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Bill of Rights

Declaration and enumeration of a persons rights and privileges. Protects against violations by the government, or by an individual, or groups of individuals. Charter of liberties for the individual and a limitation upon the power of the State.

Natural Rights
Rights possessed by every citizen granted by God
Right to life Right to own property Right to love

Constitutional Rights
Rights which are conferred and protected by the Constitution Cannot be modified or taken away by the lawmaking body

Political rights
Rights of the citizens which give them the power to participate in the establishment or administration of the government Right of citizenship and suffrage

Civil rights
Rights which the law will enforce at the instance of private individuals for the purpose of securing to them the enjoyment of their means of happiness. Right to due process and equal protection of the laws; religious freedom; liberty of abode and of changing the same

Social and Economic rights


Rights which are intended to insure the well-being and economic security of the individual Right to property; the right to just compensation for private property taken for public use

Rights of the accused


Rights intended for the protection of a person accused of any crime Right against unreasonable search and seizure; right to presumption of innocence; right to a speedy, impartial and public trial; right against cruel, degrading, or inhuman punishment

Statutory rights
Rights which are provided by laws promulgated by the law-making body May be abolished by the same body
Right to receive a minimum wage Right to adopt a child

State authority and individual freedom


State, an instrument to promote both individual and social welfare
Liberty is a blessing without which life is a misery, but should not be made to prevail over authority because then society will fall into anarchy.

Conflict between individual rights and group welfare


The people must be strong enough to maintain its control over the government and the government must be strong enough to maintain its existence and protect the interests of the people

Balancing of individual and group rights and interests


There can be no absolute power whoever exercises it, for that would be tyranny; yet there can neither be absolute liberty for that would mean license and anarcy

Role of the Judiciary


Balancing the interests of the individual and group welfare in the adjudication of disputes that is fair and just to the parties involved and beneficial to the larger interests of the community or the people as a whole.