.




• Making and attachment of sleeve tape.


• Offline operation is followed



Then bundles are then issued to
sewing hall. 2 people employed for
each operation.
• STEP 1: Placket making-fusing and attachment.
 First attached to the front, then sent to fusing.
Then stitched

• STEP 2: Placket box making
 It is done after making the placket to give a
better finish.

• STEP3: Shoulder attachment with
overlock machine.



• STEP4: Collar making



• STEP5: Side slit making with SNLS
machine.




• STEP6:Hamming with folding machine
• STEP7: Button hole and button stitch

First marking with white Button holes made


pencil and marking card. With button hole
machine.
• Button stitch
 Marking with mark card and white pencil on
placket.

Marking on placket for Buttons attached with


Buttons. Placket divided button stitch machine.
in 6 halves.
• Step7: Primary checking

 Manually, removal of threads and checking for skips in knit


or any other kind of holes or cuts or any default in sewing.

• STEP8: Stain removal
 With guns, using benzene solution


• STEP9: Mending
 Manually with needle


Layout for fabric storage

Layout for fabric storage


Actual
layout
Propose
d
layout
Layout for cutting room
Actual
layout
Proposed
layout
Thank you