Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 29

Coconut Development

Board
Kochi
Highlights:
 Established under an Act of Parliament, Coconut
Development Board Act, 1979

 Came into existence on 12.01.1981


 Total membership of the Board is 24


 Headquarters of CDB is at Kochi, Kerala


 Regional Offices, State Centres and demonstration-cum-


seed production (DSP) farms in different part of country




Organizational Setup
Functions of the Board
 Adopting measures for coconut industries to benefit small
farmers

 Recommendation for marketing of coconut and its products
in India

 Providing financial assistance


 Deciding MSP for coconut and its products


 Fixing grades, specifications and standards for coconut and


its products
Cont….
 Schemes for conventional coconut growing areas to
increase production and productivity

 Setting up of Regional Offices and other agencies

 Assisting, encouraging, promoting or financing agricultural,


technological, industrial or economic research

 Imparting technical advice to any person who is engaged in


the cultivation of coconut or the processing or the
marketing of coconut and its products.

 Publishing Periodicals, Books and Bulletins related to


coconut

Project title


 “A Study on Coconut situation in
Traditional Coconut growing area and
status of Implementation of the scheme
‘Replanting and Rejuvenation of
Coconut Gardens’ in Pappinivattam
village of Mathilakam block, Thrissur
district Kerala.”

Objectives
 To study the implementation of the scheme “Replanting and
Rejuvenation of Coconut Gardens” and channels of
implementations in Pappinivattam village of Mathilakam
block, Thrissur district.

 To study the Socio economic status of the coconut farmers.



 To study other activities related to coconut like climbing,
toddy tapping , copra business

 To study the marketing channels of coconut in that region.



METHODOLOGY

Ø Transect walk

Ø Door to Door visit.


Ø
Ø Interviewing people attached to coconut
Ø
Ø Meeting with Government officials.
Ø
Ø Graphical representation of the data
Ø
Ø Statistical analysis
Channels of
Implementation:
 1. Project preparation by cluster

 2. Project Implementation

 Cutting and removal
 Rejuvenation

 3. Inspection

 4. Monitoring  

Inspection work:
 The work of marking the diseased palms is
competed in the village.

 We have done the inspection work for 330
households to verify whether the data is
correct.

 Accuracy is around 95% which is
appreciable.
About village:
 Name :Papinnivattam
 Nearest town : Irinjalakuda
 Area of the village : 636 hectares
 Important commodity : Coir
 No . Of households : 400 ( approximately)
 Population : 1500 ( approximately)
 Main occupation : Farming
 Un irrigated area : 25 hectares
Landholding of coconut
 Number of coconut trees

farmers per households


 
Root wilt affected trees
Average production of coconut:

Items In year 2010

Total nuts produced in a year 396415

Average yield (nuts/ha/year) 5745

Avg. productivity(nuts/tree/year) 29.5


Monthly income and expenditure of
households
Other coconut related
activities

1. Climbers

 Avg. working days/month – 20


 Avg. income Rs. 1000/month


 Avg. expenditure Rs. 8000/month


 Avg. working hours/day- 7


 Insurance for climbers  Name : Sateeshan


  Village : Papinnivattam
  Religion : Hindu
(Ezhava)
  Category: SC
 Age : 36

2. Toddy Tappers
 Income per month: 7000-8000/-

 Expenditure per month: 7000/-
(depends on income)
 Working hours – 4

 License is required for toddy
tapping

Name : Sajeevan
Village : Koolimuttam
Religion : Hindu

Caste : Ezhava
Age : 43
Highlights of Toddy Tapping:
 Toddy tapper should not collect toddy from more than 7 trees.

 They tap the unopened inflorescence selected for toddy
extraction for around 15 days before extraction from bottom
to top.

 They sell toddy either to cooperative society or to any private
seller.

 There is usually 1 year agreement made between worker and
the Private agency and in this time insurance and PF is given
to worker by that agency.

 Toddy tapping is more beneficial than coconut selling.



 Trees are marked (7 in number) with the licensed member
name and his number in short.

 Toddy tappers use deer/buffalo bone to tap the inflorescence.

3. Businessmen
(Copra making, Primary Processing
unit):
 Income per month:20000/-

 Expenditure:7000/-

 They collect the dried


coconuts from the
farmers at around Rs.8-
9/nut.

 They sell copra which is Name : Francis


extracted and dried for Pallipat
around Village :
Rs.6500/quintal(Paper Papinnivattam
rate) Religion : Christian

Age
: 56
4.Trader:
 Income per month: 25000/-

 Expenditure per month:


10000/-

 They will buy coconuts from the


farmers and sell to the hotels.
They collect from around 100
villages and sell to around 20
hotels in that village.

 They gain a net profit of 40 paisa


per coconut. Name : Prem Kumar

Village : Pelumbaloor
 He has 2 workers working for his
business and they get around Religion : Hindu
Rs.500/month. (Ezhava)

Age
 : 46
Marketing channels of
coconut
Coconut farm er

Prim ary processing cent re(Copra m aking)

il m ill at Irinjalakuda (KLF and KPL) Ret ailers, hot els,


funct ions et c.
Benefits from the project:
 It is expected that the project will result in cutting and
removal of approx 143.593 lakhs

 Disease affected palms, rejuvenation of coconut gardens in


an area of 1.35 lakhs ha in three selected districts of
Kerala and Andaman Nicobar Islands, which will increase
productivity of coconuts.

 Additional income and employment generated through


coconut based integrated farming system will improve the
livelihood security of small and marginal farmers’/
agricultural workers in coconut sector and result in
increased production of 150-650 million nuts at value of
Rs.75-325 crore per year.

Key learning’s:
 Apart from Root wilt, major problem in the village for decline
in coconut production is attack of rats and flying bats on
nuts.

 There is no problem regarding irrigating palms as water


available throughout the year and with proper care of
palms, yield can be easily improved.

 Some activities like Toddy tapping, copra business, and
wholesale business are profitable compared to coconut
cultivation.

 Land holding of coconut farmers is very less and is around


50 cents on an average.

 Liquor consumption is very high in the village and around
25-30% of income of a household goes on Liquor
consumption.

Cont……
 Every household on an average use at least 1 coconut every
day for preparation of dishes.

 Cooperatives in the village is not working properly.

 Farmers are cheated at oil mills by improper grading of


copra.

 Many people in the village are in gulf countries as they find


it as good source of income.
Conclusions:
 Land holding of the coconut farmers is very less.

 For many households, Coconut farming is secondary source


of income.

 Coconut production is declining because of reasons like high


infestation by diseases and pests, Lack of interest shown
by farmers on coconut cultivation and shifting in
cultivation to other commercial crops/Plantations.

 CDB mostly depend on Agriculture dept. for the


implementation of the scheme.


Contd…….
 Palakkad, which is main region where disease is
prevalent, is not covered under the project.

 There is a need of healthy and disease resistant
seedlings in large number for replanting which is
a hard task.

 Farmers are clearly aware about the project in
detail.

Suggestions:
 As the details collected by Local conveners are 95%
accurate, they can immediately go for cutting of
trees.

 For more supply of coconut seedlings, tie-ups with
CPCRI,SAU’s,big Farmers on contract for supply of
seedlings can yield better results.

 Providing insurance schemes for climbers and toddy
tappers and to make it compulsory.

 To cover Palakkad district if possible in the next
financial year.