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# Exercise C.

Definite integrals

Find the values of the definite integrals by inspection using the differentiation/integration table, and basic properties of integrals.
C1.
C2.

Z
Z

x4 dx

Ans: 1/5

0
1

5x3 dx

Ans: 0

(3 x3) dx

Ans: 2

(2 + t3 ) dt

Ans: 8

C3.
C4.

Z
Z

2
0
2
2

C5.

(3 x 2x2 ) dx

Ans: 11/6

C6.

C7.

C8.

C9.

C10.

Ans: abn /n

0
1

cos x dx

Ans: sin 1

0
2

2 sin 3x dx

0
2

Ans: 2 2y

(sin x xy) dx
0

C11.
C12.

Z
Z

/4

sec2 x dx
2

.(x + 1/x) dx

C13.
C14.

C15.
C16.

dx
x

Ans: ln 2

e2x dx

0
1
0

Ans: 3/2 + ln 2

Ans: 1

dx

4 x2

x2

Ans: /6

dx
, (y 6= 0)
+ y2

Ans:

1
3
tan1
y
y

(2x + 3)3 dx

Ans: 68

C17.

/4

cos(2x) dx

Ans: 1/2

C1

C18.

C19.

C20.
C21.
C22.

Z
Z
Z

(e3x + 3) dx
0

C24.

sin 2x dx

1
2
1
1

dx
3x 1

2x dx
x2 + 3

Ans: ln(4/3)

/2

.
0
2

cos x
dx
sin x + 3

Ans: ln(4/3)

e2x
dx
. 2x
e 1

C25.

Z
Z

1 6
(e + 17)
3

C23.

Ans:

Ans:

1
2

4
e 1

ln 2
e 1

Ans: 2 12

|x| dx
1

Substitution
C26.

C27.

C28.

C29.

(3x + 1)10 dx

0
1

## (ax + b)n dx,

(a 6= 0, n 6= 1)

Ans:

(a + b)n+1 bn+1
a(n + 1)

x(x + 1)95 dx

Ans:

95 296 + 1
97 96

/2

2 cos3 x sin x dx

Ans: 1/2

cos x
dx
sin3 x

Ans: 3/2

x(x2 + 2)3 dx

Ans: 65/8

3x
dx
(x2 + 2)2

Ans: 1/4

C30.

/2
/6

C31.
C32.

Z
Z

1
0
1
0

C33.

x3 (x4 + 1)5 dx

C34.
C35.

Z e
ln x
dx
x
1
Z /2
exp(sin x)
dx
sec x
0

Ans: 1/2
Ans: e 1
C2

## Products of sines and cosines

C36.

C37.

Ans: sin2 2

2 cos x sin x dx
0

sin2 x dx

Ans: /2

C38.

/4

cos2 x dx

Ans: 1/4 /8

/2

C39.

C40.

C41.

6 sin x cos2 x dx

Ans: 2(cos3 1 1)

sin2 x cos2 x dx

Ans: /8

cos3 x dx

Ans: 0

C42.

/6

cos 3x cos 4x dx

Ans: 3/14

C43.

/4

sin 3x sin x dx

Ans: 1/4

Integration by parts
C44.

C45.

C46.

C47.

C48.

/2

x sin 3x dx

Ans: 1/9

0
1

t cos bt dt, (b 6= 0)

Ans:

sin b cos b 1
+
b
b2

x ln x dx

Ans: 2 ln 2 3/4

xe2x dx

## Ans: (3e4 + 1)/4

1
2
0
2

ln(2x) dx

Ans: 3 ln 2 1

Rational functions
C49.
C50.

Z
Z

3
2
2
2

C51.

0
1

2
dx
x2 1

Ans: ln(3/2)

5x + 3
dx
x2 9

Ans: ln 5

x 11
dx
x2 + 3x 4

Ans: 8 ln 2 3 ln 3
C3

## Odd and even functions

C52.

sin 3x dx

Ans: 0

4x2003 dx

Ans: 0

C53.

3
3

C54.

(3x3 + 5) dx

Ans: 20

x(x2 4) dx

Ans: 0

sin 4x cos 9x dx

Ans: 0

x9 cos3 x dx

Ans: 0

C55.

1
1

C56.

2
2

C57.

2
2

C58.

x4 dx

Ans: 1250

C59.

x2 (x2 3) dx

Ans: 16/5

C60.

/4

cos 2x dx

Ans: 1

/4

Reduction formulae.
C61.

Let Kn =

## xn ex dx. Show that Kn = e n Kn1 for n = 1, 2, 3, . . .. Find K0 and

hence K1 , K2 , and K3 .

C62.

Let Kn =

Ans: K0 = e 1, K1 = 1, K2 = e 2, K3 = 6 2e

(ln x)n dx. Show that Kn = 2(ln 2)n nKn1 for n = 1, 2, 3, . . .. Find

C63.

## Ans: K0 = 1, K1 = 2 ln 2 1, K2 = 2(ln 2 1)2 , K3 = 2(ln 2)3 6(ln 2 1)2

Z /2
Let Kn =
cosn x dx. Show that nKn = (n1)Kn2 for n = 2, 3, 4, . . .. Find K0
0
Z /2
and K1 , and hence K6 and K7 . What is the value of the integral L =
sin7 x dx ?
0

Ans: K0 = /2, K1 = 1, K6 =
C64.

Let Kn =

531
642
, L = K7 =
6422
753

/4

0

## Find K0 and K1 , and hence the values of K4 and K5 .

Ans: K0 = /4, K1 = (ln 2)/2, K4 = /4 2/3, K5 = (ln 2)/2 1/4
C4

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