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WELDING

INSPECTORS
WORKSHOP

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WELDING INSPECTION

Welding inspection is used to verify that welding


has been performed in accordance with the
appropriate welding procedure and that the result
has produced a compliant weld
Welding inspection techniques include visual
inspection, non-destructive and destructive
testing as well as audits of the process
A defect is a condition of the weld that is out-with
the boundaries of acceptability in relation to the
particular standard
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Linear Misalignment Manual Metal
Offset or Mismatch Arc Welding MMA
High-low

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Offset or Mismatch Manual Metal
with lack of Root Arc Welding MMA
Fusion

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Cap concavity or Manual Metal
insufficient fill
Arc Welding MMA

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Excessive root Manual Metal
penetration
Arc Welding MMA

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External Undercut Manual Metal
Arc Welding MMA

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Root Undercut Manual Metal
Arc Welding MMA

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Root Concavity Manual Metal
(suck back)
Arc Welding MMA

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Root burn-through Manual Metal
Arc Welding MMA

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Incomplete or lack Manual Metal
of root penetration
Arc Welding MMA

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Inter-pass Slag Manual Metal
Inclusions
Arc Welding MMA

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Elongated Slag lines Manual Metal
(wagon tracks)
Arc Welding MMA

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Lack of side wall Tungsten Inert Gas
fusion Welding TIG

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Inter-pass cold lap- Tungsten Inert Gas
lack of side wall Welding TIG
fusion

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Scattered Porosity

Manual metal arc


welding MMA

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Cluster Porosity Manual metal arc
welding MMA

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Root aligned Tungsten Inert Gas
porosity Welding TIG

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Transverse cracks Tungsten Inert Gas
Welding TIG

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Longitudinal crack TIG/MMA

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Longitudinal root Manual metal arc
crack welding MMA

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Tungsten inclusions Tungsten Inert Gas
Welding TIG

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