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Why not Symbian?

Presented by Karishma Singh Megha Singh

Mobile technology

There are many types of Smartphone operating systems available, Symbian, Android, Blackberry, WebOS, iOS, including: Symbian, Android, Blackberry, WebOS, Apple iOS, Windows Mobile Professional (touch screen), Windows Mobile Standard (non-touch screen) (nonand Bada OS. Among the most popular are the Apple iPhone, and the newest Android. Android is a mobile operating system (OS) developed byGoogle. Android is byGoogle. the first completely open source mobile OS, meaning that it is free to any cell carrier. iPhone, phone carrier. The Apple iPhone, which has several OSs like the 3G and 3G S, is the most popular smart phone at this time, because of its customizable OS which you can use to download applications ("apps") made by Apple like games, GPS, Utilities, and other tools. Any user can also create their own Apps and publish them to Store. Apple's App Store. The Palm Pre using WebOS has functionality over the Internet and is able to support Internet-based programming languages such InternetCSS, HTML, JavaScript. as CSS, HTML, and JavaScript. The BlackBerry RIM is a SmartPhone that has a multimedia player and third-party software installation. The Windows Mobile thirdProfessional Smartphones (Pocket PC or Windows Mobile PDA) are like that of (Pocket a PDA and have touchscreen capabilities. The Windows Mobile Standard does not trackball, touchpad, have a touch screen but uses a trackball, touchpad, rockers, etc. Symbian is the original smartphone OS, with the richest history and the largest marketshare. Although no single Symbian device has sold as many units as the iPhone, Nokia and other manufacturers (currently including Sony Ericsson and Samsung, and previously Motorola) release a wide variety of Symbian Samsung, models every year which gives Symbian the greatest marketshare.

Introduction to symbian

The Symbian platform was created by merging and integrating software Nokia, DoCoMo, assets contributed by Nokia, NTT DoCoMo, Sony Ericsson and Symbian Ltd., Ltd., including Symbian OS assets at its core, the S60 platform, and parts of interfaces. the UIQ and MOAP(S) user interfaces.


Application development

Qt :
As of 2010, the SDK for Symbian is standard C++, using Qt. It can be used Qt. Creator, with either Qt Creator, or Carbide (the older IDE previously used for Symbian development).[40][44] A phone simulator allows testing of Qt apps. development).[40][44] Apps compiled for the simulator are compiled to native code for the development platform, rather than having to be emulated.[45] Application emulated.[45] development can either use C++ or QML. QML.


Symbian C++ It is also possible to develop using Symbian C++, although it is not a standard implementation. Before the release of the Qt SDK, this was the standard development environment. There were multiple platforms based on Symbian OS that provided software development kit (SDKs) for application developers wishing to target Symbian OS devices, the main ones being UIQ and S60. Individual phone products, or families, often had SDKs or SDK extensions downloadable from the maker's website too. Symbian C++ programming is commonly done with an integrated development environment (IDE). For earlier versions of Symbian OS, the commercial IDE CodeWarrior for Symbian OS was favoured. The CodeWarrior tools were replaced during 2006 by Carbide.c++, an EclipseCarbide.c++, Eclipsebased IDE developed by Nokia. Carbide.c++ is offered in four different versions: Express, Developer, Professional, and OEM, with increasing levels of capability. Fully featured software can be created and released with the Express edition, which is free. Features such as UI design, crash debugging etc. are available in the other, charged-for, editions. Microsoft chargedVisual Studio 2003 and 2005 are also supported via the Carbide.vs plugin.

Symbian over the years

In December 2008, Nokia bought Symbian Ltd., the company behind Symbian OS; Ltd., consequently, Nokia became the major contributor to Symbian's code, since it then possessed the development resources for both the Symbian OS core and the user interface. Since then Nokia has been maintaining its own code repository for the platform development, regularly releasing its development to the public repository.[14] repository.[14] Symbian was intended to be developed by a community led by Foundation, the Symbian Foundation, which was first announced in June 2008 and which officially launched in April 2009. Its objective was to publish the source code for the entire Symbian platform under the OSI- and FSF-approved Eclipse Public License (EPL). OSIFSF(EPL). The code was published under EPL on 4 February 2010; Symbian Foundation reported this event to be the largest codebase transitioned to Open Source in history.[15][16] history.[15][16] However, some important components within Symbian OS were licensed from third parties, which prevented the foundation from publishing the full source under EPL immediately; instead much of the source was published under a more restrictive Symbian Foundation License (SFL) and access to the full source code was limited to member companies only, although membership was open to any organisation. In November 2010, the Symbian Foundation announced that due to a lack of support from funding members, it would transition to a licensing-only organisation; Nokia licensingannounced it would take over the stewardship of the Symbian platform. Symbian Foundation will remain the trademark holder and licensing entity and will only have nonnon-executive directors involved.

On February 11, 2011, Nokia announced a partnership with Microsoft which would see it adopt Windows Phone 7 for smartphones, reducing the number of devices running Symbian over the coming two years.As a consequence, the use of the Symbian platform for building mobile applications dropped rapidly. A June 2011 research indicated that over 39% of mobile developers using Symbian at the time of publication, were planning to abandon the platform.

By April 5, 2011, Nokia ceased to open source any portion of the Symbian software and reduced its collaboration to a small group of pre-selected prepartners in Japan.Source code released under the EPL remains available in third party repositories.

Layers of Symbian


Symbian ^ 2

Symbian ^ 2

One for all The reason behind the framework is the Foundation doesn't want to have a unilateral app store, rather an easy way for others to create their own (in the same way Nokia has done with the Ovi Store). This means that the portals may look different, but someone would be able to easily develop an application that would work on a number of different Symbian ^2-based phones. ^2Horizon will be the app publishing program with multiple language and marketing support and will allow developers access to payment processing and payment aggregation from a number of sources. With Symbian plugged onto nearly half the smartphones in the world, making them all interoperable is a clear goal for organisations like the SF, so Horizon could be the key to making someone like Nokia into a big player in the mobile application world.

Symbian S60



Software integration companies such as Sasken, Elektrobit, Teleca, Digia, Mobica, Atelier.tm Sasken, Elektrobit, Teleca, Digia, Mobica, Semiconductor companies Texas Instruments, STMicroelectronics, Broadcom, Sony, Instruments, STMicroelectronics, Broadcom, Sony, Freescale Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Samsung Electronics Operators such as Vodafone and Orange who develop and provide S60S60based mobile applications and services Software developers and independent software vendors (ISVs). S60 consists of a suite of libraries and standard applications, such as telephony, personal information manager (PIM) tools, and HelixHelixbasedmultimedia basedmultimedia players. It is intended to power fully featured modern phones with large colour screens, which are commonly known as smartphones. smartphones. The S60 software is a multivendor standard for smartphones that supports MIDP, C++, Python[3] Flash. application development in Java MIDP, C++, Python[3] and Adobe Flash. Originally, the most distinguishing feature of S60 phones was that they allowed users to install new applications after purchase.

Symbian ^ 3

USB OTG (sw & hw) Attach a portable USB adapter and youre good in enjoying of transferring your files from USB to Nokia device vice versa. DivX/Xvid Video Playback (sw)- Play almost any video files right in your gallery (sw)and default player. No need for installing program that is compatible in viewing these file types. Web TV (sw) Watch latest and exclusive episodes of TV series and programs right in your pocket. From NatGeo to How I Met Your Mother, and of course other programs too. Music Player Cover Flow (sw) Alike of this was already seen on other devices and some dont even have this yet, but finally we got this cool effects in our phone at last. Mutiple Homescreen (sw) - UI may not be the best on the robotic duck OS but what is worth looking for is this multiple homescreens that offer you customizations from different widgets to icons. Threaded SMS / Conversations (sw) Seen on other operating system like iOS and finally a blessing to Symbians mass.

FlashLight (sw & hw) You dont need to find and install the right applications on getting the LED work as a torch and flashlight in your phone. With just a simple hold of lock key then wew! A bright flashlight is twinkling in your phoneand simple defense tool in blinding your enemy, eh? Photo Editor & Video (sw) This feature is more than on your computers paint benefits. Because this one is a simple tool yet with extensive editing features that really help you on creating your masterpiece from HD videos to colorful photos. Real Multitasking (sw) This true computers multitasking technology was pioneered well on Symbians platform ages ago. But what is new of Symbian^3 is that we have newer UI for real multitasking. Multimedia (sw & hw) Imagine that you could plug and play your device in many ways. Could be it on your HDMI TV with surround plus blessing of Dolby or maybe through the FM transmitter inside the car. Nonetheless, these are the newest features that you could exclusively do only on Nokia devices powered by Symbian^3.

New fresh icons, delivered as part of a new theme. The icons are derived from the existing icongraphy, but with rounded edges, giving a more contemporary look and feel. Draggable homescreen, making moving between homescreens more intuitive. Widgets now load on a as-needed basis, improving performance and reducing the amount of memory asused. Ovi Maps 3.6, which is already available for existing devices (it recently graduated 3.6, from Beta Labs). The major features in this version are improved search, the ability to share Labs). a location via email and SMS (including to non-Nokia phones), public transport overlays to nonmap view, improved social check-in functionality and the ability to download country maps checkdirectly to the device over the air. Updated version of Social application (version 1.3.237), with new icon and improved performance. Previously available as an update via the Sw update application. Updated Calendar application, which gains a split-screen month/day view. splitUpdated Photos application, which now opens straight into photo grid, rather than album / folder list view. Updated Camera application, with reworked icons and UI elements, clearer indicator icons on the corners, direct return to the viewfinder after the setting of scene modes. Updated Mail application, with better use and layout of UI elements (most notably in email lists), faster rendering and scrolling of HTML emails and improved stability. Improved enterprise and security in the Microsoft Exchange implementation (Mail for Exchange). Meeting requests are now fully supported and the updates also include the provision of six new security policies, including enablers for the capability to turn encryption on remotely from Exchange device management tools.

Addition of device encryption functionality - the device, mass storage and microSD card memory can be optionally encrypted, with support for hardware accelerated encryption provided by the operating system. New Intranet application, which makes it easier for corporate users to connect and access their company Intranet, via the use of IPSEC and SSL VPN enablers. PrePre-install of Microsoft Communicator Mobile for corporate IM and presence (currently available via Ovi Store for selected devices). The latest version of Qt (4.7.3) and Qt Mobility (1.1.3), to improve developer productivity. This includes support for Qt Quick and a significant number of API improvements. Also included are Flash lite 4 and Java Runtime 2.2. [Nokia C7 only]: The NFC (Near Field Communication) hardware in the Nokia C7 is activated by the update. It allows you tap C7's together to share contacts, photos, video and play games. In addition, NFCNFC-enabled accessories can be paired by tapping and the device can be used to read NFC tags. [Nokia N8 only]: Under the hood tweaks made to prepare for extra camera features, including a UI tweak, plus continuous auto-focus in video mode and higher frame rates. These will be enabled in a autoseparate application update, officially teased as perhaps coming on Monday. [affected devices only] Hardware with (alleged defective) 'purple' tinged displays is improved by a software fix that significantly improves contrast and colouration in low light conditions. If 'Theme effects' are turned on, application loading is accompanied by a small circular animation to let the user know that something's happening. Previously loading applications would result in a short pause and a fade to black into the application. Over 100 under-the-hood optimisations and bug fixes. In general this means you'll notice both smoother under-theand faster operations during usage.

Key features
- Virtual portrait QWERTY for fast, one handed typing - Split screen view while typing; so you can see message threads, webpages, contacts or email - An easier to use and faster browser, delivering quicker page loads and improved navigation - Refreshed Nokia Maps including simpler search, new public transportation routes and the ability to check-in to Facebook, Twitter, checkFoursquare or local social networks - A feature to share your location via email and SMS (even to non-Nokia nonphones)

for business users: - Instant messaging and presence with Microsoft Communicator Mobile - E-mail enhancements including full meeting request support - True business grade security with hardware accelerated encryption - Easy and secure intranet access for business users who want to access their company intranet


for developers: - Flashlite 4 - Java Runtime 2.2 - Qt Mobility 1.1 - Qt4.7

Symbian Belle features

FreeFree-form, differently-sized, live widgets: widgets like the clock, email, music differentlywidgets: player, favourite contacts and the calendar have been redesigned and now come in five different sizes and rearranged to create a completely personalised set of screens. There are also new Toggle widgets for tasks like switching on Bluetooth and changing profiles. More homescreens: with Symbian Belle the maximum number of homescreens rises homescreens: from three to six, so now you can have absolutely everything close at hand. Improved status bar: the status bar sports a modern, flat look and incorporates a pull bar: down notifications tab that incorporates common settings and notification of incoming messages, missed calls and the rest. Modernised navigation: the navigation and options bar at the bottom of the screen navigation: sports a modern, new look, similar to that first seen on the Nokia N9. New apps: a new suite of powerful business apps from Microsoft includes Lync (IM for apps: businesses, like Microsoft Communicator), Sharepoint, OneNote, Exchange ActiveSync and PowerPoint Broadcaster. Informative lock screen: the lock screen now tells you about missed calls, messages screen: in your inbox and more, so you can check your phone at a glance. You can now also add a coloured wallpaper to your lock screen. NFC devices: With Symbian Belle, Near-Field Communications (NFC) is now deeply devices: Nearintegrated into the operating system, so you can share pictures, connect with accessories, and check-in all with just a tap. check-

Why not symbian?


A smartphone runs a proper (or 'open') operating system . A smartphone is a mobile phone that offers more advanced computing ability and connectivity than a contemporary basic 'feature phone'. A smartphone has a physical QWERTY keyboard. Addendum: or a virtual QWERTY equivalent . A smartphone has a large touchscreen. Where 'large' is defined as anything from 3.2" upwards . A smartphone is always connected . A smartphone is always connected and can browse the full Internet . A smartphone runs an open (to new apps) operating system and is permanently connected to the Internet.


Symbian is the most popular operating system with about 40% share in all handsets sold (as of Q2, 2010). RIM (BlackBerry), Android and iPhone OS follow behind with about 20% share each.

Operating systems

Operating system The All over Model contains the following layers, from top to bottom: UI Framework Layer Application Services Layer  Java ME OS Services Layer  generic OS services  communications services  multimedia and graphics services  connectivity services Base Services Layer Kernel Services & Hardware Interface Layer


Weve got a problem!


1. The fragmentation is real Google likes to downplay the Android "fragmentation" issue in which mobile device manufacturers are releasing new products for the multiple concurrent versions of the Android OS. It's a major issue for software developers who have to support all these versions, and it's time that Google acknowledged it. In a recent study, Baird Research found that developers are especially concerned with Android fragmentation. In fact, 24 percent of respondents said it is a "huge problem," while 33 percent of developers said it is a "meaningful problem." Only 14 percent of respondents said it isn't a problem at all. If that's not a good enough reason for Google to start reducing Android fragmentation, what is?


2. The update process is a pain As Android owners know all too well, getting an update to their smartphone is a pain. A user of a particular Android device may have to wait (and wait) for her turn to get the software, while her friend with a different device might already be running the latest version of the operating system. When Apple releases an update to its operating system, it's available to all customers that day. Granted, Apple's process is simpler, since it doesn't need to worry about multiple device manufacturers and the modifications those companies might be making to the operating system. But for Apple customers, it's a much easier process. The time has come for Google to work with vendor partners to streamline the update process.


3. There must be better consumer education Android is undoubtedly a fine operating system that consumers around the world are happy to use. But Google just hasn't done a good enough job of informing the public on the differences between the versions of its operating system. Sure, Android 2.3 might seem like a better option than Android 2.2 by virtue of the fact that it's newer, but what are the relative advantages of each version that's currently on the market? Those who follow Android closely know, but the average, mainstream user who simply buys a phone and wants a good operating system needs to be better informed.

Both Android and Symbian devices can download applications to enhance the smart phone capabilities. Android applications are available from the Android Market while Symbian applications can be obtained from a variety of providers, including the official Nokia Ovi Store (store.ovi.com), GetJar (getjar.com) and individual developer websites.


Why Dont Android Phones Get Updated? Obviously a big part of the problem is that Android has to go from Google to the phone manufacturers to the carriers to the devices

Symbian over Windows phones

Stand by time : Its the time that the device could last, logged onto your phone network but with the screen blanked and with no actual useage, before a fully charged battery ran out and the smartphone would no longer turn on.

Is bbm enough?

Blackberry phones are being brought not for their reliable operating system but just for BBM . Either people have not heard of whatsapp and other messengers or they just got inspired with the were the blackberry boys song. Nobody is sure!

Nokia over BB: -Display -Data and connectivity -Power Management -Camera

Symbian vs IOS
Battery life : If you are someone who is always on a run and can charge your phone only once in a day, don't event think of buying an iPhone and especially 3gs! I am someone who travels to Punjab almost everymonth and my N82 used to work fine throughout the trip (7 hours) + music player. And our dear Iphone needs to be charged thrice when all you are doing is taking one call in 5 hours. Bluetooth : Remember liking a song in your friend's phone and immediately asking them to send it to you? Yes? Well, then forget it if you have an iphone! It can only pair itself with apple phones and mac pc's. Camera : Personally, I love taking pictures. You would know what I mean if you are in my Facebook list. N82 and N95 had 5.0 megapixel cameras where N82 had xenon flash which makes your pictures look real and perfectly lightened! 3gs being such an over rated phone could not account for a normal flash , let go xenon . The 3.0 megapixel camera takes awful pictures!

Ringtones : Ohooo! how could I forget this one . Remember the fact that "I like this song, let me put it as my ringtone" after 3 seconds - Ringtone assigned! Forget that too. first, you will connect your iPhone to your pc THEN using a software you will convert the mp3 format into an MPEG-4 format and then sync! MPEGAccessories : Enough said ! iPhone's accessories are way to expensive! Screen : For the ones who think that iPhone's screen size beats every nokia phone. Go to your nearest store and take a look at the N97 and 900 AND N8!

Expected growth rate

From their first phone Nokia 5800 express music to the explicit new symbian belle phones, the journey has been long. And no matter how many operating systems emerge or sulk, symbian is and will always the interface which changed the the attend call, make call face of mobile technology.

So now that we all know that it matches and excels the definition of a smartphone, might be slow but is reliable. The answer to the very first question might be a little more clear .