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Sustainable Resource Management

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Exhaustion of natural resources:


Petroleum (40 yr), copper (28 yr)

Water crisis
1/3 reduction in fresh water supply per capita within 25 yr

Desertification & global food crisis:


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1/3 of Asian agricultural land

desert

Continued GHG emission:


Annual 5-20% decrease in global GDP under the current economic system

Socio-economic challenges
j 60% of world population concentrated in the region, 22% of the regions population living under absolute poverty
j rapid industrialization and

enviromental challenges

jClimate change Agricultural productivity decline and deminishing food security jIncreasing solid waste *improper management system, lack of technologies, limited landfill site jFresh water shortage jdust and sandstorms

urbanization
* Increasing demands in raw materials * Increasing energy consumption and GHG emission

a concept of being able to continue growing economic output without a corresponding increase in environmental impact.

Can We Separate GDP Growth And Ecological Limits?

jImprovements in production efficiency allow you to make more with less. jTheoretically we can increase efficiency and make more stuff using the same amount of resources and/or generating the same amount of pollution.

Relative decoupling refers to a decrease in environmental intensity per unit of economic output. This means the impacts on resources decline relative to GDP, but they dont decline completely just grow slower than GDP. Absolute decoupling occurs when ecological intensity declines in absolute terms, or an overall decrease as GDP increases.

Inputs in production (resources and natural capital) are costs to the producer. in a free market economy, producers will push to reduce costs by increasing their efficiency. One example of this is found in the amount of energy needed to produce each unit of economic output, which globally has fallen over the last 50 years.

Asian economic growth drives world growth Intensities/ratios lower in developing Asia, but likely to rise with accelerating economic development, and catching up with the West Need for deliberate action to achieve decoupling in Asia

UNEP: Resource efficiency / Sustainable Consumption & Production Strategy * metal recycle * biofuels China: Circular Economy Strategy Japan: 3Rs Initiative

Decoupling and resource-efficiency Consumption and production induced material flows

Renewable resources

Non-renewable resources

food

Non-food

minerals & metals Global metal recycling

Fossil fuel

biofuels

Aluminium: recycling costs 20% of extraction (from mining of bauxite)-refining Biofuel as an alternative energy source to reduce GHG * Massive use of agriculture land biodiversity damage and food shortage non food-based biofuel is necessary

Worldwide, our resource use has increased. In the case of cement production it has doubled; structural metal extraction is increasing quicker than GDP.

In order to sustain a growing population and growing affluence (economy) we force ourselves to rely on decreasing T, our impact per dollar (or increasing our efficiency). Assuming population growth slows, and the economy only grows at a low rate, wed still need to improve efficiency some ten times faster than we have been doing in the past.

to seek out a society with a stable population, a stable economy, and increasing technological efficiency (as far as we can push it) to decrease environmental impacts. This will make a better world for those living in it.

The rapid drop in energy costs from historic highs and a growing recession arent blunting the chemical industrys efforts to reduce energy consumption Feedstock and energy make up about 70% of costs in the bulk chemical processes and the monthly energy bills for these companies are still huge. So any saving will have a very big impact,

real-time optimization, utilities and design

jReal-time optimization allows operators to continuously maximize margins, which improves the overall business
j(Netherlands) centralized utility system generates the energy needed for the sites processes, reduce annual energy bill (Netherlands is a country where energy is one of the most expensive commodities for chemical producers). j Samsung Total Aromatic Complex in Daesan, Korea, illustrates the third point. The scope for energy savings is very much greater when you move from optimization to design.

capturing energy data from plants to create energy models that demonstrate the difference between what plants are doing and what they could be doing This performance assessment serves to identify possible solutions.

A self-cleaning filter not only allowed one company to add efficiency and safety, it also boosted competitiveness. ` Neville has used a variety of different systems for filtration of impurities from its finished resin products for many years. While filter bags performed well in removing impurities from resin, they were costly, required continual changing that interrupted production, was a difficult task for workers and also potentially hazardous.
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Modernizing its resin filtration system enabled Neville Chemical to make significant productivity gains, reduce waste, and eliminate a laborious task that was risky to workers' health ` A spiral wiper design ensures the filter element is kept continuously clean, and so maintains optimum efficiency. Because of its selfcleaning design, cleaning of the filter between batch runs is quick and easy with minimal disruptions during production changeovers

Master the complex challenges of the chemical industry such as efficient resource management, flexible production, and sustainable success throughout the entire life-cycle. We have the appropriate answers to the wideranging requirements of the chemical industry. Together with you we work toward optimizing production processes achieving increased efficiency, safety and sustainability of your chemical plant.

honored the ARCH CHEMICALS' BRANDENBURG, KENTUCKY with a Safety Achievement Award, which was based on the plants achievement of zero lost workday cases involving days away from work in 2002 because of workplace injuries or illnesses. The plant produces various glycol products, which are used in everything from antifreeze to foods and personal care products. It is also home to a customer support laboratory and applications center for Arch Wood Coatings, which makes topcoats, lacquers, stains and other products for fine home and office furniture.

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Chemical Laboratory Chemical Plant

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Impact??
Mishandling of chemicals Mistakes on equipment operation

Proper PPE (personal protective equipment) Standard operational procedures

do not eat or drink in the lab. Corrosive chemicals and bacterias live on the lab. table even if you clean it, it will not go away