Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

Technology for communicating information

The word Information has many different meanings in everyday usage and in specialized contexts. However, as a concept it is closely related to data, instruction, knowledge etc. Information is usually a message, something to be communicated from the sender to the receiver. But, if information is viewed merely as a message, it does not have to be accurate

There is telephone, telegraph, landline phone, mobile phone, e-mail, picture call, video call, social networking services such as face book, msn, twitter.

Sources of communication

But aside from all of the new things there were things used in the old days like drawings, hieroglyphics, smoke and the simple old letter in the post.

Don't forget things like catalogues, brochures and stuff which are also classed as forms of communication.

Communication Process
Communication is the process of exchanging information. People communicate in order to share knowledge and experiences. Common forms of human communication include sign language, speaking, writing, gestures, and broadcasting.

Communication can be interactive, intentional, or unintentional.

It can be internal communication or intrapersonal communication and interpersonal communication.

Communication Process
We all use different methods at different times to communicate. We can communicate by making gestures with parts of our body. For example shaking of our header hands, making faces speaking ,laughing, weeping writing and reading. There is yet another way we can communicate. That is by using electrical gadgets, invented by scientists. e.g:computer,tv,etc.

Communication Process
Do animals talk? Animals are unable to talk in the sense that humans do, they do communicate with sound in a way that is understood only by other members of their own species.

To understand what they are talking about we must know their language.

Most animals communicate, not through language, but by instinctual behavior's that convey messages to others.

Technology in Communication
Computer A microprocessor is somewhat like a brain. All computers have memory to remember information and instructions. All of them need some software to enable them to perform their functions.

Keyboards and mice are the essential peripherals of a PC that help us input information, similarly monitors is an essential peripheral that outputs information.

There are like printer; CD writer; microphone; speakers; modem; scanner and web camera

Devices for communication


Laptops:- The notebook can thus conveniently be carried anywhere. They are used to view documents or show them to others. These days it is often possible to connect a notebook to the Internet while one is at an airport, and sometimes while in an airplane too through a Wi-Ficonnection or a wireless modem connected to its USB port.

Palmtop computers are computers so small that they can fit on the palm of an adult. One can carry a palmtop computer along almost anywhere. Palmtops are generally very thin and have a large LCD screen that may display in color or generic black on green.

Contd..
A digital camera is a camera that records images digitally rather than on a photographic film. The image can be downloaded to a computer and used either for digital documents or print media. A digital camera connected to the computer via the USB port appears on the desktop like an additional.

Contd
Flash memory refers to a memory chip that holds its content without power, but must be erased in bulk.

The term comes from its ability to be erased in a flash.

Scanner is a device that can be connected to a computer to capture either an image of a text document or picture.

Contd
The word Simputer stands for simple, inexpensive and multilingual peoples computer. The Simputer is a small handheld computer. It includes text-to-speech software . The touch sensitive screen is operated on with a stylus.

Contd
Bluetooth technology:-

Until recently, if you wanted to print from your palmtop or digital camera you needed to get a cable and then plug it into the PC - which then sent the data to the printer.

Its a lot of work, so companies developed a technology to avoid the hassle .i.e Bluetooth, which can be connected by using infrared rays.

With Bluetooth, and other wireless technologies, the devices just need to be within range of each other.

Contd
Internet connections that allow for transfer of information, view streaming media at higher speeds closer to what might be associated with television. Internet is a technology of human concern. Almost every country has this facility. Internet can be used transfer data, live streaming, email.

Contd
Telecommunication, popularly known as telecom, is communication through electromagnetic waves, besides light. At that time telephone contact could be made only with ships within 2000 km of shore. Today every large ship wherever it may be on the globe can be contacted using wireless equipment. Cell phones are based on networks of many radio transmitters/receivers. The area covered by a cell phone company, a city, a state or a country for its services is divided into zones that are called its cells.

Contd
Cable television allows us to view several TV stations. Satellite TV(DTH) is a wireless system for delivering TV programming directly to a viewers house. The broadcast can be done by powerful antenna to transmit to viewers.

Contd
Multimedia simply means being able to communicate in more than one way. The term multimedia once meant that your PC had a soundcard with an output marginally better than the PC speaker. Computer multimedia today is a mixture of things: sound, images and moving video..

Contd
A web camera is camera whose images can be accessed using the World Wide Web, instant messaging, or a PC videoconferencing. Using a web camera allows learners to be a part of either a conference or class/studio. They can see, hear and interact with people.

THANK YOU