Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 64

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Fire Protection System

www.ramtech-corp.com

INTRODUCTION
Possible Occurrences of Fire:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Fire can start when sufficient heat is produced and this heat can ignite the materials round it. Possible sources of ignition may be: Smoking Naked flames Gas, oil fired or electrical heaters Hot works such as welding Faulty electrical equipment or wiring Hot surfaces friction caused by drive belts or loose bearings lighting equipment such as halogen lamps Arson etc...

Requirement of Fire Protection system


Fire protection is used as an insurance or foolproof security for not only human lives but also for other MEP services against fire mishaps. When MEP services such as Plumbing, Heating ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) duct work and Electrical systems are run parallel to one other in between false ceiling and slab level there is a chance of fire mishaps to occur. Hence fireprotection system reguired for the safety purpose, which can function automatically and there by giving maximum protection to MEP services.

www.ramtech-corp.com

INTRODUCTION

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

FIRE SUPPRESSION AGENT 1. WATER: Water is most common extinguishing agent because it has the ideal properties
for extinguishing the most common fires it is available in plenty and is cheap.

2. CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2): carbon dioxide (CO2) is an effective extinguishing agent, as it


reduces the oxygen content by dilution until support for combustion is not possible. It is used for dousing electrical fires or other fires which cannot be put out with water. Being toxic, central extinguishing systems using CO2 have need to be planned to ensure evacuation of people in time before discharge of the gas in the effected area. halogenated extinguishing agent are hydrocarbons in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by atoms of fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. these substitutions result in compounds which are the both noninflammable and good extinguishers. Halons have been largely used for electrical and computer rooms application.

3.

HALOGENATED

AGENT(HALONS):

4. FOAM: Fire-fighting foam is an aggregate of gas filled bubbles formed from aqueous
solution of specially formulated concentrated liquid-foaming agents. Air is the commonly used gas but an inert gas may also be used for certain applications. Foam is produced by mixing the foaming agent with water and then aerating and agitating it to form the bubbles. Foams are effective extinguishing agent for oil fires, as they cut out oxygen,besides acting as cooling agent.
www.ramtech-corp.com

INTRODUCTION
FIRE SUPPRESSION AGENT

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

5. POWDER: A variety of dry chemical powers are used as extinguishing agents for
putting out fires of complex nature, e.g., burning metals, chemicals, etc. Most chemical powers act by forming a stickly residue over the fire on burning, which seals it from oxygen, thus helping to extinguish the fire and preventing re-ignition.

6. SAND: Sand which is commonly available, is an excellent suppression agent


which acts by smothering an incipient fire. It is particularly useful for electrical and petroleum fires.

TYPES OF FIRES:
Class A: Class B: Class C: Class D: Class E: Organic materials (wood, paper, cloth, plastic, etc,) Flammable liquids (petrol, paints, solvents) Flammable gases (LPG, acetylene) Combustible metals (Mg, Na, K) Electrical fires, motors and switch gear.

www.ramtech-corp.com

Fire Detected Automatically Dect/spk Manually/Visually Not detected for some time

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Alarm raised

Ignored/ delayed

Fire well developed Inform fire brigade

Local action Check fire condition No fire False alarm Doused locally Automatic FF. Operation Sprinkler/halon/co2 System activated Sand / water Buckets

Fire detected Activate Suppression System

Manual of operation Fire Extinguishers Internal /external Hydrants & hoses

Hose reels

Fire condition yes Extinguished No Fire brigade Take over End of operation
www.ramtech-corp.com

INTRODUCTION
Fire Protection Systems: There are three types:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

1. Fire Extinguishers: Fire extinguishers are hand-operated appliances which can


be operated by untrained persons to douse a fire. A fire may have different source of fuels. Use of an incorrect type of fire extinguisher on an unknown source of fuel may aggravate the fire and may actually harm the person using it and assist in spreading the fire rather than extinguishing it. 2. Hydrant System: a) Dry Risers: Dry risers, so called because they contain no water in the pipes, are installed within a building and provided with a landing valve in the staircase lobby. The riser terminates at the street level in the form of a fire brigade connection. The connection enable the fire-brigade to connect the fire-brigade connection either to a street fire-hydrant directly or to a fire-brigade pump and charge the dry riser with water. b) Wet Risers: Wet risers are fixed pipe-installations, installed within a building and permanently charged with water under pressure from a reliable water supply source.

www.ramtech-corp.com

INTRODUCTION

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

3. Automatic Sprinklers System: Automatic sprinklers are devices for spraying water uniformly over fire either to extinguish it entirely or to prevent it from spreading. The system consists of a set of pipes suspended from a ceiling, with sprinkler heads fixed at intervals along the pipe. The sprinkler head is a temperature-sensitive device and operates with a fusible link or glass bulb. In case of a fire, the fusible link melts or the bulb bursts at a desired temperature, allowing the water to be sprayed on the fire. a) Deluge System: Deluge systems are a total-flooding systems which come in operation with help of a single heat-sensing sprinkler installed on a set of pipes having large number of nozzles which spray water simultaneously to flood the area or equipment. Deluge systems are commonly used for protection of electrical transformers and other high hazard areas where flooding not only extinguishes the fire but also lower the temperature of combustion and provides cooling effect. b) Pre-Action System: Pre-action systems are similar to dry systems, except that valves release water to the pipes before any sprinkler head has opened.

www.ramtech-corp.com

DEFINATION

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

What is a Sprinkler?
When the material inside shed is under fire, temperature gets raises up to predetermined temperature in the respective area. The radiation causes the liquid inside the sprinkler bulb to expand and the bulb bursts throwing out water under pressurized condition which gets sprayed over the area under fire. The sprayed water provides cooling effect to the burning material and in turn extinguishes the fire.

What is Riser?
A riser is a pipe which extends vertically one full storey or more to convey water to branches or group of fixtures.

What is Riser Nipple?


A Riser Nipple is connected when there is sudden rise in elevations (levels) between Sprinkler main pipe & branch pipe.

What are Pipe Supports?


Pipe Supports are used to Support pipes at specified intervals. Typical representation of Pipe supports in Shop Floor drawing

www.ramtech-corp.com

DESIGN CRITERIA

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Following are Design Codes & Standards for Fire Fighting System:
 TAC Fire Protection Manual 1998 Edition.  NFPA 14 Rules for Stand Pipe & Hose System.  NFPA 13 Standard For Installation Of Sprinkler Systems.  NFPA 231 Standard For General Storage.  TAC Manual Of Sprinkler System.  NFPA 72 Standard For National Fire Alarm Code.  NFPA 2001 Standard For Clean Agent Fire extinguishing System. Spacing of sprinklers is determined on the basis of hazard classification, exposure and the height at which it is installed. Water is applied at a density measured in mm / min. Standards used by the tariff advisory committee (TAC) of the insurance association of India for installing automatic sprinklers given in table 13.2.

www.ramtech-corp.com

DESIGN CRITERIA
Design Densities and Spacing of Sprinklers
Hazards
Design density (mm/min ) Assumed max. area of operation (sqm) Max. area covered per sprinkler

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Maximum distance between sprinklers

1. Extra Light Hazard 1.1 Non-industrial occupancy where fire-load is low a) Sidewall sprinklers b) Other sprinklers 1.2 Areas like kitchen, boiler room, attics, basements, and storage areas where fire-load is higher 1.3 Other sprinklers 2. Ordinary Hazard 2.1 Commercial and industrial occupancies handling and processing ordinary combustible materials a) Sidewall Sprinklers b) Other sprinklers 3. Extra high hazards and other types of risks require special attention according to TAC/code requirements. www.ramtech-corp.com 9 12 7.4 4 5 360 9 3.7 5 84 2.25 84 17 21 9.2 4.6

DESIGN CRITERIA

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

DESIGN CRITERIA

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

GENERAL NOTES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The distance between sprinkler to wall shall not exceed 2.3 mtr. The distance between sprinkler deflector and the slab shall not exceed 300 mm. Upright sprinklers shall be installed with frame arms parallel to the branch line. The distance between an upright sprinkler and hanger shall not be less than 80 mm. Hexagonal reducing bushes shall not be used for changing the size of pipe. All pipe shall be to Astm a-53, sch.40 grade-b, galvanised seamless. Threaded fittings shall be used for pipes up to 50 mm and grooved fittings for pipes 65 mm and above. All tamper switches and water flow detectors shall be interfaced with fire alarm system Piping shall be pitched to drain. (branches to be sloped 4mm/mtr. & mains by 2mm/mtr.)

8. 9.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF OVERALL BUILDING FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Main Supply Header to Over Head tank

Water Transfer Pumps

Under Ground Water Tank

Main Supply from City Line`


www.ramtech-corp.com

Fire Protection ABBREVATIONS

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

Fire Protection ABBREVATIONS & SYMBOLS

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM FOR FIRE FIGHTING SHOP DRAWING


Drawings from consultant

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Arch. drawings

Structural drawings Shop drawings (ISD Dwgs.)

Services design drawings

Material Submittals

Comments updated Rejected

Approved

MEP Coordination Drawings (CSD Dwgs.)

Approved
Builders work drawings

As built drawings
www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING PROCEDURE

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

DESCRIPTION: Shop drawings are also called as Detail drawings are used to guide the construction and Erection members. Complete shop drawings show the levels, pipe sizes, setting out dimensions and typical details, sections being co-ordinated with all services. Since the shop drawings are intended only for use in the shop, they generally contain little or no information about the erection and installation of the MEP members they depict. The following are steps to be adopted while preparing the Fire fighting Shop Drawing. STEP1. PREPARE ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING:- Prepared the Architectural X-Ref drawings. STEP 2. CONVERT DOUBLE LINE WITH FITTINGS:- Converting the single pipeline into double line pipe with fittings whose Dia are above 65mm. STEP3 ASSIGNED THE LEVELS:-Assign the levels after co-ordinating with structural drawings and other services drawings to all sp

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

STEP 4.
SETTING OUT DIMENSIONS & PIPE SUPPORTS:- Give the reference dimension from gird or the wall whichever nearest to the fixtures, pipes and accessories. Provide the pipe supports to the pipe and details for support.

STEP 5.
SECTION VIEWS:- Prepared the section at a critical area where the density of pipe work is more.

STEP 6.
STANDARD DETAILS:- Show all the typical fixing details of different fixtures and accessories.

STEP 7.
TITLE SHEET WITH GENERAL NOTES:- Show all the general notes and legends in the title block and a creating view port for the drawing as per the required scale.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
GUIDELINES TO PREPARE A SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Before starting the shop drawing refer all Input and material submittals for the project. 1. Study the architectural, structural drawings for the FFL, beam depths and architectural sections. 2. Study the Reflected ceiling plan (RCP) drawing for the False ceiling level (FCL) and floor pattern drawings. 3. Study the Schematic riser diagram for Sanitary ,storm and Vent pipes. 4. Study all approved material submittals for example type of fixture, pipe fitting, accessories and pipe support etc,. 5. Study clients CAD standards, Legends. 6. Refer the Sample drawing given by client.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP 1:PREPARATION OF ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING Client will provide the architectural drawing for each floor. It contains all information like room names & partitions, walls, columns, beams, door, windows etc., So create one arch drawing for reference purpose. PROCEDURE: 1. Delete unwanted text and dimensions. 2. Change text height as per shop drawing scale. 3. Change grid bubbles as per shop drawing scale. 4. Change all entities colour as 8. 5. Attach this Arch file as X-reference file for shop drawing.

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

 SEE BELOW SCREEN SHOT FOR INPUT ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

 SEE BELOW SCREEN SHOT FOR OUTPUT ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP 2: CONVERSION OF DOUBLE LINE WITH FITTINGS
1. Before starting the double line refer client specification they wants pipe sizes are Nominal diameter or Outer diameter. If they are asking Outer diameter, refer below table.

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

2. Start making the double lines for the pipes as per the sizes mentioned in the contract drawing. 3. Place the pipe fittings like 90, 45 degree elbows, Tee connections etc., according to the nfpa standards. All fittings as per approved client submittals.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Number of Sprinklers on branch can be decided with respect to Sprinkler pipe size as shown below:
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
4. Reroute if necessary where ever clashes found with structures columns and fittings are not inserted within that distance. 5. Avoid the Elbows and Y fittings in walls. 6. Show the flow direction as per schematic drawing. 7. After completion of the double line and fittings change the layers and line type as per client CAD standards.

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STANDARD FIRE FIGHTING FITTINGS

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

SEE BELOW SCREEN SHOT FOR INPUT FIRE FIGHTING DRAWING

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

SEE BELOW SCREEN SHOT FOR OUTPUT DOUBLE LINE DRAWING

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP3:Assigned the levels
BOTTOM OF PIPE:- The distance from the finished floor level(ffl) to the bottom of insulated pipe is bop. The Sprinkler pipes hangs between slab and false ceiling level with supporters. If is interference & fouling with duct or other equipment, in that case we use to bend the pipe as up & down, then follows the routing. FOR CALCULATING THE BOP VALUE:FFL of current floor______________(from arch. Layout) ssl & slab thickness of the above floor__________(from structural layout) false ceiling level must be greater than 2400mm from ffl. Considering the false ceiling level Sprinkler pipes running 100mm apart.

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Assigned the levels

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Bottom of pipe must be given from the starting point that is from riser to the till end of the water supply to fixtures and should be given to all individual pipe lines. For Example: let 65 pipe is running to the apartment from riser considering the bottom of level at starting point for hot water 2850 mm and for cold water 2750 mm from finished floor level.

After some distance it reduces to 42 mm Calculating the bop 65-42=23mm/2=11.5mm Rounding it to 12 mm appx. Means 42 mm hot water pipes bop finished floor level. Similarly for 12 mm cold water finished floor level. 2850-12= 2838 mm from

2750-12= 27385mm from

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP 3:- Assigned the levels
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP 4:- SETTING OUT DIMENSIONS:
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Give the reference dimension to the sprinkler to sprinkler, pipes and accessories from wall, gird, Column or Beams, whichever nearest, for the installation of pipe and accessories etc. purpose.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP 4:- PIPE SUPPORTS
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Pipe supports are generally provided for sprinklers pipe at an interval of 1 to 3 meters distance or as per client requirement.

Pipe Support

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Pipe hanger & Rod Details
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Typical Channel Support for every 3 meter & pipe support on vertical structure

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Pipe hanger & Rod Details
Typical Clevis Hanger & C-Clamp Details used as Pipe Support
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
STEP6:- STANDARD DETAILS Classification of Sprinklers
The following are the main types of sprinklers available in Fire Protection System:  Upright sprinklers  Pendent sprinklers  Sidewall sprinklers Pendent & Upright sprinklers (combined)

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Pendent type sprinklers were used basically beneath the false ceiling where as upright sprinklers and sidewall sprinklers are used in parking areas.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Standard detail Upright Sprinkler

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Standard detail Pendent Sprinkler

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Pendent Sprinkler

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Pendent Sprinkler
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Pendent & Upright sprinklers (combined)
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

This is how Sprinkler Main Pipe and Branch Pipe are connected by Riser Nipple:

BRANCH PIPE

PENDANT TYPE SPRINKLER HEAD NIPPLE SPRINKLER MAIN PIPE

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

The Riser Nipple size with respect to Number of sprinklers can be found from following table:

P IP E S IZ E 25 32 40 50 65 80

BHS AREA 1 2 3 4 -8 9 -1 0

OTHER AREA 2 3 4 -5 6 -1 0 1 1 -2 0

11 21 ABOVE ABOVE

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
Gas Extinguishing System
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Some special premises, e.g. server rooms, were equipped with gas extinguishing system in addition to the sprinkler system according to the special instructions of the premises.

Typical FM-200 System used in Fire Protection System by using FM-200 Gas
www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

FLEXIBLE PIPE CONNECTOR / EXPANSION JOINT

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

P & I diagram of FM-200 container

www.ramtech-corp.com

Fire Extinguisher

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Fire Extinguisher is used to destroy or minimize fire by using Carbon Dioxide, Dry Powder or film foam Extinguishing compound. CO2 extinguishers are selected typically for spaces where the aim is to prevent damage caused by the extinguishing compound itself. Dry powder and film foam extinguishers were designed for premises where there is a large potential fire load and where the damage by the extinguishing compound would not be significant. Fire Extinguishers are represented in the following manner in shop floor drawing:

www.ramtech-corp.com

Fire Hose reel

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Fire Hose Reel was installed for area with high fire load (warehouses & production areas). Hose reel was mounted inside a wall/column mounted M.S. Box.

www.ramtech-corp.com

Deluge System

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Deluge System is generally used near electrical equipment such as cable trays etc., where fire protection is required.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
SEE BELOW SAMPLE SHOP DRAWING FOR FIRE FIGHTING LAYOUT:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

GENERAL NOTES

PLAN

LEGENDS REF DWG. NOS. KEY PLAN

DATAILS TITLE BLOCK

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
VIEW PORT CREATION

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Scaling is used to depict objects on paper that are either larger or smaller than the paper. Creation of view port is done in Paper space. Generally shop drawings in 1:50 scale and sections are 1:25 scale. View port is create by using the command MVIEW.

TITLE BLOCK UPDATING


TitleAblock is provided by client as required size (A0, A1, A2 A4). Generally the V C title block details are...

Notes: Show the any specific notes in the Notes column related to this

shop drawing. See below snap shot. E E C T IC A

TES:

IN G

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
SEE BELOW SCREEN SHOT FOR OUTPUT PLAN:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

PLAN

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING
SEE BELOW SCREEN SHOT FOR OUTPUT DATAILS:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

DATAILS

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

REF. DWG. NOS.: Update the Reference Drawing Nos. what ever the
drawings are referred while preparing this shop drawing I.e. Architectural, structural, schematic, design drawing.. See below snap shot.

KEY PLAN: Hatching the location in key plan, the area is covered in this
sheet.

www.ramtech-corp.com

SHOP DRAWING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

DRAWING TITLE: Update the Drawing Title information I.e. Floor, Level,
service, Drawn By, Checked By, Approved By, Revision, Drawing Scale and Drawing No... See below snap shot.

www.ramtech-corp.com

FIRE FIGHTING PIPE MATERIALS

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Fire Hose Cabinet


Fire Hose cabinet shown like this in input drawing:

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Fire Hose cabinet shown like this in output drawing:

www.ramtech-corp.com

Typical Sectional Details of Fire Fighting System

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

(APPLICABLE ONLY IN AREAS WHERE BOTTOM OF BEAM CLOSE TO CEILING)

FI

FI

TI

T I - FOR S TTI

OF I

TION

( RANCH I

ASSING

OW

AM)

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

FIRE FIGHTING

ETAIL - FOR SETTING OF PIPE ELEVATION


(BRANCH PIPE PASSING BELOW BEAM)

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

FIRE FIGHTING

ETAIL - FOR SETTING OF PIPE ELEVATION


(AREAS WITHOUT CABLE TRAY)

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

FIRE FIGHTING DETAIL - FOR SETTING OF PIPE ELEVATION

  

CABLE TRAY INSTALLED

BELOW SOFFIT OF SLAB)

www.ramtech-corp.com

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

FIRE FIGHTING DETAIL - FOR SETTING OF PIPE ELEVATION


(CABLE TRAY INSTALLED AT DIFFERENT LEVEL) - MORE THAN



BELOW SOFFIT OF SLAB)

www.ramtech-corp.com