Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

A voltaic cell or a galvanic cell produces electrical energy from chemical energy Electricity in voltaic cell is produced when

chemical reaction take place inside the cell that cause the flow of electron

VOLTAIC CELL

is nothing more than just two different metals being immersed into an electrolyte and connected by wire

DANIELL CELL Zinc and cooper are

used as electrodes. Each electrode.The electrolyte. The eletrolytes are connected by asalt bridge or a porous pot.

A cell with two different metals being immersed into an electrolyte and connected by wire

PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY FROM A SIMPLE VOLTAIC CELL


voltmeter
V

Magnesiumr ribbon magnesium atom

Electron flow

Electron flow

Magnesium ribbon

Hydrogen molecule, H2

Copper plate hydrogen molecule


Sodium chloride,NaCl solution

Magnesium atom release electrons at the negative terminal. Mg 2 + released into sodium chloride, NaCl solution. Electrons flows though the external circuit towards the copper plate. The magnesium ribbon acts as the negative terminal.

Mg(s)

Mg 2+ (aq) + 2e-

The cooper plate acts as the positive terminal. Electrons are accepted by H+ ions at the positive terminal.

2H+(aq) + 2e-

H2(g)

The flow of electrons from the magnesium ribbon to the cooper plate results in the flow of electrical current

K Na Ca Mg Al Zn Fe Sn Pb Cu Ag

Ease of releasing electrons increase

M E T A L

Both cell have;


electrolyte of anode and cathode Electron flow from anode to cathode in the

external circuit
The current flows flow from the cathode to

anode in the external circuit


Anions move towards the anode and cations

move towards the cathode in electrolyte

ELECTROLYTIC CELL Convert electrical energy to chemical energy Chemical reaction takes place when electricity passed through the electrolyte Cathode : ve terminal Anode : +ve terminal Electron flow from +ve terminal to ve terminal Donation of electron in +ve terminal and acceptance of electron in ve terminal

VOLTAIC CELL Convert chemical energy to

electrical energy

Chemical reaction cause a

flow of electron and produce electricity


Cathode : +ve terminal Anode : -ve terminal

Electron flow from -ve terminal to +ve terminal

Donation of electron in -ve

terminal and acceptance of electron in +ve terminal