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AIX:
The Future of UNIX

2010 IBM Corporation

2008 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

As the world gets smarter, infrastructure demands will grow

Smart traffic systems

Smart Intelligent food oil field technologies systems

Smart healthcare

Smart energy grids

Smart retail

Smart water management


2

Smart supply chains

Smart countries

Smart weather

Smart regions

Smart cities
2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Consolidating with AIX on Power Systems enables clients to


REDUCE COST Server consolidation with shared resources enables high system utilization, which lowers the cost of ownership by reducing networking, energy, floor space, and software costs. IMPROVE SERVICE Server consolidation improves service to clients by delivering flexible performance, dynamic provisioning and enabling clients to avoid disruption MANAGE RISK Server consolidation manages IT risk by improving security, increasing business resiliency and simplifying operations.

AIX, Power Systems and PowerVM are designed to deliver effective consolidation in the most demanding data centers
3 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Winn-Dixie
Strengthening the infrastructure with an IBM consolidation solution
Business challenge:
Winn-Dixie, a Jacksonville, Florida-based grocery chain based with more than 600 retail locations throughout the southeastern U.S., needed a cost-effective and easily managed solution to replace its aging distributed IT infrastructure and quickly enable disaster recovery. We thought the IBM solution gave us the most flexibility not only for now, but going forward. It accommodated our existing application portfolio while providing a very rich upgrade path in our infrastructure.
Barry Kirk, director of architecture, Winn-Dixie

Solution:
The solution consolidated more than 600 stand-alone servers at individual grocery stores into a centralized data center at Winn Dixie headquarters using IBM AIX and IBM PowerVM virtualization technologies to support 16 stores on a single IBM BladeCenter JS22 blade server, mirrored to a nearby facility as well as to a remote disaster recovery location.

Solution components:
IBM BladeCenter JS22 blades in IBM BladeCenter H IBM PowerVM

Benefits:
Redirected $5 million capital cost savings to store remodelling

IBM AIX

Improved application performance by 5 to 10 times, enabling better service


Reduced disaster recovery time from days to hours
4 POP03046-USEN-00 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Baylor College of Medicine improves performance and sets the stage for an SAP upgrade with IBM servers
Business challenge:
When Baylor College of Medicine (Baylor) decided to build a new hospital, it also planned to upgrade its existing data center in order to ease space constraints and replace end-of-life Sun servers. It needed a smooth migration that would provide uninterrupted access to its SAP ERP system and other supporting systems. Nobody else had as eloquent and simple a design as IBM did. They also offered very costeffective solutions.
Al Reineking, executive director of IT operations and technical services, Baylor College of Medicine

Solution:
Baylor engaged IBM Premier Business Partner Mark III and brought in the IBM Migration Factory team to provide the transition of workloads from 32 legacy Sun servers onto three IBM Power 570 servers, running the IBM AIX operating system. IBM Migration Factory performed the server consolidation and migration of Baylors software applications from the old Sun hardware platform to the new IBM platform.

Solution components:
SAP ERP IBM Migration Factory IBM Power 570

Benefits:
Achieves a 60 percent reduction in rack space footprint and better than 40 percent savings in both cooling and power Improves overall performance by 30 percent Improves payroll processing time by 213 percent
5

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

The Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Egypt


IBM enables growth with powerful, scalable solutions Business Challenge: The Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Egypts hardware infrastructure hosted their enterprise resource planning system, Oracle E-Business Suite. As they grew and added modules, server performance failed to meet business needs. They needed to implement a high performance, scalable infrastructure, including a centralized storage system. Solution: The company implemented two IBM Power 570 servers one each for the main site and the remote site both running IBM AIX. They implemented IBM PowerVM Dynamic Logical Partitioning and Micro-Partitioning to minimize server administration and to minimize the number of processors needed. They also implemented IBM System Storage DS4800. Benefits:

Our new IBM infrastructure provides us with improved performance, availability and scalability to manage our growth.
The Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Egypt

Solution Components:
IBM Power 570 IBM AIX IBM PowerVM Dynamic Logical Partitioning and Micro Partitioning IBM System Storage DS4800

Improves performance while reducing the number of processors from 16 to 7


Reduces risk and reduces the number of servers needed for disaster recovery Increases server utilization by 35 percent and supports 71 percent more users
6

MUP03005-USEN-00
2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC)


Rewriting the rules on IT investment to facilitate tomorrows healthcare innovations
Business Challenge UPMC, Pennsylvanias largest integrated healthcare delivery network, sought to lower the cost and complexity of IT infrastructure to enable the continued investment in next-generation clinical systems and to lay the foundation for the best possible patient care. Solution Now in the middle of a landmark, 8-year strategic partnership with IBM, UPMC is transforming its systems through consolidation, standardization and virtualization. Relying on IBM products and services, the mid-stream effort has already resulted in the reduction of hundreds of servers across the UPMC network and achieved more than a quantum improvement in resource efficiency. It has fundamentally changed the link between processing and resource needs enabling it to meet an ambitious clinical agenda with a far lower rate of IT investment growth. Benefits $30 million in capital and operating cost reductions 150 percent increase in processing capacity with no increase in IT support costs 40 percent reduction in IT infrastructure floor space requirements, freeing up space for revenue generating services 67 percent reduction in number of physical servers
7

Considering that IBM and UPMC are only midway through this transformation project, the results have been impressive. We have already proven that standardization, along with aggressive implementation of virtualization, yields unprecedented productivity and efficiency. Paul Sikora, VP of IT Transformation, UPMC

Solution Components
IBM BladeCenter IBM Component Infrastructure Roadmap IBM Global Technology Services IBM Healthcare and Life Sciences IBM Research IBM STG Services IBM SWG Services IBM System p, System x, System z IBM Tivoli product suite IBM TotalStorage Enterprise Storage IBM WebSphere Business Integration IBM WebSphere Application Server 2008 IBM Corporation 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

IBM Power Systems Success Stories


Power technologies provide real business value
Reduced application downtime + increased flexibility to dynamically scale and change workload capacity Annual savings of over $500,000 + accelerated new services deployment from 1 month to 2 days Fewer processor cores than previous Sun servers reduced software and management costs + PowerVM simplified the effort to deploy or scale new services Consolidated and virtualized 76 servers to 6 reducing complexity and total cost of ownership of global IT infrastructure

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

IBMS 10-year march to UNIX leadership


the largest shift of customer spending in UNIX history
UNIX Server Rolling Four Quarter Average Revenue Share
45%
dot.com bubble burst global economic recession

POWER6
Live Partition Mobility

40%

35%

POWER5
Micro-Partitioning

POWER7
Workload Optimized Leadership

30%

POWER4
25%

Dynamic LPARs

20%

HP
15%
10 0 30 0 10 1 30 1 10 2 30 2 10 3 30 3 10 4 30 4 10 5

Sun
30 5 10 6

IBM
30 6 10 7 30 7 10 8 30 8 10 9 30 9 Q 11 0 Q
2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Why AIX is the Premier UNIX Platform Today

Outstanding Performance

Improved Efficiency through Virtualization Innovation through integrated Development


Strong, stable, non-disruptive roadmap
10 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Evolution Over Twenty years of Progress


1986-1992 1994-1996 1997-1999 2001-2002 2004-2005 2007 2010

AIX/6000
AIX V2 & V3
Establishment in the market: - RISC Support - UNIX credibility - Open Sys. Stds.. - Dynamic Kernel - JFS and LVM - SMIT

AIX V4.1/4.2
SMP Scalability: - POWERPC spt. - 4-8 way SMP - Kernel Threads - Client/Server pkg - NFS V3 - CDE - UNIX95 branded - NIM - > 2GB filesystems -HACMP Clustering - POSIX 1003.1, 1003.2, XPG4 - Runtime Linking - Java 1.1.2

AIX V4.3
Higher levels of scalability: - 24-way SMP - 64-bit HW support - 96 GB memory - UNIX98 branded - TCP/IP V6 - IPsec - Web Sys. Mgr. - LDAP Dir. Server. - Workload Mgr - Java JDT/JIT - Direct I/O - Alt. Disk Install - Exp/Bonus CDs

AIX 5L V5.1/5.2
Flexible Resource Management: - POWER4+ spt. - Dynamic LPAR - Dynamic CUoD - New 64bit kernel - 512GB mem - JFS2 - 16 TB filesystems - UNIX03 branded - Concurrent I/O - MultiPath I/O - Flex LDAP Client - XSSO PAM spt

AIX 5L V5.3
Advanced Virtualization: - POWER5 support - 64-way SMP - SMT - MicroPartitions - Virt I/O Server - Partition Load Mgr - NFS Version 4 - Adv. Accounting - Scaleable VG - JFS2 Shrink - SUMA - SW RAS features - POSIX Realtime

AIX 6
Enterprise RAS: -POWER6 support -Workload Partitions -Application Mobility -Continuous Avail. -Storage Keys -Dynamic tracing -Software FFDC -Recovery Rtns -Concurrent MX -Trusted AIX -RBAC -Encrypting JFS2 -AIX Security Expert -Director Console

AIX 7
Future of UNIX: -256 core/1024 tread scalability -POWER7 Exploitation -Domain based RBAC - AIX Profile Manager -WPAR enhancements -AIX 5.2 in a WPAR -PowerVM virtualized storage -LVM SSD support -Terabyte segment

AIX V3.2.5
Maturity: - Stability - Quality

Open Systems Distributed Network Centric e-Business Computing Workstations Client-Server Computing
Uni-processor
12

On Demand New Enterprise Smarter Data Center Planet Business


64/256-way SMT 1024-way SMT4
2010 IBM Corporation

4-8 way SMP

24-way SMP

32-way SMP

IBM Power Systems

PowerVM Virtualization Architecture

Workload management and provisioning


AIX Shared partitions
WPAR WPAR

AIX
Dedicated partitions

Linux
partitions

IBM i

Virtual I/O server


Virtual network & storage

Virtual I/O server On demand


Virtual network & storage resources

WPAR

AIX kernels

Linux kernels

SLIC

Power Hypervisor

Virtual Network Virtual processors

Virtual adapters

Processors
Service processor

Memory Expansion slots Local devices & storage Networks and network storage

13

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

What is new for August 2010


AIX 7
The Future of UNIX

AIX 5.2 Workload Partitions for AIX 7


A new way to consolidate older workloads on POWER7

14

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX 7 -- The Future of UNIX

Workload-Optimizing Systems
Vertical scalability for massive workloads with up to 256 cores/1024 threads in a single AIX partition

Virtualization without limits


Run AIX 5.2 in a WPAR to simplify consolidation of legacy environments on POWER7

Resiliency without downtime


Built in clustering to simplify configuration and management of scale-out workloads and high availability solutions

Management with Automation


Profile based configuration management eases the management of pools of AIX systems
*All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Some features require the purchase of additional software components.

15

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Binary Compatibility Guarantee

16

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Moving up to AIX 7
AIX 7 runs on your existing hardware
Fully exploits POWER7 processor-based systems Also exploits systems based on POWER4, POWER5, POWER6 processors

AIX 7 runs your existing applications


Current applications will continue to run no need to recompile applications * Even supports 32 bit applications created on AIX versions prior to AIX V5 Binary compatibility guarantee

Upgrade process
Prior upgrade tools will support upgrade to AIX 7 Clients can upgrade directly to AIX 7 from AIX 6 and AIX V5 Free upgrade for customers with Software Maintenance Agreements (SWMA)
Upgrades are no charge within the same edition:
AIX 5.3 to AIX 7 Standard edition AIX 6 Express Edition to AIX 7 Express Edition, etc,
*See general conditions at ibm.com/systems/power/software/aix/compatibility
17 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Scalability Evolution

1024 Threads 256 Threads 32-128 Threads 24 Threads

AIX/6000
Uniprocessor

4-8 Threads

18

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX 7* Hardware Enablement and Support


Terabyte Segment support
Designed to improve performance for workloads that use large amounts of memory

AIX kernel memory pinning


AIX 7 memory pinned by default to enhance performance

Hardware acceleration for Encrypting Filesystems, IPSec and Trusted Execution


Reduce processor workload for encryption

LVM Solid State Disk Support


SSD only Volume Groups, enhancements to filemon to identify SSD candiates

Shared Memory interface to Barrier Synchronous Register


Reduce need for kernel extensions for BSR access
* These features are also available in AIX 6 Technology Level 6
19 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Workload Partitions (WPAR)


What is it?
Virtualized AIX operating system environments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system AIX 7 added the capability to run AIX 5.2 in a WPAR* Applications and users inside a WPAR cannot affect resources outside the WPAR* Each WPAR can have a regulated share of processor, memory and other resources Two types of WPAR
System WPARs have separate security and appear like a completely separate OS Application WPARs are manageability wrappers around a single application

Top reasons to use WPARs


WPARs are designed to save administrator work by reducing the number of AIX instances to patch WPARs have much lower memory resource requirements: 68 MB vs 1GB for an LPAR WPAR takes seconds to create and LPARs minutes Application mobility much simpler to organize than LPM
Disk or NFS storage Networks

Lots of WPARs on one AIX is simpler to monitor and control than monitoring across many LPARs.

* Requires purchase of the AIX 5.2 WPARs for AIX 7 product

Rapid cloning is easy and lets you use "disposable images" simple to create, experiment and throw away
2010 IBM Corporation

20

IBM Power Systems

AIX Workload Partitions can be used in LPARs


Dedicated Processor LPAR Finance Dedicated Processor LPAR Planning LPAR LPAR Americas

LPAR Asia

LPAR EMEA

WPAR #1 MFG WPAR #1 Business Intelligence

WPAR #1 eMail

VIO Server
WPAR #2 Planning

WPAR #2 Test WPAR #3 Billing

Micro-partition Processor Pool


POWER Hypervisor

21

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

WPAR Shared Applications Enables Administrative Efficiency


Application installed in Global instance and used by multiple WPARs
Global FS

Global filesystems
/ /etc /usr application code /opt application code (or here) /var /tmp /appserver application code (or here)
/ /etc /usr /opt /var /tmp /appsvr

AIX
global Instance

WPAR FS App Server 1


/ /etc /var /tmp /config

Workload Partition

App Server #1
Workload Partition

Workload Partition

Billing

System WPAR filesystems


/ r/w - unique per WPAR /etc r/w - unique per WPAR /usr r/o from global (typically) /opt r/o from global (typically) /var r/w - unique per WPAR /tmp r/w - unique per WPAR /appserver r/o from global /config r/w uniq per WPAR (example)

WPAR FS App Server 1


/ /etc /var /tmp /config

App Server #2

Workload Partition

Workload Partition

BI

Web Server

NFS
22 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX 7 WPAR Enhancements


Export of Fibre channel adapters to WPARs
NPIV-like, but can work on any Fibre Channel adapter Adds support for Fibre Channel tape

Kernel Extensions for WPARs


Trusted kernel extensions may be loaded by the WPAR administrator Extensions can be only for one WPAR or for entire system

Support for VIOS disks in WPARs


VSCSI disks can be exported to a WPAR This feature also available in AIX 6 Technology Level 6

Run AIX 5.2 inside of a Workload Partition


Consolidate older environments on POWER7 processor-based systems Requires AIX 5.2 WPARs for AIX 7 available separately from AIX 7
23 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Introducing: AIX 5.2 Workload Partitions for AIX 7


A new licensed program product offering that allows customers to simplify migrating their old, AIX 5.2 workloads to POWER7
Runs on top of AIX 7 and POWER7 processor-based server

Customer value
Simplify consolidation of old workloads on new hardware Reclaim floor space and eliminate hardware support for obsolete servers Protects customer investment in application stacks Offering includes phone and fix support for AIX 5.2 Enables advanced capabilities such as SMT4, Live Application Mobility and Live Partition Mobility Provides a way for AIX 5.2 clients to move up to POWER7

24

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX 5.2 WPARs for AIX 7


AIX 5.2 WPARs for AIX 7 will be a separately charged product built on AIX 7
Client simply backs up existing legacy AIX 5.2 environment and restores into an AIX 7 WPAR Client applications continue to run in AIX 5.2 environment with AIX 5.2 libraries The SWMA for this offering will also provide howto and limited defect support for the AIX 5.2 operating system POWER7 exploitation: SMT4, VIOS, MicroPartitioning and Mobility Managed via IBM Systems Director Workload Partitions Manager or command line
WPAR A
/ /var /tmp /home

AIX 7 Native Environment


/usr /opt AIX 5.2 Versioned Environment /usr /opt
WPAR B
/ /var /tmp /home

/usr /opt
WPAR D
/ /var /tmp /home

WPAR C
/ /var /tmp /home

AIX 7 native syscalls

5.2 syscall compatibility layer

mksysb backup from AIX 5.2 legacy system

AIX 7 Kernel POWER7

*All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Some features require the purchase of additional software components.

25

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

When to use Workload Partitions


Requirement MicroPartitions Workload Partitions

Hardware enforced Isolation Minimal number of AIX images Server Consolidation

Greatest Flexibility Cross system workload management


Move workload between systems Most efficient use of hardware resources Run AIX V5.2 on POWER7


2010 IBM Corporation

26

IBM Power Systems

AIX Live Application Mobility


What is it?
The capability to relocate a running Workload Partition from one system to another without restarting the application The application running inside the WPAR resumes running after the relocation is complete Works with systems based on POWER7, POWER6, POWER5 and POWER4 processors Requires the IBM PowerVM Workload Partitions Manager for AIX product, a Systems Director advanced manager Manual or automatic, policy based relocation
AIX # 1 AIX # 2

How it can help?


Can make it easier to consolidate workloads from underutilized servers
Workload Partition QA
Workload Partition Billing

Workload Partition App Server


Workload Partition Dev

Workload Partition e-mail

Workload Partition Web

Workload Partition Data Mining

PowerVM Workload Partitions Manager for AIX

Policy

Shared Storage (SAN or NFS)

Can provide increased flexibility to manage workloads by easily moving the workload to another system Facilitates increased reliability by allowing workloads to be moved away during planned outages

Automated, policy based relocation can reduce administrative workload


Provides a way to manage availability and workload of your IT infrastructure without significantly impacting end users

27

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

PowerVM Live Partition Mobility


What is it?
A PowerVM Enterprise Edition feature that allows an entire Logical Partition (LPAR) to be relocated from one system to another with almost no impact to the end user The end user effect is a single delay of two seconds when the relocation is completed Supported by AIX 7, AIX 6, AIX V5.3 and Linux PowerVM Live Partition Mobility requires that all I/O be virtualized through the Virtual I/O server at the time of the relocation
Live Partition Mobility requires the purchase of the optional PowerVM Enterprise Edition.

How it can help?


Can make it easier to consolidate workloads from underutilized servers by facilitating the transfer of workloads with almost no end user impact

Movement to a different server with no loss of service

Virtualized SAN and N etwork Infrastructure Virtualized SAN and N etwork Infrastructure

Can provide increased flexibility to manage workloads by easily moving the workload to another system
Facilitates increased reliability by allowing workloads to be moved away during planned outages PowerVM Live Partition Mobility can provide for a much more flexible and responsive IT infrastructure by reducing the cost and risk of rebalancing workloads

28

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Live Mobility on Power Systems


Live Partition Mobility PowerVM Live Partition Mobility Move an entire Logical Partition from one system to another while it is running with almost no impact to end users Moves the entire LPAR including the operating system Requires systems based on the POWER6 or POWER7 processors, PowerVM Enterprise Edition, and all I/O must be through the Virtual I/O Server Works with partitions running AIX 7, AIX 6, AIX V5.3 and Linux

Movement of the OS and applications to a different server with no loss of service

Virtualized SAN and Network Infrastructure

Potential Benefits Improved application availability Energy saving Better workload management
Live Application Mobility
AIX Live Application Mobility Move a Workload Partition from one AIX system to another AIX system while running with almost no impact to end users Moves only the WPAR, the AIX operating system is not moved Requires the PowerVM Workload Partitions Manager, and all WPAR filesystems must be on shared storage Works on systems based on POWER4 processors and later
2010 IBM Corporation

29

IBM Power Systems

AIX Role Based Access Control (RBAC) with Domains


What is it?
A capability of AIX that allows privileged administration tasks to be delegated to nonprivileged users Access to system resources are associated with roles that are assigned to non-privileged users Many roles are predefined which can reduce the effort of implementing RBAC Roles can also be associated with programs Domain access can further limit administrators to only work with resources for a particular organization (AIX 7/AIX 6 TL6)
AIX Resources

How it can help?

Users

Roles
DBA Company A

Can reduce the cost and complexity of security administration by allowing secure delegation of administrative tasks to non-privileged users
Company A Data

Enables a more secure IT infrastructure by reducing the need for so many privileged administrators Assigning roles to programs can reduce the need for security exposures such as the use of setuid for programs Allows for new ways to delegate administration duties between system administrators and nonadministrative users

DBA Company Z Company Z Data

PRINT

BACKUP Company A

BACKUP Company Z

Domain support Provides more granularity for multi-tenant IT shops


2010 IBM Corporation

30

IBM Power Systems

AIX Encrypting Filesystem


What is it?
Automatically encrypt data in a JFS2 filesystem Data can be protected from access by privileged users
CLiC Crypto Lib

How it can help?


Login Authentication Module
User and Group Key Stores Key Store Mgt Cmds BOS Cmds Backup/Restore Cp, mv, crfs, etc

Enables improved security by reducing unauthorized access to data, even by privileged users Secure backups reduces the exposure of data compromised when backup media is taken outside of secure facilities Automatic management of protection keys can reduce the administrative effort of using encrypted data Provides the capability for additional security for applications that may have security design exposures

Data in clear in memory.

Backup in encrypted or clear formats


Automated key management integrated into AIX security authentication

Crypto Kernext Kernel ucred open key store

VMM J2 Filesystem

Always encrypted on disk

Each file encrypted with a unique key


Hardware offload to Cryptographic adapter No keys stored in clear in kernel memory A variety of AES, and RSA cryptography keys supported
31

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Security Expert


What is it?
A centralized security management tool that can control over 300 security settings from a single console Administrators can start from a Low, Medium, High or Sarbanes-Oxley security template and customize settings to met business requirements Security settings can be exported and imported as a security profile to multiple systems Security profiles can be stored in an LDAP directory for ease of distribution

How it can help?


Can reduce the cost and complexity of security administration by allowing federated management of security profiles across multiple servers Enables a more secure IT infrastructure by reducing the effort of maintaining system security Check functionality can provide additional security by validating that the security profile for each system matches the actual security settings Allows for new ways to efficiently manage security across multiple AIX systems

AIX Security Expert was first included in AIX V5.3 TL5


32

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX & Power Systems Security Certifications


2005
AIX 5200-06 CAPP/EAL4+
Application: 01/11/05 Final report: 10/26/05 Certificate: 12/14/05

2006
AIX 5L 5200-05 and Pitbull LSPP/EAL4+
Application :01/11/05 Certificate issued: 05/16/06

2007

2010
AIX 7100-00) CAPP/RBACPP/LSPP/EAL4+
Supports P7, P6, P5, P4

AIX 5300-05 LSPP/EAL4+


Pitbull product Supports P5, P4 Certificate issued: 12/19/06

AIX 6100-00) CAPP/RBACPP/LSPP/EAL4+


MLS capabilities integrated into standard AIX product One certification for 3 Protection Profiles Supports P6, P5, P4

Pitbull MLS Ported to AIX 5300-03


Pitbull product available to customers Dec 31, 05

Certification History
AIX 4.2 C2: Apr 24, 1997 AIX 4.3 C2: May 6, 19987 AIX 5.2 CAPP/EAL4+ : Nov 4, 2002 POWER4 HW CAPP/EAL4+ : Apr 2003 AIX 5.2 ML1 CAPP/EAL4+ : Sept 8, 2003 AIX 5.2 ML6 CAPP/EAL4+ : Dec 14, 2005 AIX 5.2 ML5 and Pitbull LSPP: May 16, 2006 AIX 5.3 TL5 and Pitbull LSPP: May 16, 2006 AIX 5.2 TL4 & VIOS CAPP/EAL4+: Dec 16, 2006 POWER6: Dec, 2007 AIX 6: May 26, 2008 AIX 7: Planned 2010
33

AIX 5300-04 CAPP/EAL4+


Supports P5, P4 Certificate issued: 12/19/06

POWER6 Hardware EAL4+


Dynamic LPAR with MicroPartitioning

VIOS EAL4+
Included with AIX 53.00-04 CAPP/EAL4+

Legend

AIX V5.2 AIX V5.3 AIX 6 AIX 7 (Planned) VIOS POWER6 *All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only
2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Cluster Aware AIX


Designed to simplify construction and management of clusters of AIX systems for scale-out computing and high availability Easily create clusters of AIX instances for scale-out computing or high availability Designed to:
Significantly simplify cluster configuration, construction, and maintenance Designed to improve availability by reducing the time to discover failures Capabilities such as common device naming help simplify administration Built in event management and monitoring

A foundation for future AIX capabilities and the next generation of PowerHA SystemMirror and PowerVM

34

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Cluster Aware AIX Exploiters


DB2 IBM Director TSA HMC

RSCT Consumers
IBM Storage HPC PowerHA System Mirror

VIOS

Legacy RSCT
Bundled Resource Managers Group Services Messaging API Cluster Messaging Resource Mgr Services Monitoring API Cluster Monitoring Cluster Admin UI Cluster CFG Repository

RSCT With Cluster Aware AIX


Bundled Resource Managers Group Services Messaging API Resource Mgr Services Monitoring API Cluster Admin UI

Cluster Cluster Cluster CFG Redesigned Layers Integrated to CAA Capabilities Messaging Monitoring Repository

Cluster Aware AIX Legacy AIX


Cluster Repository CAA APIs and UIs Cluster Monitoring Cluster Messaging Cluster Events

RSCT and Cluster Aware AIX together provide the foundation of strategic Power Systems SW RSCT-CAA integration enables compatibility with a diverse set of dependent IBM products RSCT integration with CAA extends simplified cluster management along with optimized and robust cluster monitoring, failure detection, and recovery to RSCT exploiters on Power / AIX

35

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Non-intrusive Reliability Features


What is it?
A number of new reliability, availability and serviceability features that are designed to improve system and application reliability

How it can help?


Designed to increase availability by reducing problem determination time and effort Can reduce the impact of problems by minimizing the intrusiveness of problem determination compared to traditional methods These new service features provide an infrastructure that can fundamentally change the OS problem determination process for the better

New features include:


Live Dump Firmware Assisted Dump Enhanced First Failure Data Capture (FFDC) for AIX Enhanced features: Lightweight malloc debug Lightweight memory trace Consistency checkers Component trace

36

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Storage Keys


What is it?
Exploitation of a POWER7 and POWER6 processors hardware feature to provide additional isolation of kernel and application data
Before POWER6 Storage Keys
UNIX Kernel Address Space
AIX Kernel
JFS2 LVM VMM . . .

How it can help?


AIX Drivers
SCSI ENT FC

Application Address Space


WS DB2

Kernel Code

User Code User Data

Kernel Data

Can provide for higher AIX availability by reducing the number of unplanned outages due to intermittent memory overlay

Storage keys can prevent invalid changes to memory cause by programming errors
Application use of storage keys is enabled in AIX V5.3

Files

After POWER6 Storage Keys


AIX Kernel Address Space
AIX Kernel
JFS2 LVM VMM . . .

AIX Drivers
SCSI ENT FC

Application Address Space


WS DB2

Kernel Code

Enables complex applications that use large amounts of memory to protect core functions from memory overlay
This new capability can reduce the likelihood of an entire class of intermittent application and AIX problems

User Code User Data

Kernel Data

AIX Kernel exploitation of POWER6 storage keys is included in AIX 7 and AIX 6

Files

37

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX probevue Dynamic Tracing


What is it?
The capability to dynamically extract information about a program as it is running Trace points can be added or removed dynamically without recompiling or restarting the application Includes a new language, vue, to define the desired action when a probe point is reached
User
User Process Code Some thread hits probe point (1) Branches to probe code (2)

How it can help?


Kernel

Enables the possibility to dramatically reduce the amount of time and effort to debug and tune applications
Probe code

Probe Location Thread continues execution(5)

Returns to probe point (4)


E-code

(3)

Can reduce the performance impact to the system compared to using traditional tracing methods Dynamic tracing offers an entirely different way for developers and system administrators to troubleshoot application problems

Trace Output
Trace Buffers Trace Consumer

Support for C, C++, FORTRAN and Java language programs

Formatted I/O

or

Trace File

38

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

PowerVM Workload Partitions Manager for AIX


What is it?
A product that federates management of WPARs across multiple systems WPARs can be created, cloned, stopped, started and monitored from a single location Includes enablement for Live Application Mobility The WPAR Manager is a advanced manager plug-in to the IBM Systems Director The WPAR Manager is available as a component in the AIX Enterprise Edition or as a separate product
IBM Workload Partitions Manager for AIX

How it can help?


Can make it easier to consolidate workloads from underutilized servers by providing a single point of management for all WPARs and enablement for Live Application Mobility
Browser

Can reduce cost and complexity through centralized management of WPARs


AIX
WPAR Agent

AIX
WPAR Agent

AIX
WPAR Agent

System/Application WPARs

System/Application WPARs

System/Application WPARs

Enables increased flexibility by allowing administrators to quickly create, clone or delete Workload Partitions from one system to another Supports systems based on POWER4 or later processors

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Policy based relocation and federated management of WPARs provides new ways to manage your IT infrastructure2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Systems Director Console for AIX (pConsole)


What is it?
A Web based management tool that provides easy access to common system administration tasks Administrators can access Systems Management Interface Tool (SMIT) menus from a browser Graphical user interface is fast and fully integrated with IBM Systems Director All necessary components for the Console are included in AIX The Distributed Command Execution Manager (DCEM) feature of the Console allows an administrative task to run on multiple systems at once
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How it can help?


Can reduce the amount of effort and cost associated with managing the AIX OS Web access to administrative tasks can simplify systems management Consistent user interface with IBM Systems Director and the WPAR Manager can reduce retraining and other administrative costs The combination of Web access to administration tools and the ability to execute administrative tasks on multiple systems can change the way you manage the AIX OS

2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Automatic Variable Page Size


What is it?
AIX exploitation of POWER6 or later hardware that supports variable page size AIX will automatically select optimal page size to provide better performance Kernel will choose between 4K and 64K pages, including a mix within a memory region Supports process data, heap, stack, shared memory, anonymous mmap() memory Enabled by default with administrative controls to turn off or change aggressiveness to upsize Required AIX 7 or AIX 6 and POWER6 or later processor based systems
41 2010 IBM Corporation

How it can help?


Can improve overall system performance which could improve the amount of work done per Watt of energy Automated page size tuning can reduce the amount of effort and cost associated with managing a key aspect of performance tuning Since this feature is turned on by default, it improves your ability to get the most out of your systems based on POWER6 processors This self tuning aspect of AIX can improve performance while reducing administrative workload

IBM Power Systems

AIX 7 Profile Manager

(Formerly AIX Runtime Expert)

Systems Director plug-in that is designed to simplify consistent AIX configuration across multiple systems
Simplified configuration using the AIX Profile Manager
Traditional server configuration
Environment Variables Boot LV Settings

XML Profiles
Env var XYZ=Yes AIX security profile

OS Configuration and Tuning


CLI Utilities Configuration Files

.
tuneable N System Administrator

Apply and maintain approaches


Scripts, ftp, rsh, ssh, documentation, 3rd party tools, mksysb, etc.

System A

System B

System N

Extract
Env var XYZ=Yes AIX security profile tuneable N

Set
Env var XYZ=Yes AIX security profile tuneable N

Compare
Env var XYZ=Yes AIX security profile tuneable N

System A

System N System N Systems N

System C

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Configuration Elements managed by AIX Profile Manager


acctctl alog authzcfg authent chcons Chdev.sys0 chlicense chservices chsys class sysdumpdev dumpctrl errdaemon ewlm ffdc filter ioo krecovery lvmo nfso mktcpip file.data nis probevue tcp_nw udp_nw ip_nw arp_nw stream raso role ruser trcctl probeview
43 2010 IBM Corporation

namerslv nfs shconf schedo privcmd privdev privfile smtctl syscorepath traces restricted

tsd trustchk

vmo
aix.secexpert mkuser.defuser chuser login chsubserver gen.param etc.env misc.other

IBM Power Systems

AIX Editions
AIX is available in three different editions: AIX Standard Edition
Suitable for most UNIX workloads Vertical scalability up to 256 cores (AIX 7)
64 cores (AIX 6)

AIX Enterprise Edition


AIX plus enterprise management Includes AIX Standard Edition plus Systems Director Enterprise Edition and the Workload Partitions Manager for AIX Vertical scalability up to 256 cores (AIX 7)
64 cores (AIX 6)
AIX Standard Edition

AIX Enterprise Edition

AIX Express Edition

AIX Express Edition


Lower priced edition targeted a low end servers and consolidation of smaller workloads on larger servers Includes most of the functionality of AIX Standard Edition Vertical scalability is limited to 4 cores and 8GB of memory per core in a single partition Clients can use multiple AIX Express Edition partitions in a single larger server
Clients can mix multiple AIX editions in the same server
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Note: AIX V5.3 is only available in a Standard Edition


2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition


AIX Enterprise Edition is a single offering that brings together AIX with key service management capabilities that are designed to:
Improve availability through access to relevant real-time information and predictive monitoring to avoid future problems Enhance operational efficiency through visualization of resources and centralized deployment and management of virtualized AIX environments Provide accurate assessment of system resource usage

AIX Enterprise Edition includes:


AIX 7 or AIX 6 Standard Edition plus WPAR Manager Systems Director Enterprise Edition
IBM System Director Active Energy Manager VMControl (including Image Management & System Pools) Network Control Transition Manager for HP SIM Service and Support Manager IBM Tivoli Monitoring Tivoli Application Dependency Discovery Manager (TADDM)

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition Key Features


Live Application Mobility
Relocate Workload Partitions between systems with almost no client impact

Energy Management
Collecting and report current and historical usage, and controlling energy usage

Virtual Server Management


Create and manage virtual machines, manage virtual machine relocation, and managing virtual workloads in system pools

Manage WPARs across multiple systems


Centralize the creation, replication, and starting of WPARs across multiple systems

Automatically discover IT components and their relationships


Ideal for managing dynamic virtualized environments

Monitor virtualized resources


Efficient management begins with comprehensive performance information

Predictive monitoring and capacity management


Leverage real time monitoring in data warehouse to provide advanced analytics for capacity planning and proactive monitoring

Provides a visual representation of the components


Assists understanding of complex application dependencies

Network Management
Discover, monitor, and manage multi-vendor network devices and automate network management tasks

Monitor utilization and configuration changes


Useful for problem determination and failure analysis
46 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Simplified WPAR Management

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Clients get business-level views and management of service availability


IBM Tivoli Monitoring

Consolidated monitoring of physical and virtual resources


Designed to improve mean-time-torecovery by relating virtual to physical resources Data warehouse provides Side-by-side real-time and historical data to assist problem determination and planning Out-of-the-box reporting allows clients to quickly provide executive level reports and identify resource bottlenecks

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Power Systems Monitoring - VIOS View


Network and Disk Mapping and Utilization Information

Shows how network interfaces are mapped to LPARS

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Overall Frame Utilization

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

WPAR Workspace

NOTE: Right button click on Link icon to access menu of supplemental WPAR WSs

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Advanced Performance Analytics


What It Does
Provide capacity monitoring through the data collected by Tivoli Monitoring Automates Performance analysis and reporting Enables prediction of application bottlenecks and creation of alerts for potential service threats.

Use existing ITM agents and data that are stored in the Tivoli Data Warehouse Create new metrics based on combining existing date Predictive trending and forecast reports Pre-configured reports Extensible

Scenarios
What will my resources look like tomorrow, next week and next month? What IT resources should I worry about? Will I have enough capacity to get me through Monday?
52 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition


Threshold Predicted CPU Violation

Predictive Trending
Predictive trending on key performance indicators
Linear trending model Configurable Simple, open and predictable
CPU

Predicted trend Actual Monitor Data Time

New Tivoli Monitoring attributes for use in charts and situations


Trend strength, trend direction Time to threshold, value in 7 days, 30 days and 90 days I predict I have 2 weeks before I hit 95% Disk Utilization and I am 70% confident and its getting worse Overlays to represent Trends Icons in Tables

Use trend information in situations

Leverages Tivoli Enterprise Portal


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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Application discovery complements platform component asset data


IBM Tivoli Application Dependency Discovery Manager (TADDM)

Better management through better information

Discovers the system and application data center resources Discovers the relationships and dependencies between the system and application resources Visually depict the dependencies between Data Center between the application and system resources Discovers and tracks changes to data center resources

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Reduce the time to deploy workloads using virtual images


Software application
Virtual image

Image Repository

Software application Operating System

Operating System

Deploy Virtual Machines

Metadata

Metadata
Capture Virtual Machines

Open Virtualization Format (OVF)

Discover and manage heterogeneous AIX image repositories Import, capture and catalog virtual images from existing systems Dynamically provision virtual server, storage and network resources

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Balance resources with Live Partition Mobility


SW SW SW

OS

OS

OS

Virtual Machine

Virtual Machine

Virtual Machine

Virtual Machine

Virtualization
Compute Memory IO / Network Compute

Virtualization
Memory IO / Network

SW OS

SW OS

SW OS

Dynamically adjust virtual machines resource allocations.


- Allowing unallocated resources to be used by a virtual machine. - Allowing resource allocation adjustments to be made between virtual machine.

Virtual server mobility between host systems.


- Allocate resources on the target host. - Move the virtual machine in-memory state to target host. - De-allocating resources on the source host.
56 56 2010 IBM Corporation

4/13/2012

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

System pools enable automated mobility for higher workload availability


Dynamic virtual server placement of workloads Automates virtual image mobility for optimal utilization and resilience Optimizes virtual assets for performance, availability and energy use Integrates server, storage and network virtualization

Mobility

Virtualization

Optimized for
Availability Performance Energy

Compute

Memory

Network

Storage

Compute

Memory

Network

Storage

IT Resources

Virtual Images

System Pools

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition


Report electrical power at the rack and server level Manage thermal energy at the rack and server level Analyze trends in energy use Performance per watt display Calculate energy costs for targeted resources

Electrical energy and thermal trending

Trend electrical power use over time

Energy cost calculator Trend temperature over time


Note: Energy monitoring and control capabilities vary by system.
58 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition

Integrated network management and monitoring


Service Management

Unified view of servers, storage, and network devices Basic lifecycle management of network switches Network device topology collection and visualization Integrated single sign on launch of vendor - based device management tools Converged Ethernet network device support (FCoCEE) via native support and vendor tools Platform Management
Network Server Storage

IT environment

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Enterprise Edition


Provides the foundation for Enterprise Service Management in an easy to order solution at an attractive price Designed to improve operational efficiency of managing a PowerVM virtualized environment Includes IBM Systems Director Enterprise Edition for comprehensive platform and service management

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Express Edition

AIX Express Edition


AN edition of AIX priced for smaller workloads
AIX 6 and 7 feature Express Edition AIX 5.3 is only available in a Standard Edition

Intended for two deployment situations


1. Entry price on entry servers and blades 2. Consolidation of smaller workloads on enterprise servers

AIX Express Edition terms are designed for small workloads


Vertical scalability limited to 4 core maximum partition size 8 GB memory per core maximum
Capability

Flexibility to optimize for multiple workloads


Run any combination of AIX Editions on a server
AIX Express Edition AIX Standard Edition AIX Enterprise Edition

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Express Edition

AIX Express Edition can improve the economics of consolidation


Example: Consolidate eight 4-way POWER6 520s into a 24 way POWER7 770

With AIX Express


AIX License + SWMA List price 24 cores x $1,000 Total (list) $24,000

Savings of $22,800
(U.S. prices shown)

Old price with AIX Standard Edition


AIX License + SWMA List price 24 cores x $1,950 Total (list) $46,800
(U.S. prices shown)

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX Express Edition

IBM License Metric Tool


Common IBM monitoring tool for SWG, Power Systems & Systems Director software products Provides a data center view of IBM software licenses Simplifies customer license tracking, compliance & audit reporting ILMT does NOT report back to IBM Tool Provides*:
Software inventory Web-based administration Standard & custom license reports Audit reports
*Implementation of some features will be staged over time
63 2010 IBM Corporation

Required for clients using AIX Express Edition on Medium and Large servers

IBM Power Systems

AIX 7 Hardware Support


Systems based on POWER4, PowerPC 970, POWER5, POWER6 and POWER7 processors are supported 32 and 64-bit applications will continue to run unchanged on AIX 7 64-bit kernel only

*Complete details on AIX binary compatibility can be found at http://www.ibm.com/servers/aix/os/compatibility/


64 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

AIX support for POWER7


AIX supports Power 750, 770, and 780 with POWER7 processors offering more performance, energy efficiency and scalability Initial AIX Levels supported
AIX 6 Technology Level 4 SP2 (POWER 750/755) (GA 2/12) AIX 6 Technology Level 4 SP3 (POWER 770/780) (GA 3/5) AIX 5.3 Technology Level 11 SP3 (GA 3/5)

April AIX Technology Levels


AIX 6 Technology Level 5 (PS700, PS701, PS702) AIX 5.3 Technology Level 12 (PS700, PS701, PS702)

Prior Technology levels


AIX 6 Technology Levels 2 and 3 AIX 5.3 Technology Levels 9 and 10
Plans subject to change without notice
65 2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

POWER7 Platform Support


Move up to POWER7 on your current AIX Technology Level! POWER7 based Systems provide two modes for each LPAR
POWER7 mode
Fully exploit unique POWER7 capabilities AIX 6.1 TL4 SP2 (Power 750/755), SP3 (Power 770/780) and later AIX 7
EI3 (Elastic Interface) I/O Memory I/O Memory I/O

POWER6 & POWER6+ modes


Allows Live Partition Mobility to POWER6 systems AIX 5.3 and AIX 6.1 TL2 & TL3
Core

GX

POWER7 Features exploited by AIX


- Energy Management (available in all modes)
Per-Partition energy management 4 thread Simultaneous Multithreading (SMT) 1024 Threads / 256 cores partition size (AIX 7 only) Double precision Vector Scalar Extension (VSX) 32 Storage Protection Keys (8 for applications)
Memory I/O

L2 L3

MC0

PowerBus

MC1

- POWER7 Mode

GX
EI3 (Elastic Interface) I/O

Cores: 8 L2: On Chip L3: On Chip Technology: 45nm Transistors: >1B Size: 567 mm
2

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2010 IBM Corporation

Memory I/O

IBM Power Systems

AIX support for POWER7 Processor Modes


You need more than AIX 5.3 to get the most out of POWER7!
POWER6 & POWER6+ MODE

POWER7 MODE

POWER7 Client Value

AIX 5.3
2-Thread SMT Affinity OFF by Default

AIX 7 & AIX 6


4-Thread SMT 3-tier Memory, MicroPartition Affinity 32-core / 128-thread Scaling 64-core / 256-thread Scaling 256-core / 1024-thread Scaling (with AIX 7) EnergyScale CPU Idle and Folding with NAP and SLEEP Active Memory Expansion

Throughput performance,
processor core utilization.

Improved system performance


for system images spanning sockets and nodes.

32-core/64-thread Scaling 64-core/128-thread Scaling

Performance and Scalability for


Large Scale-Up Single System Image Workloads (e.g. OLTP, ERP scale-up, WPAR consolidation).

EnergyScale CPU Idle

Improved Energy Efficiency


Additional memory for
applications

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2010 IBM Corporation

IBM Power Systems

Why should you move up to AIX 7 or AIX 6?


More performance on POWER7
AIX 7 and AIX 6 can provide substantially more performance on POWER7 than AIX V5.3 AIX 7 supports massive workloads with up to 256 cores / 1024 threads

Access to new features


Capabilities like WPARs, Role Based Access Control, AIX Profile Manager are designed to improve security and administrative efficiency

AIX V5.3 is nearing End of Life


End of Marketing announced effective April 2011

AIX 7 will support running AIX 5.2 in a WPAR


Excellent way to consolidate old workloads running on less efficient hardware

Its FREE!
Customers with software maintenance agreements (SWMA) can upgrade for no additional charge within an Edition: AIX 5.3 to AIX 7 Standard edition AIX 6 Express Edition to AIX 7 Express Edition, etc,

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2010 IBM Corporation