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THE WORLD'S FIRST MANAGEMENT GURU. HE HAS BROUGHT OUT SOME OF THE KEY B U S I N E S S P R I N C I P L E S A N D S T R AT E G I E S .

HE HAS BEEN CONSIDERED AS THE PIONEER OF THE FIELD OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.

Chanakya's Education

y Ch nakya (Sanskrit):

(c. 350-283 BCE)

y Taxila was one of the worlds centre for education. y The teachers were highly knowledgeable who used to teach sons

of kings.
y Law, Medicine, Warfare and other indigenous forms of learning.

The four Vedas, hunting, elephant-lore and 18 arts were taught at the university.

Life as a student

y He was a student of politics right from child hood. y In this way after studying religion and politics, he turned his

attention to economics.
y "Neetishastra", a treatise on the ideal way of life shows his in

depth study of the Indian way of life.


y He was called variously by different people, namely Vishnugupta,

Kautilya.

Achievements
y Neetishastra is a in-depth study of the Indian way of life y 455 Niti sutras, about 216 refer to raaja-neeti sutras. y Two books are attributed to Chanakya: Arthashastra and

Neetishastra which is also known as Chanakya Niti.


y Arthashastra discusses monetary and fiscal policies,

welfare, international relations, and war strategies in detail.

Chanakyas Neetishastra
y The strategies are: y Sama - Appeasement, non-aggression pact y Dama - Gift, bribery y Danda - Strength, punishment y Bheda - Divide, split, separating opposition y Maya - Illusion, deceit y Upeksha - Ignoring the enemy y Indrajala - Faking military strength

Arthashastra is divided into 15 books:


y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Concerning Discipline The Duties of Government Superintendents Concerning Law The Removal of Thorns The Conduct of Courtiers The Source of Sovereign States The End of the Six-Fold Policy Concerning Vices and Calamities The Work of an Invader Relating to War The Conduct of Corporations Concerning a Powerful Enemy Strategic Means to Capture a Fortress Secret Means The Plan of a Treatise