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THIS SHOULD BE SIMPLE FOR ALL OF YOU

Notebook

Netbook

POPULAR LAPTOP BRANDS THAT WE SELL


ACER LENOVO TOSHIBA SONY DELL SAMSUNG HP MSI WIPRO ASUS HCL LG FUJITSU

            

LIFESTYLE HOME USERS BUSINESS MULTIMEDIA

 Home Users

Email , Chat , Social Networking , Video Chats




Business
Run Applications , Database Queries, Programming

Multimedia
Better Graphics(HD GAMES and MOVIES), Bigger Screen Size

PROCESSOR
The central processing unit (CPU) is the portion of a computer system that carries out the instructions of a computer program , and is the primary element carrying out the computer functions. TWO BRANDS

Intel Processors AMD Processors

 INTEL PROCESSORS

Family of Intel Processors

    

Intel Xeon and Itanium Processors Intel Atom Processors Intel Celeron Processors Intel Pentium Processors Intel Core Processors

 AMD PROCESSORS

Family of AMD Processors

     

AMD Athlon Processors AMD Opteron Processors AMD Phenom Processors AMD Sempron Processors AMD Turion Processors AMD V series Processor

Processor Specifications
 Brand: Intel ,AMD  Processor: Intel core i7,i5,i3,core 2 duo, dual core, Atom etc.
AMD Athlon,Opteron,Phenom,Sempron,Turion etc.

 No of cores: Single Core, Dual Core, Triple Core, Quad Core etc.
 Chipset : Intel, AMD

 Clock Speed: 1.6Ghz,1.7Ghz,2Ghz,2.4Ghz,3Ghz,3.4Ghz etc.  Cache: 1Mb,2Mb,3Mb,6Mb etc.  Architecture: 32nm,65nm,90nm etc.  Instruction set: 32 bit,64bit  Special features: Intel turbo boost, hyper threading, Intel
virtualization technology etc. .

CHIPSET / MOTHERBOARD
Definition - Chipset / Motherboard is a Printed circuit board which houses the processor and other hardware components in a Laptop Brands - Intel, AMD, Gigabyte, ASUS.

Example Intel HM55, Intel HM57 AMD 780G, M880G etc.

CACHE
In Computer Engineering, a Cache is a component that transparently stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster. The data that is stored within a cache might be values that have been computed earlier or duplicates of original values that are stored elsewhere. If requested data is contained in the cache (cache hit), this request can be served by simply reading the cache, which is comparatively faster. Otherwise (cache miss), the data has to be recomputed or fetched from its original storage location, which is comparatively slower. Hence, the more requests can be served from the cache the faster the overall system performance is.

Types of Caches L1,L2, L3 (Difference is the speed of caching) Size of Cache 512 Kb, 1 MB, 2Mb, 3 MB and 6 MB

RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY(RAM)


RAM is a kind of computer memory that temporarily stores information, improving your systems performance. Or in other words RAM simply holds data for the processor. Types of RAM;
SDRAM, DDR, DDR2 and DDR3.

SD RAM(Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) SDRAM is Single Data Rate meaning that SDRAM can accept one command and transfer one word of data per clock cycle. Typical speeds of SDRAM are 100 and 133 MHz DDR SDRAM: DDR SDRAM stands for double data rate synchronous dynamic random access memory. DDR RAM transfers data twice per clock cycle, hence the name double data rate. DDR clock speeds range between 200 MHz (DDR-200) and 400 MHz (DDR-400). DDR-200 transfers 1600 MB/s, while DDR-400 transfers 3200 MB/s.

DDR2 SDRAM:

DDR2 SDRAM stands for double data rate 2 synchronous dynamic random access memory.DDR2 is twice as fast as DDR which means twice as much data is carried to the module for each clock cycle. Also due to the design improvements DDR2 consumes less power as compared to the DDR memory. DDR2 speeds range between 400 MHz (DDR2-400) and 800 MHz (DDR2-800). DDR2-400 transfers 3200 MB/s. DDR2-800 transfers 6400 MB/s.
DDR3 SDRAM:

DDR3 SDRAM stands for, double data rate 3 synchronous dynamic random access memory. In theory DDR3 is supposed to act twice as fast as DDR2 memories. Thus DDR3 speeds range between 800 MHz (DDR3-800) and 1600 MHz (DDR31600). DDR3-800 transfers 6400 MB/s; DDR3-1600 transfers 12800 MB/s.

RAM SPECIFICATIONS  Capacity: 1Gb,2Gb,3Gb,4Gb,8Gb etc.  Frequency in Hz: 200Mhz,400Mhz,533Mhz,800Mhz,1066Mhz,1200Mhz,1800Mhz  Technology Used: SD RAM,DDR SDRAM, DDR2 SDRAM, DDR3 SDRAM etc.  No. of Memory Slots:1,2,3 etc.  Expandable Memory:2Gb,3Gb,4Gb,8Gb etc.  Memory Module: Single inline memory module(SIMM), Dual inline Memory Module(DIMM) etc.

SLOTS & PORTS


 Multi Card Slot One slot for all types of memory cards like SD cards (camera and mobile memory cards). Common naming convention is 4-in1, 7-in-1, etc.

 USB Port - (USB 2.0 & USB 3.0) difference is the transfer speed

 Mic In

- Stereo, Mini Jack

 RJ45 LAN Where the Lan(Ethernet Cable) cable goes in for Internet Connectivity.

 HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface)Port Connection to TV through HDMI cable

VGA(Video Graphics Array) Port For projectors, monitors etc.

HARD DISK
Definition:
A hard disk drive (HDD) is a non-volatile, random access device for digital data. It features rotating rigid platters on a motordriven spindle within a protective enclosure. Data is magnetically read from and written to the platter by read/write heads that float on a film of air above the platters.

SPECIFICATIONS OF HARD DISK


 Capacity: 160Gb,250Gb,320Gb,500Gb,640Gb,750Gb,1Tb,2Tb,4Tb,8Tb  Interface: ATA(PATA) Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (eSATA) external Serial Advanced Technology Attachment  Cache: 2Mb,8Mb,16Mb,32Mb.  Spindle Speed(RPM): 5400rpm,7200rpm,10000rpm,15000rpm  Power Consumption: 5-10V DC  Form Factors: 1,1.8,2.5 3.5 ,5,2.5,8

Optical Drive
Different Optical Drives
 CD R/W  DVD R/W  Blue Ray R/W

HOW'S THE SPEED OF THE DISCS READ? For CD base speed, or "1x speed", is 150KiB/s for Example at 4x speed is 600 KiB/s, which is equal to 4 x 150 KiB/s. For DVD base speed, or "1x speed", is 1.385 MB/s, equal to 1.32 MiB/s, approximately 9 times faster than CD's base speed. For Example at 4x speed is 5.28MiB/s, which is equal to 4 x 1.32MiB/s. For Blu-ray drive base speed is 6.74 MB/s, equal to 6.43 MiB/s. For Example at 4x speed is 24.72MiB/s, which is equal to 4 x 6.43MiB/s.

OPERATING SYSTEMS
Microsoft Windows  Windows XP Windows XP Starter Edition Windows XP Tablet PC Edition Windows XP Media Center Edition Windows XP Home Edition Windows XP Professional  Windows 7  Windows Vista Windows 7 Starter Windows Vista Home Basic Windows Vista Home Premium Windows 7 Home basic Windows 7 Home Premium Windows Vista Ultimate Windows 7 Professional Windows Vista Business Windows 7 Enterprise Windows Vista Enterprise Windows 7 Ultimate

VISUAL FEATURES OF A LAPTOP


Screen Size - Size of diagonal screen in inches Eg, 10.1, 14 etc. Screen Type - LCD, LED , HD ready, 3D Technological Advances in Screens. Screen Resolution - Maximum resolution it can support ( clarity indicator ) Graphic Memory Indicates what is the Graphic Card used in the laptop Example of a popular Graphic Processor - NVidia Graphic Card, ATI.

MULTIMEDIA ACCESS Web camera :VGA - 0.3 Megapixel & 1.3 MP Speakers Sony, HP Alteclancing, Dell JBL in XPS Headphone Jack Standard 3.5 MM jack which fits all kinds of
headphones.

Mic - System Mic Inbuilt but also has a slot to connect an external Mic.

DATA TRANSFER MODES


WLAN (Wi-Fi) Wireless Local Area network- Wireless protocols to connect to the internet

Bluetooth - Wireless data transfer ( lesser transfer speeds ) takes more time. Also can be used to connect mouse / keyboard if protocol is supported on hardware

Ethernet - LAN cable To connect a regular RJ45 Cable ( cat cable )

SECURITY - SOFTWARE AND PHYSICAL  Antivirus Softwares - Norton / Kaspersky / Free trial or 1 Year  Fingerprint Sensor - System security Feature to authorize correct user ( More of a novelty idea )  Security Chip - Not many laptops support it as of now but growing concept in laptop security  Face Recognition- Security feature to prevent unauthorized access via face detection ( Again a Novelty Idea ) Lenovo is the pioneer  Lock Port - Physical Security / Kensington Lock Wire to tie your laptop to desk, makes it immovable.  Dock Port - Docking Station Port to connect the system to a docking station , looks neat , has more USB ports , Ergonomic.

BATTERY
A laptop battery in new condition typically stores enough energy to run the laptop for three to five hours, depending on the computer usage, configuration and power management settings. When the laptop is plugged into the mains, the battery charges, whether or not the computer is running, with the exception of some laptops.

Basically 6 Cell and 9 Cell

BATTERY TYPES
There are three different laptop battery chemistries. Nickel cadmium was the first chemistry, which was followed in time by nickel metal hydride and lithium ion battery

 Nickel Cadmium (NiCad)


NiCad batteries were the first rechargeable batteries for notebook computers and featured low cost, versatility and high output current capability. NiCad batteries can be charged rapidly and used in a wide range of products. However, they are now being designed out of notebooks in favour of the newer and higher power NiMH and Lion batteries.

 Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

NiMH batteries represented a significant improvement over NiCad batteries due to improvements in cost, safety, reliability and capacity. Currently the most widely used notebook battery, the NiMH battery has only one drawback. The "memory effect" of NiMH batteries requires that they be fully discharged prior to recharging for maximum charge effectiveness.

 Lithium Ion (LiON)


LiON batteries are now the most popular notebook battery because of improvements over NiMH in the area of memory effect. In addition, for batteries of comparable capacity, LiON batteries are generally somewhat lighter in weight than NiMH batteries. Because the LiON chemistry is the newest in the market and offers these benefits, the market price for LiON batteries is often significantly higher than for NiMH batteries with the same actual capacity.

PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES OF A LAPTOP


Weight ( in Kg ) 1 3 KGs Dimension ( Weight x Height x Depth ) Colour Colours Available Laptop Bags Backpack / office/ Neoprene Sleeve Others Form Factor. Power Supply - 110-240 V

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