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- How to Use Castle Learning
- What is Physics?
- Suzie's Momentum
- Brandon Midterm Project
- Stars
- Eric Midterm Project
- Nicole Midterm Project
- Suzie's Momentum
- Earth: the Model Planet
- Newton's Laws Answers Explained
- Gravity Worksheet Answers Explained
- Friction Worksheet Answers Explained
- Circular Motion Answers Explained
- Gravity Worksheet
- Friction Worksheet
- Circular Motion
- Newton's Laws Worksheet
- The Big Bang
- Galaxies
- How to Perform Basic Mathematical Operations in Microsoft Excel

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Types of Energy

Kinetic Energy

Energy

Potential Energy

Energy

Internal Energy

Heat

energy.

Kinetic Energy

Which has more energy:

student running 5 m/s. A car driving 5 m/s. KE ~ m

A

A

Kinetic Energy

KE = m v2 DONT FORGET TO SQUARE IT!!! Units:

m:

kg v: m/s KE: kg m2/s2 J (joule) Named for British physicist James Prescott Joule (18181889) who demonstrated that heat is a form of energy.

Kinetic Energy

How much kinetic energy does a 0.05 kg bullet have if it is traveling at 150 m/s?

562.5

How much kinetic energy does a 70 kg student have if they are running 4 m/s?

560

A person can have the same KE as a bullet that is moving really fast because a person is much more massive.

Potential Energy

Gravitational Potential Energy If you lift something up in the air it has the potential to do what?

Fall

down!

Lift

is higher.

PE ~ h

Potential Energy

PE ~ h PE ~ Fg

PE

~ mg

PE = mgh PE = mg h

Potential Energy

How much potential energy does a 5 kg object have if it is 4 meters above the ground?

196.2

How high must you lift a 0.001 kg feather to give it the same potential energy?

20,000

Conservation

Energy is a conserved quantity. The total energy in a closed system remains constant. Energy can transform from one type to another, but the total remains the same. ET1 = ET2

Total Energy

What forms of energy can an object have?

Kinetic Potential Internal

Can it have more than one form of energy at the same time?

Of course!

ET = KE + PE + Q

If we are ignoring friction (which we often are) the internal energy cant change, so we ignore it.

Conservation of Energy

A belligerent student threatens to drop his 1 kg physics textbook out of a window that is 12 m high.

How

much potential energy does the book have? much kinetic energy does the book have? is the total energy of the book?

118J 0J 118J

How

What

Conservation of Energy

How much total energy will the book have when it is halfway to the ground?

118 J

How much total energy will the book have as it hits the ground?

118J

How much potential energy does the book have as it hits the ground?

0J

How much kinetic energy does the book have as it hits the ground?

Conservation of Energy

How high can you jump? (Estimate) What is your potential energy when you are at your highest point? What is your velocity when you hit the ground?

Conservation of Energy

As a general rule:

PEtop = KEbottom

Conservation of Energy

A 10 kg cart is placed at point A and is allowed to roll to the right

A B 15m 9m C D

What is the potential energy of the cart at point A? What is the potential energy of the cart at point B? What is the kinetic energy of the cart at point B? What is the velocity of the cart at point B?

Conservation of Energy

A 10 kg cart is placed at point A and is allowed to roll to the right

A B 15m 9m C D

0

J J

1472

17

m/s

Work

Work - the transfer of energy from one object to another. You can transfer energy to an object by changing its height or velocity.

would you change the height or velocity? Exert a force!

How

W

= Fd

Work Practice

A plow exerts a force of 450N to move a pile of snow 12 meters. How much work did it do?

5400 J

Exerting a force of 7N on an object, a person does 28J of work. How far does the person move the object?

4m

A tugboat does 3400J of work to move a ship 15 meters. How much force did the tugboat exert?

227N

Work - Energy

In a closed system energy is conserved. What if it is not a closed system? If I do work on an object, I can change its total energy. W = ET

If you push an object on a frictionless surface with a force of 15N over a distance of 10 m, how much kinetic energy will the object gain?

150

How much work must one do in order to get a 12kg object at rest to move 4 m/s?

96

How much work must someone do to accelerate a 2 kg object at rest to a velocity of 2 m/s, on a frictionless surface?

4J

On a surface with friction, do you think it would take less, more, or the same amount of work?

More!

Friction converts some of your work into internal energy (heat). The rest

5 kg

5 kg

It takes 60 N of force to lift the 5kg block 3 meters. How much work was done against friction?

30

It

10 m

The block slides down the incline and reaches a velocity of 10 m/s at the bottom. How much work was done against friction?

Compare the initial energy OR work done to the final energy. The difference is the work done against friction.

Power

Power is the rate at which work is done. P = W/t W = Fd

P

= Fd/t

d/t = v

P

= Fv

P = W/t = Fd/t = Fv

P = W/t W: J t: s P: J/s W (watt)

Named for James Watt (1736-1819), a Scottish inventor and engineer who did very important work in the development of the steam engine.

Power Practice

A motor does 150J of work in 4 seconds. What is the power of the motor?

37.5 W

How much power is required to move something 5 meters using a force of 150N in just 3 seconds?

250 W

A cars engine exerts a force of 3000N in order to keep the car at a speed of 20 m/s. What is the power of the engine?

60000 W

A standard household light bulb is rated at 60W. How much work does the light bulb do in 1 hour? Electricity costs 8.53 cents per kWh (source: LIPA)

2.37*10^-6

cents/J

- How to Use Castle LearningTransféré parKingPhysics
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- Brandon Midterm ProjectTransféré parKingPhysics
- StarsTransféré parKingPhysics
- Eric Midterm ProjectTransféré parKingPhysics
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