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Prepared By (Group 4) Abdullah Al Zadjali Darwish Al Mabsli Yousuf Al Rahbi Mahir Al Bulushi Yahya

Submitted By Rahbi ID number : :

6885 7351 5882 7158 7717


Yousuf Al 5882

Portfolio 1 (Brainstorming)
Brainstorming is an informal way of generating topics to write about, or point to make about your topic. It can be done at any time during the writing process. The important point about brainstorming is that there should be no pressure to be brilliant. Students should simply open their minds to whatever pops into them. Think of it as a kind of free association. Steps: Gather the participants Write down a brief description of the problem Use the description to get everyone's solution on this Write down all the solutions that come to mind Evaluate the list to determine the best action

Portfolio 2 (Taking Notes)


Note taking is the process of writing down important information from verbal or nonverbal material to remember what is important. Why note taking important? You become an active part of the listening and learning process. You create a history of your course content. You have a written record to view or study later. You reinforce what is communicated verbally.

Portfolio 3 (Paraphrasing)
A paraphrase is more detailed (an explanation of something) of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in new form. Paraphrasing Notes: does not match the source word for word involves putting a passage from a source into your own words

Definition of Summarizing Summarising is using your own words to shorten a piece of text so that it includes only the essential information. Summaries have far fewer words than the original, but they still provide a clear indication of the main points made by the author. Summarizing Notes: does not match the source word for word involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, but including only the main point(s) presents a broad overview, so is usually much shorter than the original text must be attributed to the original source

Portfolio 4 (Report Writing)


The Report Title Purpose of the report Date of presentation Main Body Purpose and Guidelines given by tutor Various stages of research Conclusion Points from introduction to finding Objective and solutions Recommendations Suggestions for future actions and should be measureable and achievable Should follow on logically from conclusion Bibliography References and materials used in your research Details of Authors, books and publication Appendices It can be a questionnaire from your work, complex table and figures It can be references supporting your report

Table of Contents List of the headings Appendices report Glossary Alphabetical list of the abbreviations used in report and presentation

Abstract Summary of the report where one or two sentences from every main section Introduction Purpose and scope of the report Identifying the aims and objectives

Portfolio 5 (Plagiarism)
What is plagiarism? Plagiarism is using the work of others without acknowledging your source of information or inspiration. Examples: Writing from books and changing works and meanings Presenting someone elses creation Collecting sentences from different texts and giving a footnote at the end of each sentence or paragraph How to avoid plagiarism? Write all your notes in your own words Note down exactly where you read the information you put in your notes In your assignment, write out where ideas and information come from If you have a habit of copying: -Put your pen out of reach -Once you can say what the passage is about, note it down in your own words Remember to praise real authors for their writings and ideas

Portfolio 6 (Referencing)
What is Harvard Referencing? Harvard Referencing is method used in your written assignment to let readers know the published sources of information you have used. These published sources can be from any paper based or electronic media..
Examples:
Bennet, R., 1991. Management. 2nd ed. London: Pitman. Dow, D., 1964. A History of the World. 3rd ed. London: Greenfiled.

Portfolio 7
(Argumentative Writing)
In this kind of writing, we not only give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change.

Portfolio 8 (Conclusions)
Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research.
The following outline may help you conclude your paper:

In general way, Restate your topic and why it is important, Restate your thesis/claim, Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position, Call for action or overview future research possibilities.