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Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi Abad 21

Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group (CNRG) Institut Teknologi Bandung yc1dav@cnrg.itb.ac.id. yc1dav@garuda.drn.go.id.
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Information Technology

Communication Computer Content


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Information Technology

3C
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Outline
Visi q Layering & Strategies in Information Technology. q Filosofi dibalik trend teknologi informasi sebuah phenomena de-facto vs. de-jure. sebuah phenomena arus bawah vs. atas. q Sisi praktis perkembangan Teknologi informasi. q Penutup
q

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Objectives
Melihat beberapa sisi perkembangan teknologi informasi Membaca Filosofi Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi

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Visi
Mari Belajar Dari Visi Negara Lain

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Vision
IT2000 - Vision of An Intelligent Island (Singapore) - http://www.ncb.gov.sg q National Information Infrastructure (NII) - ada banyak Web yang membawa NII. q Asia Pacific Information Infrastructure (APII). q Information Superhighway. q One Stop, Non-Stop Services.
q

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Arus Atas & Arus Bawah

Sebuah Phenomena dalam Perkembangan Information Technology.

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Pelajaran Utama
kita perlu memperhatikan secara seksama perkembangan arus bawah yang terjadi .....

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Pelajaran Utama
Pergeseran konsep yang fundamental IT banyak terjadi justru dibawah! contoh

Internet ...
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Contoh Komentar Para Legendaris Arus Bawah


Either lead or follow but please dont block the road for those who would move forward - Phil Karn. The IETF rejects presidents, kings and voting. We believe in rough consensus and working code - David Clarke.
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Visi Arus Bawah


Low Cost Equipments No Regulation only Concensus Independent Service Distributed System Small & Specific

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Strategies in Information Technology

Konseptualisasi Information Technology

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Layering of Information Technology


Technical Standards
National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network

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Policies and Legal Framework

Technical Standards
Digital Media q Open Systems q Bar-coding q Smart Cards q Security q High Definition TeleVision (HDTV). q Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). q Document Representation (HTML, SGML)
q

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Core Information Technology


Multimedia q Real Time Computing q Knowledge Systems q Advanced Telecommunications & Networking q Human Interface q Systems and Models
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Principle of the NII


q

Distributed
'Middleware' such as APIs, RPCs, and Messages

Ubiquitous
Information Appliances and Utility

Reliable
Fault Tolerance, Distributed Systems, DCE

Secure
Communications, Data and User Access Security

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Principle of the NII


q

Multi-service
Bandwidth on Demand - Gigabit Networks

Easy to Use
Ergonomics and Multilingual Characters

Open
Standards for Interoperability, Portability, Integration

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Lets see Singapore


One of my favorite!

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Singapores IT Milestones
IT 2000 Informatisation 1992 National IT Plan 1986 National Computeriztion Plan 1980
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Singapores National IT Plan


IT Manpower IT Culture
Information Communication Infrastructure Climate for Creativity & Entrepreneurship

Coordination Collaboration

IT Application IT Industry

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IT2000 Vision of an Intelligent Island


IT links Computers In Every Home, Office, School, Factory, and Government ... Information Appliances Accessing Rich Array of Multimedia Services

Advanced National Information Infrastructure

Smart Infrastructure - Ports, Schools, Roads

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IT2000 Sectoral Group


q

q q

Tourist & Leisure Services. Transportation. Retail, Wholesale & Distribution. Construction & Real Estate. Education & Training.

q q

q q q q

Financial Services. Media Publishing & Information Services. Manufacturing. IT Industry. HealthCare. Government

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Some Singapores Initiatives


q q q q q q q q q q

Trade-Net Establishment of Data Hubs. Students & Teachers Workbench. Internet for Schools. Construction and Real Estate NETwork. Legal Services - Court Vision 21. Helthcare MediNet Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) TourNet Borderless Library Network.

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Singapores TradeNet
q q q q q q q

Customs. Wholesalers. Distributors. Retailers. Importers / Exporters. Freight Forwarders. Shipping Agents.

q q q q q q q

Carriers. Transport Companies. Banks. Information Providers. Insurance Companies. Air Cargo Agents. Other Govt Agencies.

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Tradenets Performance
SIM Award 1989. q 20 Govt Agencies. q 8500 Companies. q 95% electronic submission. q Approval reduced from 2 days to 15 mins. q 20-30% increase in user productivity. q 24 hour operation.
q
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TradeNet Key Factor.


Human Resource. q Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
q

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Singapores Data Hub


q

Land Hub
Physical land-related data including lot boundaries, buildings, utilities, roads.

Estab Hub
Business information like name, registration number, paid-up capital, directors information.

People Hub
Personal data like name, NRIC, address, sex, date of birth etc.

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Data Hubs Benefits


Reduced effort in data collection and processing. q Minimise redudancy and duplication of data storage. q Less of a bother for the citizen to fill up common information already known. q More timely, accurate and consistent data.
q
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Users Perspectives
Arah Perkembangan di Bawah (arus bawah)

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Demand Push
q

High Speed

2Mbps WAN is bare minimum!


q

Video / Multimedia Applications

Virtual Reality is one of the ultimate goal!


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Konsekuensi Teknologi
Application Specific Personal Interaction - Multimedia

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Trend Communication Technology


High Speed Clear Channel atau Small High Speed Packet
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Apa yang di inginkan user?


High speed & low cost!
Tidak harus B-ISDN / ATM / E1 / T1 dkk dll .....

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Arus Bawah Memilih


High Speed Clear Channel
(low cost!)

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Konsekuensi Lain
High Speed Switching Router

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Trend Computer Technology


Small Low Cost Application Specific

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Bisa kita Perhatikan


Mainframe vs. Personal Computer. q RISC Processsors. q Palmtop application specific computing devices .....
q

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Apa yang di inginkan user?


q High
q

speed & low cost!

bukan multi-purpose devices. rela membeli banyak cheap / low cost application specific appliances.

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Trend Content
Multimedia Interactive

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Apa yang di inginkan user?


Live Personal Communication & information retrieval

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Hal lain yang diinginkan ..


Network Security!

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Cukup dengan Filosofi

Get real!

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Teknologi Komunikasi
Clear Channel High Speed

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Contoh Nyata Teknologi Komunikasi


Wireless Wide Area Network q Teknologi HDSL & sebangsanya. q Multicast Backbone (MBONE) q 100Mbps Ethernet
q

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Peralatan Wireless WAN


Card Wireless Ethernet q Speed 2Mbps s/d 10Mbps q Distance 15-40 km :-) .... q Antenna Yagi / Disc q PC sebagai router ke LAN Ethernet
q

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Wireless LAN
PC dengan spesifikasi: 386 4Mbyte RAM Cukup Floppy Ethernet card ke LAN

P C / W o r k s ta tio n

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Wireless LAN

P C / W o r k s ta tio n

W ir e le s s E th e r n e t C a r d

Spec. 250mW 915MHz / 2.4GHz 2,048Mbps Teknologi CDMA

US$750 / buah
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Wireless LAN

L o o p Y a g i A n te n n a P C / W o r k s ta tio n

Antenna Loop Yagi 915Mhz

Rp. 100.000,Disc 2.4GHz


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Wireless LAN
15 K m @ 250m W 915M Hz CD M A

P C / W o r k s ta tio n

P C / W o r k s ta tio n

Percobaan di ITB, Bandung Dengan Antenna Loop Yagi 915MHz Jarak 15 km LAN-to-LAN Connection 2Mbps (sponsor PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia)
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Mungkinkah Membuat Sendiri Wireless LAN Equipments?


Sangat Mungkin! Chip Set CDMA Cellular banyak dipasaran ....

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Bagaimana Dengan Regulasi?


q

MenParPostel belum mempunyai regulasi tentang CDMA .... Peluang untuk melakukan penelitian & perubahan regulasi untuk CDMA di Indonesia

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Teknologi HDSL
Modem HDSL q Speed 2,048Mbps q Distance 5 km via chopper wire q PC dengan Interface card / Router
q

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HDSL Equipment
H D SL M odem 2M bps

C am pus / Local A re a N e tw o rk
P C / W o r k s ta t io n

T w is te d T e le p h o n e C a b le

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Konsep Multicast Backbone


IP address MBone 224.0.0.0 q Client akan monitor pada IP address MBONE. q Menggunakan software switching
q

mrouted

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Visualisasi MBONE
T r a n s m it p a d a 2 2 4 .0 .0 .x C lie n t
W o r k s t a t io n

C lie n t
W o r k s t a t io n W o r k s t a t io n

S e rv e r
V id e o

C lie n t
W o r k s t a t io n

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Aplikasi MBONE
Video Broadcasting via Internet q TV Broadcasting via Internet q TV Reflector di Internet q Video Teleconference via Internet
q

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Teknologi Komputer
Application Specific Computing Devices

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Contoh Nyata
Internet Toaster US$500 :-) .... q Processor + 4Mb RAM + Modem - US$250 ...
q

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Argumentasi Intel
Visi The Connected PC. q Reduced Microprocessor Price. q Imbedded Multimedia.
q

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Content
Interactive Multimedia Network Security

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Contoh Nyata
Java & HotJava CU-see-Me (Video Conference) Virtual Reality Modelling Language (VRML)

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CU-see-Me

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Cybercast Station
http://www.nus.sg/Cybercast/Cybercast.html
M a c Q u a d ra

In te r n e t C U -s e e -M e C lie n t R e fle c to r S ite s

U S

U K
A u d io V id e o
R e fle c t o r c y b e r c a s t .n u s .s g

VC R A u s tr a lia In te r n e t

Japan

M Bone Tunnel cy er Computer Network Research Group bITBc a s t . n u s . s g

Satellite / Microwave Disc Forhttp://www.nus.sg/Cybercast/Cybercast.html Receiving Broadcast Transmission


M a c Q u a d ra

Cybercast Station
In te r n e t C U -s e e -M e C lie n t R e fle c to r S ite s

U S

U K
A u d io V id e o
R e fle c t o r c y b e r c a s t .n u s .s g

VC R A u s tr a lia In te r n e t

Japan

M Bone Tunnel cy er Computer Network Research Group bITBc a s t . n u s . s g

Cybercast Station
http://www.nus.sg/Cybercast/Cybercast.html
M a c Q u a d ra

In te r n e t C U -s e e -M e C lie n t R e fle c to r S ite s

U S

VCR to remove the RF signal and split video & audio signals
A u d io V id e o
R e fle c t o r c y b e r c a s t .n u s .s g

U K

VC R A u s tr a lia In te r n e t

Japan

M Bone Tunnel cy er Computer Network Research Group bITBc a s t . n u s . s g

Cybercast Station
http://www.nus.sg/Cybercast/Cybercast.html MacQuadra sebagai server I n t eCU-see-Me rn e t M a c Q u a d ra
C U -s e e -M e C lie n t R e fle c to r S ite s

U S

U K
A u d io V id e o
R e fle c t o r c y b e r c a s t .n u s .s g

VC R A u s tr a lia In te r n e t

Japan

M Bone Tunnel cy er Computer Network Research Group bITBc a s t . n u s . s g

http://www.nus.sg/Cybercast/Cybercast.html Bagi trsnsmisi video


M a c Q u a d ra

Cybercast Station Reflector / Relay24 jam


In te r n e t C U -s e e -M e C lie n t R e fle c to r S ite s

U S

U K
A u d io V id e o
R e fle c t o r c y b e r c a s t .n u s .s g

VC R A u s tr a lia In te r n e t

Japan

M Bone Tunnel cy er Computer Network Research Group bITBc a s t . n u s . s g

Cybercast Station
http://www.nus.sg/Cybercast/Cybercast.html
M a c Q u a d ra

In te r n e t C U -s e e -M e C lie n t R e fle c to r S ite s

U S

U K
A u d io V id e o
R e fle c t o r c y b e r c a s t .n u s .s g

VC R

MBone Tunnel untuk transmisi via Firewall / Internet


A u s tr a lia In te r n e t

Japan

M Bone Tunnel cy er Computer Network Research Group bITBc a s t . n u s . s g

Some Cool URLs in Internet


http://irdu.nus.sg/vrml/ VRML site q http://irdu.nus.sg/hotjava/HotJava Web site q http://nusinfo.nus.sg:80/Major/vod.html Video on Demand
q

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High Profit IT Business


Human Resource q Manufacturing backed by Research & Development
q

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Bagaimana dengan Indonesia?

Sekelumit R&D di ITB

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Sekelumit kegiatan R&D ITB


q q q q q q q

NOC untuk Bandung-Net. 2Mbps Ku-Band gate ke Asian Internet Interconnection Initiative / AI3 (Nara, Japan). 38.4Kbps L-Band gate ke Partners gateway (Kashima, Japan). HDLC Card 64-256Kbps. GMSK 19.2Kbps & 64-256Kbps modem. DSP based modems (support Motorola International Inc). Terminal Node Controllers untuk packet network.

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Network Center - CNRG-ITB


T h e E E -N e t B a c k b o n e t o P T . T e lk o m ( t e lk o m . c o . id ) ~ 1 4 , 4 K b p s m o s t o f t h e t im e M u ltiT e c h 2 8 . 8 K b p s s u m b a n g a n P T . P a n S y s te m H P 9000 s e r ie s 4 0 0 DNS
Ethernet

C - B a n d S C P C G r o u n d S t a t io n P T . E le k t r in d o N u s a n t a r a 386 - NO S ( n o h a r d d is k )

N o v e ll S e r v e r

4 8 6 - F re e B S D D N S & m a il g a t e

T o IT B M a in L ib r a r y
T h ic k E th e r n e t

T h in E th e rn e t

486 - N O S F ro m L P P J o g y a k a rta

486 - NO S

486 - N O S

P e n t iu m in P r o g r e s s

M odem F r o m P T . H o ly c o m m in d o D e d ic a t e d 1 3 9 M H z 1 2 0 0 /9 6 0 0 b p s to L A P A N B o g o r 2 M b p s lin k K u - B a n d v ia J C S a t to W ID E J A P A N VHF 148M Hz B a n d u n g N e tw o rk

Computer

H F SSB 300bps Network eResearch 7 M H z n tw o rk

H F SSB Group 1ITBH z N e t 4M

Kerjasama / Sponsored R&D


q q

38.4Kbps C-Band gate ke PT. Elektrindo


Nusantara.

Leased line 28.8-14.4Kbps via MultiTech & Motorola Vanguard 300 (PT. Telkom,
PT.PanSystem & PT. Abhitama Citra Abadi)

q q

Operasi 9 gateway radio (7 VHF & 2 HF) (partly PT. Hollycommindo Hitech).

Operasi 2 link 2Mbps WaveLAN (PT. Compact


Microwave Indonesia)

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Beberapa Obsesi CNRG-ITB


Running an Indonesian MBone Tunnel & Reflector Site. q Running CU-see-Me Teleconference site (butuh videoblaster + multimedia kit). q Build 2-10Mbps Wireless Equipments. q Build 2Mbps HDSL modem & interface.
q

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Summary
Human Resource would be the key to success. q Belajar dari pergerakan arus bawah di Information Technology. q Belajar dari pergerakan National Information Infrastructure - antisipasi market shift.
q
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