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New Wave of Terrorism in Asia Pacific

Stephen P. Cutler President/CEO, OGCCorp Professional Criminologists Association of the Philippines, Inc PCAP MINDANAO WIDE CONVENTION Zamboanga City 14 DEC 2011

We will discuss

YOU must

Think

And

Participate

We Focus on The Philippines

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

We tend to focus on:


ASG NPA MILF MNLF BIFF Pentagon Gang
PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

So, there is nothing new under the sun.


Ecclesiastes 1:9

True, as far as it goes! However, the speed at which acts can be done, and the ability of people to reach around the globe, requires us to adapt and grow in unprecedented ways.

What in the world is going on?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

National Sovereignty
Today we have: respect for sovereignty, the associated norm of non-intervention, and the formal equality of states.

BUT:
how does status as a failed, quasi-functioning, or functioning state affect respect

How does Criminology affect this?


The Issue? Our students?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Evolving Groups Adaptations


Adversaries are human beings Sentient, Thinking, Focused on Mission AND Surviving as a group

The structure of arms and narcotics transactions is increasingly variable, flexible, and multinational, as are the relations between terrorist and transnational crime groups.
Source: THE NEXUS AMONG TERRORISTS, NARCOTICS TRAFFICKERS, WEAPONS PROLIFERATORS, AND ORGANIZED CRIME NETWORKS IN WESTERN EUROPE A Study Prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress December 2002 Authors: Glenn E. Curtis and Tara Karacan

Money
Funding from Narcotics IPR Robberies/ extortion/ kidnap

Of 43 foreign terrorist organizations, 19 are linked to the global drug trade.


According to Michael Braun, Chief of Operations, US DEA At SOUTH2008 Conference 12/2008

25 per cent of terrorism is being funded by the money generated by trafficking of narcotic drugs.
MK Sharma, zonal director, Indian Narcotics Control Bureau, Jammu and Kashmir Quoted at conference at Univ of Jammu 2008

A Global Pandemic Finds Millions Swarming Across The Border

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Mass Migration Issues

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Chinas Growing Civil Unrest

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Chinas Growing Problems

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Chinas Growing Problems


More than three-quarters of the surface water flowing through Chinas urban areas is considered unsuitable for drinking or fishing.
(Source: Turner, Jennifer L., In Deep Water: Ecological
Destruction of Chinas Water Resources, 2007. Original source: Chao Shengyu, Underground Water in 90% of Chinese Cities Polluted, Xinhua News, 2005.)

About 4.05 million hectares, or 7.4% of the nations irrigated lands, are irrigated with polluted water; two-thirds of this land is in northern China. (Source: World Bank,
Addressing Chinas Water Scarcity: Recommendations for Selected Water Resource Management Issues, 2009.)

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Chinas Growing Problems

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

PAKISTANS COLLAPSE

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Pakistans Collapse Leads To A Hunt For Its Nuclear Weapons

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Narcotics money, in fact, is the main source for Pakistan in funding terrorists.
MK Sharma, zonal director, Indian Narcotics Control Bureau, Jammu and Kashmir Quoted at conference at Univ of Jammu 2008

GEOGRAPHIC CHOKE POINTS

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Map of Major Heroin Production Regions

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

GEOGRAPHIC CHOKE POINTS


Strait of Malacca
Why The Straits are important

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

GEOGRAPHIC CHOKE POINTS


Strait of Hormuz
40 percent of all traded crude oil passes through the Strait of Hormuz

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

The Golden Crescent Region

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

GEOGRAPHIC CHOKE POINTS

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

GEOGRAPHIC CHOKE POINTS

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

GEOGRAPHIC CHOKE POINTS


Best Response? Who they are:

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Dealing With A Major Cyber attack

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Participation Quiz:
What is malware? What is Social Engineering? What is an Insider Attack?

What is Phishing?

Share
What is a Botnet?

with the group:

What is a USB?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Dealing With A Major Cyber attack

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Dealing With A Major Cyber attack

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Who May attack us?


Employees money for information Temporary consultants self gain Competitors within your industry Radicals with opposing company views

Employees with a vendetta against company


Criminal elements -crackers Notoriety hackers Terrorists anti establishment groups Governments/Military espionage Courtesy of JONATHAN SYMES mcse, cissp, dip sci, Trojan Security Asia,

Trends/Emerging Threats
Threats to Key Critical Infrastructure
SCADA Systems
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition A search engine that indexes servers and other internet devices is helping hackers to find industrial control systems that are vulnerable to tampering

Greater use of Cyberspace by the bad guys Compromise of Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) Networks Use of this bandwidth to facilitate criminal activity A search engine that indexes servers and other internet devices is helping hackers to find industrial control systems that are vulnerable to tampering

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Growing Trends
Overall increase in sophistication by a geographically diverse criminal element
Virus/Worm Payloads Used to Facilitate Intrusion/Fraud Schemes

Mercenary Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks


Extortion Schemes Fueled by DDOS and Intrusion

Spamming used to spread malicious payloads, phish, and pay using adware/malware, spyware
Identity Theft Underpins Most Computer Crime
PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

How does a botnet work?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Dealing With A Major Cyber attack

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Dealing With A Major Cyber attack

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Dealing With A Major Cyber attack

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Hyundai Capital's data leaked through servers in Philippines, Brazil: police


SEOUL, April 10 (Yonhap) -- Police said Sunday that a hacker likely used servers in the Philippines and Brazil to steal private customer data from Hyundai Capital, an affiliate of South Korea's top automaker, in a case that leaked personal information of as many as 420,000 customers. Hyundai Capital, a financial unit of Hyundai Motor Group, was blackmailed last week by an unknown hacker demanding money in return for not releasing private data of its customers, including confidential financial information of some individuals. Police authorities at the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency said the hacker gained access to Hyundai Capital's data from servers located in the Philippines and Brazil.
http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2011/04/10/38/0302000000AEN20110410002651320F.HTML accessed11APR2011

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Iraq, And A Power Vacuum?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Iraq, And A Power Vacuum?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Major cities are leveled by black-market nukes.

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Major cities are leveled by black-market nukes.

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Other threats?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Other threats?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Hezbollah, Hamas, al-Qaida, and Latin American drug organizations all are present today in West Africa
According to Michael Braun, Chief of Operations, US DEA At SOUTH2008 Conference 12/2008

One countrys problem: Mexicos northern region alone is on target to record 5,000 deaths this year from narcoticsrelated violence.
PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Countries and Production


Colombia = Coca/Cocaine Afghanistan = Opium Burma/Laos/Thailand = Opium Philippines = Meth/Shabu
PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

"The results show clear correlations between insurgency and illicit drugrelated activities. While this is not new, Afghanistan seems to be the most obvious case in the world of how drug cultivation, refining and trafficking fund political violence, and vice versa."
Afghanistan: Opium Winter Rapid Assessment Survey, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 5 March 2007

The life of a terrorist was not ruled by politics or ideology, but by economics.
Findings of Economist Loretta Napoleoni, as summarized at globalguerrilas website

Other threats?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Do you still have any hope?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

What do we do?
You have to show them, in both counterinsurgency and counternarcotics, that you are the ones running the show. (Sergio Jaramillo Caro)
PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

As citizens begin to feel secure and have trust in the government, they turn away from the insurgents and cartels and begin to assist the government.
Sergio Jaramillo Caro, Vice Minister of Defense, Colombia At South2008 Conference

How does Criminology affect this?


The Issue? Our students?

PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

What are we doing today to prepare for tomorrow?


How do we modify, if at all, the current topics of instruction? How do we modify, if at all, the current methods of instruction?
How do we teach?

Current methods of setting curriculum? How do we forecast what we WILL need? How do YOU get your ideas published?
PCAP, Zamboanga City, 14 DEC 2011

Questions?

Thank you!
Stephen P. Cutler President/CEO, OGCCorp Professional Criminologists Association of the Philippines, inc PCAP Mindanao Wide Convention 14DEC2011