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Vitruvius

BIOGRAPHY
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio . Born in 80-70 BC. Died After15 BC. He was a Roman: Writer. Architect. Engineer.

BIOGRAPHY
DE ARCHITECTURA is his grand master piece. The New Zealand Herald published an architect calling him as the first known engineer. He served as a Ballista in the army. And as a chief of the Ballista.

DE ARCHITECTURA
Is his grand master piece, which architects use as a reference for building beautification. It is his only survived work. It consists of ten books. This is a brief description of its contents:

DE ARCHITECTURA
Book # I -Architects background knowledge. -Architecture Principles and departments -city location, walls and infrastructure. -traffic planning. Book #II -Dwelling House history. -Building materials: - Bricks. -Sand. -Lime. -Stone. -Timber. -Building Methods.

DE ARCHITECTURA
Book # III -Temples and the Human body. -Temples Classifications. - Temples Foundation and Substructures. -Proportions of the columns, base, capitals in Ionic. Book IV -Corinthians Proportions. - Doric Temples Proportions. -How the Temple should face - Pronaos and Cella -The doorways of Temples. -Circular Temples.

DE ARCHITECTURA
Book # V -The Forum and the Basilica -Site, Plan, Foundations and Acoustics of The Theatres. -Harmonics. -Baths -Harbors, Breakwaters, and Shipyards Book # VI -On Climate and its influents on the style of the house. -Rooms code. -How the rooms should be oriented. -The Farmhouse -The Greek House - On Foundations and Substructures

DE ARCHITECTURA
Book # VII -Floors -The Slaking of lime for stucco -Vaultings and stucco work -On stucco work in damp places, and on decoration of dining rooms -The decadence of the fresco painting -Marble . -Natural and artificial Colors Book # VIII -locating and testing water recourses.

DE ARCHITECTURA
Book# IX -The planets. -The phases of the moon. -The course of the sun through the twelve signs. -The Northern and Southern. constellation. -Astrology. -Sundials and Water clocks. Book #X -raising water techniques. -Motion elements. -origin of water. -Ballistae. -Seige machines. -The Tortoise.

Methods
"For a space divided into two parts to be agreeable and aesthetic, between the smallest and largest parts there must exist the same relationship as between the larger part and the whole space. Vitruvius was describing the golden rectangle. Construction of a Golden Rectangle:

Methods
Vitruvius states that man is imitative and teachable and supreme to all other animals.

And he was highly depending on nature to proper proportions of the four elements in materials to the relation between the proportions of the human in aesthetics and use.

Methods
Vitruvian Man:
-Book III, chapter I, part 2
-The guide for which interrelated measures were presented to the ancients from nature

Methods Perfect number


-Ancients: 10 fingers -Plato: composition of 10 digits. -Mathematicians: 1/6 ; 1/3 ; ; 2/3 ; 5/6 ; 6 -Vitruvius adds them together to get perfect number 16

Methods
Design Temples: -symmetry -proportion. -The column base is module when derived from proper division of width of each temple style. Ex :
    Tetrastyle divided into 11.5 parts. Hexastyle divided into 18 parts. Octastyle divided into 24.5 parts. 1part = column base width