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Ô In 1792, the first iron-cased rockets were successfully developed used militarily
by Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan, rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore in India
against the larger British East India Company forces during the Anglo-Mysore
Wars.
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A rocket design can be as simple as a cardboard tube
filled with black powder but to make an efficient,
accurate rocket or missile involves overcoming a
number of difficult problems. The main difficulties
include cooling the combustion chamber, pumping the
fuel (in the case of a liquid fuel), and controlling and
correcting the direction of motion.
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 They may also have one or more g  ,
directional stabilization device(s) (such as vernier engines
or engine gimbals for thrust vectoring, gyroscopes) and a
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Ô It can be shown that the net thrust of a rocket is:

Fn =Ümv
where:
Üm=propellant flow (kg/s or lb/s)
v=the effective exhaust velocity (m/s or ft/s)
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