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# Motion and Meters/Sec.

Velocity
Ft. Per Second

## Displacement in Time and Space

MPH

Machines, Mechanisms and Motion are Intimately Related Work = Force x Distance
Machines Produce Work by Transforming Energy or Changing the Direction or Distance Through Which a Force Acts

Position A

10 ft.
Position B

## Speed is the Rate of Displacement

Distance 1 ft 1 Speed = = = 1 / sec ft Time 1 sec 1
10 ft.
Seconds Position A Position B 0

10

0

## Distance 1 ft 1 Speed = = = 1 / sec ft Time 1 sec 1

10

10 ft.
Position A
We st Sou th No rth

Seconds Position B

Eas t

Speed Equations
An objects speed is a function of Displacement (change in position) and Time (change in time between positions)

## d (d 1 d1) Speed = t (t 1 t1)

Speed Equations
A simple and useful version of the Speed Equation Looks Like This

## If You Want to Know the Distance Traveled

Distance Speed = Time
You Can Rewrite the Equation Like This

## Distance = Speed Time

Position-Time Graphs
Time 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Distance 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Distance in Feet 200 160 120 80

## Distance (ft) Vs. Time (sec.)

40

4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds

## Describes the Rate of Change in Position of an Object Over Time

Position-Time Graph
Rise Slope = Run
Distance in Feet 200 160 120 80

## Distance (ft) Vs. Time (sec.)

Rise Run
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds 8 9

40

## The Slope is Equivalent to the Average Speed

Position-Time Graph
Distance 200 Speed = Time

## Distance (ft) Vs. Time (sec.)

160 120 80

t = 1sec. 1
1ft 1 Speed = 1 sec.

d = 1ft 1

Distance in Feet

## Rise 80 ft. Run 4 sec. 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds

40

Speed = 20ft/sec.

## How Fast is this Object Moving?

Position-Time Graph
The constant slope indicates that the speed of the object remains constant
200 160 Distance in Feet 120 80

## Distance (ft) Vs. Time (sec.)

40

4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds

## The Slope of this Line Remains Constant Throughout the Graph

Position-Time Graph
200

Distance in Feet

160 120 80

## The Object is Accelerating

40

B 0 1 2 A 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Time in Seconds

Speed @A = 5 ft/sec

Speed @B = 24 ft/sec

Speed @C = 50 ft/sec

Slope = Velocity

## Average Speed Time Graphs

50
Speed in ft/second

40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds 8 9

Describes the speed of an object at specific times and the total displacement but NOT the Direction
Study this graph and answer the questions that follow

## Average Speed Time Graphs

50
Speed in ft/second

40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds 8 9

How fast was this thing moving, 5 Seconds after it began to move?
Hint: It began moving after 1 second

## Average Speed Time Graphs

50
Speed in ft/second

40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds 8 9

## Average Speed Time Graphs

50
Speed in ft/second

40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds 8 9

## What was the total Displacement of this thing?

How far did the thing go during the whole trip?

## Average Speed Time Graphs

50
Speed in ft/second

40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time in Seconds 8 9

## Answer: This Thing Traveled a total of 175 Feet

Distance = Speed x Time. Therefore the total distance is the sum of the areas of each of the 5 rectangles! Try it.It works.

## Another Difference Between Speed and Velocity

Scalar Quantities (One Number)
One Gallon Distance Speed (MPH) Voltage

## Vector Quantities (More Than One Number)

Machine Screw Specification

One Foot/sec

One Foot/sec

One Foot/sec

## 3 Feet/sec And You can Add and subtract Them!

Scaling Vectors
6 MPH 6 Inches 6 Centimeters

A Vector Describing a Velocity of 6 MPH is Drawn With a Length of 6 Units The Length of a Vector is Proportional to Its Magnitude

## Vectors Can Describe Displacement

10 miles East

Point B

Total Displacement
12.2 miles North East of the Starting Position
d lle a sc i ant ult s Re the

Point C

7 miles North

B2

Point A

ack Bl e The magnitude of the Resultant Th Vector is found using the Pythagorean Theorem.

ine dL she Da

A2 C2

A2 + B2 = C2

Now.Get Moving!

The End