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Megha Vishwanath
R 
i nyone trying to concretely sum up the
situation right now is a ready prey to criticism
from one school of though or the other.
i igh GDP growth rate
i uclear weapons capable and legally allowed
to be so.
i table and functional democracy; Corrupt
Government
i igh unemployment, Farmer uicides, Poor
rural infrastructure
i Measly 65.3% Literacy rate
i Caste based/ Religion based division of
societies often leading to violence
i njoying global infatuation
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i conomic
i ocial
i udicial
i Legislative and ecutive
i Military
i Media
i nternational
K 
i Mechanical etrapolation provides a
rosy picture. n fact ± ot too sure
i igh GDP growth rate doesn't
guarantee development but does
create ambient conditions.
i Much reforms needed to sustain the
growth.
i n the private sector, there is a thumb rule which
suggests that across each doubling of the
number of employees of a firm, fairly
fundamental and far-reaching changes to the
organisation structure are required.
i n similar fashion, roughly speaking, across each
doubling of GDP, fairly fundamental surgery is
required to the organisation of the government.
set of laws and government agencies which
are appropriate for an ndia which has a $250
billion GDP are quite out of place at $500 billion.
i n the U, with growth of 3.5 per cent, each
doubling of GDP takes 20 years. This gives the
political system 20 years to reinvent government
to deal with the new world that a doubling
represents. But in ndia, with trend growth of 7.5
per cent, GDP doubles each 9 years. This
requires the political system to reinvent
government every 9 years.
i Capitalism
i hile ndia has liberalised capital flows in
many ways, it remains one of the least open
countries of the world, even when compared
with other emerging markets. The cost-
benefit analysis of the eisting system of
capital controls is increasingly hard to justify:
ndia has veered towards de facto openness
while retaining a comple license-permit raj
of de jure restrictions. Full openness on the
capital account, and particularly large scale
FD both in ndia and by ndia, will be of great
importance in the emergence of ndia on the
global stage.
i From equally poor to unequally rich is a nice
trade-off.
i eed to infuse money in ational
infrastructure, particularly rural
infrastructure.
i Village economy should be made
productive and a major contributor to
the GDP.
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i ocial welfare schemes need to be
revamped to focus on immediate as well as
long term development. RG is a good
step ahead but needs to restructured too.
i ealth and ducation two important areas.
i Right to ducation ct note worthy
i Food ecurity bill worth looking forward to
i Budgetary spending on ealth should be
increased
i Money should be poured into R&D,
cademic think tanks
i igher ducation should be liberalized
towards more providers but should be
well regulated towards quality of
education.
i Foreign University Bill nice initiative
i Tighter laws against social violence
like communal riots.
i Delinking religion and politics
i More branding of a common
ationhood by using flags in public
spaces more commonly as it is
common in other developed nations.
i Policies to involve aggressive groups
like aals into broader public
participation in the Democracy.
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i separate udicial Budget like the rail
budget to delink judiciary from the
legislative financial authority
i udicial activism shown by the C is
commendable. quashing of CVC
appointment; tand on important
nvironment and ealth related
matters
i Better access and faster relief at the
lowest level. More courts, specialized
courts like Marriage court, Consumer
court etc.
h and K 
i hift towards a more two party system.
i Coalition government ± a trade off
between an inefficient government and
a government that represents all the
aspirations.
i Common aspiration can be sought by
the people more easily than by
politicians.
i lectoral reforms needed.
Communism and corruption to be a
BG 

i Most of the parties win power due to


candidates who get only 20-30% of the votes.
Rest of the electorate is either divided
between other candidates or doesn¶t vote.
i Thus a candidate has to just win over one
caste/community to secure this 20-30 %.
i s in urope, a minimum 50% vote must be
made necessary for victory. n case no one
gets min 50% , there should be a second
round to vote amongst the top two vote
getters.
i ince the winning candidate has to get a fifty
percent majority and in most places in ndia
one will require more than two caste
combinations to get that majority, partisan
patronage politics based on two caste
combination or one caste dominance will be
made more difficult
i Politicians with criminal record must
be checked
i More comprehensive debates on
bills before voting
i Public debates between political
party candidates on important policy
issues
 
i Defense budget reduction
i More emphasis on technology transfer
model
i Building of a Military ndustrial Comple
(MC) for better military products at
cheaper rates not just for national use but
also for selling internationally
i More alliances against a rising China
without causing a aggressive response
from China
i More emphasis on defensive strategy than
offensive strategy
i More armed forces for fighting domestic
insurgency

i More focus on ational news with
an increased regionalist approach.
i Control on the media as a industry
gaining immense power
i Government owned media channels
of radio and television must be
reformed, made more artistic and
less bureaucratic.
i Liberalization over Radio spectrum
to allow better services to reach
rurals.
? 
i ndia shouldn¶t try to become a super
power through the conventional means of
military might or economic prowess. ndia
in the 21st Century would be a knowledge
power.
i U would remain the military super
power, and China would balance it by
becoming an economic superpower.
ndia would be the third power, the
knowledge power, and would play the
swinging effect in the global power
structure.
i very morning in frica, a gazelle wakes
up.
t knows it must run faster than the
fastest lion or it will be killed.

very morning a lion wakes up.


t knows it must outrun the slowest
gazelle or it will starve to death.

t doesn't matter whether you are a lion


or a gazelle. hen the sun comes up,
you better start running.
- frican proverb (p. 114)
i Thank You«