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World Wide Web

What is the World Wide


Web?
• World Wide Web ("WWW" or simply
the "Web") is a system of interlinked,
hypertext documents that runs over
the Internet.
How do we access the World
Wide Web?
• With a Web browser, a user views
Web pages that may contain text,
images, and other multimedia and
navigates between them using
hyperlinks.
Trivia! About the word
“surfing”
• The phrase "surfing the Internet" was
first popularized in print by Jean
Armour Polly, a librarian, in an article
called Surfing the INTERNET,
published in the University of
Minnesota Wilson Library Bulletin in
June, 1992.
Elaborating more on the
World Wide Web
• The World Wide Web ("WWW“) or
simply the "Web“ is a global
information medium which users can
read and write via computers
connected to the Internet.
• is a wide-area hypermedia information
retrieval initiative aiming to give
universal access to a large universe of
documents
When did it all began?
• The origins of the World Wide Web
can be traced back to 1980. Since
then it has evolved far beyond what it’s
creators imagined.
Take note! There is a
difference
• The term is often mistakenly used as a
synonym for the Internet itself.
• The Web is a service that operates
over the Internet, as e-mail does.
• The history of the Internet dates back
significantly further than that of the
World Wide Web.
Today…

…Internet and world wide web


What makes up World Wide
Web?

#1
The World# 2Web is the
Wide

#ideas:
3
combination of five basic

# 4
# 5
What makes up World Wide
Web?

#1
Hypertext
a format of information which allows, in
a computer environment, one to move
from one part of a document to
another or from one document to
another through internal connections
among these documents (called "
hyperlinks");
What is HyperText
• Hypertext is text which is not constrained to
be linear.Hypertext is text which contains
links to other texts. The term was coined by
Ted Nelson around 1965.
• HyperMedia is a term used for hypertext
which is not constrained to be text: it can
include graphics, video and sound , for
example. Apparently Ted Nelson was the
first to use this term too.
• Hypertext and HyperMedia are concepts,
not products.
What makes up World Wide
Web?
Res ource Identi fiers
unique identifiers used to locate a
# 2
particular resource (computer file,
Resource Identifiers
document or other resource) on the
network;
What makes up World Wide
Web?
The Client-Server model of computing
a system in which client software or a client
The Client-Server
computer model
makes requests of server
software or a server computer that
of computing
# 3
provides the client with resources or
services, such as data or files;
What makes up World Wide
Web?
Markup language

characters or codes embedded in text
which indicate structure, semantic
meaning, or advice on presentation.
Markup language
# 4
What makes up World Wide
Web?

Interactive re-animation of geneder re-


does. A system that brings the internet
'alive'

# 5
Dub… dub… dub… dub….
1990 was a momentous year in world
events.
In February, Nelson Mandela was freed
after 27 years in prison.
In April, the space shuttle Discovery
carried the Hubble Space Telescope into
orbit.
And in October, Germany was reunified.

Then at the end of 1990, a revolution took


place that changed the way we live
today.
When and where did it all
began?
CERN, the European Organization for
Nuclear Research, is where it all began in
March 1989.
A physicist, Tim Berners-Lee, wrote a
proposal for information management
showing how information could be
transferred easily over the Internet by using
hypertext, the now familiar point-and-click
system of navigating through information.
History’s First! Hooray!
http://info.cern.ch/
Was the website of the world's first-
ever web server

DO YOU KNOW THAT?!


History’s First! Hooray!

The historic NeXT


computer used by
Tim Berners-Lee in
1990, on display in
the Microcosm
exhibition at CERN.
It was the first web
server,
hypermedia
browser and web
editor.
What is Lee’s purpose in
conceiving his idea?
The idea was to connect hypertext
with the Internet and personal
computers, thereby having a single
information network to help CERN
physicists share all the computer-
stored information at the laboratory.
Hypertext would enable users to
browse easily between texts on web
pages using links; The first examples
were developed on NeXT computers.
Lee’s concept implemented
of NeXT computers in CERN
How did the name came to
be what it is?
• Berners-Lee created a browser-editor
with the goal of developing a tool to
make the Web a creative space to
share and edit information and build a
common hypertext. What should they
call this new browser: The Mine of
Information? The Information Mesh?
When they settled on a name in May
1990, it was the WorldWideWeb.
THE END
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