Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 28


Economic Over View
‡ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimated to have grown at 8.6 per
cent in 2010-11 in real terms. Economy has shown remarkable
‡ Continued high food prices have been principal concern this year.
‡ Consumers denied the benefit of seasonal fall in prices despite
improved availability of food items, revealing shortcomings in
distribution and marketing systems.
‡ Monetary policy measures taken expected to further moderate
inflation in coming months.
‡ Exports have grown by 29.4 per cent, while imports have recorded a
growth of 17.6 per cent during April to January 2010-11 over the
corresponding period last year.
‡ Indian economy expected to grow at 9 per cent with an outside band
of +/- 0.25 per cent in 2011-12.
‡ Average inflation expected lower next year and current account
deficit smaller.
±ax Reforms
‡ Direct ±axes Code (D±C) to be finalised for enactment
during 2011-12. D±C proposed to be effective from April
1, 2012.
‡ Areas of divergence with States on proposed Goods and
Services ±ax (GS±) have been narrowed. As a step
towards roll out of GS±, Constitution Amendment Bill
proposed to be introduced in this session of Parliament.
‡ Significant progress in establishing GS± Network
(GS±N), which will serve as I± infrastructure for
introduction of GS±.
Expenditure Reforms
‡ A Committee already set up by Planning Commission to
look into the extant classification of public expenditure
between plan, non-plan, revenue and capital.
‡ Subsidies
‡ Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) has improved the
availability of fertiliser; Government actively considering
extension of the NBS regime to cover urea.
‡ Government to move towards direct transfer of cash
subsidy to people living below poverty line in a phased
manner for better delivery of kerosene, LPG and
fertilisers. ±ask force set up to work out the modalities
for the proposed system.

eople¶s ownership of
‡ Overwhelming response to public issues of Central
Public Sector Undertakings during current year.
‡ Higher than anticipated non-tax revenue has led to
reschedulement of some disinvestment issues planned
for current year.
‡ Rs. 40,000 crore to be raised through disinvestment in
‡ Government committed to retain at least 51 per cent
ownership and management control of the Central Public
Sector Undertakings
( E E  E (RO E 
oreign Direct Investment
‡ Discussions underway to further liberalise the DI policy.
oreign Institutional Investors
‡ SEBI registered mutual funds permitted to accept
subscription from foreign investors who meet KYC
requirements for equity schemes.
‡ ±o enhance flow of funds to infrastructure sector, the II
limit for investment in corporate bonds issued in
infrastructure sector being raised.
inancial ector Legislative (nitiatives
‡ ±o take the process of financial sector reforms further, various
legislations proposed in 2011-12.
‡ Amendments proposed to the Banking Regulation Act in the context
of additional banking licences to private sector players.

ublic ector Bank Capitalisation
‡ Rs. 6,000 crore to be provided during 2011-12 to enable public
sector banks to maintain a minimum of ±ier I CRAR of 8 per cent.
Recapitalisation of Regional Rural Banks
‡ Rs. 500 crore to be provided to enable Regional Rural Banks to
maintain a CRAR of at least 9 per cent as on March 31, 2012.
icro inance (nstitutions
‡ ³India Microfinance Equity und´ of Rs. 100 crore to be created with
‡ Government considering putting in place appropriate regulatory
framework to protect the interest of small borrowers.
‡ ³Women¶s SHG¶s Development und´ to be created with a corpus of
Rs. 500 crore.

Rural (nfrastructure Development und

‡ Corpus of RID XVII to be raised from Rs. 16,000 crore to Rs.
18,000 crore.

icro mall and edium Enterprises

‡ Rs. 5,000 crore to be provided to SIDBI for refinancing incremental
lending by banks to these enterprises.
‡ Rs3,000 crore to be provided to NABARD to provide support to
handloom weaver co-operative societies which have become
financially unviable due to non-repayment of debt by handloom
weavers facing economic stress.
‡ Public sector banks to achieve a target of 15 per cent as outstanding
loans to minority communities under priority sector lending at the
Ëousing ector inance
‡ Existing scheme of interest subvention of 1 per cent on housing loan
further liberalised.
‡ Existing housing loan limit enhanced to Rs. 25 lakh for dwelling units
under priority sector lending.
‡ Provision under Rural Housing und enhanced to Rs. 3,000 crore.
‡ ±o enhance credit worthiness of economically weaker sections and
LIG households, a Mortgage Risk Guarantee und to be created
under Rajiv Awas Yojana.
‡ Central Electronic Registry to prevent frauds involving multiple
lending on the same immovable property to become operational by
March 31, 2011.

inancial ector Legislative Reforms Commission

‡ inancial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission set up to rewrite
and streamline the financial sector laws, rules and regulations.
‡ Companies Bill to be introduced in the Lok Sabha during current
ational ission for
rotein upplement
‡ Allocation of Rs. 300 crore to promote animal based protein
production through livestock development, dairy farming, piggery,
goat rearing and fisheries.
Accelerated odder Development
‡ Allocation of Rs. 300 crore for Accelerated odder Development
Programme to benefit farmers in 25,000 villages.
ational ission for ustainable Agriculture
‡ Government to promote organic farming methods, combining
modern technology with traditional farming practices.
Agriculture Credit
‡ Credit flow for farmers raised from Rs. 3,75,000 crore to Rs.
4,75,000 crore in 2011-12.
‡ Interest subvention proposed to be enhanced from 2 per cent to 3
per cent for providing short-term crop loans to farmers who repay
their crop loan on time.
‡ In view of enhanced target for flow of agriculture credit, capital base
of NABARD to be strengthened by Rs. 3,000 crore in phased
‡ Rs. 10,000 crore to be contributed to NABARD¶s Short-term Rural
Credit fund for 2011-12.
ega ood
‡ Approval being given to set up 15 more Mega ood Parks during 2011-12.
torage Capacity and Cold Chains
‡ Augmentation of storage capacity through private entrepreneurs and
warehousing corporations has been fast tracked.
‡ Capital investment in creation of modern storage capacity will be eligible for
viability gap funding of the inance Ministry.
Agriculture Produce Marketing Act
‡ In view of recent episode of inflation, need for State Governments to review
and enforce a reformed Agriculture Produce Marketing Act.
(nfrastructure and (ndustry
‡ Allocation of Rs. 2,14,000 crore for infrastructure in 2011-12. ±his is an
increase of 23.3 per cent over 2010-11. ±his also amounts to 48.5 per cent
of total plan allocation. Government to come up with a comprehensive
policy for further developing PPP projects.
‡ IICL to achieve cummulative disbursement target of Rs. 20,000 crore by
March 31, 2011 and Rs. 25,000 crore by March 31, 2012.
‡ Under take out financing scheme, seven projects sanctioned with debt
of Rs. 1,500 crore. Another Rs. 5,000 crore will be sanctioned during 2011-
‡ ±o boost infrastructure development, tax free bonds of Rs. 30,000 crore
proposed to be issued by Government undertakings during 2011-12
ational anufacturing
‡ Share of manufacturing in GDP expected to grow from about 16 per
cent to 25 per cent over a period of 10 years. Government will come
out with a manufacturing policy.
‡ ±wo Committees set up for greater transparency and accountability
in procurement policy; and for allocation, pricing and utilisation of
natural resources.
‡ Issues relating to reconciliation of environmental concern from
various departmental activities including those related to
infrastructure and mining to be considered by a Group of Ministers.
‡ National Mission for hybrid and electric vehicle to be launched.
‡ inancial Assistance to be made available for metro projects in
Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata and Chennai.
‡ Capital investment in fertiliser production proposed to be included as
an infrastructure sub-sector.
‡ Of 23 suggestions made by ±ask orce on ±ransaction Cost,
constituted by the Department of Commerce, 21 suggestions
already implemented. Action to be taken on the remaining two
suggestions. ±ransaction Cost of Rs. 2,100 crore will thus be
‡ Self assessment to be introduced in Customs to modernize the
Customs administration.
‡ Proposal to introduce scheme for refund of taxes paid on services
used for export of goods.
‡ Mega Cluster Scheme to be extended for leather products. Seven
mega leather clusters to be set up during 2011-12.
‡ Jodhpur to be included for the development of a handicraft mega
RE ËE (  ( CL (O

‡ National ood Security Bill (NSB) to be introduced in

the Parliament during the course of this year.
‡ Allocation for social sector in 2011-12 (Rs. 1,60,887
crore) increased by 17 per cent over current year. It
amounts to 36.4 per cent of total plan allocation.

Bharat irman
‡ Allocation for Bharat Nirman programme proposed to be
increased by Rs10,000 crore from the current year to
Rs. 58,000 crore in 2011-12.
‡ Plan to provide Rural Broadband Connectivity to all
2,50,000 Panchayats in the country in three years.
‡ In pursuance of last years budget announcement to provide a real wage of Rs100 per
day, the Government has decided to index the wage rates notified under the
‡ MGNREGA to the Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labour. ±he enhanced wage
rates have been notified by the Ministry of Rural Development on January 14, 2011.
‡ rom 1st April, 2011, remuneration of Anganwadi workers increased from Rs1,500
per month to Rs. 3,000 per month and for Anganwadi helpers from Rs. 750 per
month to Rs. 1,500 per month.
cheduled Castes and ribal ub-plan
‡ Specific allocation earmarked towards Schedule Castes Sub-plan and ±ribal Sub-
plan in the Budget.
‡ Allocation for primitive ±ribal groups increased from Rs. 185 crore in 2010-11 to Rs.
244 crore in 2011-12.
‡ Education
‡ Allocation for education increased by 24 per cent over current year.
‡ Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
‡ Rs. 21,000 crore allocated, which is 40 per cent higher than Budget for 2010-11.
‡ Pre-matric scholarship scheme to be introduced for needy SC/S± students studying
in classes IX and X.
‡ National Knowledge Network
‡ Connectivity to all 1,500 institutions of Higher Learning and Research through optical
fiber backbone to be provided by March, 2012.
‡ ive fold strategy to be put into operation to deal with the problem of
generation and circulation of black money.
‡ Membership of various international fora engaged in anti money laundering,
inancial integrity and Economic development, Exchange of information for
tax purposes and transparency, secured.
‡ Various ±ax Information Exchange Agreements (±IEA) and Double ±axation
‡ Avoidance Agreements (D±AA) concluded. oreign ±ax Division of CBD±
has been strengthened to effectively handle increase in tax information
exchange and transfer pricing issues.
‡ Enforcement Directorate strengthened three fold to handle increased
number of cases registered under amended Money Laundering Legislation.
‡ inance Ministry has commissioned study on unaccounted income and
wealth held within and outside the country.
‡ Comprehensive national policy to be announced in near future to strengthen
controls over prevention of trafficking on narcotic drugs
arva hiksha Abhiyan
‡ Rs. 21,000 crore allocated, which is 40 per cent higher than Budget for 2010-11.
‡ Pre-matric scholarship scheme to be introduced for needy SC/S± students studying in classes IX
and X.
ational Knowledge etwork
‡ Connectivity to all 1,500 institutions of Higher Learning and Research through optical fiber
backbone to be provided by March, 2012.
‡ (nnovations
‡ National Innovation Council set up to prepare road map for innovations in India.
‡ Special grant provided to various universities and academic institutions to recognise excellence.
kill Development
‡ Additional Rs. 500 crore proposed to be provided for National Skill Development und during the
next year.
‡ An international award with prize money of Rs. 1 crore being instituted for promoting values of
universal brotherhood as part of National celebrations of 150th Birth Anniversary of Gurudev
Rabindranath ±agore.
‡ Plan allocations for health stepped-up by 20 per cent.
‡ Scope of Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana to be expanded to widen the coverage
inancial (nclusion
‡ ±arget of providing banking facilities to all 73,000 habitations having a population of over 2,000 to
be completed during 2011-2012.
norganised sector
‡ Exit norms under co-contributory pension scheme ³Swavalamban´ to be relaxed.
‡ Benefit of Government contribution to be extended from three to five years for all subscribers who
enroll during 2010-11 and 2011-12.
‡ Eligibility for pension under Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme for BPL beneficiaries
reduced from 65 years of age to 60 years. ±hose above 80 years of age will get pension of Rs.
500 per month instead of Rs. 200 at present.
Environment and Climate Change

‡ Rs. 200 crore proposed to be allocated for Green India Mission from National Clean Energy und.
Environmental Management
‡ Rs. 200 crore proposed to be allocated for launching Environmental Remediation Programmes
from National Clean Energy und.

Cleaning of Rivers and Lakes

‡ Special allocation of Rs. 200 crore proposed to be provided for clean-up of some more important
lakes and rivers other than Ganga.
( (nitiatives
‡ Various I± initiatives taken for efficient tax administration. ±hese include e-filing and
e-payment of taxes, adoption of µSevottam¶ concept by CBEC and CBD±, web based
facility for tax payers to track the resolution of refunds and credit for pre-paid taxes
and augmentation of processing capacity.
‡ Under Mission mode projects, funds released to 31 projects received from States/
U±s for computerisation of Commercial taxes. ±his will allow States to align with roll
out of GS±.
‡ Bill to amend the Indian Stamp Act proposed to be introduced shortly.
‡ A new scheme with an outlay of Rs. 300 crore to be launched to provide assistance
to States to modernise their stamp and registration administration and roll out e-
stamping in all the districts in the next three years.
‡ A new simplified form µSugam¶ to be introduced to reduce the compliance burden of
small tax payers falling within presumptive taxation.
‡ ±hree more benches of Settlement Commission to be set up to fast track the disposal
of cases.
‡ Steps initiated to reduce litigation and focus attention on high revenue cases.
ome Other (nitiatives
‡ ±o boost development in North Eastern Region and Special Category
States, allocation for Special Assistance doubled.
‡ Rs. 8,000 crore provided in current year for development needs of Jammu
and Kashmir.
‡ Allocation made in 2011-12 to meet the infrastructure needs for Ladakh (Rs.
100 crore) and Jammu region (Rs. 150 crore).
‡ Allocation under Backward Regions Grant und increased by over 35 per
‡ unds allocated under Integrated Action Plan (IAP) for addressing problems
related to Left Wing extremism affected districts. 60 selected ±ribal and
backward districts provided with 100 per cent block grant of Rs. 25 crore
and Rs. 30 crore per district during 2010-11 and 2011-12 respectively.
‡ A lump-sum ex-gratia compensation of Rs. 9 lakh for 100 per cent disability
to be granted for personnel of Defence and Para Military forces discharged
from service on medical ground on account of disability attributable to
government service.
‡ Provision of Rs. 1,64,415 crore, including Rs. 69,199 crore for capital
expenditure to be made for Defence Services in 2011-12.
‡ ±o build judicial infrastructure, plan provision for Department of Justice
increased by three fold to Rs. 1,000 crore.
‡ Group of Ministers constituted to consider measures for tackling corruption.
‡ Recommendations to be made in a time bound manner.
‡ Performance Monitoring and Evaluation System
‡ In pursuance of recommendations of Second Administrative Reforms
‡ Commission, 62 departments covered under Performance Monitoring and
Evaluation System (PMES) to assess their effectiveness.

‡ Recommendations of ±echnology Advisory Group for Unique Projects

(±AGUP) submitted and accepted in principle.
BDE E (AE 2011-12
‡ Gross ±ax receipts are estimated at Rs. 9,32,440 crore.
‡ Non-tax revenue receipts estimated at Rs. 1,25,435 crore.
‡ ±otal expenditure proposed at Rs. 12,57,729 crore.
‡ Increase of 18.3 per cent in total Plan allocation.
‡ Increase of 10.9 per cent in the Non-plan expenditure.
‡ XI Plan expenditure more than 100 per cent in nominal terms than
envisaged for the Plan period.
‡ Increase of 23 per cent in Plan and Non-plan transfer to States and U±s.
‡ iscal Deficit brought down from 5.5 per cent in BE 2010-11 to 5.1 per cent
of GDP in RE 2010-11.
‡ iscal Deficit kept at 4.6 per cent of GDP for 2011-12.
‡ iscal Deficit to be progressively reduced to 3.5 per cent by 2013-14.
‡ ³Effective Revenue Deficit´ estimated at 2.3 per cent of GDP in the Revised
‡ Estimates for 2010-11 and 1.8 per cent for 2011-12.
‡ All subsidy related liabilities brought into fiscal accounting.
‡ Net market borrowing of the Government through dated securities in 2011-
12 would be Rs. 3.43 lakh crore.
‡ Central Government debt estimated at 44.2 per cent of GDP for 2011-12 as
against 52.5 per cent recommended by the 13th inance Commission.
Direct ±axes

‡ Exemption limit for the general category of individual taxpayers enhanced from
‡ Rs. 1,60,000 to Rs. 1,80,000 giving uniform tax relief of Rs. 2,000.
‡ Exemption limit enhanced and qualifying age reduced for senior citizens.
‡ Higher exemption limit for Very Senior Citizens, who are 80 years or above.
‡ Current surcharge of 7.5 per cent on domestic companies proposed to be reduced to 5 per cent.
‡ Rate of Minimum Alternative ±ax proposed to be increased from 18 per cent to 18.5 per cent of
book profits.
‡ ±ax incentives extended to attract foreign funds for financing of infrastructure.
‡ Additional deduction of Rs. 20,000 for investment in long-term infrastructure bonds proposed to be
extended for one more year.
‡ Lower rate of 15 per cent tax on dividends received by an Indian company from its foreign
‡ Benefit of investment linked deduction extended to businesses engaged in the production of
‡ Investment linked deduction to businesses developing affordable housing.
‡ Weighted deduction on payments made to National Laboratories, Universities and Institutes of
±echnology to be enhanced to 200 per cent.
‡ System of collection of information from foreign tax jurisdictions to be strengthened.
‡ A net revenue loss of Rs. 11,500 crore estimated as a result of proposals.
Indirect ±axes

‡ ±o stay on course for transition to GS±.

‡ Central Excise Duty to be maintained at standard rate of 10 per
‡ Reduction in number of exemptions in Central Excise rate structure.
‡ Nominal Central Excise Duty of 1 per cent imposed on 130 items
entering in the tax net.
‡ Lower rate of Central Excise Duty enhanced from 4 per cent to 5 per
‡ Optional levy on branded garments or made up proposed to be
converted into a mandatory levy at unified rate of 10 per cent.
‡ Peak rate of Custom Duty held at its current level.
Agriculture and Related ectors
‡ Scope of exemptions from Excise Duty enlarged to include equipments
needed for storage and warehouse facilities on agricultural produce.
‡ Basic Custom Duty reduced for specified agricultural machinery from 5 per
cent to 2.5 per cent.
‡ Basic Custom Duty reduced on micro-irrigation equipment from 7.5 per cent
to 5 per cent.
‡ De-oiled rice bran cake to be fully exempted from basic Custom Duty.
‡ Duty of 10 per cent to be levied on its export.
anufacturing ector
‡ Basic Custom Duty reduced for various items to encourage domestic value
addition vis-à-vis imports, to remove duty inversion and anomalies and to
provide a level playing field to the domestic industry.
‡ Rate of Export Duty for all types of iron ore enhanced and unified at 20 per
cent ad valorem. ull exemption from Export Duty to iron ore pellets.
‡ Basic Custom Duty on two critical raw materials of cement industry viz.
petcoke and gypsum is proposed to be reduced to 2.5 per cent.
‡ Cash dispensers fully exempt from basic Customs Duty.
‡ ull exemption from basic Customs Duty and a concessional rate of Central
‡ Excise Duty extended to batteries imported by manufacturers of electrical vehicles.
‡ Concessional Excise Duty of 10 per cent to vehicles based on uel cell technology.
‡ Exemption granted from basic custom duty and special CVD to critical parts/assemblies needed
for Hybrid vehicles.
‡ Reduction in Excise Duty on kits used for conversion of fossil fuel vehicles into Hybrid vehicles.
‡ Excise Duty on LEDs reduced to 5 per cent and special CVD being fully exempted.
‡ Basic Customs Duty on solar lantern reduced from 10 to 5 per cent.
‡ ull exemption from basic Customs Duty to Crude Palm Stearin used in manufacture of laundry
‡ ull exemption from basic Excise Duty granted to enzyme based preparation for pre-tanning.

‡ Parallel Excise Duty exemption for domestic suppliers producing capital goods needed for
expansion of existing mega or ultra mega power projects.
‡ ull exemption from basic Customs Duty to bio-asphalt and specified machinery for application in
the construction of national highways.
‡ Scope of exemptions from basic Customs Duty for work of art and antiquities
extended to apply for exhibition or display in private art galleries open to the general
‡ Exemption from Import Duty for spares and capital goods required for ship repair
units extended to import by ship owners.
‡ Concessional basic Custom Duty of 5 per cent and CVD of 5 per cent available to
newspaper establishments for high speed printing presses extended to mailroom
‡ Jumbo rolls of cinematographic film fully exempted from CVD by providing full
exemption from Excise Duty.
‡ Out right concession to factory-built ambulances from Excise Duty.
‡ Relief measures proposed for raw pistachio, bamboo for agarbatti, lactose for the
manufacture of homoeopathic medicines, sanitary napkins, baby and adult diapers.
‡ Proposals relating to Customs and Central Excise estimated to result in a net
revenue gain of Rs. 7,300 crore.
Service ±ax
‡ Standard rate of Service ±ax retained at 10 per cent, while seeking a closer fit between present
regime and its GS± successor.
‡ Hotel accommodation in excess of Rs. 1,000 per day and service provided by air conditioned
restaurants that have license to serve liquor added as new services for levying Service ±ax.
‡ ±ax on all services provided by hospitals with 25 or more beds with facility of central air
‡ Service ±ax on air travel both domestic and international raised.
‡ Services provided by life insurance companies in the area of investment and some more legal
services proposed to be brought into tax net.
‡ All individual and sole proprietor tax payers with a turn over upto Rs. 60 lakh freed from the
formalities of audit.
‡ ±o encourage voluntary compliance the penal provision for Service ±ax are being rationalised.
Similar changes being carried out in Central Excise and Custom laws.
‡ Proposals relating to Service ±ax estimated to result in net revenue gain of Rs. 4,000 crore.
‡ Proposals relating to Direct ±axes estimated to result in a revenue loss of Rs11,500 crore and
those related to Indirect ±axes estimated to result in net revenue gain of Rs. 11,300 crore.