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Ô General characteristics:
’ reproduce by seeds
’ gametophyte dependent on
sporophyte
’ HETEROSPOROUS
’ ENDOSPORIC
’ unisexual gametophyte

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Ô monoecious
Ô staminate cone/ androstrobilus
’ Microspores
’ winged pollen grains
Ô ovulate cone/ gynostrobilus
’ ovuliferous scales
’ ovules (seeds)

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Staminate
cone

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Ô M

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Ô w  
Ô 
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Ô 

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Ô dioecious
Ô megasporophyll Ȃ loose clusters
Ô microsporophyll Ȃ strobilus
’ microsporangia with pollen grains

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Megasporophylls Male strobilus


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