Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

HOT AND HUMID

BUILDING CLUSTER

General information

Name of site:- Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka,Bangladesh


Architects: - Louis I. Kahn, David Wisdom and associates(afetr1979) Clients:- Public works Department , Dhaka, Bangladesh

Started in 1962, in 1964 construction was strated for pile foundation


for nation assembly building & Completed July 1983

Latitude: +23.7 (2342'00"N)


Longitude: +90.39 (9023'24"E) Time zone: UTC+6 hours

Country: Bangladesh
Continent: Asia Altitude: ~4 m

FEATURE

The Bhaban consists of nine individual blocks: the eight peripheral blocks rise to a height of 33m while the central octagonal block rises to a height of 47m. All nine blocks include different groups of functional spaces and have different levels, inter-linked horizontally and vertically by corridors, lifts, stairs, light courts, and circular areas. The entire structure is designed to blend into one single, non-differentiable unit, that appears from the exterior to be a single story.

CLIMATIC CONDITION OF DHAKA


Variable I 18.61 2.59 6 0.5 II 21.81 2.85 19 1.3 III 25.69 3.00 54 2.6 IV 26.61 3.11 138 6.7 V 27.11 3.05 269 10.7 VI 27.67 2.88 377 14.7 VII 27.42 2.59 376 15.2 VIII 27.44 2.34 315 14.9 IX 26.67 2.21 266 11.4 X 24.95 2.07 162 6.0 XI 21.81 2.30 33 1.4 XII 19.22 2.40 7 0.4

Temperat ure, C

Wind speed, m /s

Precipitat ion, mm

Wet days, d

Dhaka experiences a hot and humid climate.

The city is within the monsoon climate zone, with an average annual temperature of 25C and monthly mean temperatures varying between 19C in January and 29C in August. the average annual rainfall of 1,854 millimetres (73 inches)
the average annual relative humidity 65.8%.

Building Material
According to Kahn the 1970s was the age of 'miracle materials' and those materials
should be used in their pure form and function. He believed that buildings are polluted with smear of paints and plasters t they look ugly and impure. The national assembly is a marble & concrete structure. Hostel building are in brick masonry.

Finish Materials
Floors - Terrazzo tile (local) Walls - Exposed brick and platter (local) Ceiling - exposed concrete (cement imported) Others (both for exteriors and interiors) - Preservative treated wood Locally manufactured windows. Marble (imported)

Design philosophy

The columns as solids frame the spaces of light. Now think of it just in reverse and think that the columns are hollow and much bigger and that their walls can themselves give light, then the voids are rooms, and the column is the maker of light and give light to spaces. I am working to develop the element to such an extent that it becomes a poetic entity which has its own beauty outside of its place in the composition. In this way it becomes analogous to the solid column I mentioned above as a giver of light.

Louis I. kahn

TOP VIEW OF LIGHT TOWER

P L A N

SECTION OF LIGHT TOWER

DAYLIGHTING IN CENTRAL ASSEMBLY HALL


Dome is constructed in such a way that it take care of both light and ventilation. Gives uniform diffused light through out the assembly hall.

WIND FLOW IN SITE

Wind flow in hot and humid climate is negligible. Wind always flow from higher pressure to lower pressure. Moment of flow of wind is increased by changing height of rooms , which creates pressure difference between them.

DURING DAY TIME


During day time Wind flows water body to land or higher pressure to lower pressure.

DURING NIGHT TIME

THANK YOU

Ajay Singh Am!t Tarte

Centres d'intérêt liés