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Chapter Nine

Why Food Shortage and Insufficiency Overpopulation.Malthusian Theory Environmental degradation and natural disaster Less Mechanized and capital Intensive Agric Export predominance over Domestic Income level and Export Goods
Food Production/Waste and energy

Food Aid and Implications

The Dependency Theory Malfunction of Local Market WTO/MNC.between food aid and trade

Food Regimes
1st Settlers Colonies ( 1870s-1920s) unprocessed and semi-processed food (NA and Metropolitan W-Europe) Cheap imports/trade barriers .fall 2nd Capital Intensive..Productivist (1920s-1970s) agro-industrial complexes based on grain-fed livestock/fat food 3rd MNC......Fresh fruits & vegetables globally, genetically, Elite oriented, TNC and Corporate retailers

Industrialization of Agro-Food System

Large Scale, Land Concentration, capital intensive/extensive, mechanized, trans boundary production from planting to harvesting. Appropriationism (Manure/Chemical, Animal/Tractor Substitutionism (Sweetener/Sugar, Nylon/Cotton Agricultural diversification/Division Labour Distance btw producer & consumer, over production, increase indebtedness of farmers for superior technology, environmental issues and food security TNCs operation in LDC and environmental law

Developing World Agric Practices

Subsistence Agric Colonial methods of Agriculture (Elitism and Sectional development) Post-Colonial Agriculture Globalization and ADCs agric (comparative and competitive advantage) The advent of TNC and the ADCs agric

TNC and the ADCs agric

Government Support and TNC (tool of change and development) Infrastructural development and technological edge Local development (Export and Import, technology focused) Poverty reduction, trickle down, and economy growth

Consequences of TNC Agro Business

Sharp gulf amongst the taxonomy of skill Experts and specialist import (Impact on economy.seasonal job, disenfranchisement of locals) Focuses on foreign and elite investment Closure and uncompetitive-ness of local industries Environmental issues

Post Productivist Agric

Liberalization vs Protectionism Globalization, WTO, Integrative global agric economies Technological tainted food and Organic food Food Origin and geography Food quality..origin, resource used in production, means of production, culture, Consumers taste, packaging (R&D) branding=Consumerism

Cultural cleavage disappearing Global consumerism and global identity Class and social identitywhat, where, when, how Quality confusion and the emerging economies All from China and India are the best Global corporate retailers (closing the gap between major producers and consumers