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Modem. 2. Modem Interfacing. 3. WAN & LAN. 4.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Transmission Speed LAN Application. Client - Server Computing. LAN Component.

New network System (i.e. CANBUS, PROFIBUS, FIELDBUS). 6. Internet. 7. E-mail


Defined Sketch


modem interfacing. Wide Area network. Local Area Network. Transmission speed.

Defined Defined Explain

Modem (Modulate/demodulate)
Computers use digital signal and some communication channel uses analog signals. Convert digital signal to an analog signal and vice versa

Transmission speed
speed at which modem transmit data measurement - bits per second (bps) or kilobits per second (kbps)


To convert a digital signal into an analog signal

To convert an analog signal into a digital signal


of Modem


Modem Internal Modem PC Card Modem Wireless Modem

long distance transmission over large geographical area (continent/world) Utilize public, leased or private communication in combinations An enterprise network is a WAN owned by one company


ground between LAN and WAN Private or public network High speed Large area

Size limited to a few kilometers Common topologies are bus, ring and star High data rate 4/10/16 Mbps to 100 Mbps or gigabits.


to Peer Network Server Based Network Client / Server Network

network operating network operating system and system and application software application software installed on each installed on each computer computer

Small network that shares hardware, data or information located on any computer in the network Each computer is called peer

printer may be used by printer may be used by all computers on network all computers on network

a server stores all the network files and applications. Network operation manage by Network Operating System (NOS) Examples : Mail server, Print Server, Communication Server.

Server 1 or more computer that controls the network Client other computers that can request services from the server




laser printer


The topology describe the way Star Ring Bus Tree Fully connected network or mesh Hybrid

Bus network

computers and devices connect to central cable or bus Inexpensive and easy to install

Ring network

forms closed ring, or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring Data travels from device to device around entire ring, in one direction

Star network

devices connect to a central computer, called the hub All data transferred from one computer to another passes through hub



- controller-area network -vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other within a vehicle without a host computer.

- The goal was to implement and spread the use of a bit-serial field bus based on the basic requirements of the field device interfaces.

- A control network used in process control and industrial automation.


is worldwide collection of networks that links millions of computers together allows all of the computers to communicate with one another

E-mail Information Shopping Meeting people Entertainment

Internet Protocol (IP) language that computers use to communicate over the
http://www.mmu.edu.my/~fosee/staff/jun.html Protocol Domain Name Path File Name

IP Address

- Unique identifying number - E.g.,,,

system of world-wide electroniccommunication in which a computeruser can compose a message at one terminal that can be regenerated at the recipient's terminal when the recipient logsin.