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Rédaction scientifique en anglais (PLU6150) Danielle Buch daniellehbuch@gmail.com © Danielle Buch 2015, 2016 –
Rédaction scientifique en
anglais
(PLU6150)
Danielle Buch
daniellehbuch@gmail.com
© Danielle Buch 2015, 2016 – All rights reserved/Tous droits réservés.
V 2.1 Nov. 2016
Plan de cours 1. La communication claire 2. Le manuscrit pour publication dans une revue
Plan de cours
1. La communication claire
2. Le manuscrit pour publication dans une
revue scientifique
3. L’abstract
4. Le choix de revue pour publication
5. La lettre de présentation, communiqué
de presse, vulgarisation pour le grand
public
Plan pour aujourd’hui Abstract  Ce qui doit apparaitre dans un abstract  Ce qui
Plan pour aujourd’hui
Abstract
 Ce qui doit apparaitre dans un abstract
 Ce qui n’apparait pas dans l’abstract
 Diff entre structuré et non-structuré
 Optimisation pour recherche électronique
Mots clés (« Keywords »)
Titres
Lay summary
Exercice – 30% de la note
Abstract Écrit une fois le manuscrit terminé Peut reprendre les phrases clés du manuscrit 100,
Abstract
Écrit une fois le manuscrit terminé
Peut reprendre les phrases clés du
manuscrit
100, 150, 250, 350, 500 mots max, selon
la revue
Structuré ou non, selon la revue
Style – ICJME, AMA Context/background Purpose of study Basic procedures  Study design  Participants
Style – ICJME, AMA
Context/background
Purpose of study
Basic procedures
 Study design
 Participants
 Settings
 Measurements
 Analytical methods
Main findings
 Effect size
 Statistical AND clinical significance, if possible
Conclusions
Emphasize new/important aspects, limitations
Clinical trials: Registration number, CONSORT (randomization, etc.)
(www.icjme.org)
Style – APA Single paragraph, double-spaced 150-250 words Minimum  Research topic  Research questions
Style – APA
Single paragraph, double-spaced
150-250 words
Minimum
 Research topic
 Research questions
 Participants
 Methods
 Results
 Data analysis
 Conclusions
No indent – but Keywords is indented
(https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/)
Style Sentence cannot start with numeral No references Active vs. passive voice Few, if any,
Style
Sentence cannot start with numeral
No references
Active vs. passive voice
Few, if any, abbreviations
(only if used > 4 x)
3-10 keywords
Structured abstract Objectives  background, aims Methods  design, setting, dates, participants, intervention,
Structured abstract
Objectives
 background, aims
Methods
 design, setting, dates, participants,
intervention, main outcome measure
Results
 # participants, stats, effect size
Conclusions
 discussion, implications
Unstructured abstract Single paragraph Same information
Unstructured abstract
Single paragraph
Same information
Abstract (Structured) OBJECTIVE: Most studies determining risk of preterm birth in a twin pregnancy subsequent
Abstract (Structured)
OBJECTIVE: Most studies determining risk of preterm birth in a twin pregnancy
subsequent to a previous preterm birth are based on linkage studies or small sample size.
We wished to identify recurrent risk factors in a cohort of mothers with a twin pregnancy,
eliminating all known confounders.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of twin births at a tertiary care
centre in Montreal, Quebec, between 1994 and 2008, extracting information, including
chorionicity, from patient charts. To avoid t he effect of confounding factors, we included
only women with a preceding singleton pregnancy and excluded twin-to-twin transfusion
syndrome, fetal chromosomal/structural anomalies, fetal demise, and preterm iatrogenic
delivery for reasons not encountered in both pregnancies. We used multiple regression and
sensitivity analyses to determine recurrent risk factors.
RESULTS: Of 1474 twin pregnancies, 576 met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 309 (53.6%)
delivered before 37 weeks. Preterm birth in twins was strongly associated with preterm
birth of the preceding singleton (adjusted OR 3.23; 95% CI 1.75 to 5.98). The only other
risk factors were monochorionic twins (adjusted OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.21 to 2.73) and oldest
or youngest maternal ages. Chronic or gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and insulin-
dependent diabetes during the singleton pregnancy did not significantly affect risk.
CONCLUSION: Preterm birth in a previous singleton pregnancy was confirmed as an
independent risk factor for preterm birth in a subsequent twin pregnancy. This three-fold
increase in risk remained stable regardless of year of birth, inclusion/exclusion of
pregnancies following assisted reproduction, or defining preterm birth as < 34 or < 37
weeks' gestational age. Until the advent of optimal preventive strategies, close obstetric
surveillance of twin pregnancies is warranted.
(Michaluk A1, Dionne MD, Gazdovich S, Buch D, Ducruet T, Leduc L. Predicting prete rm birth in twin pregnancy:
was the previous birth preterm? A Canadian experience. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2013;35(9):793-801.)
Abstract (Unstructured) (Psychology – 193 words) The purpose of the present study was to investigate
Abstract (Unstructured)
(Psychology – 193 words)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between using the
social networking site known as Facebook and negative interpersonal relationship
outcomes. A survey of 205 Facebook users aged 18-82 was conducted using a 16-
question online survey to examine whether high levels of Facebook use predicted
negative relationship outcomes (breakup/divorce, emotional cheating, and physical
cheating). It was hypothesized that those with higher levels of Facebook use would
demonstrate more negative relationship outcomes than those with lower use. The study
then examined whether these relationships were mediated by Facebook-related conflict.
Furthermore, the researchers examined length of relationship as a moderator variable in
the aforementioned model. The results indicate that a high level of Facebook usage is
associated with negative relationship outcomes, and that these relationships are indeed
mediated by Facebook-related conflict. This series of relationships only holds for those
who are, or have been, in relatively newer relationships of 3 years or less. The current
study adds to the growing body of literature investigating Internet use and relationship
outcomes, and may be a precursor to further research investigating whether Facebook
use attributes to the divorce rate, emotional cheating, and physical cheating.
(Clayton RB, Nagurney A, Smith JR. Cheating, breakup, and divorce: is Facebook use to blame?
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2013;16(10):717-20.)
Abstract (Unstructured) (Chemistry, 110 words) We demonstrate a universal approach to extract one- and two-dimensional
Abstract (Unstructured)
(Chemistry, 110 words)
We demonstrate a universal approach to extract one- and two-dimensional
nanomaterials from contaminated water, which is based on a microscopic
oil–water interface trapping mechanism. Results indicate that carbon
nanotubes, graphene, boron nitride nanotubes, boron nitride nanosheets,
and zinc oxide nanowires can be successfully extracted from contaminated
water at a successful rate of nearly 100%. The effects of surfactants,
particle shape, and type of organic extraction fluids are evaluated. The
proposed extraction mechanism is also supported by in situ monitoring of
the extraction process. We believe that this extraction approach will prove
important for the purification of water contaminated by nanoparticles and will
support the widespread adoption of nanomaterial applications.
Keywords: water contamination; water purification; nanotubes; graphene;
nanosheets; nanowires
(Tiwari B, Zhang D, Winslow D, Lee CH, Hao B, Yap YK. A Simple and Univ ersal Technique To Extract One- and
Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials from Contaminated Water. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015;7(47):26108-16.)
Abstract (Structured) PURPOSE: In Mali, epilepsy affects 15 individuals per thousand. Perceptions and attitudes have
Abstract (Structured)
PURPOSE: In Mali, epilepsy affects 15 individuals per thousand. Perceptions and
attitudes have not seemingly evolved with advancing medical knowledge. The
objective of this study was to assess parental beliefs and attitudes in families with and
without affected children.
METHODS: We enrolled 720 pediatric patients, half of whom had epilepsy, at Mali's
largest hospital. We conducted semi-structured interviews with the accompanying
parent. Control families with other affected children were excluded and families with
an affected patient were counted only once.
RESULTS: In total, 67% and 24% of families with and without epilepsy, respectively,
lived in rural environments. Interviewees were mostly mothers in their 30s; 80% had
not completed high school. About 22% of parents without an affected child had
witnessed a seizure. During a seizure, 94% of parents with an affected child and 49%
of parents without an affected child, respectively, would intervene; 7.5% and 21%,
respectively, would wet the patient's face with cool water. Although parents with an
affected child had more intimate knowledge of seizures, misconceptions prevailed,
perhaps more so than in families without epilepsy: 79% and 66% of parents,
respectively, considered epilepsy contagious; 43% vs. 69% thought that it inevitably
led to psychosis; and 53% vs. 29% attributed epilepsy to supernatural causes. Finally,
63% of parents with an affected child reported consulting a traditional healer as first-
line management for epilepsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates widespread misconceptions in Mali
regarding epilepsy. Our findings argue for more education initiatives focused on the
entire population, including traditional healers, to provide knowledge, reduce stigma,
and improve quality of life for individuals living with epilepsy.
(Maiga Y, Albakaye M, Diallo LL, Traoré B, Cissoko Y, Hassane S, Diakite S, Clare McCaughey K,
Kissani N, Diaconu V, Buch D, Kayentoa K, Carmant L. Current beliefs and attitudes regarding
epilepsy in Mali. Epilepsy Behav. 2014;33:115-21.)
Abstract (Unstructured) (Anthropology – 100 words) Chemical analyses of organic residues in fragments of pottery
Abstract (Unstructured)
(Anthropology – 100 words)
Chemical analyses of organic residues in fragments of pottery from 18 sites
in the US Southwest and Mexican Northwest reveal combinations of
methylxanthines (caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline) indicative of
stimulant drinks, probably concocted using either cacao or holly leaves and
twigs. The results cover a time period from around A.D. 750-1400, and a
spatial distribution from southern Colorado to northern Chihuahua. As with
populations located throughout much of North and South America, groups in
the US Southwest and Mexican Northwest likely consumed stimulant drinks
in communal, ritual gatherings. The results have implications for economic
and social relations among North American populations.
KEYWORDS:
US Southwest/Mexican Northwest; archaeology; cacao; holly; ritual drinks
(Crown PL, Gu J, Hurst WJ, et al. Ritual drinks in the pre-Hispanic US Southwest and Mexican
Northwest. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112(37):11436-42.)
Abstract (Structured) (Cross-sectional survey, 208 words) BACKGROUND: Tattoos have become increasingly common in the
Abstract (Structured)
(Cross-sectional survey, 208 words)
BACKGROUND: Tattoos have become increasingly common in the United States;
however, there are limited data on the rates of tattoo complications and tattoo regret.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of infectious and allergic complications after
tattooing, rates of tattoo regret, the perception of dermatologists among people with
tattoos, and the demographics of people with tattoos.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 18-question cross-sectional survey was fielded in New
Orleans in January 2015. Participants had to be at least 18 years old, have at least 1
tattoo, and reside within the United States.
RESULTS: In total, 501 participants from 38 American states were enrolled. Of all
participants, 3.2% had a history of an infected tattoo, 3.8% had a history of a painful
tattoo, and 21.2% had a history of a pruritic tattoo; 16.2% of participants regret a current
tattoo and 21.2% are interested in having 1 or more tattoos removed; 21.2% received a
tattoo while intoxicated and 17.6% had a tattoo placed somewhere other than at a tattoo
parlor; and 78.9% believe dermatologists are knowledgeable about the infectious and
allergic complications of tattoos.
CONCLUSION: Given the rates of pruritic tattoos and tattoo regret, there is an
opportunity, and trust among people with tattoos, for dermatologists to manage these
complications.
(Liszewski W, Kream E, Helland S, et al. The Demographics and Rates of Tattoo Complications, Regret, and Unsafe
Tattooing Practices: A Cross-Sectional Study. Dermatol Surg. 2015;41(11):1283-9.)
Abstract (Structured) (Systematic review) Objectives: Juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP) is a
Abstract (Structured)
(Systematic review)
Objectives: Juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP) is a rare yet
aggressive disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Although many
newborns are likely exposed to HPV, few develop JoRRP and the clinical course of
the disease varies from one child to another. This systematic review seeks to provide
an up-to-date understanding of the risk factors for acquisition and severity.
Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature search in EMBASE, MEDLINE
and EBMR databases using various combinations of keywords related to JoRRP
etiology, risk factors and severity. We also searched Google Scholar and the
reference lists of eligible studies. Our search was limited to original studies published
in French or English between 1995 and July 2012 and to patients under 20 years of
age.
Results: Of 1362 citations, we retrieved 102 articles and found 14 additional studies.
We retained 32 studies meeting inclusion criteria. All were observational and together
included 2296 JoRRP cases. Risk factors could be classified mainly as maternal and
birth history, viral genotype, and host factors. A history of genital warts during
pregnancy and delivery was strongly linked to the development of JoRRP. Depending
on ethnicity, specific human leukocyte antigen class II alleles and immune response
factors were important determinants of JoRRP acquisition and severity. HPV-11
genotype and younger age at onset of JoRRP were important predictors of severity.
Conclusions: Genetic and immunological profiles underlying the acquisition and
clinical course are not readily modifiable. Thus, preventing condylomas in women of
childbearing age could reduce the burden of this life-threatening disease.
(Niyibizi J, Rodier C, Wassef M, Trottier H. Risk factors for the development and severity of juvenile-onset
recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: a systematic review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;78(2):186-97.)
Abstract (Unstructured) (Narrative review) Until recently, the general belief was that non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs)
Abstract (Unstructured)
(Narrative review)
Until recently, the general belief was that non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) were healthy
sugar substitutes because they provide sweet taste without calories or glycemic effects.
However, data from several epidemiological studies have found that consumption of
NNSs, mainly in diet sodas, is associated with increased risk to develop obesity,
metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. The main purpose of this article is to review
recent scientific evidence supporting potential mechanisms that explain how
"metabolically inactive" NNSs, which have few, if any, calories, might promote metabolic
dysregulation. Three potential mechanisms, which are not mutually exclusive, are
presented: 1) NNSs interfere with learned responses that contribute to control glucose
and energy homeostasis, 2) NNSs interfere with gut microbiota and induce glucose
intolerance, and 3) NNSs interact with sweet-taste receptors expressed throughout the
digestive system that play a role in glucose absorption and trigger insulin secretion. In
addition, recent findings from our laboratory showing an association between individual
taste sensitivity to detect sucralose and sucralose's acute effects on metabolic response
to an oral glucose load are reported. Taken as a whole, data support the notion that
NNSs have metabolic effects. More research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms by
which NNSs may drive metabolic dysregulation and better understand potential effects of
these commonly used food additives.
(Pepino MY. Metabolic effects of non-nutritive sweeteners. Physiol Behav. 2015;152(Pt B):450-5.)
Reducing Word Count Look up Author Guidelines for journal Enter all necessary information Follow plain
Reducing Word Count
Look up Author Guidelines for journal
Enter all necessary information
Follow plain language principles
Omit unnecessary words
Verify computer Word Count
Repeat
3C’s – clear, concise, concrete
Reducing word count – Examples From the years 2000 until 2015  , 2000-2015 …increased
Reducing word count –
Examples
From the years 2000 until 2015
 , 2000-2015
…increased by x% in Group 1 and by y% in Group 2.
The difference between groups was statistically
significant.
 The increase was significantly higher in Group 2 (y%
vs. x%, respectively; P = 0.035)
Participants
 From March 2000-June 2015, we enrolled 41 of 53
eligible participants, including 13 boys. The mean age
was 12 ± 2.1 years.
Verbs – Research Actions apply We applied Laklöter's principle to assess We assessed the effects
Verbs – Research Actions
apply
We applied Laklöter's principle to
assess
We assessed the effects of larger doses of
We calculated the photoluminescence spectrum
calculate
of
.
compare
We compared the effects of
to those of
compute
We computed the velocity predicted by
derive
We derived a new set of rules for
design
We designed a series of experiments to
determine
We determined the complete nucleotide
sequence of
develop
We developed a new algorithm to
evaluate
We evaluated the efficacy and biocompatibility of
.
.
.
explore
We explored the relationship between
implement
We implemented a genetic algorithm for
investigate
We investigated the behavior of
We measured the concentration of cadmium in
measure
.
model
We modeled the diffraction behavior of
(www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993/118519636#headerAndCitation)
:
Verbs – Communication Actions clarify This paper clarifies the role of soils in describe This
Verbs – Communication Actions
clarify
This paper clarifies the role of soils in
describe
This paper describes the mechanism by
which
This paper details the algorithm used for
detail
. .
.
discuss
explain
offer
present
proposes
provide
This paper discusses the influence of
acidity on
This paper explains how the new
encoding scheme
This paper offers four recommendations
for
This paper presents the results of
This paper proposes a set of guidelines
for
This paper provides the complete
framework and
This paper reports on our progress so far
report
. .
.
summarize
This paper summarizes our results for 27
patients with
(www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993/118519636#headerAndCitation)
Keywords 3-10, selon la revue (instructions pour auteurs)
Keywords
3-10, selon la revue (instructions pour
auteurs)
Optimization Clear descriptive title Title contains the most important words relating to topic Abstract contains
Optimization
Clear descriptive title
Title contains the most important words
relating to topic
Abstract contains 2-3 different keyword
phrases
Good flow in title and abstract
– “write for readers not robots”
(http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012.html)
Abstract – Optimization OBJECTIVE: Most studies determining risk of preterm birth in a twin pregnancy
Abstract – Optimization
OBJECTIVE: Most studies determining risk of preterm birth in a twin pregnancy
subsequent to a previous preterm birth are based on linkage studies or small sample size.
We wished to identify recurrent risk factors in a cohort of mothers with a twin pregnancy,
eliminating all known confounders.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of twin births at a tertiary care
centre in Montreal, Quebec, between 1994 and 2008, extracting information, including
chorionicity, from patient charts. To avoid t he effect of confounding factors, we included
only women with a preceding singleton pregnancy and excluded twin-to-twin transfusion
syndrome, fetal chromosomal/structural anomalies, fetal demise, and preterm iatrogenic
delivery for reasons not encountered in both pregnancies. We used multiple regression and
sensitivity analyses to determine recurrent risk factors.
RESULTS: Of 1474 twin pregnancies, 576 met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 309 (53.6%)
delivered before 37 weeks. Preterm birth in twins was strongly associated with preterm
birth of the preceding singleton (adjusted OR 3.23; 95% CI 1.75 to 5.98). The only other
risk factors were monochorionic twins (adjusted OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.21 to 2.73) and oldest
or youngest maternal ages. Chronic or gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and insulin-
dependent diabetes during the singleton pregnancy did not significantly affect risk.
CONCLUSION: Preterm birth in a previous singleton pregnancy was confirmed as an
independent risk factor for preterm birth in a subsequent twin pregnancy. This three-fold
increase in risk remained stable regardless of year of birth, inclusion/exclusion of
pregnancies following assisted reproduction, or defining preterm birth as < 34 or < 37
weeks' gestational age. Until the advent of optimal preventive strategies, close obstetric
surveillance of twin pregnancies is warranted.
(Michaluk A1, Dionne MD, Gazdovich S, Buch D, Ducruet T, Leduc L. Predicting preterm birth in twin pregnancy:
was the previous birth preterm? A Canadian experience. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2013;35(9):793-801.)
Abstract – Optimization PURPOSE: In Mali, epilepsy affects 15 individuals per thousand. Perceptions and attitudes
Abstract – Optimization
PURPOSE: In Mali, epilepsy affects 15 individuals per thousand. Perceptions and
attitudes have not seemingly evolved with advancing medical knowledge. The
objective of this study was to assess parental beliefs and attitudes in families with and
without affected children.
METHODS: We enrolled 720 pediatric patients, half of whom had epilepsy, at Mali's
largest hospital. We conducted semi-structured interviews with the accompanying
parent. Control families with other affected children were excluded and families with
an affected patient were counted only once.
RESULTS: In total, 67% and 24% of families with and without epilepsy, respectively,
lived in rural environments. Interviewees were mostly mothers in their 30s; 80% had
not completed high school. About 22% of parents without an affected child had
witnessed a seizure. During a seizure, 94% of parents with an affected child and 49%
of parents without an affected child, respectively, would intervene; 7.5% and 21%,
respectively, would wet the patient's face with cool water. Although parents with an
affected child had more intimate knowledge of seizures, misconceptions prevailed,
perhaps more so than in families without epilepsy: 79% and 66% of parents,
respectively, considered epilepsy contagious; 43% vs. 69% thought that it inevitably
led to psychosis; and 53% vs. 29% attributed epilepsy to supernatural causes. Finally,
63% of parents with an affected child reported consulting a traditional healer as first-
line management for epilepsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates widespread misconceptions in Mali
regarding epilepsy. Our findings argue for more education initiatives focused on the
entire population, including traditional healers, to provide knowledge, reduce stigma,
and improve quality of life for individuals living with epilepsy.
(Maiga Y, Albakaye M, Diallo LL, Traoré B, Cissoko Y, Hassane S, Diakite S, Clare McCaughey K,
Kissani N, Diaconu V, Buch D, Kayentoa K, Carmant L. Current beliefs and attitudes regarding
epilepsy in Mali. Epilepsy Behav. 2014;33:115-21.)
Abstract – Optimization (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012.html)
Abstract – Optimization
(http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012.html)
Titre Sert à choisir réviseurs (avec l’abstract) Capte l’attention du lecteur (et de l’éditeur de
Titre
Sert à choisir réviseurs (avec l’abstract)
Capte l’attention du lecteur (et de l’éditeur de la revue
ciblée)
Sert à la recherche électronique
Inclut max mots clés
Est clair, spécifique, bref
Est simple pour lecteur non spécialisé
Mentionne l’espèce (recherche fondamentale)
Mentionne devis d’importance (ex : RCT, revue)
Max 12-16 mots (varie selon revue)
Style varie selon la revue ciblée – voir d’abord Table des
matières
(www.biomedcentral.com/getpublished/writing-resources/writing-titles-and-abstracts)
Titre PICOS: P, Population ou Patient; I, Intervention; C, Comparison; O, Outcome; S, Study Design
Titre
PICOS: P, Population ou Patient; I,
Intervention; C, Comparison; O, Outcome;
S, Study Design
APA – pas plus de 12 mots, pas
d’abréviations, jusqu’à 2 lignes
Title – Examples Risk factors for the development and severity of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory
Title – Examples
Risk factors for the development and
severity of juvenile-onset recurrent
respiratory papillomatosis: A systematic
review.
Artificial sweeteners induce glucose
intolerance by altering the gut microbiota.
Title – Examples Predicting preterm birth in twin pregnancy: was the previous birth preterm? A
Title – Examples
Predicting preterm birth in twin pregnancy: was
the previous birth preterm? A Canadian
experience.
Current beliefs and attitudes regarding epilepsy
in Mali.
Development of the Adolescent Cancer Suffering
Scale.
Title Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor-2 Contributes to the Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor-Induced Neuronal
Title
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor-2
Contributes to the Basic Fibroblast Growth
Factor-Induced Neuronal Differentiation in
Canine Bone Marrow Stromal Cells via
Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Akt Signaling
Pathway.
What’s wrong?
(PLOSONE)
Title Mandatory trans fat labeling regulations and nationwide product reformulations to reduce trans fatty acid
Title
Mandatory trans fat labeling regulations and
nationwide product reformulations to reduce
trans fatty acid content in foods contributed to
lowered concentrations of trans fat in Canadian
women’s breast milk samples collected in 2009–
2011 1–3 .
What’s wrong?
(Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(4):1036-40)
Title The Effect of Cigarette Smoke Exposure on the Development of Inflammation in Lungs, Gut
Title
The Effect of Cigarette Smoke Exposure
on the Development of Inflammation in
Lungs, Gut and Joints of TNF ∆ARE Mice.
Shorten?
(PLOSONE)
Title The Demographics and Rates of Tattoo Complications, Regret, and Unsafe Tattooing Practices: A Cross-Sectional
Title
The Demographics and Rates of Tattoo
Complications, Regret, and Unsafe
Tattooing Practices: A Cross-Sectional
Study.
Shorten?
(Dermatol Surg)
Lay summary Also called Lay abstract CIHR-IRSC European clinical trials (European Clinical Trial Regulation, No.
Lay summary
Also called Lay abstract
CIHR-IRSC
European clinical trials (European Clinical
Trial Regulation, No. 536/2014, Annex V) –
“understandable to lay persons”
Lay summary Requirements for European clinical trial results Identification – trial and protocol numbers, title,
Lay summary
Requirements for European clinical trial results
Identification – trial and protocol numbers, title, etc.
Sponsor
Objectives, sites, reasons
Participants – sample size by country, age, sex;
inclusion/exclusion criteria
Investigational products
Adverse events and frequency
Trial results
Comments
Follow-up trials
Sources for additional information
(European Clinical Trial Regulation, No. 536/2014, Annex V)
Lay summary Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada
Lay summary
Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Instituts de
recherche en santé du Canada (CIHR-IRSC)
To inform public and Parliament about research supported
through public funds
Published on website
Shared with media
Requirement
“Accessible to a lay audience” (Plain language)
Benefits of study
(www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/39625.html#t2)
Ce que les réviseurs recherchent Originalité, importance Abstract – reflète-t-il bien l’étude? Dans les limites
Ce que les réviseurs recherchent
Originalité, importance
Abstract – reflète-t-il bien l’étude?
Dans les limites établies par instructions
pour auteurs
(Guidelines for reviewing manuscripts for Journal of Pediatrics:
http://ees.elsevier.com/jpeds/img/Guidelines_for_Reviewers.pdf)
References for Abstracts Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: www.icmje.org AMA Manual
References for Abstracts
Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: www.icmje.org
AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. 10th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University
Press; 2007: www.amamanualofstyle.com
APA, Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2010:
www.apastyle.org
 Tutorials: www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials
 Corrected Sample Papers: supp.apa.org/style/PM6E-Corrected-Sample-Papers.pdf
 OWL: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
 APA 6 th Edition Quick Reference, July 2009; Penn State, York:
www2.yk.psu.edu/learncenter/apa-july-09.pdf
CONSORT extension for abstracts: www.consort-statement.org/checklists/view/32-consort/67-
abstract.
Wiley Author Services. Optimizing Your Article for Search Engines, 2016:
http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012.html.
BioMed Central. Writing titles and abstracts, 2016: www.biomedcentral.com/getpublished/writing-
resources/writing-titles-and-abstracts.
Scitable, Nature Education, 2014. The abstract: www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/english-
communication-for-scientists-14053993/118519636#headerAndCitation.
Exercise From the following article, write: A structured abstract of 250 words Author guidelines 
Exercise
From the following article, write:
A structured abstract of 250 words
Author guidelines
 Double-spaced
 Times New Roman 12-pt
 Left-justified
 3-10 keywords
 Optimized for keywords
 Headings: Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion
Semaine prochaine Le choix de revue Vincent Larivière École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de
Semaine prochaine
Le choix de revue
Vincent Larivière
École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences
de l'information, UdeM
Chaire de recherche du Canada sur les
transformations de la communication
savante
Questions? © Danielle Buch 2015, 2016 – All rights reserved/Tous droits réservés. V 2.1 Nov
Questions?
© Danielle Buch 2015, 2016 – All rights reserved/Tous droits réservés.
V 2.1 Nov 2016