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Presented By:Vishal Verma Prabdeep singh Pooja Gupta Akshay Gupta Atin Choudary

What IS 2G ?
It is a term used in telecommunication sector. It is a

spectrum which support 2G technology. 2G means second-generation wireless telephone technology. 2G spectrum was the revolutionary technology in

their time, it comes with some more benefits:-

1. SMS facility was first started with network. 2. Safe for the use, means security level was high.

History of 2G
2G spectrum technology was first launched in 1991 in Finland only in the GSM mobile phones

but this is not the latest technology that we are using. As 2G was launched in 1991 so many other technologies overcome it with 2.5G, 2.75G technologies but the latest technology in present world is 3G.

What IS 2G Spectrum Scam ?

Acc. To comptroller and auditor general(CAG) o 2G licenses issued to private telecom players at throwaway prices in 2008 o 2G spectrum allocation had caused revenue loss of Rs 1.76 lakh crore o Rules and procedures flouted while issuing licenses

CAG Report on 2G Scam

Here are some of the points made by the CAG Report: 85 firms suppressed facts, gave fictitious papers to DoT DoT kept spectrum pricing issue out of GoM's purview A Raja ignored Prime Minister's, FM's and Law Ministry's advice Spectrum was rare national asset, should have been auctioned 2G spectrum allocated to new players at throwaway prices Undue advantage to Swan Telecom in allocation of spectrum Email ID of Swan Telecom shown as that of a Reliance ADA group official

Who is this Person?

One of the main person behind the Indias

Largest Corporate Fraud.


CHEAP TELECOM LICENSES Entry fee for spectrum licenses in 2008 pegged at 2001 prices. Mobile subscriber base had shot up to 350 million in 2008 from 4 million in 2001. NO PROCEDURES FOLLOWED Rules changed after the game had begun Cut-off date for applications advanced by a week

Licenses issued on a first-come-first-served basis
No proper auction process followed, no bids invited Raja ignored advice of TRAI, Law Ministry, Finance Ministry TRAI had recommended auctioning of spectrum at market


FAVOURITISM, CORPORATES ENCASH PREMIUM Unitech, Swan Telecom got licenses without any prior telecom experience. Swan Telecom given license even though it did not meet eligibility criteria

Swan got license for Rs. 1537 crore, sold 45% stake to

Etisalat for Rs. 4200 crore.

Unitech Wireless got license for Rs. 1661 crore, sold

67.25% stake for Rs. 6200 crore.

P.Chidambaram an accused in the 2G spectrum allocation scam case.

A special CBI court in Patiala House complex will decide on Saturday the plea of Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy seeking to make home minister P.Chidambaram an accused in the 2G spectrum allocation scam case.

Corporate personalities involved

Anil Ambani - Reliance Group (ADAG) Shahid Balwa - DB Realty and DB Etisalat (Swan Telecom) Vinod Goenka - Dynamix Group Venugopal Dhoot - Videocon Group Prashant Ruia - Essar Group All of them have either been question by the CBI or are prospective suspects in the scam.

Media persons and Lobbyists involved

Nira Radia, a former airline entrepreneur turned corporate lobbyist whose conversations with politicians and corporate entities were recorded by the government authorities and leaked creating the Nira Radia tapes controversy.

Barkha Dutt, an NDTV journalist alleged to have lobbied for A.Raja's appointment as minister. Vir Sanghvi, a Hindustan Times editor alleged to have edited articles to reduce blame in the Nira Radia tapes.

Corporations involved
Unitech Group: A real estate company entering the telecom industry with its 2G bid; sold 60% of its company stake at huge profit to Telenor after buying licensing (Including land values properties for towers).

Swan Telecom: It sold 45% of its company stake at huge profit to Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (Etisalat) after buying licensing.
Videocon Telecommunications Limited Reliance Communications Sistema Shyam Mobile (MTS) Sistema Mobile Russia Tata Communications Vodafone Essar Loop Mobile S Tel Dishnet Wireless Allianz Infra

Steps taken by Government after Scam

Government of India take some important steps looking forward in this Scam ?????

Political Response to scam

In response to the various allegations , the Govt of

India has replaced the Telecom minister , A Raja with Kapil Sibal who has taken up this charge in addition to being the Union minister for Human Resources Development.Mr Sibal contends that the "national" losses quoted are a result of erroneous calculations and insists that the actual losses are nil.

Corrupted Administration Of India

If we talk about the Administration of India we all must say it is not a well maintained or a well centralized Administration as comparison to other Asian countries. Poor Administration of India is just because of the poor political leaders of our country. They used to do some unofficial work for the sake of money, this makes Administration of India weaker. This is not the only example which makes Administration of India affected badly there are lots of other factors which makes it worse.