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-A One Stop Solution to Rural Farming woes-

PROJECT MEMBERS :

MADAS GARIMA BG107EI023


NAHUSHA V KULKARNI BG107EI027

PROJECT ADVISORS:

Mrs. REMYA K R PROJECT GUIDE


Mr. KARTHIKEYAN.R PROJECT CO-ORDINATOR
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p A Brief Introduction about the Project.


p Aim and Objectives of the Project.

p Hardware Implementation of AAIS.

p Interfacing with Sensors and Calibration.

p Software Module.

p References.
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p Project deals with irrigation of farmlands based
on soil wetness thus making it more fertile.
p Since completely automatic, constant
monitoring is not required.
p Solar energy is used to generate pollution-free
power thus making it completely eco-friendly.
p By effective utilization of Atmel based
microcontrollers and Solar panels, our objective
can be attained.
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G u  of India·s Population depend on Farming


for their livelihood
G Since Solar Energy is used, Independency on
power supply & manual labour
G Better Yield and Thus reduced Food Inflation
COPPER-BASED
SENSORS 12V SOLAR PANEL

12V LEAD ACID


BATTERY

VOLTAGE DISPARITY
GIVES ENOUGH VOLTAGE
12V RELAY TO ENERGIZE DC PUMP,
NORMALLY STARTS PUMPING
CLOSED

BC 47 INTERFACING
LM324 TO PORT 3 PINS
THROUGH PORT 1 PINS
OF AT89C20 1
OF AT89C20 1
  

G 2 10K resistors come in the voltage divider


circuit. The other voltage dividing will happen in
the second arm.
G So, comparator will give either 0V or 2. V. This
is taken as digital 0 or 1 respectively.
G Circuit is designed such that any resistor can
be used.


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p ATMEL·s famous AT89C20 1


Salient Features of AT89C20 1—
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 !  #!!
$%
PIN CONFIGURATION OF AT89C20 1
PROGRAM CODE:
Initialization :
SEN1 EQU P3.0
SEN2 EQU P3.1
SEN3 EQU P3.2
SEN4 EQU P3.3

LOAD EQU P1.u  MOTOR

L11 EQU P1.0


LOAD1 EQU P1.4
L12 EQU P1.2

Sensor Detection:
SETB SEN1
JB SEN1,D1
JMP W1
D1: INC R0

Motor Running:
CJNE R0,#02H
CLR LOAD
SETB LOAD1
CLR L12
SETB L11
MOV R1,#01H
JMP LAST
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STEP 1: START AAIS
STEP 2: CHECK VOLTAGE ACROSS SEN1,SEN2,SEN3,SEN4
STEP 3: IF 0V ACROSS ALL THE SENSORS JUMP TO STEP 6
STEP4: SEND VOLTAGE SIGNAL TO EITHER PORT 3.0,3.1,3.2 & 3.3
STEP 5: CLEAR THE LOAD WHICH PULLS P1.6 TO GO LOW, WHICH KEEPS
PUMP RUNNING,JUMP TO STEP7
{
STEP 1: 12V SOLAR PANEL INTERFACED TO BATTERY
STEP 2: LEAD ACID BATTERY POWERS THE PUMP
}
STEP 6: SETB TO LOAD,P1.6, ,THAT IS 18TH PIN. IT ENERGIZES THE 12V RELAY
COIL
AND STOPS THE PUMP.
STEP 7: GOTO STEP 2
STEP 8: STOP AAIS
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p Solar Panels continuously charge the 12V Lead


Acid Battery through a charger.
p Charger also helps in stopping reverse
currents.
p Around 300mA of current from the solar panel
was found sufficient enough to charge the
battery.
p Battery took around u hours to charge.
EXPLOITATION OF SOLAR ENERGY

12V battery +
charger 12V
Rechargeable
LAB
_
DC PUMP:
·Length- 8 cms
·Diameter- 3 cms

·Voltage- 0-12V

·Current- 1 Amp

·Flow Rate-1300mL/m
SOLAR PANEL:
·Length: 20 cms
·Breadth: cms
·Voltage- 8-12V

(Depends on Sunlight)
·Current- 300-3 0mA

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RECHARGEABLE
SOLAR PANEL BATTERY 12V DC PUMP
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p NIGHT TIME BACKUP
p SEASONALIZED PERSONAL FARMING.

&'&()" (—
G "&)'*(+" ,#'-
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G HARDWARE G INTERFACING WITH BATTERY


IMPLEMENTATION G TROUBLESHOOTING
G INTERFACING WITH SOLAR
G SOFTWARE MODULE
(PROGRAMMING AND
DEBUGGING)
G AT89C20 1 FLASH BURNING
G INTERFACING WITH PUMP
SNAPSHOT

 

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/pSolar Powered Automated Greenhouse Irrigation


Systemµ, #

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p "-13#2/4Automatic Plant Irrigator and
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