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# 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐼𝐼 ∶

1)
𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑐𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝é 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝐴𝐴 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝐵𝐵 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖
𝐴𝐴 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝐵𝐵 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠è𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 𝑙𝑙 ′ 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂) 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑞𝑞 > 0 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 ∶
𝐸𝐸�⃗ (𝑀𝑀) = 𝐸𝐸 (𝑀𝑀). ���⃗ 𝑒𝑒𝑥𝑥

2)
𝑞𝑞 ������⃗
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴
����⃗
𝐸𝐸 𝐴𝐴 (𝑀𝑀 ) = 𝑢𝑢
����⃗ 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑢𝑢
����⃗
𝐴𝐴 =
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟² 𝐴𝐴 |𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴|
𝑞𝑞 ������⃗
𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
����⃗
𝐸𝐸 𝐵𝐵 ( 𝑀𝑀 ) = 𝑢𝑢
����⃗ 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑢𝑢
����⃗ =
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟² 𝐵𝐵 𝐵𝐵
|𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵|
𝑢𝑢𝐴𝐴 = cos(𝜃𝜃)𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑥𝑥 − sin(θ)𝑒𝑒����⃗
����⃗ 𝑦𝑦

𝑢𝑢𝐴𝐴 = cos(𝜃𝜃)𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑥𝑥 + sin(θ)𝑒𝑒����⃗
����⃗ 𝑦𝑦
𝑞𝑞
𝐸𝐸�⃗ (𝑀𝑀) = 𝐸𝐸
����⃗ ����⃗
𝐴𝐴 (𝑀𝑀 ) + 𝐸𝐸𝐵𝐵 (𝑀𝑀 ) = (𝑢𝑢 𝑢𝑢𝐵𝐵 )
����⃗ + ����⃗
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟 2 𝐴𝐴
𝑞𝑞
= �cos(𝜃𝜃)𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑥𝑥 − sin(θ)𝑒𝑒����⃗
𝑦𝑦 + cos(𝜃𝜃 )𝑒𝑒
���⃗𝑥𝑥 + sin(θ)𝑒𝑒����⃗�
𝑦𝑦
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟 2
2 𝑞𝑞 cos(𝜃𝜃)
𝐸𝐸�⃗ (𝑀𝑀) = 𝑒𝑒
���⃗
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟 2 𝑥𝑥

𝑥𝑥 1 1
cos(𝜃𝜃) = 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 =
𝑟𝑟 𝑟𝑟 3 (𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑎𝑎2 )3/2
2𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥
𝐸𝐸�⃗ (𝑀𝑀) = 𝑒𝑒
���⃗
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 (𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑎𝑎2 )3/2 𝑥𝑥

3)
���⃗(𝑀𝑀) = 𝑞𝑞′𝐸𝐸�⃗ (𝑀𝑀)
𝐹𝐹
���⃗(𝑀𝑀) 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝é 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝐸𝐸�⃗ (𝑀𝑀)
𝑞𝑞′ < 0 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝐹𝐹
𝑒𝑒𝑦𝑦
����⃗

𝒒𝒒 𝐴𝐴

𝑎𝑎 𝑢𝑢𝐵𝐵
����⃗

𝑂𝑂
���⃗
𝑭𝑭 (𝑴𝑴) 𝜃𝜃 𝒒𝒒’ ���⃗
𝑬𝑬 (𝑴𝑴) 𝑒𝑒����⃗𝑥𝑥
𝑥𝑥
𝜃𝜃
𝑢𝑢𝐴𝐴
����⃗
𝑎𝑎

𝒒𝒒
𝐵𝐵
𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 ∶
𝑒𝑒𝑧𝑧
���⃗
1)
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑀𝑀
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 =
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟
𝑅𝑅 2𝜋𝜋
𝜎𝜎 𝑟𝑟 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
𝑉𝑉 = � 1� 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
0 4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 (𝑟𝑟 2 + 𝑧𝑧 )2 0
2 𝑟𝑟
𝑧𝑧
𝑅𝑅 2𝜋𝜋
𝜎𝜎 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟
= � � 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
4𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 0 √𝑟𝑟 2 + 𝑧𝑧 2 0
𝑂𝑂 𝑅𝑅 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
𝜎𝜎
= ��𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑧𝑧 2 − |𝑧𝑧|�
2𝜀𝜀0
𝜎𝜎
��𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑧𝑧 2 − 𝑧𝑧� 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑧𝑧 > 0
2𝜀𝜀0
𝑉𝑉 = � 𝜎𝜎
��𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑧𝑧 2 + 𝑧𝑧� 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑧𝑧 < 0
2𝜀𝜀0

2)
����������⃗ 𝑉𝑉
𝐸𝐸�⃗ = −𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔

−𝜕𝜕𝜕𝜕
= ���⃗
𝑒𝑒
𝜕𝜕𝜕𝜕 𝑧𝑧
− 𝜎𝜎 𝑧𝑧
𝐸𝐸�⃗ = � ± 1� ���⃗
𝑒𝑒𝑧𝑧
2𝜀𝜀0 √𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑧𝑧 2

− 𝜎𝜎 𝑧𝑧
� − 1� 𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑧𝑧 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑧𝑧 > 0
2𝜀𝜀0 √𝑅𝑅 2 + 𝑧𝑧 2
𝐸𝐸�⃗ = � − 𝜎𝜎 𝑧𝑧
� + 1� ���⃗
𝑒𝑒𝑧𝑧 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑧𝑧 < 0
2𝜀𝜀0 √𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑧𝑧 2

3)
𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑅𝑅 → ∞
𝜎𝜎
𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑧𝑧 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑧𝑧 > 0
2𝜀𝜀
𝐸𝐸�⃗ = � − 𝜎𝜎
0

𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑧𝑧 < 0
���⃗
2𝜀𝜀0 𝑧𝑧
4)
𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑é𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑒 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 ∶
𝑒𝑒
𝜎𝜎 𝜎𝜎𝜎𝜎
∆𝑉𝑉 = � 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 =
0 𝜀𝜀0 𝜀𝜀0
𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑑𝑑é𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 ∶
𝑄𝑄 𝜎𝜎 𝑆𝑆 𝑒𝑒
𝐶𝐶 = = 𝜎𝜎 𝑒𝑒
∆𝑉𝑉
𝜀𝜀0
𝜀𝜀0 𝑆𝑆
𝐶𝐶 =
𝑒𝑒

1 1 𝑄𝑄²
ℰ= 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 =
2 2 𝐶𝐶
1 𝑄𝑄²𝑒𝑒
ℰ=
2 𝜀𝜀0 𝑆𝑆

𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 ∶
1)
�������⃗
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝑒𝑒𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 ⇒ 𝐸𝐸 �⃗
𝚤𝚤𝚤𝚤𝚤𝚤 = 0 𝑒𝑒𝑧𝑧
���⃗
𝑇𝑇ℎé𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜è𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺 ∶
• 1é𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶
𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠è𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ⇒ ���⃗
𝐸𝐸 (𝑀𝑀) = 𝐸𝐸 (𝑀𝑀) 𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑟𝑟
𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 ⇒ ���⃗
𝐸𝐸 (𝑀𝑀) = 𝐸𝐸 (𝜑𝜑, 𝑟𝑟, 𝑧𝑧)𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑟𝑟 = 𝐸𝐸 (𝑟𝑟) 𝑒𝑒���⃗𝑟𝑟

## 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 𝑐𝑐ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺

𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 𝑟𝑟 = 𝑂𝑂𝑀𝑀 𝒓𝒓 𝑴𝑴
𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑑𝑑′ 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂) , 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ℎ 𝑺𝑺𝑳𝑳
𝑹𝑹
𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑆𝑆1 , 𝑆𝑆2 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑆𝑆𝐿𝐿 .
• 3é𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑒 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶
𝛷𝛷 = 𝛷𝛷1 + 𝛷𝛷2 + 𝛷𝛷𝐿𝐿 𝑺𝑺𝟐𝟐

����⃗)
���⃗ ⊥ 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
𝛷𝛷1 = 𝛷𝛷2 = 0 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 (𝐸𝐸
���⃗ ∙ ����⃗
𝛷𝛷 = 𝛷𝛷𝐿𝐿 = � 𝐸𝐸 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 = 𝐸𝐸 2𝜋𝜋𝜋𝜋ℎ

• 4é𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑒 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶
𝑄𝑄𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝜎𝜎2𝜋𝜋𝜋𝜋ℎ
𝛷𝛷 = =
𝜀𝜀0 𝜀𝜀0
𝜎𝜎2𝜋𝜋𝑅𝑅ℎ 𝜎𝜎 𝑅𝑅
𝐸𝐸 = =
𝜀𝜀0 2𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟ℎ 𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟

• 5é𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑒 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶
𝜎𝜎 𝑅𝑅
��������⃗
𝐸𝐸𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 = 𝑒𝑒
���⃗
𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟 𝑟𝑟
𝜎𝜎
𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑒 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑅𝑅 = 𝑟𝑟 ���������⃗
𝐸𝐸𝑟𝑟=𝑅𝑅 = 𝑒𝑒
���⃗
𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟

2) ���⃗
𝑬𝑬
𝝈𝝈
𝜺𝜺𝟎𝟎

𝑹𝑹 𝒓𝒓
3)
𝑅𝑅 ′
𝑄𝑄𝑙𝑙 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
∆𝑉𝑉 = �
𝑅𝑅 2𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑟𝑟
𝑄𝑄𝑙𝑙 𝑅𝑅′
∆𝑉𝑉 = ln( )
2𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0 𝑅𝑅

𝑄𝑄𝑙𝑙
𝐶𝐶 =
∆𝑉𝑉

2𝜋𝜋𝜀𝜀0
𝐶𝐶 =
𝑅𝑅′
ln( )
𝑅𝑅
𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 ∶
𝑹𝑹𝟑𝟑 𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐
1)
𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆ℎé𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 é𝑞𝑞𝑢𝑢𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ∶
𝑹𝑹𝟏𝟏

𝑨𝑨
𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐 𝑹𝑹𝑳𝑳 𝑪𝑪
𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐
−1

1 1
𝑅𝑅é𝑞𝑞 = 𝑅𝑅2 + � −1 + �
1 1 𝑅𝑅2
𝑅𝑅1 + � + �
𝑅𝑅3 + 𝑅𝑅2 𝑅𝑅𝐿𝐿
𝐴𝐴. 𝑁𝑁 ∶
𝑅𝑅é𝑞𝑞 = 3000Ω = 3 𝑘𝑘Ω

𝐸𝐸
𝐼𝐼 =
𝑅𝑅é𝑞𝑞
𝐴𝐴. 𝑁𝑁 ∶
72
𝐼𝐼 = = 0.024 𝐴𝐴
3000

2)
𝑇𝑇ℎé𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜è𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑇𝑇ℎé𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣 ∶
• 1é𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶ 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑ô𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 (𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵) 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠ℎé𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 ∶
𝑩𝑩
𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐 𝑹𝑹𝟏𝟏 𝑹𝑹𝟑𝟑
𝑰𝑰𝟎𝟎

𝑬𝑬 𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐 𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐
𝑼𝑼

𝑪𝑪
(𝑉𝑉𝐵𝐵 − 𝑉𝑉𝐶𝐶 )à 𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣 = (𝑅𝑅3 + 𝑅𝑅2 ) 𝐼𝐼0
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 𝐼𝐼0 :
(𝑅𝑅3 + 𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑅𝑅1 ) 𝐼𝐼0 + 𝑅𝑅2 𝐼𝐼1 = 0

(𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑅𝑅2 ) 𝐼𝐼1 − 𝑅𝑅2 𝐼𝐼0 − 𝐸𝐸 = 0
5500 𝐼𝐼0 − 2000 𝐼𝐼1 = 0

−2000 𝐼𝐼0 + 4000 𝐼𝐼1 = 72
⇒ 𝐼𝐼0 = 8 . 10−3
𝐸𝐸𝑡𝑡ℎ = (𝑉𝑉𝐵𝐵 − 𝑉𝑉𝐶𝐶 ) = 3000.8. 10−3
𝐸𝐸𝑡𝑡ℎ = 24𝑉𝑉

• 2é𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑒 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶ 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑓𝑓. 𝑒𝑒. 𝑚𝑚 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑓𝑓. 𝑐𝑐. 𝑒𝑒. 𝑚𝑚 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑟 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓
𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐

𝑹𝑹𝟏𝟏
𝑩𝑩 𝑪𝑪
𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐

𝑹𝑹𝟑𝟑 𝑹𝑹𝟐𝟐
−1

1 1
𝑅𝑅𝑡𝑡ℎ = 𝑅𝑅é𝑞𝑞 = � + �
𝑅𝑅3 + 𝑅𝑅2 1 1 −1
� + � + 𝑅𝑅1
𝑅𝑅2 𝑅𝑅2
𝐴𝐴. 𝑁𝑁 ∶
𝑅𝑅𝑡𝑡ℎ = 1000Ω = 1 𝑘𝑘Ω

## • 3é𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑒 é𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∶ 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠ℎé𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 é𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞𝑞 ∶

𝑹𝑹𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕
𝑰𝑰𝑳𝑳

𝑹𝑹𝑳𝑳
𝑬𝑬𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕
𝐸𝐸𝑡𝑡ℎ 24
𝐼𝐼𝐿𝐿 = =
𝑅𝑅𝑡𝑡ℎ + 𝑅𝑅𝐿𝐿 3000 + 1000
𝐼𝐼𝐿𝐿 = 0.006 𝐴𝐴

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