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ODP.

NET
Oct 2004

Access Oracle from .NET


Using C#

Alex Hoyos
Agenda
• Define MS .NET
• Web development and .NET (basic stuff)
• IDE used
• Different ways of talking to Oracle from
.NET
• ODP.NET – crack it open and get it ready
• Samples
What is MS NET. Architecture
 IL (Intermediate Language), 
   CLR (Common Language Runtime), 
   Base Class Library (BCL) is a common library used by all 
languages, GC (Garbage collection) is the responsibility of the 
CLR, not the language. 
– .NET 20K feet high view…
What is MS .NET

VB C++ C# J# ..

ASP.NET Web Forms


Windows FORMS
Web Services

ODP.NET

ADO.NET

BASE CLASS LIBRARY

CLR - COMMON LANGUAGE RUNTINE

OPERATING SYSTEM
ODP + .NET lingo
• Assembly: Microsoft’s term for the module
that is created when a DLL or .EXE is complied
by a .NET compiler.
ODP.net Assembly is Oracle.DataAccess.dll
Namespaces:
Oracle.DataAccess.Client (e.g. OracleConnection)
Oracle.DataAccess.Types (e.g. OracleClob Class)
Oracle: Best Database for .NET
• ODP.NET allows full access to .NET
– No limitation to using .NET functionality.
Still requires you install the Oracle Client
Software (9 or above)
Oracle and .NET Data Access
• Oracle Data Provider for .NET (ODP.NET)
– Developed by Oracle
– Best performing provider
– Exposes the most Oracle DB features
– Based upon Microsoft ADO.NET spec
• 3rd party Oracle providers
– Microsoft .NET Data Provider for Oracle (Microsoft)
– Connect for .NET (DataDirect)
• Other Oracle data access methods
– OLE DB .NET via OLE DB
– ODBC .NET via ODBC
ODP.NET Basics
• Available today in production for free
– http://otn.oracle.com/tech/windows/odpnet
– Original release: Dec. 2002
• Can be used with Oracle8, Oracle8i, Oracle9i, and
Oracle10g database servers
– Database server can be on Unix, Linux, Windows, etc.
– Database client on Windows
• Supports VS.NET 2002 and 2003
• Supports .NET Framework 1.0 and 1.1
ODP.NET Object Model
Disconnected Connected Layer Data
Layer (ODP.NET) Layer

Oracle OracleCommand
DataSet Builder
DataAdapter

Oracle Oracle
DataReader Command

Oracle Oracle
Transaction Connection Oracle
ODP.NET Features
• Full PL/SQL support
– Packaged, non-packaged, anonymous, autonomous
– *Batch SQL available with anonymous PL/SQL
• Native Oracle data types
– LOBS, REF Cursors, BFiles, N-data types, Dates,
TimeStamps, Longs, Raws, etc.
– Safe type mapping to .NET data types
• *Connection pooling
– Min, Max, Timeout, Lifetime, Increment, Decrement

* Performance tip
ODP.NET Installation

• The Oracle.DataAccess.dll assembly is installed in the


ORACLE_
• BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin directory.
• Documentation and the readme.txt are installed in the
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ODP.NET\doc directory.
• Samples are provided in the
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ODP.NET\Samples directory.

* Performance tip
Visual Studio .NET Integration
• Dynamic Help
– ODP.NET documentation available – Hit F1 key
• Intellisense
• Connection pooling is enabled in ODP.NET
(by default).
ODP.NET Connection Options

• Proxy user authentication


OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection();
con.ConnectionString = "User Id=customer;Password=lion;" +
"Data Source=oracle;Proxy User Id=appserver;Proxy
Password=eagle; ";
con.Open();

• Operating System
Authentication
OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection();
con.ConnectionString = "User Id=/;Data 
Source=oracle;";
con.Open();
* Performance tip
ODP.NET Connection
– Connection pools are created by the connection pooling
service using the ConnectionString as a signature to
uniquely identify a pool.

OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection();
con.ConnectionString = "User Id=scott;Password=tiger;Data 
Source=oracle;" +
"Min Pool Size=5;Max Pool Size=20;Connection Lifetime=120;” 
+
“Connection  Timeout=60; Incr Pool Size=5; Decr Pool 
Size=2";
con.Open();
NOTES:
• Connection Lifetime = Maximum life time (in seconds) of the connection
(default 0)
• Connection Lifetime enforced when a connection is going back
to the connection pool.
* Performance tip
• Connections are closed every three minutes (connection Lifetime..)
Workshop Example VS.NET

• NOTE: Right-click and select “open in new Window” to prevent the


current powerpoint from being overlaid and thus allowing you to
continue. If you have a popup blocker, this may prevent a new window
from opening. E.g. with Google Popup blocker, you need to press the ctrl
key simultaneously.
WebEx Pre-recorded Sessions
• Create Skeleton ASP.NET Web Application
• Add Populate Dept functionality
• Add Insert Dept Functionality
• Execute Application
ODP.NET Performance and
Scalability Tips
• Close all ODP.NET objects when finished (e.g. OracleConnection)
– Do not count on the garbage collector to do this automatically
• Use anonymous PL/SQL when batching commands
– Makes only one DB round trip
– Use associative arrays to bind parameters
• Use FetchSize (OracleDataReader) and RowSize (OracleCommand) to
tune data retrieval performance
• Use InitialLOBFetchSize and InitialLongFetchSize to tune LOB and
LONG retrieval performance
Performance
• Use Anonymous PL/SQL blocks.
FAQ
• Q: Can ODP.NET work with Oracle8,
Oracle8i, Oracle9i, and Oracle10g
database (DB) servers?
• Yes, but you will need to use an
Oracle9i Release 2 client or higher
FAQ
• Q: Do I need to install ODP.NET on
my Oracle DB server?

• A: No. You only need to install


ODP.NET on your client or middle-
tier machine, wherever you use the
.NET Framework.
“Thank you.”