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Passenger Cars


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It begins as early as 1769. The first automobile in India was rolled in 1897 in Bombay. First Indian to own a car in India was Jamshedji Tata. First woman to drive a car in India was Mrs. Suzanne RD Tata The automobile sector is one of the key segments of the economy having extensive forward and backward linkages with other key segments of the economy.

It contributes about 4 per cent in India's (GDP) Gross Domestic Product

5 percent in India's industrial production.


History of automobile sector in India..

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9th largest automobile industry . 2nd largest two-wheeler market, 2nd largest tractor manufacturer. 4th largest in Heavy Trucks. 6th largest passenger vehicle manufacturer, 7th largest passenger car manufacturer, Sale of passenger cars in India is likely to grow at an average of 14.9% each year to touch 3.1 million mark by 2012

Hero Honda New Karizma R







Passenger vehicles (cars)

Indian companies (7)
Chinkara Motors : Beachster, Hammer, Roadster 1.8S, Rockster, Jeepster, Sailster Hindustan Motors : Ambassador ICML : Rhino Rx Mahindra : Major, Xylo, Scorpio, Bolero, Thar, Verito, Genio Premier Automobiles Limited : Sigma, RiO San Motors : Storm Tata Motors : Nano, Indica, Vista, Indigo, Manza, Indigo CS, Sumo, Grande, Venture, Safari, Xenon, Aria

Passenger vehicles (cars)

Foreign companies (18)
BMW India : 3 Series, 5 Series, X1. Fiat India (in collaboration with -Tata Motors): Grande Punto, Linea. Ford India : Figo, Fiesta Classic, Fiesta, Endeavour. General Motors India Chevrolet : Spark, Beat, Aveo U-VA, Aveo, Optra, Cruze, Tavera. Honda Siel : Jazz, City, Civic, Accord. Hyundai Motor India : Santro, i10, i20, Accent, Verna, Sonata Transform. Land Rover : Freelander 2 Maruti Suzuki, Alto, WagonR, Estilo, A-star, Ritz, Swift, Swift DZire, SX4, Omni, Eeco, Mercedes-Benz India: C-Class, E-Class. Mitsubishi (in collaboration with Hindustan Motors):[81] Lancer, Lancer Cedia, Pajero Nissan Motor India : Micra. Renault India : Fluence Toyota Kirloskar : Etios Liva Etios, Corolla Altis, Innova, Fortuner. Volkswagen Group Sales India: Audi India: A4, A6, Q5. koda Auto India : Fabia, Laura, Superb, Yeti. Volkswagen India : Polo, Vento, Jetta, Passat.

Passenger vehicles (cars)

Vehicles brought into India as CBUs(completely built units) (27)
Aston Martin : Vantage, Rapide, Virage, DB9, DBS, One-77. Audi : A7, A8, S4, S6, S8, Q7, TT, R8, RS5. Bentley : Arnage, Azure, Brooklands, Continental GT, Continental Flying Spur, Mulsanne. BMW : 5 Series GT, 6 Series, 7 Series, X3, X5, X6, X6 M, M3, M5, M6 and Z4. Bugatti : Veyron. Chevrolet : Captiva. Ferrari : California, 458 Italia, 599 GTB Fiorano, FF. Fiat : Bravo. General Motors : Hummer H2, Hummer H3. Honda : Civic Hybrid, CR-V. Hyundai : Santa Fe. Jaguar : XF, XJ, XK. Koenigsegg: CCX, CCXR, Agera

Vehicles brought into India as CBUs (cont)

Lamborghini : Gallardo, Murcilago. Land Rover : Discovery 4, Range Rover, Range Rover Sport. Maserati : Quattroporte, GranTurismo, GranCabrio. Maybach : 57 and 62. Mercedes-Benz : CL-Class, GL-Class, M-Class, R-Class, CLS-Class, S-Class, SL-Class, SLK-Class, Viano, GClass, SLS. Mitsubishi: Montero, Outlander, Evo X. Nissan ; Teana, X-Trail, 370Z, GT-R. Porsche : 997, Boxster, Panamera, Cayman, Cayenne, Carrera GT. Rolls Royce : Ghost, Phantom, Phantom Coup, Phantom Drophead Coup. koda : Yeti, Superb. Suzuki : Grand Vitara, Kizashi. Toyota : Prius, Camry, Fortuner*, Land Cruiser, Land Cruiser Prado. Volkswagen : Beetle, Tiguan, Touareg, Phaeton. Volvo : S60, S80, XC60, XC90. FORCE

Production and sales trend

The following statistics explains the market share of different vehicles in the Indian automobile Industry

Passenger Vehicles : 15.86% Commercial Vehicles : 4.32% Three Wheelers : 3.58%

Two Wheelers : 76.23%

} Directly

and indirectly it employs more than 10 million


} The

market value of Automobile Industry is more than US$8 billion. and Contribution in Indian GDP is near about 4% and will be double by 2016.

} The

automobile industry in India grew at rate of 11.5 % over the past five years, but growth rate in last year 2008-09 was only 0.7%. } FDI inflows in Automobile Industry 2008-09 was Rs.5,212 Cr an increase of 47.25% compare to 200708. } In 2009, India emerged as Asia's fourth largest exporter of automobiles, behind Japan, South Korea and Thailand.


} Automobile

industry expert predicts that by 2050 every sixth car in the world will be for Indians. } By 2012 India will take over Germany in sales volumes and Japan by 2015 } The Indian automobile component industry is estimated to triple from USD 63 billion to USD 190 billion within a span of six years by 2012. } Industry analysts predict this industry to touch USD 13000 million mark by 2011, a cumulative growth of 9.5% annually. } It is said that for every Re 1 spent, the auto sector returns Rs. 2.24 to the Indian economy.

Major players in India

} Maruti

Udyog } Hyundai Motors India Ltd } General Motors India } Tata Motors Ltd. } Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd. } Hindustan Motors } Daimler Chrysler India Private Ltd } Skoda Auto India Private Ltd } Fiat India Private Ltd } Nissan Motor Co. Ltd.


} Maruti

Udyog limited was established in February 1981 and changed its name and ownership in September 2007, to Maruti Suzuki India limited when Suzuki motor corporation Japan bought a major stake (54.2%) in the company. } Headquarters in Gurgaon, next to New Delhi. } Market leader in automobile production and revenue generation. } Brought automobile revolution in India

} Annual

production capacity of over 7,00,000 units in two facilities, located in Gurgaon and Manesar.

} Largest

automobile company in India having sold over 7,50,000 cars in the year 2007-2008 of which only 53,000 were exported. 6 million cars on Indias roads since the rolling of first car in Guragaon plant in December,1983.

} Over

} On

the international market India is the forth largest exporter of automobiles due to high demand for Maruti Suzuki cars. } Exports to Kenya, Uganda, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Europe, etc.

} Maruti

Udyog ltd has added an impressive number of packages to boost and underpin their car sales.

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are over 2600 franchised service stations to ensure that their Maruti vehicles are properly serviced.

} Maruti

insurance, established in 2002, provides insurance cover for its customers. finance provides customers with loans to purchase the Maruti vehicle.

} Maruti

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is also a Maruti TrueValue, which is a market for used Maruti cars, customers are able to sell, buy or exchange used vehicles

} It

is a subsidiary of Hyundai motors company that is based in South Korea. } Largest passenger car exporter and second largest car manufacturer in India. } Ever since the company, started it has had intentions of placing high tech vehicles in the market, and as a result it built a second plant. } This plant produces 3,00,000 units annually, raising the total production of both plants to 6,00,000 yearly.


2008, this company has registered total sales of 4,89,328. }These sales had increased by 49% compared to the previous year. }In the domestic market it sold 2,45,387 units while exported 2,43,931. }To celebrate its achievement of 10 yrs of service, in 2008, the company drove i10 kappa from New Delhi to Paris.

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company believes in producing eco friendly cars and hence received a certification for sustainable management practices. company has employed over 75,000 persons stationed in 193 companies.

} The

} To

meet its great demand it has opened 6,000 showrooms and dealerships. company is known for quality and sleek cars.

} This

} They

always produce car that stand out from other brands,

General motors India

} Established

in 1994 as a joint venture with the CK Brian group of companies. } Joint venture lasted till 1999 when GMOC decided to buy the remaining shares and completely own the company. } It is owned by worlds largest automaker GM. } This automobile company is located in Halol and has its headquarters at Gurgaon, Haryana.

} Chevrolet

is the fastest growing brand name in

India. } The car is known for its quality, safety, reliability, environment friendliness and innovation. } This company has 95 sales point and 110 service points. } To serve its clients fully the company has opened call centers that work 27x7 to answer client complaints and other information related to its products } Due to the increasing demand of Chevrolet vehicles its manufacturing plant has expanded from 60,000 units to 85,000.


company is also constructing a new plant in Talegaon which will be producing 1,40,000 vehicles annually. }It is one of the stable automobile manufacturing companies in India. }General Motors India earns high annual revenues and offers employment to many Indian citizens.


Tata Motors Limited is a multinational corporation headquartered in Mumbai, India. Part of the Tata Group Established in 1945, when the company began manufacturing locomotives, the company manufactured its first commercial vehicle in 1954 in a collaboration with Daimler-Benz AG, which ended in 1969. Tata Motors has a consolidated revenue of USD 16 billion after the acquisition of British automotive brands Jaguar and Landrover in 2008. It is India's largest company in the automobile and commercial vehicle sector.

} The

company is the worlds fourth largest truck manufacturer, and the worlds second largest bus manufacturer. In India. Motors is a dual-listed company traded on both the Bombay Stock Exchange as well as on the New York Stock Exchange. 1998 it launched Tata Indica, India's first fully indigenous passenger car.

} Tata

} In

} Tata

ranks as the leader in every commercial vehicle segment, and is in the top 3 makers of passenger cars. Tata Motors is also the designer and manufacturer of the iconic Tata Nano, which is the cheapest car in the world.

Mahindra & Mahindra


Incorporated on 2nd October 1945 by two brothers Mr. J C Mahindra & Mr. K C Mahindra. Converted into public limited company in 1955. Started with manufacturing General Utility Vehicles. Also started manufacturing Tractors and LCV(Light Commercial Vehicles)

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} Major

Players in Utility vehicle segment and Tractor segment. amongst the top five tractor manufacturing companies in the world indigenous regarding very little help from foreign technology sources.

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} Very

} Presence

in countries of Europe, Latin America, Africa and United States of America

Large domestic market Sustainable labor cost advantage Government incentives for manufacturing plants Strong engineering skills in design Able to achieve significant gains in productivity


High interest costs and high overheads Rising cost of production Low investment in Research and Development

Mahindra Xylo Mini

CSR rating of different companies

S.No No. Company Industry Category Actual Recommen amount ded CSR spent on Sales (0.2% of CSR in Registered ('07-'08) in sales) in crores Office crores. Location (Rs.) (Rs.) crores (Rs.) State CSR Rating ('07-'08) CSR areas 1 68 Ashok Leyland Ltd Automobiles 7730 15.5 Chennai Tamilnadu 3 Community welfare, health care, HIV/AIDS, environment

2 3 4


Bajaj Auto Ltd

Automobiles Automobiles Automobiles

9160 2200 2400

18.3 4.4 4.8

Pune New Delhi New Delhi

Maharashtra Delhi Delhi

2 2 0

Community welfare, women, health care Education, Health care -

223 Eicher Motors Ltd 242 Escorts Ltd

5 6

272 Force Motors Ltd 349 Hero Honda Motors Ltd

Automobiles Automobiles

900 10000

1.8 20.0

Pune New Delhi

Maharashtra Delhi

0 3

Community welfare, Environment

361 Hindustan Motors Ltd





West Bengal

544 Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd




11.0 Mumbai


Education, Environment, Girl Child, Poverty eradication

9 10

561 Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. 709 Punjab Tractors Ltd.

Automobiles Automobiles

17800 970

35.6 1.9

New Delhi Mohali

Delhi Punjab

2 0

Environment, community welfare, Road Safety -


870 Swaraj Mazda Ltd.







884 Tata Motors Ltd.






Environment,Health care,Education, Community Education, Health care, Community welfare, Environment


922 TVS Motor Company Ltd. Total


3200 106190

6.4 212


Tamil Nadu

Quality Certification
    Improve quality 1st time passing Sustain the market No rework etc.,

Quality Certification

Deming, Six Sigma,TQM,TS16949

amongst suppliers have attained critical mass and the entire market will follow to get quality certifications.

Bharat Stage emission standards

Previously the standards titled 'India 2000' in 2000

later upgraded with new guidelines its called 'Bharat Stage'.

Now13 cities Bharat Stage IV has been imposed while the rest of the nation is still under Bharat Stage III.

"Five great elements" of Hinduism are Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Sky, the modern world add one more in this list that is Automobile Without this elements nothing happen in this world

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