Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

LOSSES DURING STARTUP

POWER WATER

FUEL DAMAGE

POWER

WATER

DAMAGE

FUEL

TURBINE STARTUP
Startup is a phase of the turbine operation where all the operating conditions are subject to change and monitoring these transient conditions by instrumentation and operator are needed ATRS are start up schematics made to start the unit from control room by operation and monitoring Some tests are to be preformed during turbine start up and some instructions are to be followed.

IMPORTANCE OF TEMPERATURE ON TURBINE ELEMENTS


When the turbine rotor is getting heated up as in cold start the surface of the rotor is getting heated ,but the core is cold. It tries to resist heating by developing compressive stress at the surface. The compressive stress reaches a maximum which should be less than yield stress of the material. So the rotor surface has to be slowly heated. Similarly in case of cooling of the rotor the surface is getting cooled but the inner core is hot and resists it by developing tensile stress at the surface..

What are startup curves


These are curves drawn for turbine They give safe rolling criteria from steam at any condition. Steam pressure and temperature for rolling. Following these curves the turbine can be safely rolled without crossing the yield stress of the turbine material. ATRS x-y curves are built up on the above curves

Different starts for KWU turbine


Rolling parameters in KWU M/C Cold start
MS PR=50KSC MS TEMP=350C HRH PR = 9-10KSC HRH TEMP= 350C

Warm start
MS PR=90KSC MS TEMP=440C HRH PR = 12KSC HRH TEMP= 415C

Hot start
MS PR= 90KSC MS TEMP=480C HRH PR = 12KSC HRH TEMP= 470C

ROLLING PHILOSOPHY
500MW KW UNITS Preheating of turbine casings is done with main steam. warm up lines heat the stop valve body. Turbine rolling is through HPT After synchronization IPT is loaded up to 100MW until it is opened full. After wards the load increases by opening HPCV and holding/raising the MS pressure

ROLLING PHILOSOPHY
500MW KW UNITS Barring gear speed is 80-100 rpm In cold start soaking at 360 rpm is done until the TSE curves are satisfied. In warm start soaking at 360 rpm is done until the TSE curves are satisfied. In hot start if the machine permits the machine may roll by itself to 3000rpm