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Audio compression is a form of data compression designed to reduce the transmission bandwidth requirement of digital audio streams and the storage size of audio files. Audio compression is a method of reducing the dynamic range of a signal.

Example: A CD player lines up 44100 pieces of data per second in order to produce audio sound. If we reduce the number of pieces by half inorder to reduce the data size, the sound quality would be affected.

In this graph, the 45o represents equal input and output levels, ie no compression (1:1) ratio .

Removal of redundant or otherwise irrelevant information from audio signal. Streaming Efficient Storage Interactive Multimedia Applications Efficient Transmission Bandwidth

Reduced bandwidth Make decoded signal sound as close as possible to original signal Lowest Implementation Complexity Robust Scalable

Lossless Audio Compression Removes redundant data Resulting signal is same as original perfect reconstruction Lossy Audio Compression Removes irrelevant data Resulting signal is similar to original

Lossless audio compression produces a representation of digital data that can be expanded to an exact digital duplicate of the original audio stream.

Retains quality of original audio stream. No quality loss as compared to original stream Lossless compression schemes are reversible so that the original data can be reconstructed

Lossless audio codecs have no quality issues, so the usability can be estimated by: Speed of compression and decompression Degree of compression Robustness and error correction Product support

The primary application areas of lossless encoding are: Archieves Editing High fidelity playback Mastering of casual-use audio media

Difficult to maintain all the data in an audio stream and achieve substantial compression. Audio samples change very quickly.

Lossy compression is a data compression method which discards (loses) some of the data, in order to yield content that is different from the original, though similar enough to be useful in some way.

Usability of lossy audio codecs is determined by: Perceived audio quality Compression factor Speed of compression and decompression Inherent latency of algorithm (critical for real-time streaming applications) Product support

Streaming Media Internet Telephony Interactive Applications Digital Television End Users(MP3)

Does not retain the quality of original audio stream Quality loss as compared to original stream Lossy compression schemes are irreversible, that is the original data cannot be reconstructed

Voc File Compression Linear Predictive Coding Mu-law compression MPEG

The simplest compression techniques simply removed any silence from the entire sample.This method analyzes the whole sample and then codes the silence into the sample using byte codes.

One of the most powerful speech analysis techniques. One of the most useful methods for encoding good quality speech at a low bit rate. Provides extremely accurate estimates of speech parameters,and is relatively efficient for computation.

This method is fast and compresses data into half the size of the original sample. Logarithmic compression is a good method because it matches the way the human ear works.

Physically Lossy compression algorithm Perceptually lossless, transparent algorithm Exploits perceptual properties of human ear Psychoacoustic modeling

FLAC :Free Lossless Audio Codec Ogg Vorbis WavPack Monkeys Audio

Audio Compression can compress an audio file without losing the sound/audio quality. Reduces the bandwidth requirement downloading and storing. Reduces the storage space Reduces the cost

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_compression_(data) www.books.google.co.in www.musik.ringofsaturn.com/compress.php