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Newtons Laws of Motion

Are you savvy on the laws of motion? Play this jeopardy game and find out.

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Which of Newtons Laws explains why Henrys football will stay on the ground until he kicks it.
A. Newtons First Law

B. Newtons Second Law


C. Newtons Third Law

According to Newtons First Law, objects at rest, like the football, will remain at rest until an unbalanced force is applied, the kick.

Newtons Second Law is about how force, mass, and acceleration are related. The Second Law would apply if the question asked you to calculate how much force Henry would need to apply to kick the football 30 yards for example.

The Third Law addresses action reaction pairs. Henry applies a force to the football and the football applies a force back on Henrys foot. However, this does not explain why the ball stayed at rest.

Superman is said to leap tall buildings in a single bound. Which of Newtons Laws explains why he would have to use more force if he gained weight?
A. Newtons First Law B. Newtons Second Law

C. Newtons Third Law

Newtons First Law explains that Superman will stay on the ground until he applies a force to propel himself upward. However, this law does not explain why more force is needed.

Newtons Third Law explains that when Superman pushes down on the ground, the ground pushes back on him, allowing him to fly to the top of the tall building, but does not explain why more force would be needed.

According to Newtons Second Law, the more mass Superman has, the more force that it will take to accelerate him upward.

The cardinals are competing against the panthers in a game of volleyball on the moon. A cardinal player hits the ball with great force sending it over the net. Which of Newtons Laws explains why the ball will continue moving until a panther player hits it?
A. Newtons First Law B. Newtons Second Law

C. Newtons Third Law

According to Newtons First Law, objects in motion, the volleyball, will remain in motion, at the same speed and in the same direction, until acted upon by an unbalanced force, the panther player.

Newtons Third Law explains that when the cardinal player applies a force to the volleyball, the volleyball also applies a force back on the player. This does not explain why the volleyball would keep moving.

Newtons Second law would explain why applying a larger force to the volleyball would cause it to accelerate a greater distance, but does not explain why the volleyball would keep moving.

Which of Newtons Laws explains why firefighters must apply a force to the fire hose to prevent it from flying backward when the water comes out?
A. Newtons First Law B. Newtons Second Law

C. Newtons Third Law

According to Newtons Third Law, the action of the water shooting forward out of the hose would cause the reaction of the hose moving backward. Therefore, the firefighters must apply a force to hold the hose in place.

Newtons First Law explains that before the firefighters turn on the water, the hose is at rest and will remain at rest until a force is applied to it. However, this does not explain why the hose would move backward.

Newtons Second Law would explain how increasing the force of the water shooting forward would increase the acceleration of the hose backward, but does not explain why the hose would move backward.