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Automobile Emission monitoring using Auto exhaust analyzer.

Nishant Sharma (2009PCE104) M.Tech. Environmental Engg. MNIT Jaipur

Automobiles produce emission:

CO CO2 NOx SO2

HCs O3 PM Lead CFCs

Emissions Generation
Automobile

Gasoline Combustion Generation of HC, NOx , CO, SO2

Effects on the Environment and Human Health


Smog Generation, Green House Effect and Ozone depletion

Cancer, lung disease etc.

Common air pollution sources

Standard India 2000

Reference Euro 1

Date 2000

Region Nationwide

2001 Bharat Stage II Euro 2

NCR*, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai

2003.04
2005.04 2005.04 Bharat Stage III Euro 3 2010.04 Bharat Stage IV Euro 4 2010.04

NCR*, 10 Cities
Nationwide NCR*, 10 Cities Nationwide NCR*, 10 Cities

* National Capital Region (Delhi) Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat, Kanpur, Lucknow, Sholapur, and Agra

Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emission_standard

Emissions of Gasoline Engine:


Carbon mono oxide(CO) Carbon di oxide (CO2) Hydro carbons (HC)

Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)

Lead (Pb)

Effects of CO
Forms carboxyhemoglobin with hemoglobin (combining capacity 50 times more than oxygen).

Reduces oxygen delivery to bodys tissues and organs.

At low levels, it affects people with cardiovascular diseases. At high levels, it is poisonous to everyone.

Effects of Hydro Carbons


Pulmonary Discomfort.
Effects the mucous membrane.

Auto Exhaust Analyzer


It is an instrument which is used to measure the

amount of Carbon Mono Oxide and Hydro Carbons. Carbon Mono Oxide is measured in terms of percentage volume with reference to a span gas which is filled initially and the instrument is calibrated accordingly. Hydro Carbons are measured in PPM.

Primary Components:
Main Unit
Sampling Tube Sampling Probe

Probe and tube fittings

Filters

Power Cord

Working principle
It based on the principle of Non-Dispersive Infrared

ray structure(Double beam type). It makes internal pressure in the left detector higher than one in the right detector. By blocking the ray, the pressure in both detectors is equalized. The changing volume of absorbing infrared ray is detected.

Circuit
3

Principle Components:

1. Infrared single light source

2. Mass-flow sensor

3. Interference Compensating Detector Eliminates

Specifications:
Measuring components: HC, CO. Measurement range:

HC: 0 to 10000ppm CO: 0 to 10% Measuring method: Infrared ray System Certification number: JATA-CO, HC-5 Communication interface: RS232C Indication: LCD with back light Power supply: 90 to 264V AC Mass (Weight): Approx. 5kg

Calibration
Warm Up

Zero Calibration

Span calibration

Check function

Recommendations
Go for routine emissions test.

Properly maintain your Follow the vehicle norms