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R Green Revolution has achieved 3.8% annual growth


rate in agriculture during 1980.
R Growth rate was slow 2.7%in the 1990s which was
associated with a reduction in public investment in
agriculture, slower growth and imbalanced use of
fertilizer and depletion of soil fertility.
R The planning commission has set a target of 4% per
annum for agriculture sector which has been rather
an elusive goal so far. For maintaining self sufficiency
in food grains production, the country needs to
produce at least another 20 Mt of additional food
grains
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R §and related issues
R Technology related issues
R Investment and capital formation in
agriculture.
R Food and Nutrition security
R Sustainability of production system
R Climate changes
R Post harvest management and value addition
R Marketing and management system.
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R Increase in number of marginal and small


land holdings farmers is another major
challenges issues in agriculture productivity
through investment of modern technologies.
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R Second green revolution has to be taken place from


the rain fed area,
R More attention should be done on the less favored
area for setting priorities for strategic policy and
public investment for poverty reduction.
R Shift from the near exclusive reliance on irrigation
and irrigated agriculture to strategy of emphasing
improving on the performance of irrigation and
irrigated agriculture.
R Productivity of irrigation is more important to
determine through agricultural growth than its
expansion
  


  
R mcceleration of growth of this sector will not
only push the overall GDP growth upward but
make the growth more inclusive.
R Inadequate access to credit often push the
farmer to put their hand in front of money
lenders who charges exorbitant rates.
R The cooperative credit system needs to be
revitalized.
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R Demand for food grains comprises of two parts.


R First is direct food demand, demand is influenced by
trends in population growth, per capita income and
change in food taste and preferences due to
urbanization and other demographic changes.
R Second component is other demand mainly for feed,
seed and industrial and other uses.
R The planning commission maintain a projected
demand of 247 Mt in 2020.129 Mt is for rice,92 Mt is
for coarse cereals and 20 Mt for pulses.
R Food grain production should increase about 2 MT
every year which is a reasonable target.

 

R m part of huge production of food grains half of the


population still suffers from chronic under Ȃ
nutrition.
R Most vulnerable sections of the society are children
and women especially among the lower income
groups which have unacceptable level of
malnutrition among children and women which can
not simply be addressed by increase in food
production.
R m long term solution is only can be ensure by
employment opportunities which can increase the
purchasing power of the poor to meet their
nutrional requirement
 




R Due to water pollution and poor soil health are
other negative environmental externalities due
to imbalance use of chemicals fertilizers and
pesticides.
R Thatǯs their developed sustainable agriculture
which will restore health of natural resources,
quality of products and environmental services.
R mgriculture diversification use of biological
inputs like biofertilizers and biopesticides and
resources conservation technologies hold great
potentials to promote sustainability of
production.
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R It integrates three main goals


enviroment,health,economics profitability and
social and economic equity.
R Sustainability rest on the principal we must meet
the needs of the present with out compromising
the ability of the future generation to meet their
own needs.
R Reaching towards the goal of sustainable
agriculture is the responsibility of all participant
in the system including
farmers,labourer,policymaker,reseachers.
 

R Threats of climate change is a real challenges


for the future generations.
R Global warming
R Rainfed areas should promoted through
application of technology, inputs and
investments in order to convert these grey
areas into green.

    
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R Reduction in post harvest losses require
more investment in market infrastructure like
cold chains,grading and storage and handling
facilities in market and retail chain.
R Vertical coordination of production and
processing through institutional like contract
farming which benefits both producers and
industry.
R Private players plays an important role.
     

R mgriculture marketing is growing rapidly both


terms of volume traded and natureǯs variety of
function.
R Improved farmerǯs backward and forward
linkages with markets.
R Unorganized sector don't encourage private
player or sector to invest in the marketing
infrastructure in the country.
R Farmer don't have direct excess with marketing
channel to the consumer which increase share in
rupee paid by consumer.

 

R §ack of rural infrastructure has hampered the


development of supply chain and loss of food grains
,fruits and vegetables due poor handling.(cleaning
sorting grading and packaging) at the farm and
village level is very high.
R Capital is lost annually in the marketing chain due to
poor developed market infrastructure excess
controls.
R Efficiency of government interventions, private
investment in market infrastructure ,flow of market
information to farmers and increasing market
efficiency can improve the agriculture marketing of
our country.
   
R Ê     
      
      
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Shift in public expenditures away from subsidies towards
productivity enhancing investments.
Removing the restrictions on domestic private trade to improve the
investment climate and meet expanding market opportunities.
mgricultural research and extension systems needed to improve
access productivity enhancing technologies.
Strengthening rural nonfarm sector growth-Rising income open new
opportunities for agriculture diversification to higher value
product(livestock-horticulture),agro processing and related
service.
Improving access to credit and infrastructure (e.g.
roads,electricity,market)

 

R M
         
   
     
    
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‰in and win combination for conservation and poverty
reduction will be critical to sustainable natural
resources.
Improving access to rural finance-Require to improve
regional rural banks and rural credit cooperatives by
enhancing regulatory government control and
strengthening the legal frame work for loan recovery
by using land as collateral. Development of
microfinance institutions in rural areas.

 

R V            


 

     
State Government efforts in scaling up
livelihood and community to build social
capital
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R §arge ranges of area like watershed, rural
roads, rural electrification, large irrigation
schemes, breakthrough agricultural research,
large scale extension and setting up of rural
market infrastructure which will continue to
remain the domain of the government
incentives.
R Private sector investments which will be
critical and inclusive for the growth of
sustainable high value agriculture.

 
R mdding value through processing and reaching out to global
consumers with Indian mgri & food products.
R Improving convenience and choice to the consumer through
modern retail for both fresh and processed food.
R Investing in cold chain and supply chain management along the
entire agricultural value chain to increase efficiency.
R Bringing superior input along with information and knowledge
services to the farmerǯs doorstep by leveraging the
developments in information & communication technology.
R Superior risk management solution, especially through weather
insurance, commodity derivatives markets and contracts
farming.
R mlso the private sector can help to meet and develop the supply
side of the mgri value chain.
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