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Name: Nazish Shah € Program: bba 4 € Topic:
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National cultural variables and Individual cultural variables

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An entire country may have a series of cultural norms; individual ethnic groups within that country may accept most of those norms as well as adding their own

is more prevalent in the United States than in other countries. .€ Managing educationincluding training in business communication. Some countries have no academic courses in communication training.

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You or you legal department must be aware of strictness to the law or simply meeting the letter of the law.€ Making mistakes in communication is easy in a foreign country. .

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and the exchange rates influence business and a country·s ability to communicate concerning that business. . the rate of the inflation.€ The opportunity to borrow money.

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but politics has been observed in all human group interactions. The term is generally applied to behavior within civil governments. including corporate. academic and religious institutions .€ Politics is a process by which groups of people make decisions.

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.€ Be especially careful of religion beliefs within foreign countries. if not understood. Although some basic beliefs overlap. can result even in personal harm. there are major differences that.

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€ Social norms are the behavioral expectations and cues within a society or group. This sociological term has been defined as "the rules that a group uses for appropriate and inappropriate values. attitudes and behaviors." . beliefs.

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€ All agree: knowing the language of your host country is the most significant contributor to improved communication. . on a personal and a business level.

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Often this freedom is expressed in their own ethnic diversity.€ All people value their individuals freedom. .

while people are very discipline does work on the spot and are punctual. Most of the people ignore and put everything for tomorrow.€ Everyone values time in their own way. . Some people think that even one second changes the whole scenario.

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€ In some cultures business people take afternoon naps. who usually prefer promptness. € .People in Latin America and Middle east treat time more casually than do Americans.

. Some people feel comfortable in the crowded areas while others avoid to go to crowded areas.€ Different people have their own way of spacing.

For e. .g in elevators. some people feel uncomfortable if a stranger stands closer than 18 inches.€ Americans demand more room-buffer space.

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.€ Different food is liked by different people. For e.g cheese may be a desert in France while Americans have cheese as their breakfast.

€ Beef is hard to find in India € Rice is ever pleasant-present in Hong Kong and China.Pork is forbidden in middle east but is a part of Asian diet and that many other countries. € .

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.€ It is better to ask the mode of dress for an occasion in your host country than to risk making an embarrassing mistake.

€ . € While doing hijaab in western countries may not be accepted.In most American business males wear the business suit whereas women wear dresses or tailored suits. but in Middle East countries it is very necessary.

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€ Children shake hand in Germany. and often stay in the background in india.People say that you observe children in foreign cultures because by watching them you learn the behavioral habits of elders. hug you in Italy. € .

€ .In Europe you bring a gift when visiting most homes. € When a person becomes sick you bring roses for the sick.

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Some people makes decision quick while others take time and they think a lot while taking decisions. .€ Everyone have their own way in decision making.

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 Volume varies culture to culture and country to country. Different voice volume shows different attitude of the human behavior.  .

perhaps sounding like a fight. is considered normal and accepted by Arabs. € While in America soft tone is used.What to us in loud and raucous. € .

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They say: ´Action speaks louder than the wordsµ A handshake is a traditional form of greeting in the west. . While in India people do namaste while joining their hands together.

while in Greece its negative.€ A thumb up sign in the United State is positive. .