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IF Clause Type 1 Form if + Simple Present, will-Future Example: If I find her address, I will send her an invitation.

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma. Example: I will send her an invitation if I find her address. Note: Main clause and / or if clause might be negative. See Simple Present und will-Future on how to form negative sentences. Example: If I dont see him this afternoon, I will phone him in the evening.

Use Conditional Sentences Type I refer to the future. An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic so we think it is likely to happen. Example: If I find her address, Ill send her an invitation. I want to send an invitation to a friend. I just have to find her address. I am quite sure, however, that I will find it. Example: If John has the money, he will buy a Ferrari. I know John very well and I know that he earns a lot of money and that he loves Ferraris. So I think it is very likely that sooner or later he will have the money to buy a Ferrari.

Exercises on Conditional Sentences Type 1

Some friends are planning a party. Everybody wants to party, but nobody's really keen on preparing and organizing the party. So everybody comes up with a few conditions, just to make sure that the others will also do something. Complete the Conditional Sentences Type I.

. If Caroline and Sue(prepare) the salad, Phil(decorate) the house. 2. If Sue(cut) the onions for the salad, Caroline(peel) the mushrooms. 3. Jane(hoover) the sitting room if Aaron and Tim(move) the furniture. 4. If Bob(tidy) up the kitchen, Anita(clean) the toilet. 5. Elaine(buy) the drinks if somebody(help) her carry the bottles. 6. If Alan and Rebecca(organise) the food, Mary and Connor(make)the sandwiches. 7. If Bob(look)after the barbecue, Sue(let) the guests in. 8. Frank(play) the DJ if the others(bring) along their CDs. 9. Alan(mix) the drinks if Jane(give) him some of her cocktail recipes. 10. If they all(do) their best, the party(is) great.
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Exercises on Conditional Sentences Type 1 Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type I) by putting the verbs into the correct form. If you (send) this letter now, she (receive) it tomorrow. If I (do) this test, I (improve) my English. If I (find) your ring, I (give) it back to you. Peggy (go) shopping if she (have) time in the afternoon. Simon (go) to London next week if he (get) a cheap flight. If her boyfriend (phone / not) today, she (leave) him. If they (study / not) harder, they (pass / not) the exam. If it (rain) tomorrow, I (have to / not) water the plants. You (be able/ not) to sleep if you (watch) this scary film. Susan (can / move / not) into the new house if it (be / not) ready on time.

IF Clause Type 2 Form if + Simple Past, main clause with Conditional I (= would + Infinitive) Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation. The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma. Example: I would send her an invitation if I found her address. Note: Main clause and / or if clause might be negative. See Simple Past und Conditional I on how to form negative sentences. Example: If I had a lot of money, I wouldnt stay here.

Were instead of Was In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use were even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it . Example: If I were you, I would not do this. Use Conditional Sentences Type II refer to situations in the present. An action could happen if the present situation were different. I don't really expect the situation to change, however. I just imagine what would happen if Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation. I would like to send an invitation to a friend. I have looked everywhere for her address, but I cannot find it. So now I think it is rather unlikely that I will eventually find her address. Example: If John had the money, he would buy a Ferrari. I know John very well and I know that he doesn't have much money, but he loves Ferraris. He would like to own a Ferrari (in his dreams). But I think it is very unlikely that he will have the money to buy one in the near future.

Exercise on Conditional Sentences Type 2 Janine is a daydreamer. She imagines what would happen if she won the lottery. Complete the Conditional Sentences Type II. 1. If I (play)the lottery, I (have)a chance to hit the jackpot. 2. If I(hit) the jackpot, I(be) rich. 3. If I(be) rich, my life(change) completely. 4. I (buy) a lonely island, if I(find)a nice one. 5. If I(own) a lonely island, I (build)a huge house by the beach. 6. I (invite)all my friends if I(have) a house by the beach. 7. I (pick)my friends up in my yacht if they(want) to spend their holidays on my island. 8. We(have) great parties if my friends(come) to my island. 9. If we(like) to go shopping in a big city, we(charter) a helicopter. 10. But if my friends' holidays(be) over, I(feel) very lonely on my lonely island.

Exercise on Conditional Sentences Type 2 Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type II) by putting the verbs into the correct form. Use conditional I with would in the main clause. If we (have) a yacht, we (sail) the seven seas. If he (have) more time, he (learn) karate. If they (tell) their father, he (be) very angry. She (spend) a year in the USA if it (be) easier to get a green card. If I (live) on a lonely island, I (run) around naked all day. We (help) you if we (know) how. My brother (buy) a sports car if he (have) the money. If I (feel) better, I (go) to the cinema with you. If you (go) by bike more often, you (be / not) so flabby. She (not / talk) to you if she (be) mad at you.

IF Clause Type 3 Form If + Past Perfect, main clause with Conditional II Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation. The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma. Example: I would have sent her an invitation if I had found her address. Note: Main clause and / or if clause might be negative. See Past Perfect and Conditional II on how to form negative sentences. Example: If I hadnt studied, I wouldnt have passed my exams.

Use Conditional Sentences Type III refer to situations in the past. An action could have happened in the past if a certain condition had been fulfilled. Things were different then, however. We just imagine, what would have happened if the situation had been fulfilled. Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation. Sometime in the past, I wanted to send an invitation to a friend. I didn't find her address, however. So in the end I didn't send her an invitation. Example: If John had had the money, he would have bought a Ferrari. I knew John very well and I know that he never had much money, but he loved Ferraris. He would have loved to own a Ferrari, but he never had the money to buy one.

Exercise on Conditional Sentences Type 3 What a match your favorite team has lost again! So after the game, the supporters discuss what could have been different. Complete the Conditional Sentences Type III. 1. If the midfielders(pass) the ball more exactly, our team(have) more chances to attack. 2. If the forwards(run) faster, they(score) more goals. 3. Their motivation(improve) if they(kicked) a goal during the first half. 4. The fullbacks(prevent) one or the other goal if they(mark) their opponents. 5. If the goalie(jump) up, he(catch) the ball. 6. If the referee(see) the foul, he(award) a penalty kick to our team. 7. Our team(be) in better form if they(train) harder the weeks before. 8. The game(become) better if the trainer(send) a substitute in during the second half. 9. If it (be) a home game, our team(win) the match. 10. If our team(win) the match, they(move) up in the league.

Exercise on Conditional Sentences Type 3 Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type III) by putting the verbs into the correct form. Use conditional II with would in the main clause. 1. If you (study) for the test, you (pass) it. 2. If you (ask) me, I (help) you. 3. If we (go) to the cinema, we (see) my friend Jacob. 4. If you (speak) English, she (understand) . 5. If they (listen) to me, we (be) home earlier. 6. I (write) you a postcard if I (have) your address. 7. If I (not / break) my leg, I (take part) in the contest. 8. If it (not/ start) to rain, we (walk) to the museum. 9. We (swim) in the sea if there (not / be) so many sharks there. 10. If she (take) the bus, she (not / arrive) on time.