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Feasibility Study for the Kosovo B (KS) Kashar (AL) 400 kV Transmission Interconnection Project

ENERGY SECTOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROJECT KOSOVO ESTAP II/1


WORLD BANK Grant No. H048

Overall Objective of Kosovo Albania 400 kV Interconnection Line


Impact of a strong interconnection between two complementary Kosovo (thermal) and Albanian (predominantly hydro) systems:
Allow for realizing an optimal short-term and medium-term generation

dispatch optimization of the hydrologic and thermal resources;


Improve reliability of electricity supply as a result of increase of generator availability, decrease of the power risk to cover the peak for the Kosovo and of the water or energy risk for Albania.

Reduce the investments in installed generating capacity in both


systems. Increase exchanges and transactions of electricity on the Region contributing to the development of the SEEREM Realize important cost saving in operation through joint and coordinating operations of both power systems

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternatives of Kosovo Albania 400 kV Interconnection Line

Objective of the Study


To perform technical and economic comparison of all proposed interconnection variants and sub-variants To make recommendations regarding the selection of the preferred variant of 400 kV interconnection line.

The selected variant will be analyzed in detail during the second phase of the study

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Methodology for the first phase of the project


Least cost Generation Plan KOSOVO Export-oriented Generation IPP KOSOVO Transmission System Master Plan KOSOVO

Forecasted Demands KOSOVO

Definition of Scenarios of power transfers between KOSOVO - ALBANIA

Scenarios of Regional transits North -South KOSOVO Scenarios of Regional transits East - West KOSOVO Transmission System Master Plan ALBANIA

Forecasted Demands ALBANIA

Least cost Generation Plan ALBANIA

First phase (3 months) Network studies (L-f, Loadability, TTC and ATC, etc.) for technical and economical comparison of interconnection Alternatives. Selection of variant of new 400 kV line between KOSOVO - ALBANIA

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Review of Electricity Demand and Supply Development

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Development of Electrical Energy Demand Kosovo 2000 2020

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Development of Peak System Load Kosovo 2000 - 2020

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Development of Electricity Generation in Kosovo


Analysed Scenarios
Scenario I: LC generation plan from ESTAP I- MGS; Scenario II: New TPP Kosovo B3 (2012) and B4 (2013); Scenario III: Rehabilitation of Kosovo A5 (2007), A4 (2008) and A3 (2009) and new TPP Kosovo B3 (2012) and B4 (2013); Scenario IV: Rehabilitation of Kosovo A5 (2007), A4 (2008) and A3 (2009) and new TPP Kosovo B3 (2012), B4(2013), B5 (2016) and B6 (2017). Scenario V: New TPP Kosovo B35 (2012) and B45 (2013); Scenario VI: Rehabilitation of Kosovo A5 (2007), A4 (2008) and A3 (2009) and new TPP Kosovo B35 (2012) and B45 (2013); Scenario VII: Rehabilitation of Kosovo A5 (2007), A4 (2008) and A3 (2009) and new TPP Kosovo B35 (2012), B45 (2013) and B55 (2016)

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Development of Electricity Generation in Kosovo

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Electrical Energy Balance Scenario II New TPP 2x340 (no Kosovo A rehabilitation)

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Electrical Energy Balance Scenario III New TPP 2x340 and Kosovo A rehabilitation

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Electrical Energy Balance Scenario Scenario VII New TPP 3x500 and Kosovo A rehabilitation

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

ENERGY & PEAK LOAD FORECAST Albania 2002-2015

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Development of the generation Albania 2003-2015

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Daily Peak Load of Kosovo & Albanian Power Systems

Year 2003

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Review of studies on the SEE Region related to the Project

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Studies on the SEE Region related to the Project


Energy Sector Technical Assistance Project ESTAP, WB study 2002
Albania Energy Sector Study, World Bank Project 2003 Pre-feasibility study report Interconnection line 400 kV between Kosovo and Albania 2001 Regional Study on Electricity Supply and Demand in South-East Europe (2002-2012), Decon 2003 Feasibility Study of 400 kV Transmission line Elbasan Tirana Podgorica, Fichtner, 2001 (Updated 2003) Review of Electricity Supply and demand in SEE. EKC Belgrade, 2004 Electricity Supply for Kosovo - Medium to Long Term Strategy, 2001 Kosovo Electric Power System Development Strategy, Energy Strategy and Policy Committee, 2002

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Energy and Peak Load on SEE


Montenegro

Montenegro
950 900

5,500

5,000

GWh

850

MW

4,500

800 750

4,000 2000
Montenegro GWh

2005

2010 Year

2015

2020

700 2000

2005

2010 Year Montenegro MW

2015

2020

Montenegro GWh

Expon. (Montenegro GWh)

Montenegro MW

Expon. (Montenegro MW)

Macedonia
Macedonia

11,000 10,000

2,500 2,000
MW

GWh

9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 2000


Macedonia GWh

1,500 1,000 500 0 2000

2005

2010 Year

2015
Expon. (Macedonia GWh)

2020

2005

2010 Year
Macedonia MW

2015

2020

Macedonia GWh

Macedonia MW

Expon. (Macedonia MW)

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Energy and Peak Load on SEE


Bosnia 16,000 15,000 14,000
2,500 2,400 2,300

Bosnia

GWh

MW

13,000 12,000 11,000 10,000 2000


Bos&Herz GWh

2,200 2,100 2,000 1,900 2000

2005

2010 Year

2015

2020

2005

2010 Year
Bos&Herz MW

2015

2020

Bos&Herz GWh

Expon. (Bos&Herz GWh)

Bos&Herz MW

Expon. (Bos&Herz MW)

Serbia
37,000 36,000 35,000 34,000 33,000 32,000 31,000 30,000 29,000 28,000 2000

Serbia
6,000 5,900 5,800 5,700 5,600 5,500 5,400 5,300 5,200 5,100 5,000 2000

GWh

2005

2010

2015

2020

Year Serbia GWh Expon. (Serbia GWh) Serbia GWh Expon. (Serbia GWh)

MW

2005

2010 Year

2015

2020

Serbia MW

Serbia MW

Expon. (Serbia MW)

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

SEE Transmission Network

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Capability of Interconnection Transmission Lines


1000 MW 510 MW 1000MW

510 MW

1000 MW 510 MW

250 MW 250 MW 125 MW 125 MW

644 MW 510 MW

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Natural Power flow circulation on SEE Interconnection Lines Year 2010

220 MW

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

PRESENT SITUATION Energy Transits 2000-2004

2,966 GWh

1,848 GWh

880 GWh
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

PRESENT SITUATION Power Transits 2000-2004


823 MW

729 MW

525 MW
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Review of the exchanges in the period 2000-2003


Main exporters: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria and Romania Other countries: net importers WB study: 4.5 GW capacity required to meet incremental demand to 2010 plus rehabilitation of same order
MW

Winter balance year 2000 - 2003


800 600 400 200 0 Alb -200 -400 -600 -800 Power System Kos Mon Bos Ser Mac Gre Bul Rom 2000 2001 2002 2003 Aver

Summer balance year 2000 - 2003


800

Capacity deficit in Macedonia, Montenegro


Summer peak in Greece Need for new interconnections
MW

600

400 2000 200 2001 2002 0 Alb -200 Kos Mon Bos Ser Mac Gre Bul Rom 2003 Aver

-400

-600 Power System

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V1: The 400 kV interconnection line Kosovo B (KS) Kashar (Tirana)
K OS OVO B

Section Kosovo B Albanian border: Single circuit 400 kV line

7 8 km

Length 78 km;
Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle

215 km

137 k m

Section Albanian border - Kashar: Single circuit 400 kV line

TIRA NE

Length 137 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V21: The 400 kV interconnection line Peje Vau Dejes - Kashar (Tirana)
Section Peja Albanian border: Single circuit 400 kV line

Length 30 km;
Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle Section Albanian border Vau Dejes: Single circuit 400 kV line Length 85 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle Section Vau Dejes Kashar: Double circuit 400 kV line Length 78 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V22: The 400 kV interconnection line Kosovo B Vau Dejes - Kashar (Tirana)
Section Kosovo B Albanian border: Single circuit 400 kV line

Length 75 km;
Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle Section Albanian border Vau Dejes: Single circuit 400 kV line Length 85 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle Section Vau Dejes Kashar: Double circuit 400 kV line Length 78 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V23: The 400 kV interconnection line Kosovo B (Prizren) Vau Dejes - Kashar (Tirana)
Section Kosovo B Albanian border: Single circuit 400 kV line

Length 96 km;
Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle Section Albanian border Vau Dejes: Single circuit 400 kV line Length 85 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR horizontal bundle Section Vau Dejes Kashar: Double circuit 400 kV line Length 78 km; Conductors: 2 x 490/65 mm2 ACSR
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Scenarios of Power Exchanges


Inter-regional, North South and East West power exchanges scenarios have been developed based on investigation of the future generation development of power systems in SEE Region and possible future market expectations Two main Scenarios: Scenario A: Only natural power-flow circulation. Scenario B: For each target year a Table of bilateral transactions as 24 h base load: Expected total power transits in 2005 of about 750 MW; Expected total power transits in 2010 of about 1000 MW; Expected total power transits in 2015 of about 1500 MW; Expected total power transits in 2020 of about 3000 MW.

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Transmission Network Model


The northwestern UCTE, CENTREL are represented by an equivalent multipole. The main 400 kV and 220 (150/110) kV transmission systems of following countries are considered: Slovenian power system Croatian power system Bosnian power system Serbia power system; Montenegro power system Romanian power system

Bulgarian power system


Greek power system Macedonian power system.
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Interconnection Lines on SEE Region

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Computer model of 400 kV Transmission Network

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Load Model for Multiple Load-Flow Analysis


The shapes of 52 normalized weakly load curves are analyzed and four clusters are individuated Weekly Load Duration Curves (WLDC) For each WLDC 30 time intervals with variable length are defined for a approximation
2,400 2,300 2,200 2,100 2,000 1,900 1,800 1,700 1,600 1,500 1,400 1,300 1,200 1,100 1,000 900 800 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 33 37 41 45 49 53 57 61 65 69 73 77 81 85 89 93 97 101 105 109 113 117 121 125 129 133 137 141 145 149 153 157 161 165

Cluster 2 Cluster 2 Approximation

Approximation of Weekly Load Duration Curve (Year 2010 Cluster 2)


2400

2200

2000

1800

1600

1400

1200

1000

800 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Definition of Hydro-Thermal Generation Dispatch


Ad-hoc Optimal Dispatch program was set up for Albanian and Kosovo to calculate scheduled energy production Technical and security inequality constraints are : Balance of active power; Constraints on active generation of units; Constraints on thermo-power production; Constraints on hydro-power production;

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Evaluation of the Loadability of the new interconnection line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Hourly Power Exchanges between Kosovo-Albania Year 2005


450 MW

520 MW
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Loadability of Interconnection Lines Year 2005

Generation dispatch of thermo-hydro resources is not possible due to network congestions on the region and on interconnection lines of Albania Power and energy transaction of the third countries in the region have a strong impact on the available transfer capabilities between two power systems.
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2010 Energy Balance in Kosovo & Albania

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Power Exchanges among SEE Countries Winter 2010

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Hourly Power Exchanges between Kosovo-Albania Year 2010


530 MW

690 MW
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Analyzed Variants of new 400 kV tie-line


Variant 1: 400 kV line Kosovo B Kashar (route Prishtina Prizren Burrel Tirana) Variant V2: 400 kV interconnection line Tirana -- Vau DejesKosovo: Sub-variant V21: Peja III Kashar (route Peja - Deani - Fierze Vau Dejes - Tirana) Sub-variant V22: Kosovo B Kashar (route Kosovo B -Morini Fierze - Vau Dejes - Tirana)

Sub-variant V23: Kosovo B Kashar (route Kosovo B PrizrenMorini - Fierze - V Deja - Tirana)
Variant V3: The line Skopje (FYROM) - Elbasan (AL) Variant V4: No new interconnection line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V1 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V21 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V22 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V23 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V3 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V4 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

Line Overload

Estimated Curtailed Annual Energy not delivered from Kosovo to Albania is 197 GWh due to line overloads

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2010 Comparison of Variants

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2015 Energy Balance in Kosovo & Albania

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Power Exchanges among SEE Countries Summer 2015

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Hourly Power Exchanges between Kosovo-Albania Year 2015


820 MW

470 MW

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant 1 Energy Transits on Interconnection Lines

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V1 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant 21 Energy Transits on Interconnection Lines

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V21 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V22 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V23 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant 3 Energy Transits on Interconnection Lines

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V3 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

Line fully loaded Pmax = 718 MW New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V4 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

Line fully loaded

Estimated Curtailed Annual Energy not delivered from Kosovo to Albania is 1,147 GWh

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2015 Comparison of Variants

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2015 Comparison of Variants

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2020 Energy Balance in Kosovo & Albania

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Power Exchanges among SEE Countries Winter 2020

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Hourly Power Exchanges between Kosovo-Albania Year 2020


930 MW

700 MW
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V1 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V21 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V22 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V23 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V3 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers

New Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Variant V4 Estimated Annual Energy Transfers


Estimated Curtailed Annual Energy not delivered from Kosovo to Albania is 1,716 GWh

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2020 Comparison of Variants

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Period 2010-2020 Comparison of Variants New Line Loadability

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Period 2010-2020 Comparison of Variants Role of New Line in Albania

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Period 2010-2020 Comparison of Variants Role of New Line in SEE Region

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Steady State Analysis Variant V1 Year 2010

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Determination of Net Transfer Capability between Kosovo & Albania

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Definition of TTC and ATC


ETSO definition of the transfer capabilities: Total Transfer Capacity (TTC) Net Transfer Capacity (NTC = TTC TRM) Available Transfer Capacity (ATC = NTC AAC) Transmission Reliability Margin (TRM) and Already Allocated Capacity (AAC)

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Methodology of Computing NTC


Problem : How much incremental power transfer from Kosovo to
Albania will the transmission network of the interconnected system supports given a set of base case network conditions and a set of contingencies?

Methodology: Definition of a base case Base Scheduled Transfers Specification of contingencies Determination of network response Finding of the maximum transfer: a LP optimization problem formulation using the Power Transfer Distribution Factors (PTDF) is applied to determine the maximum transfer that satisfies the thermal criteria. Post-processing and determination of TRM
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Methodology of Computing NTC


Definition of a base case. It consists in forecasted condition and planned configuration of the network.
Base Scheduled Transfers

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2010 V4 Power Flow Distribution Factors


15

34 100 33 15

100

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Year 2010 V1 Power Flow Distribution Factors


9

21 100 9 38 21

100

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Total and Net Transfer Capabilities Year 2005 and 2010

Reduction of NTC

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Total and Net Transfer Capabilities Year 2015 and 2020

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Ranking of Variants according to NTC

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Cost Estimation of Interconnection 400 kV Line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Cost Estimation of 400 kV Line


The capital costs of the project comprise:
Cost of equipment and components related with manufacture, transport to site and local transport. For line are included the cost of conductors, shield wires, towers, insulators strings, accessories, etc. For the line bays are included costs of circuit breakers, disconnecting switches, busbars, accessories, etc. Civil works necessary for construction of the line or substation, such as access roads, foundations, buildings and related works. Costs for erection and installation and commissioning. Costs necessary for land acquisition, Right-of-Way (R.O.W) and compensation. Costs related with preparatory works necessary for the line and substation construction and operation.
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Estimated Total Cost of Variants

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Economic evaluation of different Variants

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Criteria and assumption for economic evaluation


The minimum NPV method is applied considering:
The annuity of the investment cost of the new line; Amount of fixed O & M costs of the new added facilities; The annual benefits resulting from its integration in the system. Annual benefits directly attributed to introduction of the new line : Without the new interconnection (Variant V4); With the new interconnection (Variant V1 V3). Benefit on transmission losses Energy Losses Power Losses

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Criteria and assumption for economic evaluation


Benefit on transmission losses Energy Losses Power Losses

Benefit from CB Trade

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

NPV of different Variants of the new 400 kV line

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Technical Economic comparison of all alternatives

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Methodology for Technical-Economic comparison


The following technical performance indicators are considered
Loadability Volume of annual electric Energy Exchanges realized through new line: EE (GWh). Volume of annual electric Energy Wheeling realized through new line: EW (GWh). Volume of annual electric Energy transmitted by new line: annual Load Factor (%) of the line. Transfer Capability NTC index (MW) Energy Losses Annual Reduction of Energy Losses ELR Transmission Network Performance Environmental Impact
Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Ranking of Variants of the new 400 kV line according to EE index

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Ranking of Variants of the new 400 kV line according to EW index

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Ranking of Variants of the new 400 kV line according to LF index

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Ranking of Variants of the new 400 kV line according to NTC index

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Ranking of Variants of the new 400 kV line according to EL Reduction index

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

Conclusions & Recommendation


The final ranking of the variants based on overall evaluation of technical and economic indicators is as follows:
Variant V22 Kosovo B (KS) Kashar (AL); Variant V1 Kosovo B (KS) Kashar (AL); Variant V23 Kosovo B (KS) Kashar (AL); Variant V21 Peja 400 (KS) Kashar (AL); Variant V3 Skopje 400 (FYROM) - Elbasan 400 (AL)

The variant V4, no new line is technically not feasible.


We recommend the Variant V22: a new 400 kV line from Kosovo B(KS) to Kashar (AL) (via Vau Dejes)as the most advantageous Variant. It represents the best combination of technical indicators and economical ones.

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2

V22 Variant

Technical Economic Comparison of Alternative

Pristine, 21-22 February 2005 ESTAP II/1 SC-2