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IBM Advanced Technical Support

Introduction to HMC on i5 Servers

Allyn Walsh,
IBM Partner World for Developers Technical Support

© IBM Corporation 2004


Agenda

• IBM eServer i5 LPAR Changes


• Hardware Management Console Overview
– Hardware overview
– Connection options
– Features and functions
• LPAR
• Operations Console options on i5

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 2
Power5
LPAR
CUoD
and

Hardware Management Console

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 3
Hardware Management Console (HMC)
• Single console for POWER5 servers
– Pre-installed embedded OS
– Supports local consoles, including 5250
– Web-based System Manager enables local or remote
management for HMC control and status

• LPAR and CUoD


– Now configured and managed via HMC

• May 2004 - announce HMC Limits


– One HMC can manage a maximum of two i5 Servers
– One i5 server can be managed by only one HMC
– 40 partitions per HMC

• July 2004 - announce HMC Limits


– One HMC can manage a maximum of 16 Power5
Servers (any mix of i5 or p5 servers)
– A single Power5 Server can be managed by two HMCs
(providing redundancy)
– Maximum of 64 partitions per HMC

• Replaces primary partition and improves system resiliency

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2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 4
i5/OS V5R3 Logical Partitioning
• Interface on pre-POWER5 systems remains
(Service Tools, iSeries Navigator)

• POWER5: IBM Virtualization Engine systems


technologies
include POWER Hypervisor™
– Supports i5/OS, AIX 5L* and Linux and up to
254* partitions

• Improve server utilization rates across multiple


workloads
– Automatic processor balancing
with uncapped partitions

• Improve fault tolerance and lower partition


management costs
– Primary partition replaced by
Hardware Management Console
(HMC)

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 5
IBM eServer i5 LPAR Changes
Partitioned Servers no longer require a Primary Partition
All i5 Partitioned servers must have HMC
All OS/400 partitions must be at V5R3
Simple migration process

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 6
Multiple Operating Systems – more details

And underneath the operating systems ...

Applications, .... Applications, .... Applications, ....


I5/OS AIX 5L POWER5 Linux

TIMI
i5 SLIC SF / RTAS SF / RTAS
POWER5 Hypervisor
POWER5 64-bit RISC Hardware

TIMI = Technology Independent Machine Interface


SLIC = System Licensed Internal Code
SF = System Firmware
RTAS = Run-Time Abstraction Services

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2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 7
New LPAR System Layout
Hardware Management
Console
I5/OS AIX LINUX I5/OS

Service
Partition

SLIC SLIC
Firmware
Private
Network
OR PHYP
Perm | Temp
OR

Public
Network

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2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 8
Why a Hardware Management Console (HMC)?
• Servers are becoming more virtualized
– Operating systems will continue to have less direct visibility
and control over “real” server hardware
– A place for hosting advanced platform management
applications, outside of the operating systems, to do:
 Server configuration prior to operating system deployment
 Service when operating systems are unavailable
 Coordination of platform-related operations across multiple
operating system images, in an independent security
model
 Presentation of virtual operating system consoles
– These functions should have common user and programming
interfaces, independent of any one operating system
 Supporting both local and remote operation
 A common delivery vehicle, which enables IBM to deliver
more function, more quickly

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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When is an HMC Required on i5 System?

• Systems with multiple Partitions (LPAR)


• Systems with Capacity on Demand
• Systems with redundant service processors
• Systems yet to be announced (High-end)

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2004 IBM Corporation
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What is an HMC
• Based on xSeries server technology, built upon pSeries
HMC device
• Runs an IBM-provided GUI console application 7310-C03
(desktop)
– Not to be used with customer applications
– Helps ensure a more stable console environment
• Required
– To create/modify partition – not to run it
– For Capacity on Demand functions
• 5250 interface for optional i5/OS console is provided
• Remote console by other workstations through HMC 7310-CR2
(rack)
– 5250 interface via Telnet5250 client
– Windows/Linux/AIX Client interface for HMC interface
• At August 2004 iSeries GA, one HMC can support a
maximum of 64 partitions across up to 16 servers.

http://www-1.ibm.com/servers/eserver/iseries/literature/index.html
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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC – More Details

• Based on xSeries server technology


– Minimum HMC configuration includes: 1 GB memory, 40 GB disk, DVD-
RAM, 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet port, diskette drive, etc.
– Selectable options for HMC’s display, keyboard, etc. (ordered separately)
– HMC connects to POWER5 service processor, which has two dedicated
HMC ports. The ports are Ethernet ports. (Different from the two generic
10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet LANs.)
• Standard HMC maintenance support is CRU. Suggest upgrading
support to IBM On-Site Repair to be more consistent with POWER5
server’s support agreement.
• HMC not used on earlier iSeries servers
• Non-HMC i5/OS consoles are still supported
• High availability suggestion: attached two redundant HMCs to critical
Power5 servers.
* Product preview

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2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 12
Hardware Management Console (HMC)

7310-CR2 7310-C03
(rack) (desktop)

• HMC is dedicated to console functions (installing 3rd applications is not


allowed)
• Required on POWER5 servers to create/change partitions or to use Capacity
on Demand
• Not required to operate the partition
• Saves the cost of typical primary partition

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2004 IBM Corporation
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Hardware Management Console (HMC)

• Single console for POWER5 servers


– Pre-installed embedded OS
– Desktop or rack mount
– Supports local consoles, including 5250
console
– Web-based System Manager enables local or
remote management for HMC control and
status

• Required on POWER5 servers to


create/change partitions (LPAR) or
to use Capacity on Demand
– Replaces primary partition and improves
system resiliency
– Can co-exist with 5250 twinax, Operations
Console direct attach, Operations Console for
the LAN
– Not required to operate the partition

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC User Interfaces and Access
• Local GUI
– Starts automatically whenever the HMC is started
– Requires user login prior to access

• Remote GUI
– Uses an installable standalone remote client application (WebSM Client)
• Windows (NT,XP) or Linux
• Downloadable as an installable application directly from the HMC, using a
Web browser
– Also supported from one HMC to another, or from AIX 5L
– Can be SSL-secured through public/private key files
• Generate on the HMC and transfer to client systems

• Local Command Line


– Launched from a right-click menu option on the HMC desktop
– Restricted to a set of supported HMC commands

• Remote Command Line


– Accessed through encryption-protected Secure Shell (SSH)
– Key files can be set up and exchanged to avoid password prompts
• Very useful for automation and scripting without human intervention
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2004 IBM Corporation
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Advanced System Management User Interface

• Service Processor Menus


(SP is part of the Power5
server)
– Accessed by Web browser
– Secure (HTTPS) access
– Password authentication
– Basic server operations
 No partition functions
• Remotely manage some
system functions (VPD, logs,
dumps, etc.)
• Many of these functions are
also on the HMC
– A few less common ones
only in ASMI
– Browser interface can be
launched on the HMC

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2004 IBM Corporation
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Web-based System Manager Remote Client
• Two remote clients install options available:
– Web-based System Manager Remote Client
– Web-based System Manager Remote Client for Java Web Start
– Either client works the same after installation
• You can access your HMC remotely by installing this remote client on your PC
workstation
• The remote client provides flexibility by allowing you to manage your system
from virtually anywhere you have a PC. Up to 5 remote clients can be logged in
simultaneously
• Uses SSL security
• Some tasks not performed using the remote client
– These tasks include determining the level of HMC code, restarting the HMC interface,
and configuring System Manager Security for certificate authority or viewing overview
and status information.
• For more information: eServer Information Center....

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Security

• Restricted Shell
– Provides access to supported HMC command line functions
– Accessible remotely through SSH enabled client
– Also accessible as a command prompt window on the HMC itself
• Granular User Access Controls
– Define Task and Resource Roles that define accessible lists of user
tasks and resources (systems, partitions, etc.)
– Assign roles to users to define their access rights
– For example, access could be limited to a single partition
• Network Security Firewall Controls
– Define which HMC network services should be accessible on which
physical network interfaces
– For example, limit remote WebSM or SSH access to a single interface,
or none

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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Defining Customized User Roles
By Specific Objects (Systems, LPARs)

By Specific
Tasks
(GUI and
Commands)

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC “network” possibilities
• Local HMC: any physical HMC that is directly connected to the system it
manages via a private network. Usually the first or only local HMC in your
private network is a DHCP server in your private network and a DHCP
client in your open network.
• Remote HMC: any HMC used to remotely access another HMC or
managed system. Remote HMCs are usually present in an open network
Remote HMCs can also be local HMCs.
• Web-based System Manager Remote Client: usually a PC installed with
“Web-based System Manager” software. Use this PC to access other
HMCs remotely. Web-based System Manager Remote Clients can be
present in private and open networks. You can perform most management
tasks using the Web-based System Manager Remote Client

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Communications M = Memory P = Processor
A = PCI Adapter
Part#1 Part#2 Part#3 Part#4
Service processor
i5 OS i5 OS
HMC SSL communication Linux AIX 5L
Power control PPPP PPP
Error event handling PPP PP P PPP
Licensed Internal Code updates MMMMM MMMM M MM
Hypervisor (pass-through) AAAAAAA AAAAA AAA AAAA
System configuration data
Partitioning control
Virtual I/O definition SLIC SLIC Linux Kernel AIX Kernel
Capacity on Demand
Concurrent Service maintenance Hypervisor
Service Processor
Operating Systems
Gather hardware error events Ethernet HMC Ethernet
Gather hardware inventory
Shutdown/reboot (AIX/Linux)
Dynamic LPAR (AIX/Linux)
Use of i5 OS VPN connections
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2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 21
HMC Network Topology for i5 Systems
IBM

Admin LAN to Partitions


LAN

Network Network
(Opt.) (Opt)
Ethernet
Internal PCI modem
Service
Network

IBM Private
Network
Rack mount HMC
option Ethernet connections to
service processors, HMC
provides DHCP services

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2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 22
“Private” and “Open” Network Options
HMC can automatically IBM

assign IP address and Manual setup of


connects to systems Service Processor IP
HMC parameters

DHCP
Server Open
SSL
-En
cryp
ted Network

Other network
devices

Service Processors request IP


addresses from HMC

Remote HTTPS
Manually enter IP address or
connection from
range on HMC; HMC finds and
Web browser
connects to systems

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Functions

• Configuration Management • Problem Management


– Server and partition configuration – Hardware error event collection,
– Virtual I/O configuration analysis, and correlation
– Capacity on Demand management – Gathering of extended debug data
– HMC setup and configuration – Transmission of problems to IBM
• Operations Management • Service Management
– GUI or command line, local or remote – Guided concurrent repair procedures
– Virtual operating system consoles – Hardware inventory collection
– Server and partition controls – Service utilities
– Dynamic LPAR resource movement
– Scheduled operations
• Change Management
– Add/remove server hardware
– Check and update Licensed Internal
Code on servers, and on HMC itself

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC GUI top-level navigation

Manage HMC
configuration, users,
services, ...

Guide setup wizard


and online documents

Update your Licensed


Internal Code

Manage your servers


and partitions

Service tools to
analyze and repair

Set up security for


remote GUI access

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Profile-based Partition Management

• Partition Profiles
– Users can create multiple, named profiles for each partition
• Provides the ability to predefine multiple partition configurations
• Useful, for example, for predefining “on demand” server images for
different workloads
– Users activate a partition by selecting a profile
– For POWER5 systems, profiles define:
• Partition type (AIX/Linux or OS/400)
• Processor allocation type (dedicated or shared)
• Resource requirements (processors, memory, physical I/O, virtual I/O)
• Resource max/min boundaries
• Boot mode
• Workload Management partition groups
• Partition policies (service authority, monitoring, etc.)
• System Profiles
– User can create multiple, named system profiles
– System profiles list one or more LPAR profiles to activate
– Validation tools are available to make sure the profiles don’t conflict

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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LPAR Setup with HMC

I5/OS Linux Unassigned Status


Resources Command/Response
Virtual Consoles
HMC
Partition 1 Partition 2
POWER5 Hypervisor
Non-Volatile RAM

Service
Processors
LPAR Processor
Mem Regions Allocation Ethernet
I/O Slots Tables

Server
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2004 IBM Corporation
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Scheduling Automatic Operations

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Service Functions
• Guided setup
– Leads users through all the tasks needed to set up an HMC
• Service Focal Point
– Collection of hardware and LIC serviceable events
• Licensed Internal Code updates from the HMC
– For initial release, requires system to be shut down
– Concurrent firmware update capability is in plan
• System dump captures to the HMC
– Hardware scan dump or hypervisor dump sent to HMC
– Automatic capture for remote support
• Guided Hardware Service Procedures
– More concurrent maintenance functions are in plan
• Service Utilities
– LED controls, monitoring policies, partition operations

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Guided Setup Wizard

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Electronic Connections to IBM
1. Local Modem
– This option enables you to send problem information and system data to
your service provider using the modem on your HMC. You may want to
select this option if the following are true:
• Your HMC does not have access to a high-speed Internet connection.
• You do not have any I5/OS logical partitions with high-speed Internet
connections
1. Internet VPN
– This option enables you to send problem information to your service
provider using a high-speed Internet connection on your HMC.
– This is the fastest connection option available on the HMC, but some
environments restrict this type of connectivity for security reasons. Before
you select this option, be sure your company's security policy permits this
type of connection.

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2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Electronic connections to IBM (cont’d)
3. Connecting through other systems or logical partitions
– This option enables you to send problem information to your service
provider through a pass-through system. This pass-through system can
be another HMC or a logical partition on your server that supports the
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP).
– Currently, only logical partitions with the V5R3 level of I5/OS can support
L2TP, so they are the only logical partitions that can be used as pass-
through systems.
– You may want to select this option if the following are true:
• Your HMC does not have access to a high-speed Internet connection
• You have an I5/OS logical partition with high-speed Internet connections,
running V5R3

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2004 IBM Corporation
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Customizing Connectivity Settings

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2004 IBM Corporation
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Electronic connections to IBM
• LIC Fix Strategy— The HMC connection type that you select here also
dictates how you will install your server LIC fixes.
– For example, if you choose to connect to your service provider through
your HMC, you will install server LIC fixes through your HMC.

• For I5/OS logical partitions, use the normal I5/OS PTF install functions
on your service partition for installing fixes, rather than using the HMC.

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 34
LPAR, HMC, Service Partition
• Existing iSeries LPAR environments (non-POWER5) already have procedures
for handling service and support functions among partitions
– Reporting all hardware and software problems
– Receiving fixes (PTFs), distributing and applying fixes to the affected partitions
– Other services

• On POWER5 HMC is used for primary hardware service and support


• Service tools run in each logical partition and work with the (HMC) as part of the
total service environment
• iSeries Consideration:
– One (any) active logical partition on your IBM eServer i5 system be designated as a
service partition
– Consider the partition running applications or a small configuration partition only active
for operating service functions
– Provides traditional service functions such as reporting software problems, receiving
operating system-based fixes, .... or “backup” your HMC.
– Can complement HMC service and support functions

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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Service/Problem Flows

• Service information and problems flow from each logical partition to


the service provider using a VPN connection, as follows:
– Linux logical partition > HMC > OS/400 service partition > Service and support
– AIX logical partition > HMC > OS/400 service partition > Service and support
– OS/400 logical partition > HMC (for service information) > OS/400 service partition > Service and
support
– OS/400 logical partition > OS/400 service partition (for problems) > Service and support
– OS/400 service partition > Service and support

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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LPAR Service and Support Configuration Examples

Basic set up

http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2s/en_US/index.htm
©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 37
LPAR Creation Wizard – Default Type

Partition type
default is now
based on
system type
(iSeries,
pSeries or
Linux)

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 38
LPAR Creation Wizard – Virtual Processors

HMC
automatically
establishes
appropriate
defaults for
virtual processor
amounts, but
these can be
modified through
advanced
settings

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 39
LPAR Creation Wizard – Memory Information

The memory
panel for profile
creation now
shows both the
installed
memory, and
the amount of
memory
available for
use by
partitions

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 40
LPAR Creation Wizard – I/O Information

I/O
Configuration
panels provide
additional
detailed
information on
each adapter
slot, accessed
through a
“Properties”
button

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 41
LPAR Creation Wizard – Required I/O

I/O Devices
marked as
“Required” will
be reserved for
the exclusive
use of this
partition and
cannot be
accidentally
moved through
dynamic LPAR

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 42
System Profile Verification

System Profile
Validation can
be used to
ensure that
there are
sufficient
resources and
no resource
conflicts when
activating a set
of partitions

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 43
System and Partition State Names

State names
have been
changed. A
running system
is now shown
as “Operating”
state, and
inactive
partitions are
now shown as
“Not Activated”
state

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 44
System Properties – I/O View

Overall list of
I/O resources
and their
partition
ownerships can
be seen by
selecting the
“Properties”
task on a
managed
system

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 45
i5/OS Console Choices
• Starting in V5R3, the types of consoles that can be used
to control i5/OS are:

1. Twinax terminal

2. Operations Console direct-connect

3. Operations Console LAN-connect

4. Hardware Management Console (HMC)

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 46
i5/OS Console Choices

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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i5/OS Console Choices

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 48
HMC Education

• 1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/servers/resourcelink
• 2. On the Home page select "Register for a user ID and
password
• 3. On the Register for Access page, select the type of userid
requested
• 4. On the Self-registration page, fill in your email address and a
preferred ID, then click Submit

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Education

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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HMC Education

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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Information Centers
• The eServer Hardware Info Center contains information on the POWER5
models...everything from planning for the hardware, installing the hardware
(and the consoles), setting up partitioning and CoD, to servicing the
hardware
– http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2s/en_US/index.htm
– http://www.ibm.com/eserver/iseries/infocenter. Select eServer Information
Center in the left navigation bar.

• iSeries pre POWER5 and OS/400 V5R3 (i5/OS)


– http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/iseries/v5r3/ic2924/index.htm

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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IBM i5 Hardware Planning Site

http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2s/en_US/index.htm

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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IBM i5 Hardware Planning Site

http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2s/en_US/index.htm

©
2004 IBM Corporation
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Trademarks and Disclaimers
© IBM Corporation 1994-2004. All rights reserved.
References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country.
The following terms are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both:

AIX DB2 Universal eServer Lotus Power Architecture RS/6000 z/OS


AIX/L DB2 OLAP Server Enterprise Storage Server MQSeries Power Everywhere S/390 zSeries
AIX 5L DataPropagator Hipersockets Notes POWER Hypervisor ThinkPad 400
AIX 5L (logo) Domino IBM OS/400 POWER6 Tivoli i5/OS
AS/400 e business(logo) IBM Virtualization Engine POWER pSeries TotalStorage
AS/400e e(logo)business IBM(logo) POWER4 Quickplace WebSphere
DB2 e(logo)server iSeries POWER5 Rational xSeries

Lotus, Freelance Graphics, and Word Pro are registered trademarks of Lotus Development Corporation and/or IBM Corporation.
Domino is a trademark of Lotus Development Corporation and/or IBM Corporation.

C-bus is a trademark of Corollary, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.
Java and all Java-based trademarks are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
ActionMedia, LANDesk, MMX, Pentium and ProShare are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
SET and the SET Logo are trademarks owned by SET Secure Electronic Transaction LLC.
Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

Information is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind.

All customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and
performance characteristics may vary by customer.

Information in this presentation concerning non-IBM products was obtained from a supplier of these products, published announcement material, or other publicly available sources and does not
constitute an endorsement of such products by IBM. Sources for non-IBM list prices and performance numbers are taken from publicly available information, including vendor announcements and
vendor worldwide homepages. IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, capability, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the
capability of non-IBM products should be addressed to the supplier of those products.

All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized
reseller for the full text of the specific Statement of Direction.

Some information in this presentation addresses anticipated future capabilities. Such information is not intended as a definitive statement of a commitment to specific levels of performance,
function or delivery schedules with respect to any future products. Such commitments are only made in IBM product announcements. The information is presented here to communicate IBM's
current investment and development activities as a good faith effort to help with our customers' future planning.

Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary
depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user's job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no
assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput or performance improvements equivalent to the ratios stated here.

Photographs shown are of engineering prototypes. Changes may be incorporated in production models.

©
2004 IBM Corporation
PAGE 55
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2004 IBM Corporation
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2004 IBM Corporation
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