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December, 2011

1. Introduction 2. Objectives and Scope of Works 3. Code and Standard 4. Methodology 5. Data 6. Calculation of Static Load 7. Finite Element Model 8. Stress Analysis Result 9. Remaining life 10. Conclusion and Recommendation

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

The Pertamina Hulu Energi (PHE) ONWJ production sharing contracts in the Java Sea cover 8,300 square kilometers, from north of Cirebon in the east to Pulau Seribu in the west.

PHE ONWJ will assess the structural of Arco Ardjuna Hull based on actual condition.
The condition influenced by problems of aging hull structural such as general corrosion and local pitting, thinner material leads to higher stress and lower buckling capacity and fatigue damage accumulation, cracks and crack growth.

Hull Structural Assessment

Arco Ardjuna Hull structural assessment for evaluation of FSO hull strength is needs to be done to provide the necessary structural integrity throughout its service life.

For this purpose, the environmental condition is defined with a specific combination of wind, waves and current.
This environmental load combined to the operational and deformation load used as load input to the analysis.

Hull Structural Assessment

Data collection and preliminary study Site visit Calculation of environmental, operational and deformation load Perform stress analysis for hull structural using finite element method with static, dynamic and impact loading Strength/structural integrity evaluation Calculation of hull structural life time with consideration of:

Corrosion
Fatigue Stability due to cargo transfer operation Stability due to buckling or collapse Mechanical damage

Generate conclusion and recommendation

Hull Structural Assessment

The objective of this assessment is to obtain safety factor from stress analysis result and life time for the hull structure based on actual condition.

Preliminary Study

Site Visit

Data Collection

Stress Analysis

Structural Integrity Evaluation

Remaining Life

Presentation

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Floating Storage and Offloading Barge (FSO) ARCO Ardjuna Name Description Classification society Class notation LOA (Length Overall) LBP (Length Between Perpendicular) Molded Breadth Molded Depth Max. Draft (design) Min. Draft (Light Load) Dead weight Gross tonnage Net tonnage ARCO Ardjuna Floating Storage and Offloading Barge (FSO) American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) A1, Oil Tank Barge, Storage Service 142.6 m

142.6 m
48.2 m 26.5 m 24.0 m 6m 137,673 tonnes 54,236 tonnes 53,653 tonnes

Light ship weight


Light draft Summer draft Free board

15,529 tonnes
2.52 m 19.68 m 6.87 m

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

1.

Static Hull Girder Loads


a.

b.

Hull girder still water bending moment Hull girder still water shear force Static sea pressure Static tank pressure Static deck load

2.

Local Static Loads


a. b. c.

Sagging

Hogging

Hull Structural Assessment

Data Wave coefficient

Symbol Cwv

Value 8.775

Unit

Block coefficient
SAGGING at amidship at any longitudinal position Still-water Bending Moment at 0.4L amidship Still-water Bending Moment at 0.1L from A.P. or F.P. Still-water Bending Moment at A.P. or F.P. HOGGING at amidship at any longitudinal position Still-water Bending Moment at 0.4L amidship Still-water Bending Moment at 0.1L from A.P. or F.P. Still-water Bending Moment at A.P. or F.P.

Cb
Msw Msw Msw Msw

0.6
-579747.4 -579747.4 -86962.1 0.0 kNm kNm kNm kNm

Msw
Msw Msw

931483.5
931483.5 139722.5

kNm
kNm kNm

Msw

0.0

kNm

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Still-water Shear Force

Symbol SWSFp (at 0L) SWSFp (at 0.2L-0.3L) SWSFp (at 0.4L-0.6L) SWSF (at 0.7L-0.85L)

Value #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Unit

Considering the Side Shell Plating

SWSFp (at L)
SWSFn (at 0L) SWSFn (at 0.2L-0.3L) SWSFn (at 0.4L-0.6L) SWSn (at 0.7L-0.85L) SWSFn (at L) SWSFp (at 0L)

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

kN

SWSFp (at 0.2L-0.3L)


SWSFp (at 0.4L-0.6L) SWSF (at 0.7L-0.85L) Considering Various Longitudinal Bulkhead Plating SWSFp (at L) SWSFn (at 0L)

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! kN

SWSFn (at 0.2L-0.3L)


SWSFn (at 0.4L-0.6L) SWSn (at 0.7L-0.85L) SWSFn (at L)

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Hull Structural Assessment

Local Static Loads Static sea pressure


Static tank pressure Static deck

Symbol Phys
Pin-tk Pdeck

Value

Unit kN/m2
kN/m2

16

kN/m2

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Modeling: Geometry, Material, Property

Input Parameter: Constrain and Loads

Finite Element Analysis

The FEM software that used for calculate and analyze the maximum stress is performed by MSC Nastran.

Convergent Result

No

Yes

Output: Stress Contour and Deformation

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Bottom Stiffener

Bottom Stiffener

Hull Structural Assessment

Amidship and Bracket

Amidship Stiffener

Hull Structural Assessment

OT Stiffener Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Swash Stiffener Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Stability due to cargo transfer operation Fatigue

Stability due to buckling or collapse

Corrosion

Remaining Life

Mechanical damage

Hull Structural Assessment

Remaining Life

Re maining Life
Where:

t actual t m in corrosion rate

tactual = the thickness, in mm, recorded at the time of inspection for a given location or component tmin = minimum allowable thickness, in mm, for a given location or component

Corrosion Rate

Corrosion Rate

t previous tactual years between t previous and tactual

Where: tprevious = the thickness, in inches (millimeters), recorded at the same location as t actual measured during a previous inspection.

Hull Structural Assessment

Original Max. Alwb Min allowable Thickness Dim thickness [mm] [%] (mm) Main Deck 25 30 17.5 Bottom Plating - CT1 21 20 16.8 Bottom Plating - WT1 21 20 16.8 Bottom Plating - CT2 21 20 16.8 Bottom Plating - WT2 21 20 16.8 Bottom Plating - CT3 21 20 16.8 Bottom Plating - WT3 21 20 16.8 17 25 12.75 Side Shell 18 25 13.5

Min actual thickness (mm) 14.7 21.9 21.5 21.6 21.8 21.7 21.5 22.4 22

Max corrosion rate (mm/year) 0.278 0.278 0.278 0.278 0.278 0.278 0.278 0.278 0.278

Remaining Life (Years) -10 18 17 17 18 18 17 35 31

Hull Structural Assessment

Based

on Palmgren-Miner cumulative damage rule. The fatigue capability is not acceptable if DM > 1
=

=
=1

ni : Number of cycles of stress range Si Ni : Number of cycles to failure at stress range Si ntot : Total number of stress range blocks

The

fatigue assessment is to be applied to welded connections where the steel has a minimum yield strength of less than 400N/mm2.

Hull Structural Assessment

Materials Data

Load

Stress Range

= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 /2

Selection of the Design SN Curve

= 2

Calculation of Cummulative Damage

=
=1

Hull Structural Assessment

Static

load Wave induced loads Impact loads Cyclic loads Transient loads Residual stress Hull girder loads Dynamic wave pressures Dynamic tank pressure loads resulting from ship motion

Hull Structural Assessment

= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 /2
fSN

1,06; factor to account for joint in combined protected & unprotected environment f1, f2, f3, and f4 stress combination factor Sv Stress range due to vertical bending moment, N/mm2 Sh Stress range due to horizontal bending moment, N/mm2 Se Stress range due to external wave or internal tank pressure, N/mm2 Si Stress range due to external wave or internal tank pressure, N/mm2

Hull Structural Assessment

= 2

Stress range cumulative N predicted number of cycles to failure under stress range m constant depending on material and weld type, type of loading, geometrical configuration and environmental conditions (air or sea water) K2 constant depending on material and weld type, type of loading, geometrical configuration and environmental conditions (air or sea water)

Hull Structural Assessment

=
=1

DMi

Cumulative fatigue damage ratio for

the applicable loading condition i = 1 for full load condition = 2 for normal ballast condition

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment

Hull Structural Assessment