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Submitted by, Mahima Anil IMK Varkala

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
Ethics Environmental ethics Evolution OBJECTIVES Constitutional Provisions --Article 48A & Article 51A Ethical Values for Pollution Control

Ethical Values for Conservation


Ethical & Moral Dimension, Principles CONCLUSION

REFERENCE

Ethics

: Branch of philosophy that deals with Morals: Distinction between right and
wrong

Values: Ultimate worth of actions or things

oEnvironment Ethics :
Study of the ethical basis of environment or discussion of the ethical basis of environmental protection.
ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS IS AN ETHICAL ISSUE

THE EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS


Environment Plants Animals Humankind Race
Nation Tribe Family Self

Future

Ethical Past/ Present

Pre-ethical Past

WHY NEED TO STUDY ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS?


To overcome the following questions. 1. What are the environment damage produce by the present generation? 2. What values must be give up to slow such damage?

ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
1) Pollution:

Air pollution Water pollution Land pollution Noise Pollution

2) Resource depletion: Depletion of Species & Habits

Depletion of Fossil fuels etc..

42nd Amendment Act,1976 include ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION as a constitutional obligation

The state shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment & to safeguard the forests & wildlife of the country

It is our duty to protect and improve the natural environment including, forest, lakes, rivers, wildlife & to have compassion for living creatures
protect and improve implies improvement of the natural environment as well as quality of life

Recent Chipko Movement in India is one of the best examples. - Started by the women in Kherlarilli village in Rajasthan - Stopped the felling of trees(known as Green Khejris) by hugging them when the lumbermen arrived to cut them
Govt. declared the villages of Bishnois in Punjab & Rajasthan as reserved areas & cutting of trees & killing of animals have been declared as offense. Phrase to have compassion for living creatures in Art.51A recognizes that all creatures are made equal & that animal killing should be prohibited by principle of non-violence or of moral code of conduct as killing of animals & birds is a sin of highest order

Indian Parliament passed two statutes: The Wild Life (Protection) Act,1972 The Cruelty Against Animals Act ,1962 --It is in consonance with ethical principal that unarmed enemy & mute birds & animals should not be harmed or attacked. This reminds us the story of Prince Siddhartha who saved swan.

THE ETHICAL VALUES FOR POLLUTION CONTROL

ETHICAL VALUES FOR CONSERVING


DEPLETABLE RESOURCES

Development that meets the needs of the present with comprising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Proper utilisation of resources i.e. the people should maintain Ecological balance. We should adopt voluntary measures to conserve the resources. If we are to preserve enough scarce resources, so that future generation can maintain their quality of life at a satisfactory level. Human have altered the natural system of the earth.

Developing an ethical corporate culture, businesses can create both a competitive advantage and environmental excellence Corporate Environmental Responsibility

Moral Obligation

Environmental Ethics & Moral Principles


We should have profound respect for nature. We must maintain a harmonious relation with other species. Everyone should take responsibility for this impact on nature. Local & indigenous environmental knowledge should be respected. We must plan for the long term.

We should follow the Environmental Ethical

Values for our Welfare of the environment.

We are only the responsible for Environment damage. We should love & respect the human as well as non human beings.

REFERENCES

Callicot J.B. ,1994, Earths Insights: A Multicultural Survey of Ecological Ethics from the Mediterranean Basin to the Australian Outback, University of California Press, Berkeley, C.A. Saxena H.M, 2010, Environmental Management, Rawat Publications