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INSTRUCTION MANUAL

HF AUTOMATIC ANTENNA TUNER



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@ .... :~ ... " .

•• + ••

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HITO / HLIA H

~ ~.: (02)70 -9 04

Icorn nc.

FOREWORD

Thank you for choosing th is ICOM product.

The AT~ 150 is an H F Automatic Antenna Tuner developed by ICOM utilizing the latest electronics technofogy and precise, advanced engineering.

To full y enjoy the benefits of th is high -performance antenna tu ner, please study th is instruction manual thoroughly prior to operation. Atso, feel free to contact an authorized tCOM dealer if you have any questions relating to the operation of this model.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 1 SPECIFICATIONS t • • • ~ • • • • • • • • • • • ~ • • • ~ • • • • • • • •• 1

SECT I ON 2 FE A TU RES · ~ · · ~ · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ~ · · · ~ · · & 2 SECT I ON 3 IN ST A L LA T ION · ~ · · · · · · · · · · · ~ · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ~ ~ · · ~ · · ~ 3

SECTION 4 CONTROL FUNCTIONS~ ~ · · · · · · · · · · · · · & • • • • ~ • • • ~ •• 7

SECT JON 5 OP E R AT ION · · · · · · · · · . ~ . ~ . ~ · · · . · · · · · · · t • • • • ~ • • • • ~ • • • • • 10 SECT ION 6 INS IDE V I EWS · · · · · · ~ · · ~ ~ · ~ · · · · · · · ~ · ~ · · · ~ · · · · · · · · ~ · · · · 14 SECTION 7 CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION ~ · ~ , · · · · ~ · · · · · · · - · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ~ 15

SECT ION 8 B LOCK D I A GRAM ~ · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ~ · · · · · · · & • ~ • • • ~ • ~ ~ • 19

SECTION 9 SCHEMATIC DIAG RAM ~ .. ~ ~ . ~ ~ . SEPARATE

SECTION 1 SPECIFICATIONS

Number of semiconductors

: Transistors 24

ICs 10

Diodes 61

F re que ncy ra nge

1.8MHz ~ 2.0MHz 3.4MHz ~ 4.1 MHz 6.9MHz -.. 7.5MHz 9~9MHz ...... 10.5MHz

13.9MHz --- 14.5MHz 17.9MHz -.. 18a5MHz 20.9MHz "" 21.SMHz 24.4MHz '" 2S.1MHz 27.9MHz -., 30.0MHz

Input impedance

50n

Output matching range

16.7 --- 150n unbalanced VSWR 3: 1 or less

1 nput power capability

: 100W (200W PEP)

Minimum power input

; 8W

Band swi tch i ng ti me

: 3 se conds or less

Auto-tunlnq time

3 secon ds or less

A uto- tu n i ng ace u racy

VSWR 1.2: 1 or less

t nse rti on loss

: O.5d B or less (after tuning)

Cu rrent consumpti on

O.5A max imum (at 13.8V DC)

G round polarity

Negative ground

Usa bl e tern pe ratu re ran ge

Dimensions

= 94mm(H) x 180mm(W) x 239mm(D)

Weight

: 3.1 kg

-1-

~ : . ~ .;

SECT~ON 2 FEATU RES

* ~APID TUNEUP

A new I y developed detectio n ci rcu it dete rm i nes the posi tio n of both in pu t and ou tput v ar i abl e capaci tors I pi us th e requ ired tu n i n9 d i recti on . Sepa rate, po we rfu I motors qu ick I y tune the ca paci to rs for a com pi e te I y matched antenn a svs te m.

* AUTOMATIC BAND SELECTION

I nstant band ch anges a re pass i b lew ith a n I CO M H F transce i ve r ..

* PRESET CONTROLS PROVIDED

Conven iently located controls allow one frequency per band to be tu ned in advance, Th is featu re reduces the tuneup time required at power-on or when band switchinq,

* BUILT-IN ANTENNA SWITCHING CIRCUIT

Th eAT -150 se lects one of fau r a nten nas autom ati call y wh e n a new band is chosen ~ And, switch es are available to independently program the exact antenna you wish to use on a particular band. Eve n wh en the auto .. tu ne ci reu it is tu rned off, th eAT - 150 sti II fu ncti ons as an au tom ati c anten n a

switch when used with the I COM HF transceiver.

-2-

SECTION 3 tNSTALLATrON

UNPACKING

Carefully remove your antenna tuner from the packing carton and examine it for signs of shipping damage. Notify the deliveri ng carrie r or dea I er i m medi atel v, stat i ng fu II deta i Is, shou Id any damage be apparent. We recommend you keep the shipping carton fo r storing, m ov i ng 0 r resh i pp i ng the tu ne r if necessary. Accessories are packed with the tuner. Make sure you have re moved a II equ i pment and parts before discard i ng the packing material.

Accessories included:

CD Accessory ca b Ie ( 1 mete r] . @ Coaxial cabfe (1 meter).

R ECOMM EN DA TIONS FOR INSTALLATION

Avoid install ing the AT -150 indirect sunl ight,. high temperatures, areas with excessive dust or hum iditv, and locations where the tu ne r will be su bjected to abn orrna I sh ocks or v i brat ions.

Place the unit so the switches can be operated and the LED i nd i cators can be seen easi I y .

POWER SUPPLY

The transceiver supplies the power required by the AT-150 to th e ACe socket on th e re ar pane I v i a the su ppl ied accesso ry cable.

System Interconnections

Coaxi a I cabl e

Power s upp I y

I COM H F tra nsceiver

AC receptacle

~

c:-. "a

-

-

[=] 0 0 0

® 0 0

=

Accessory ca bte

l [_ DC Pow~r ca~~e

~---j :=!---"'='

-3-

CABLE CONNECTIONS

• EXAMPLE ANTENNA SWITCH SETTINGS

ANT 1 -------, 1.8MHz

• EXAMPLE ANTENNA SYSTEM

Connect the AT~ 150 to the transceiver and the antennas as shown in the diagram. Also, connect a common ground to both units to prevent any possi bllitv of television (TV I) or broadcast band (Be I) j nterfe renee.

Of the four antenna connectors provided on the rear panel of the AT-150, th ree of them (ANT 1, ANT2, ANT3) accept coax ial

cable feedl i nes.

Each of these three antenna systems can be

connected to the transceiver for operation on any amateur band by using the switches located inside the hatch cover on the top of the AT-150 .

. ~ ~ .

. .

. ::..... .

." .... ~ .

. i

/._ 0 . _. ·W . _ .. (:)

!

'---------'. .._~"',/~-y 0 ~ 14 ~-.~ ()

···/4 1$-,

NOTE : The swi tc hes are set for operati on wi th the anten na system shown .

ANT 2 --~ '~-.---- 3.5MHz

7MHz

10MHz

ANT 3--- 14MHz 18-21MHz 24-28MHz

14M Hz 3.5MHz

~ ~ 1.8MHz

28MHz 7(10)MHz

a

a

o O@O o@)o o@oO

D

o

°000 ANT 3

ANT 2 ANT 1 0

000

-4-

ANTENNA

ANT4 can be connected by means of the front panel switch. A long wire antenna for general coverage reception could be attached to th is con nector .

In all four cases, the antennas may be used for transmitting if the VSWR is kept at 3 : 1 or less.

13.8V

r---~---~-~---~------------~----------.-'--"--.~----~~-'"

Pin No. Description

Ex pl a na t ion

R efe renee vo I tage for ba nd sw itch in g. Ground.

Not used.

I nput for external band switching signal. Not used.

Not used.

13.8V DC input terminal interlocked with

8V GND

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

BAND

REAR VIEW the power switch on the transceiver.

NOTE: The two ACe sockets are connected in para Ilel.

Since no single antenna tuner is universally effective for all kinds of antennas, a complete understanding of the state of the antenna system is essential to obtain better operating results from the tu ne r.

Example of SWR Measurement

LO~ __

14.0 21.0 28.0

(MHz)

0::

?; 2.0 (j)

3.0

-·21 MH z

28MHz

14MHz

.100

.200

.400 .500 .600

.800

.900

.300

.700

Frequency

-5-

Additional loss due to high SWR

Suppose a typical tribander antenna covering 14MHz, 21 MHz and 28MHz has VSWR values as shown in the diagram.

Th e ante n na a ppears to offe ram atch ed cond i t ion in th e SSB portion of 14MHz and 28MHz as well as the CW portion of 21 MHz. An antenna tuner may not be required whi le operating in these areas of the bands.

But, operation in the CW portions of 14MHz and 28MHz or in the SSB portions of 21 MHz; where the VSWR is poor and the ante nna does not match th e outpu t i mped a nee of th e transce ive r, cou td give u nsat isfacto ry resu I tSA

The rote of the antenna tuner in this case is to match the impedances of the tr ansce i ver and th e anten na syste m A A I th ough the impedances can be matched, the tuner cannot el irn inate coaxial cable loss due to a poor VSWR. Additionally, the loading of the transceiver's final ampl ifier stage is improved and harmon ic ge ner ati on is red u ced.

F or your reference, the included graph shows the relationsh ip of coaxial cable loss versus VSW R.

Loss of Coaxial Cable

10 - .
-.. ... _-
CD -~- .... " .........
.. -
TI ~;:
- , ..--
~ ... 1--
0::: v ~:--- --- ~
~ v .... , v ,.....-""' -- I--"
V V ' ''''
Cf} 3 \'-/ _. -
./ V /pV
/ v ~" r--
..c ,......--
Ol 2 /
-: .: vV' ~ !.-- f-
L. V
0 /: v v v"'"
/ !.-- ~
- v V
1.0 «o.~
Q.l ./ ./ ./ ./ ~~--
::l .,- ./ ./ .....: r/
-0 p..L-t-- -- ./ V
./ ,/ -: i;' ........,
Ul ~.~ ./ / -: l/ V
(f) L v / ./ ':;;---- -
0 V '=o'f1
vz. V L ~v ./ '>: ~
ctS o 3 hV// V ~
c I
0 0.2
+-" VGV· ,/ . ~~ !.---
"0
U ~~ //
-c G.'
~- -- .- .~-
0.1 0-2 0-3 n ,~J l,t, ~ J ~ I~
< Feeder loss at SW R =:::1.0 (d B)

Loss per 10m (dB)
Frequency MHz 3.5 7 14 21 ?8
Coaxial cable
3C-2V 025 0.35 0_50 0.61 o /1
5C-2V 016 023 0.32 0.39 0.46
7C-2V 0.13 0.18 0.26 0.32 0.37
10C-2V 0.11 0.15 0.22 0.28 0.31
5D-~V 0.18 0,25 0,37 0.45 0.51
SO-2V o lL o 17 023 0.20 0.35
RG-~8/U 0.23 0.33 0.49 0.56 0.76
RG-59/U 0.21 0.30 o 43 o 51 0_59
RG-8/U 0.10 0.15 0,21 0,26 0.31
RG-11/U 0.12 0.18 0_26 0.32 0.38 Th is ta bl e shows th e attenu atl a n pe r 1 0 meters when used at SWR=1.0. The values given in this table are nominal

,

and may differ somewhat from actual values. The loss tends to increase due to secular chance.

-6-

--- -- ----------- - - -- - - -

! SECTI'ON 4 CONTR'OL FUNCTrO,NS

---- -- - - - - - -- - - -- - - .-

FRONT PANEL

'''"1-:"" , : " '1

", - ....

13" ... '~4-"

" •. s I I -, -, _.,1

i 6-· -, ·

, '

.. ,-: .....

TUNE, SWIT"CH

Swi"tches the automatic tuner circuit. When the switch ls pushed II N, "the TUN E indicator lights and the AT~' 50 acts as an autom atic antenna w ner, When the switch is OUT # the output power from the trensciever is fed directly to the antenna, and the AT = 150 acts as an automatic antenna switch.

{,2-:--· ... , "" I

'''''--'''

AUTO-TUNE INDICATOR

Lights when the auto-tune function is activated by pushing the T"UNE switch liN.

ANT.4 SW'ITCH

Connects the antenna attached to the ANrT4 connector on the rear panel to the transceiver directlv if the TUNE switch 115 QIUT r or vi a the auto-tu ne circu it if the switch is, I N ~

Li'ghts when the ANT4 switch is pushed I N to select the antenna connected to the ANT4 connector on the rear panel,

BAINO INIDIICATORS

I ndlcatss the amateur band on which the AT~ 150 is ready to operate, The. band indication must aqree 'with the amateur band selected by the transceiver. When using the general coverage receiver, the BA'ND indicators show the approximatefrequencv being tuned by the receiver.

~.-~

(~~) WAIT IrNDICA,TOR

Lights whjl;e the tuni ng capacitors are moving to the preset positions" or immediately after the power is tu rned ON. Also lights when the' frequency band is chanqad. D'O NOT transmit 'while the WAIT indicator is contlnuouslv ON.

-7-

REA.R PANEL

i~~.

t. I

" /

:.....---(fO

~-~

(z) RF INPUT CONiNECTOR

Connect the supplied coaxial cable from the ante n na connector of the transce ive r here.

® ANTENNA 'CONNE,CTORS (1), (2), '(3)

Con neet th e tr an sm iss i on lines from th rae d i fferent ante n n as he re . Use P L - 259 con necto rs on the tra nsm iss ion J' i nes. Any ante nn a may be u sed on a ny band by p rogr.am m i ng th e swi tch es u nde r the' hatch cover on the top of the A T ~ 150.

@) ANTENNA CONNECTOR '(4) Connect the feedline from a long wire antenna here. Use the

A NT 4swi tch on the front panel to select this antenna.

Q~@ ACCESSORY SOCKETS

Con nect th e s u ppl ied accessory ca bl e from the ACe (2) socket on th e t ra n see lve r to either of th sse sockets, Turn ,0 F F the power on the tr ansce i ve rwh H e connecting this accessory cable.

(Lv GROU:ND TERMINAL

To reduce the risk of electricaishock, television (TVO or broadcast ba nd (B C :I! ) i nterfe ren ce and oth er p rob I ems, be su re to ground the AT -150 at this term t na ~ ~ U sea heavy g.auge wire or metal strap and keep the length ·as short as possible for best results,

-8-

TO'P rPANEL

(H,ATCH CO'VER, CONrTROLS)

-r».

(13)~~~-~

'-"

(1'2) PRESET INDICA'TORS

v. -"

lndlcats the direction to tune the PR ESET controls for a matched condition when the AUTO/PRESET switch is, set to. AUTO., AU LEDs, are OUT when the preset ls complete, See' SE'CTION 5 for more information .

...:,- 3'::-.'

, 'I

, I ,", .... __ ::-'

AN'TIENNA SELECTORS

Select antenna (1 L(2) or (.3) for each frequency band independently with these switches.

:f4') ,AUTO~ TUNE/PRESIET

...... _ ....

SWITCHI

Selects either AUTO - TUNE or PR ESET operation, This switch should be in the AU'TO position for normal operation,

Q}~ PRESET CONTROLS

Preset the input and output matching capacitors for each frequencv band using these controls.

. . _.. .- .... - ... __ . - _.

. .

SECTI·QN 5 OPERATION .

. !

--- . _. . ... . - .. . . - _ .....

The purpose of the PA ESET controls are to adjust the varlable turunq capacitors for the approximate area of each band on which you 'intend to operate. it is not mandatory to set the PR ESET controls since the tuner eutornatlcallv adjusts the rnatchi ng capacltors wh en transm i ttinq on a new frequency if the AUTO/PRESET switch is at AUTO. However, if the presetting is done when you first install the .AT-150, the t.ime required for the automatic tu n ing function to 'il nelv adjust the capacitors for a specific operati ng frequency i s reduced.

:PR,ESE'T OPERATION

1 ) 'Connect the .AT·-150 and the transceiver as shown in SEC~ T:ION 3. Use the bullt-in mater in the transceiver for making VSWR measurements,

2) Push the TUN E switch I N.. The gre·en LED indicator to the right of the switch lights., Check that the AUTO/PRESET switch inside the top hatch cover is in th,e A:UTO position.

3) V'erify that the frequency band selected on the transceiver is the same as the band selected by the tuner as indicated by' the gre·en LED ,j'ghts on the front panet of the A.T~ 1'50,. Select a frequency on the transceiver in the area of the band on wbich you plan to operate.

App rox i mate p os i ti 0 n S 0 f the PRE.SET controls for 50 n an te n na svste m s ..

*' Note the position of the mar kar whe n settirig each P'AESET control.

4) Transmit a steady carrier u.sing the FM mode with about 10 watts ~ Conf rm the auto-tun ing functio n operates correctlv resulting, in a low' VSWR. Stop transmitting. See the section

below AUT' '0" TUN1N'G FAilS' T- 0: OPE-R'A' TE' ·f th to

.. :.... _I ' ' , .' ~ ......,.'. - I, .' , I: e au.-

tuning function does not ope-rate.

Complete H F Amateur Station

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r:::::d :-:J J :...J
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[Err :''-\'' : L..;:;! .,'~¥. :J
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" , .-
W 111 ., ., W.:-·-:-·+-M.. ..F _ =-- JW2 _

ICOM IHF transceiver

- 10-

5) Adjust the two PR ESET controls located under the hatch cover on the top of the A'T~ 1,50 corresponding to the selected band until all four red LED indicators u nder the hatch cover are not H~t Use the left PR ESET control for the two left LED'51 and the ri"ght PR ESET' control for the two right LE.Ds". Th is completes oresettinq 'for th is band.

6.) Perform steps 3)- through 5) on each frequencv band you

plan to operate.

Rotate cloc kwise.

OK A dj u s tm e n teo r rec t.

AUTO,-'TUNING FAtLS TO, OPE,RATE

If the auto-tunmq function does not operate correctly In step 4) above, possible causes are:

1) The antenna system VSWR ex-ceeds 3:' 1..

The antenna needs adjustment to bring the VSW'R below 3,: t. Sometimes, the followinq procedure allows the tuner to operate correctly.

a) Place the AUTO/PR E,SET switch unde-r the AT'·1:50' hatch cover to the PR ESET position", and adjust the' two PR ESET controls altematelv to obtain a 'minimum VSWR reading (1 : 1 if possible) while transmitting a steady carrier 'Using the FM mode. Stop transrnittinq. The tuning capacitors are now set at: the optimal position for the frequency selected.

b) Reset the AUTOlPRESE'T switch to the, AUTO position,

2) The transceiver protection circuit has operated resulting in a lower transmit output.

a) Place the AUTO/PRESET switch under the AT-150 hatch cover to the PR ESET position" and adjust the two PRESET controls alternately while transm itting a steady carrier using the FM mode. Tune for maximum power output while watching the relative power meter on the transce i ve r. Stop tra n sm itti ng.

b) Reset the AUTO/PRESET switch to the AUTO position.

After completing steps 1) or 2), transm it a steady carrier, and the auto-tune function should operate normally. Continue with the preset directions beginning with step 3) under PRESET OPERATION.

POINTS TO REMEMBER

,

1) The variable capacitors, coils and relays used in the AT -150 h ave reason a bl e de si 9 nail owances, h oweve r it is adv isa ble not to exceed the recommended specifications for voltage and power as stated at the front of th is manu al.

2) Do not ch ange f requ ency bands wh i let ransm i tt i ng" nor attempt to transmit while the antenna connectors are untoaded or shorted. Either action could damage the final transistors of the transceiver.

3) NEVE R transmit while the WA IT light is continuously ON. It is normal for the WA IT light to be lit briefly at the beginning of a transmission.

4) Coaxial cable is not designed to be used as a feedline in system s wi th a high VSW R . The refore, kee p yau r anten na system VSWR as low as possible to eliminate excessive power loss. The AT -150 can on Iy perform impedance conversions, it can not red u ce cable I asses.

5) Use a dry I soft cloth to clean the AT -150 when it becomes dusty or soiled. Do not use thinner or other organic solvents which may damage the finish of the unit or cause peeling of the paint,

-12 -

FLOW CHART FOR PRESET OPERATION

Start

Place AUTO/PRESET switch at AUTO.

Transmit a earner

(about lOIN)

Adjust PR ESET controls to ex ti ngu ish l E Ds.

NO

Place AUTO/PRESET switch at PRESET Adjust PRESET can· trois for max. power out,

Place AUTO/PRESET switch at AUTO

YES

NO

Place AU TO/PR ESE T switch dl PRESET. Adlust PRESET con trois for min VSWR.

Adjust antenna for VSWR less than 3.

YES

NO

Adjust transceiver to el im ina Ie sou ri au s emissions.

Place AUTO/PRESET switch al AUTO,

YES

Parasitic oscillations or harmonics presen t.

NO

-13-

Preset complete.

. . ... ._ .. -- _._- .. ...

. . .

. SECTION 6 INSIDE. VIEWS ..' .' .

• _- - • .!..- • • • •• _....... • ••

TOP VIEW

~==::=;===========~=-~~---~~ Matchi ng Coi I '1.,8 .......... 7MHz)

iI! ~~~!!!!!!!!~!!I!!!~~--~~~~ Match I.ng Detector

Leve I Adj u s tm e n t (DO NOT adjust e . ~

LED Preset In d lc a tors

BOTT'OM VIEW'

Coil Relay {1 OMHz~ ------------~==~,

--~~~~~~----~~ Matchin,g Coil (10 ro.. 2aMHz~

Matching Capacitors

a;!~~~~~~~~~===~;:-J~~~----- M.atchi ng Capacitor Motors

SECTION 7 Ct RCU ~T OEseR I PTI ON

INTRODUCTION

The AT -150 is an automatic antenna tuner with major ci rcu its i ncl udi n9: 1 ) Match i ng Circu it 2) Detect Or (0 ET) Ci rcu it,

3) Control Circuit, 4} Preset Control Circuit, 5) Wait Cir-

cuit, 6) Band Switching Circuit and 7) Power Circu it(DC-DC).

MATCHING CIRCUIT

The matching circuit is shown in FigA 1 ~ The variable capacitors, C3(input side) and C4(output side), are connected to their respective motors. The control ci rcuit suppl ies signals wh i ch posi ti on th ese capacito rs to match the i m peda nee of th e tr ansce ive rand the ante nna system.

The taps of coils L 1 and L2 are automatically set to the band designated by relays R L 7 th rough R L 12. By usi n9 two separate motors wh i ch rotate both the in pu t and au tput ca pac ito rs simultaneously, the AT-l50 has a faster overall tuning speed th an convent ion at mode I s.

I I I I
1- -11- -I 1- -11- -I
I 1 I
I C3 t C4
;%-
0 .1

INPUT OUTPUT
Jr 1 ;;


RL7 I
} Ll
I
RL 12 L2
ELAYS
e e

Fig. 1 'Matching Circuit

DETECTOR CIRCUIT

The detector circuit measures the resistive and reactive components of the load, and passes these values to the control ci rcu it.

L 1, D 1 and D 2 detect th e resistive com po nents. The detecti on voltage for a 50 ohm resistive impedance at the output is OV , wh e reas resist i ve campane nts less th an 50 oh ms produ ce pos i ti ve detection voltsqes and components more than 50 ohms produce negative voltages.

-15-

The high frequency current detected by L 1 and RS, and the high frequency voltage detected by C3 through C5 are applied to phase com pa ra tors Ie 1 th rough I C3 v i a TT L bu ffe rs a 1 and Q2, respectively. Thus, the reactive components are detected as pos itive or negat i ve detect lo n vol tages carre spend i ng to th e del ay 0 r adva nee of cu r rent versus vo Itage.

OUTPUT

R5

M o

INPUT

DET

CURRENT BUFFER

DET.

r--- .... v- RES I STAN CE ()

DETECTOR

Vri ~- .....

WAVE PHASE

VOLTAGE BUFFER

--------1 .. VH

Fig. 2 Detector Ci rcuit

CONTROL CIRCUIT (MAIN UNIT)

The resistive (V A) and reactive(V q,) detection voltages from the detector circuit are fed to le1 A and I C2B for voltage amplification. After cu rrent amplification by a 1 through Q4, V ¢J and

VRdrive motors MOTl and MOT2.

,

A5 through R 11, and R 12 through R 18 on the MAl N unit are variable resistors that may be used to preset the variable tuning capac itors for a parti cu I a r freq ue ncy 0 n each freq ue ncy band. These resistors are toea ted under the hatch cover on the top of the AT·150.

PRESET CONTROL CIRCUIT (MAIN UNIT)

- 16--

With the AUTO/PRESET switch set at the PA ESET position and immediately after applying power or changing bands, the voltages divided by R 5 through R 11 and A 12 th rough R 18, plus the voltages from R 19, R20, R31, R32 and variable resistors R 1, R2 coupled to the variable tuning capacitors, are all applied to le1 A and IC2B for comparative ampl ification. The output drives the motors which position the tuning capacitors.

v~ ALJTO

MOTOR - - - -/- - /-"
nRlVE

PREseT o l . 02
Ie: , (;4 /
/
BAND sw. /
POSITION
MOTOH2 sw.
05 DET. 09
PRESET
VR R~

MOTO~2 SW POSITION

06 DET.Ol0


Vrp


MUTOH - y!- - ,,-..
DRIVE - -

PRESET 03 . U4
IC2 C3 /
/
/
MOTORl s«. POSITION

07 CJET 011
PRFSFT
VR R2

MOTOR I SW POSITJON
OB DET. 012 Fig~ 3 Preset Control Circu it

WAIT CIRCUIT

The wait ci rcu it automaticaUy adjusts the tuning capacitors to the preset positions after a band change and then reselects the auto-tuning mode.

R elav R L 1 swi tches the outputs from Ie 1 and I C2~ 027 th rough D34, D39, D40 and D 15, detect the voltages output from the common terminats of relay R L 1 to drive the WAIT LED on the AT ·150 fran t panel.

The WAI T LED lights whi Ie the tuning capacitors are automaticatly set to the preset positions, and whenever the VSWR is too high (above 3: 1) to permit proper tuning.

I

- 17-

The band switching circuit, including a band switching IC( IC2) and an AID converter for automatic band changing, controls the automatic operation of the AT-150 when used with the IC-735 H F transcei ve r .

BAND SWITCHING CIRCUIT

The transceiver appl ies band step voltaqes to Ie 1 pin 9 via the buffer circu it Q 1 and Q2. An 8 volt reference voltage is also appl ied to Ie 1 pin 7. The value of the band step voltage determ ines which of the le1 outputs, pins 1 through 6 or 11 through 16, pass a signal to IC2 in order to select the correct band.

14MHz 18.21MHz

BV 24,28MHz

REFEREN 10MHz

VOLTAGE

BAND CONTROL VOLTAGE

- .-
- -
BUFF AMP. - -- -
01,02 - -- -
- -
- --
A/D SW.
- -
- -
lC1 IC2
- -
-- -
- - ....
- - --
CE - -
-- - 1,8MHz

3,5MHl 7MHz

TO MAIN RELAYS

AND BAND LEOS

F ig~ 4 Band Swi tch ing Circu it

The powe r c j rcu it ge ne rates negati ve va Itages by conve rti ng the DC input to an AC voltage (about 16kHz) with multivibrater Q 1, Q2 and L2, After fullwave rectifying the AC by 03 and 04, negative voltages equivalent to the input voltaqes are obtained.

POWER CIRCUIT (DC-DC UNIT)

0- -- .------------,

tR INPUT

+

J3

-DC

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+

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Fig. 5 Power Circuit

t.

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Count 011 US!

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A-Q669-N Printed in Japan

Copyright © 1989 by leom Inc.

Icom Inc.

6-9-16~ Kamihiqashi. Hirano-ku, Osaka 547. Japan

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