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Group Members

Aurangzaib Kishwer Tahira Zil-e-Huma Sadia Nasreen Mahpara Akhtar


General Sociology

(11060718-054) (11060718-073) (11060718-033) (11060718-047) (11060718-037)


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Goals of Presentation
Culture Types of Culture Elements of Culture Sociological Analysis of Culture

Culture & Sub-culture of Pakistan Customs & Tradition of Pakistan Question Answer

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Culture
Learned behaviors, traditions, beliefs, and ways of life created by groups of people
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Citation of Culture
A nation culture resides in the heart and in the soul of its people. (Mohandas Gandhi) Without culture and the relative freedom it implies society even when perfect is but a jungle. This is why any authentic creation is a gift to the future. (Albert Camus)

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Type of Culture
Material culture
Physical or tangible aspects of our daily lives, including: --Food --Houses --Factories --Raw materials

Nonmaterial culture
Intangible aspects that influence peoples behavior or to ways of using material objects as well as to: --Customs --Beliefs --Government --Patterns of communication --Philosophies
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Elements of Culture
1) Symbols 2) Language
a) Verbal communication b) Nonverbal communication

4)Norms
a) Formal norms b) Informal norms c) Mores d) Folkways a) Graphic and Plastic Arts b) Music, Drama and Dance

3) Values
a) Belief Systems

5) Aesthetics 6) Recreation & Sports

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Symbols

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Language
Language is an abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture. It includes speech, written characters, numerals, symbols, and gestures and expressions of nonverbal communication.

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Norms
Norms are established standards of behavior maintained by a society. Types of Norms --Formal norms --Informal norms --Mores --Folkways

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Values
Values are our collective conceptions of what is good, desirable, and properor bad, undesirable, and improperin a culture. --Values influence peoples behavior. --Values are criteria for evaluating actions of others.

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Sociological Analysis of Culture


Functionalist
Culture helps people meet biological, instrumental and expressive needs. Ideas can be used by the ruling class to affect members of other classes.

Conflict

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Sociological Analysis of Culture


Symbolic Interactionist
People create, maintain, and modify culture during their everyday activities. Culture is based on simulation of reality rather than reality itself.

Postmodern

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Introduction
Culture of Pakistan

Sub-culture of Pakistan

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History of Pakistan
Emergence of the Nation

National Identity

Ethnic Relations
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Facts of Pakistan
Location:
Southern Asia, bordering Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Capital:
Islamabad

Population:
187,342,721 (July 2011 est.)
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Facts of Pakistan
Ethnic Groups:
Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)

Religions:
Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other (inc. Sikh) 3%
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Flag of Pakistan

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National Events
Pakistan Day. May Day. Independence day. Defense Day . Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam. Birthday of Allama Mohammad Iqbal. Christmas and Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam.
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Values and Beliefs


The majority of Pakistan's population are Muslims and they follow the Islamic religion Islamic values can be divided in three groups
1) Necessities 2) Convenience 3) Refinements

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Islamic Norms
Islam has paid great attention to norms, which can protect basic values.
1. Self Interest vs Self-sacrifice 2. Extravagance vs Frugality 3. Greed vs Contentment 4. Generalizing a Crime vs Personality in Criminal Law 5. Peace and Forgiveness
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Islamic Festivals
Eid-ul-fitr

Eid-ul-azha

12th Rabi-UI-Awal
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Folk Festivals
Mela Chiraghan Horse & Cattle Show Lok mela Basant
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Art and Craft


Islam prohibited from pictorial art, therefore as being a Muslim country emphasis in Pakistan is laid on non pictorial form of Art like calligraphy, floral and geometrical design. People living in different areas of Pakistan make different articles from the raw materiel available in their areas. For example Sindh is famous for Ajrak, embroidery glass work and kashi work and. beautiful decoration pieces made of Sea
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Performing arts
Music
Ghazal, Qawwali, Religious, Classical, Regional, Modern

Dance
Folk dances are still popular in Pakistan and vary according to region such as: Bhangra, Luddi, Sammi and Dhemmal in Punjab. Attan Khattak, Chirali Dance in KhyberPakhtunkwa. Ho Jamalo in Sindh. Jhumar in Siraiki and also Blochi folk dance. Lewa especially in Baluchi folk dance.

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Poetry and Literature


Poetry is the most important form of literature in Pakistan. One of the most known exponent of Urdu poetry is Mirza Ghalib. He has written various poems in Urdu and Persian. His poems are still read and loved by Urdu and Hindi speaking people around the globe.

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Pakistan literature
The literature of Pakistan is a distinct literature that gradually came to be defined after Pakistan gained nationhood status in 1947, emerging out of literary traditions of the Indian subcontinent. The shared tradition of Urdu literature and English literature of British India was inherited by the new state. Over a period a body of literature unique to Pakistan has emerged in nearly all major Pakistani languages, including Urdu, English Punjabi, Balochi, Pushto and Sindhi.
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Language of Pakistani Culture


National Language
Urdu, English

Provincial Language
Punjaki, Sindhi, Pushto, Balochi, Brahvi, Saraiki, and Hindko

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Food of Pakistani Culture


Food Pakistan is rich in its flavor and taste. Some of the most delicious Mughal dishes forms the core of Food Pakistan. Pakistani Cuisine is very spicy and has been greatly influenced by the afghan, Iranian and Turkish cooking style.

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Foods of Punjab

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Foods of Sindh
FISH,(Palla) ,
SOHAN HALVA

RICE ( Sindi Buryani)

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Foods of N.W.F.P
Chappal kabab

Biryani
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Foods of Balochistan
Baluchistan cuisine is a mixture of Arab, Turkish, Persian and subcontinent influences Roti (bread) Chawal (rice) Sabzi (vegetables) Gosht (meat)
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Pakistani Cultural Dress


Dress in a Muslim society like Pakistan is designed and intended to cover human body, as nudity is prohibited in Islam. So, people of Pakistan prefer to wear simple dresses according to their climate.

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Dresses of Punjab
Men and women wear Shalwar Kameez

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Dresses of Sind
Sindhi women in Pakistan are still very traditional overall, but many wear very colorful clothes.
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Dresses of N.W.F.P
Embroidery Peshawari Chappal

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CAPS

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Dresses of Baluchistan
leather and goat's hair produce which are recognizable due to their unique style.

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Embroidery and Handicraft of Baluchistan

Hand Bag
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Embroidery
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Family Life
Male oriented with strong sense of family bond,

Generally preference is given to boys over girls.

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Marriages
Marriage Considered as a social and emotional bond between two individuals and families. Arrange marriages are preferred.

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Customs & Traditions of Pakistan


Marriages Food and Eating Habits Rest and Recreation: Music and Dance
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Recreation & Sports


Main games and sports are played in Pakistan, which include Wrestling, Hockey, Football, Squash, badminton, Athletes, cricket and Kabbadi.
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Mix Culture
Pakistani culture can be called as "Mixed Culture". Although the majority of people in Pakistan are Muslims by birth and faith, There is a strong influence of Hindu culture on the present Pakistani culture. The shadows of this influence are quite visible on the marriage ceremonies and festivals like "Basant". 100 years of British Rule left deep mark of English culture in Indo-Pak Subcontinent. Due to advance development in media the whole world is turned into a global village leaving strong impact on Pakistani culture as well.
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