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SEMINAR ON BLU RAY DISC

PALLAVI BAHL MECE-178-2K10

What is Blu-ray disc???


The Blu-ray Disc(BD),also known as Blu-ray,is the name of next generation optical disc format. In February 2002, a large group of companies announced the introduction of the Blu-ray Disc (BD) format. In 2005, the Blu-ray Disc Founders announced the creation of the Bluray Disc Association.

The Board of Directors currently consists of:


Apple Computer Inc. Dell Inc. Helewlett Packard Company Hitachi Ltd. LG Electronics Inc. Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Pioneer Corporation Royal-Philips Electronics Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd Sharp Corporation Sony Corporation TDK Corporation Thomson Multimedia Walt Disney Pictures

THE TECHNOLOGY
IN BLU-RAY DISC: Pit size-- 0.15 microns (more than twice as small as the pits on DVD). Track pitch 0.32 microns Laser needed:-- blue-violet laser (450nm) Data transfer rate: 36Mbps

Hard-coating technology

In January 2004 was introduced a clear polymer coating that gives Blu-ray Discs unprecedented scratch resistance.

BLU-RAY DISC STRUCTURE

TYPES OF BD

SINGLE LAYER: DOUBLE LAYER:

Single Layer Disc

Dual Layer Disc

Format of BD
It comes in four different formats: BD-ROM (read only) BD-R (recordable) BD-RW (rewritable) BD-RE (rewritable)

CHARACTERISTICS OF BLU-RAY
Life Span Content Protection Cost Capacity Robustness of disc Compatible

TECHNICAL DETAILS
Capacity 23.3 25 27GB (single layer) 50GB(Dual layer) 405nm 0.85 Wave length of the laser Numerical Aperture of the objective lens

Data transfer rate


Thickness of the disc Diameter of the center hole Recording method Data track Visual data

36Mbps
1.2mm 15mm Phase change Groove recording MPEG-2 video

Comparison Between Blu-ray n others


Parameter CD Disk diameter 120 mm Disk thickness 1.2 mm Laser wavelength 780 nm Numerical aperture 0.45 Minimum pit length 0.83 um Data rate 1.2 Mb/sec Number of sides one Number of data layers One Data capacity ~680 MB DVD BD . 120 mm 120 mm 1.2 mm 1.2 mm 650 nm 405 nm 0.60 0.85 0.4 um 0.138 um 11 Mb/sec 36 Mb/sec ----one or two ----One or two 4.7 GB (1L) 27 GB 8.5 GB (2L) 50GB 1 7 GB (2L/2S)

Advantages
Maximum picture resolution Largest capacity available anywhere Over 9 hour of HD video on a 50 GB disc. About 23 hour of SD video on a 50 GB disc Best audio possible Backward compatibility Broadest industry support from brands you trust Disc robustness

Applications

The future of Blu-ray Disc


According to T3:Pioneer goes beyond Blu-Ray, Pioneer is developing an optical disc that will blow away the hard disc in most of our PCs in terms storage capacity, holding 500 GB of data.

Conclusion
Very soon BDs will replace CDs and DVDs

THANKYOU