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AN INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

At
Spice Telecomm
MOHALI

BY
PRASHANT SHARMA
162 / 03
COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGG.
ABOUT COMPANY
Departments In SPICE TELECOMM
Spice telecomm has these basic
departments:

SPICE TELECOMM IT/DATA NETWORKS


SWITCHING
TRANSMISSION
DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK
Marketing department
How IT Works in Spice telecomm

 
Spice  telecomm  Ltd  is  the  latest  project  of  Spice 
telecomm  Industries  Limited,  the  fastest  growing 
and one of the largest Corporate Houses in India. 
Spice  telecomm  has  build  a  vast  broadband 
network,  Internet  protocol  (IP)  backbone, 
connecting  India's  top  250  cities  which  will  grow 
up  to  600  cities  with  more  than  60,000  route 
kilometers of fiber that will offer terabit capacity. 
Spice  telecomm  is  offering  its  customers  a  full 
range  of  services  including  national  coverage, 
fixed  line,  mobile,  national  long  distance,  and 
international  long  distance  as  well  as  a  full 
offering of data, image, and value-added services.
  Company  intents  to  provide  the  entire  gamut  of 
telecom  services  with  strategies  to  capture 
business customers through wire- line/fiber route 
and masses through wireless route.
IT Infrastructure

Spice telecomm offices are spread across the


country. There are multiple offices in a city. IT
being the important aspect of running the
business, a team has been dedicated for IT
Infrastructure.
IT Infrastructure team is responsible for setting
up and further supporting IT Infrastructure at
various telecomm Offices.
 
Typical IT Equipments

 The telecomm office setup consists of


following equipment:
 A DHCP Server
 Network switch
 VSAT modem
 Desktops
 Printer and fax machine
 EPABX and telephone instruments
ABOUT
PROJECT
NETWORK
Design and Analysis
Introduction to Networking

 A computer network is a system of computers


and workstations, which are linked together. A
LAN is a high-speed, fault-tolerant data
network that covers a relatively small
geographic area. It typically connects
workstations, personal computers, printers,
and other devices. LANs offer computer users
many advantages, including shared access to
devices and applications, file exchange
between connected users, and communication
between users via electronic mail and other
applications.
Introduction to Networking
(continued)
 A Local Area Network (LAN) is an information
transport system for information transfer
between devices located on the same area, such
as, an office building, a manufacturing plant, a
hospital area, a university campus, or any other
geographically confined area. Any device that
communicates over a transmission medium for
example: computers, terminals, sensor
(temperatures, security alarm, etc.) telephones,
and video camera, computer systems may be
incorporated to LAN.
LAN Objectives

 This description summarizes the results of the kind of


strategic, high level analysis. Some of the issues to be
addressed are:
 Who is communicating with whom?
 Is the project designed to support communications within
the building?
 Who is to be communicated?
 What business functions will the proposed network
support?
 What, in general terms, is the business rationale for the
project?
 What is the time frame for the proposed project?
LAN Analysis

 NETWORK MODELS
 NETWORK TOPOLOGIES
 TRANSMISSION MEDIA
 CONNECTIVITY DEVICES
 OSI REFENCE MODEL
 IEEE 802 FAMILY
 IP ADDRESSING

Network Models
 Server-based
 Peer-to-peer
Network Topologies

 LINEAR BUS
STAR 
TREE
Transmission Media

 Coaxial cable
 Twisted-pair cable
 Fiber-optic cable
Coaxial Cable

Unshielded twisted-pair cable (UTP)


OPTICAL FIBER
Type of cabling

 Crossover cable
 Straight cable
How to make Straight and
Crossover cable
Connectivity Devices

A Network Interface Card


Connectivity Devices

 Rj –45 jack
How LAN Switches Work

 LAN switches rely on Packet  switching. The switch


establishes a connection between two segments just long
enough to send the current packet. Incoming packets (part of
an Ethernet frame) are saved to a temporary memory area
(buffer); the MAC address contained in the frame's header is
read and then compared to a list of addresses maintained in
the switch's lookup  table. In an Ethernet-based LAN, an
Ethernet frame contains a normal packet as the payload of the
frame with a special header that includes the MAC address
information for the source and destination of the
packet.Packet-based switches use one of three methods for
routing traffic:
  Cut-through
  Store and forward
  Fragment-free

THANKS