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Anglais

scientique
pour les prpas
Catherine Baldit-Dufays
Marie-Annick Durand

www.biblio-scientifique.net
Dunod, Paris, 2010
ISBN 978-2-10-055475-1

www.biblio-scientifique.net
Table des matires

Introduction vii
Liste non exhaustive des concours scientiques :
Anglais LV1 viii
Liste non exhaustive des concours scientiques :
Anglais LV2 xi

Vocabulaire thmatique franais/anglais 1


La Recherche/Research 3
Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics 10
La Physique/Physics 18
La Chimie/Chemistry 29
La Mdecine/Medicine 47
La Gntique/Genetics 62
La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology
and Paleontology 68
Lcologie/Ecology 84
Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a
source of pollution 93
LEspace/Space 103
LInformatique/Computer Science 111
Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering 120

Lexique anglais/franais 127

Fiches mthodes 193


Mthodologie de lpreuve crite 195
Mthodologie de lpreuve orale 196
Lexique pour agencer les ides 198

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Influential scientists 214
A brief history of the National Health Service
in the U.K. 218
A brief history of the health care system in the USA 219
A brief history of ecology in Britain 222
A brief history of ecology in the USA 223
A brief history of space in Britain 224
A brief history of space in the USA 225
A brief history of computer science 226
A brief history of genetics 228

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Introduction
Les preuves d'anglais des concours d'entre aux grandes coles sont relativement
varies en termes de format et de contenu si l'on considre l'ensemble des sections
scientiques. Il convient donc chaque tudiant en classe prparatoire de bien
cibler les exigences de chaque examen an d'apprendre le vocabulaire le plus prcis
et spcique possible.
Les sciences sont l'honneur dans la grande majorit des textes soumis l'crit et
l'oral. Il n'y a pas une question de socit qui ne fasse intervenir des connaissances
en sciences de l'environnement, en informatique, en gntique ou en mdecine
tant donn le contexte mondial actuel. Une argumentation de qualit est atten-
due dans les essais des Concours Communs Polytechniques, de l'ENS ou encore
de Polytechnique.
C'est la raison pour laquelle nous avons compil un lexique thmatique franais/
anglais qui permet tout tudiant en MP, PC, PSI ou BCPST d'avoir un bagage
susant pour exprimer ses ides aussi bien l'crit qu' l'oral. Le lexique alpha-
btique anglais/franais sert quant lui de rfrence linguistique pour l'entrane-
ment la lecture d'articles scientiques et bien entendu la version, notamment
la version scientique aux ENS.
Cet ouvrage se veut galement un outil mthodologique qui doit permettre
l'tudiant dsirant d'amliorer ses comptences stylistiques, non seulement de
structurer sa pense, mais aussi d'illustrer, d'introduire, de rsumer, dargumenter
et nalement de conclure ses essais. Des conseils mthodologiques, un lexique
permettant d'organiser ses ides dans des phrases et des paragraphes, mais aussi
des biographies de scientiques remarquables et des ches donnant un bref histo-
rique sur des thmes ayant trait la science compltent ce manuel.
Nous esprons vivement que cet ouvrage sera une aide prcieuse et ecace, non
seulement pour les concours, mais aussi tout au long de vos tudes scientiques.
Good luck !

Nous remercions toutes les personnes qui nous ont apport leur aide lors de la
conception de cet ouvrage.

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Liste non exhaustive des concours
scientiques : Anglais LV1
COLE CRIT ORAL
Mines-Ponts 1h30 Document crit.
* Thme littraire ou jour- Prparation : 20 mn.
nalistique. Prsentation : 20 mn.
* 2 questions sur un texte Rsum, analyse, entretien.
crit en anglais : question 1 :
comprhension des ides
de lauteur (70-120 mots) ;
question 2 : prise de posi-
tion sur un thme plus
gnral (110-200 mots).
Centrale-Suplec 3h Document crit (choix
* Version journalistique. parmi plusieurs textes).
* Contraction croise Prparation : 40 mn.
(120 mots). Prsentation : 20 mn.
Choix du texte justier.
Rsum, analyse, lecture
dun paragraphe avec raison
du choix, traduction dun
court passage donn par le
jury.
CCP 2h Document audio.
* Version journalistique. Prparation : 20 mn.
* Contraction croise 3 coutes.
(130 mots). Prsentation : 20 mn.
* Essai (200 mots). Rsum, analyse, entretien.
e3a 3h Se renseigner dans chaque
e4a * Version journalistique. cole.
* Essai sur le sujet de la
version (200-250 mots).
* Thme grammatical de
20 phrases.

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Liste non exhaustive des concours scientifiques : Anglais LV1

COLE CRIT ORAL


Polytechnique 1h30 * Document crit.
* Version littraire. Prparation : 30 mn.
1h30 Prsentation : 20 mn.
* 2 questions sur un texte Tonalit du texte, rsum,
crit en franais : question 1 : analyse, entretien.
comprhension des ides de * Document audio.
lauteur (120-150 mots) ; Prparation : 15 mn.
question 2 : prise de posi- 3 coutes.
tion sur un thme plus Prsentation : 10 mn.
gnral (180-200 mots). Prsentation des personna-
lits, du thme, des ides,
entretien.
ENS 2h Document crit.
* Version journalistique et Prparation : 30 mn.
MP/PC/BIO scientique. Prsentation : 20-25 mn.
* 2 questions sur le texte Lecture dun passage,
(100 mots minimum rsum, analyse, entretien.
chacune).
ENAC 2h Document audio.
* QCM : 80 questions de Prparation : 20 mn.
vocabulaire, de grammaire Prsentation : 15 mn.
et de comprhension sur Rsum, analyse, entretien.
plusieurs textes trous.
cole de lAir Fait partie de la banque des Anglais obligatoire loral.
CCP. * Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 30 mn.
Analyse (10 mn maximum),
questions durant et aprs
lexpos.
* Document audio.
Test de comprhension de
conversation courante
(20 mn maximum).

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Liste non exhaustive des concours scientifiques : Anglais LV1

COLE CRIT ORAL


Banque Agro 2h * Document crit.
* Version littraire. Prparation : 30 mn.
* Thme littraire. Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.
* Document vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.
G2E * Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Analyse, commentaire et
entretien.
* Document audio ou vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.

Remarque :
Tout exercice dexpression crite, que ce soit sous forme de contraction de texte
ou dessai, se fait dans la langue anglaise.

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Liste non exhaustive des concours
scientiques : Anglais LV2
COLE CRIT ORAL
Mines-Ponts Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse,
entretien.
Centrale- Document crit (choix
Suplec parmi plusieurs textes).
Prparation : 40 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Choix du texte justier.
Rsum, analyse, lecture
dun paragraphe avec raison
du choix, traduction dun
court passage donn par le
jury.
CCP 1h
QCM : 8 questions de
comprhension et 10 de
lexique sur un texte en
anglais, 21 questions de
grammaire et de structure.
Polytechnique * Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Tonalit du texte, rsum,
analyse, entretien.
* Document audio.
Prparation : 15 mn.
3 coutes.
Prsentation : 10 mn.
Prsentation des personna-
lits, du thme, des ides,
entretien.

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Liste non exhaustive des concours scientifiques : Anglais LV2

COLE CRIT ORAL


ENS 2h
* Version journalistique et
MP/PC/BIO scientique.
* 1 question sur le texte
(100 mots minimum).
Banque Agro * Document crit.
Prparation : 30 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Rsum, analyse, entretien.
* Document vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.
G2E * Document crit.
Prparation : 20 mn.
Prsentation : 20 mn.
Analyse, commentaire
et entretien.
* Document audio ou vido.
2 coutes.
Sans prparation.
Prsentation du contenu.

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franais/anglais
Vocabulaire thmatique

Fiches mthodes Lexique anglais/franais Vocabulaire thmatique


franais/anglais
www.biblio-scientifique.net
Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
La Recherche/Research

Acclrateur Accelerator
Acoustique Acoustics
Arodynamique Aerodynamics
Agrobiologie Agrobiology
Aimant Magnet
Alchimie Alchemy
Ampoule Bulb
Analyse Analysis
Anode Anode
Anthropologie Anthropology
Anthropologue Anthropologist
Appareil Device
Archologie Archaeology
Archologue Archaeologist
Astronomie Astronomy
Astrophysicien Astrophysicist

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La Recherche/Research

Astrophysique Astrophysics
Avance Advance

Balance Scale(s)
Ballon Flask
Base Basis
Batterie Battery
Bec Bunsen Bunsen burner
Biochimiste Biochemist
Biologie Biology
Biologiste Biologist
Biophysicien Biophysicist
Biophysique Biophysics
Blouse Lab coat
Budget consacr la recherche Research budget

Catalyseur Catalyst
Cathode Cathode
Cerveau Brain
Chalumeau Blow-torch
Champ dtude Field of study
Chercheur Researcher
Chimie Chemistry
Chimie inorganique Inorganic chemistry
Chimie organique Organic chemistry
Chimiste Chemist
Cintique Kinetics
Comit, commission Panel
Comparaison Comparison
Compteur Meter
Condensateur Capacitor
Coupelle Cupel
Coupe transversale Cross-section

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La Recherche/Research

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Creuset Crucible, mortar
Cuve Vat
Cyberntique Cybernetics

Dcouverte Discovery, nding, nd


Dcouverte majeure Breakthrough
D Challenge
Der, lancer un d To challenge
Dvelopper To develop
Domaine de recherches Research area
Donner des rsultats To yield results
Dynamique Dynamics

chantillon Sample
lectrode Electrode
lectronique Electronics
Embryologie Embryology
Embryologiste Embryologist
Engin Device
nigme Conundrum
Entonnoir Funnel
prouvette Test tube
prouvette gradue Burette
tude Study
tuve Incubator
Exprience, test Experiment, test, trial
Expert Expert
Exploit Achievement

Faire de la recherche To do research


Formule Formula
Four, fourneau Furnace

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La Recherche/Research

Gnticien Geneticist
Gntique Genetics
Gnie Genius, mastermind
Gochimiste Geochemist
Gophysicien Geophysicist
Gophysique Geophysics
Groupe dexperts Think tank

Hotte Hood
Hydraulique Hydraulics
Hypothse Hypothesis

Immunologie Immunology
Immunologiste Immunologist
Incubateur Incubator
Indice Clue
Informaticien Computer scientist
Informatique Computer science
Ingnierie Engineering
Ingnieur, technicien Engineer
Innovateur Innovator
Instruments Apparatus
Inventeur Inventor
Invention Invention

Labo Lab
Laborantin Lab assistant
Laboratoire Laboratory
Lamelle (en verre) Coverglass
Lentille Lens

Manomtre Manometer
Matriel Equipment

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La Recherche/Research

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Mathmaticien Mathematician
Mathmatiques Mathematics
Mcanique Mechanics
Mesure Measure
Mtamorphose Metamorphosis
Mtorologie Meteorology
Mthode Method
Microbiologie Microbiology
Microscope Microscope

Nanomtre Nanometer

Objectif Lens
Observation Observation
Optique Optics

Papier ltre Filter paper


Papier tournesol Litmus paper
Perce Inroad
Perspective Prospect
Petit gnie Whiz(z) kid
Phnomne Phenomenon (plu. -na)
Physicien Physicist
Physiologie Physiology
Physiologiste Physiologist
Physique Physics
Pile Battery
Pionnier Pioneer
Pipette Pipette
Plateau Tray
Prlever la pipette To pipette
Preuve Proof
Preuves Evidence

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La Recherche/Research

Principe Principle
Prisme Prism
Processeur Processor
Processus Process
Profane Layman
Progrs Progress
Progresser To progress, to advance
Proposer une hypothse To speculate, to reason
Prouver To prove

Rayon X X-ray
Racteur Reactor
Recherche applique Applied research
Recherche et dveloppement Research and development
Recherche fondamentale Fundamental research, basic
research
Recherches sur le terrain Fieldwork
Russir To achieve
Robotique Robotics

Savant, rudit Scholar


Scalpel Scalpel
Science Science
Scientique (n.) Scientist
Scientique (adj.) Scientic
Sismologie Seismology
Seringue Syringe
Service de recherche Research department
Spcialiste Specialist
Spcialiste des sciences Geoscientist
de la terre
Stroboscope Stroboscope
Synthse Synthesis

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La Recherche/Research

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Technique Technique
Thoricien Theoretician
Thorie Theory
Thoriser To theorise
Thermodynamique Thermodynamics
Thermomtre Thermometer
Toxicologie Toxicology
Travaux de recherche Research work
Trouver To nd (out)
Tube essai Sampling tube
Tube en U U-tube

Universitaire Academic

Vase bec Beaker


Vase de Dewar Dewar ask
Visionnaire Visionary

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Les Mathmatiques/
Mathematics

TH EO REM

Abscisse Abscissa
Acclration Acceleration
Addition Addition
Additionner To sum, to add
Adjacent Adjacent
Alatoire Random
Algbre Algebra
Algbrique Algebraic
Algorithme Algorithm
Analyse Analysis
Angle Angle
Angle aigu Acute Angle
Angle droit Right angle

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Angle obtus Obtuse angle
Angle plat Straight angle
Arc Arc
Axe Axis

Barycentre Barycentre
Base Base
Binaire Binary
Boucle Loop

Calcul Calculus
Calcul diffrentiel Differential calculus
Calcul intgral Integral calculus
Calculer To calculate
Calculs Calculations
Carr, au carr Square
Circulaire Circular
Au carr Squared
Centre de masse Centre of mass
Cercle Circle
Chiffre Figure
Circonfrence Circumference
Combinaison Combination
Cne Cone
Constante Constant
Contigut Adjacency
Convergent Convergent
Convexe Convex
Cosinus Cosine
Courbe Curb
Cube Cube
Au cube Cubed
Cylindre Cylinder

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Dcimale Decimal
Degr Degree
Dmonstration Demonstration
Drive Derivative
Dessiner To draw
Diagonale Diagonal
Diagramme Diagram
Diamtre Diameter
Didre Dihedron (plu. -a or -ons)
Digital Digital
Direct Direct
Distance Distance
Divergent Divergent
Diviser To divide
Division Division
Dodcadre Dodecahedron
Donnes Data
Droite (n.) Line

galit Equality
nigme mathmatique Mathematical conundrum
Ensemble Set
quation Equation
quation linaire Linear equation
quation quadratique Quadratic equation
querre Set square
quilatral Equilateral
quivalence Equivalence
Erreur Mistake
Erreur de calcul Miscalculation
Espace Space

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Factoriel Factorial
Factorisation Factorisation
Figure gomtrique Geometrical gure
Fonction Function
Fondamental Fundamental
Formule Formula
Fractal Fractal
Fraction Fraction

Gomtrie Geometry
Gomtrie afne Afne geometry
Gomtrie analytique Analytic geometry
Gomtrique Geometric(al)
Grandeur (dun nombre) Magnitude
Graphique (n.) Graph
Graphique (adj.) Graphic
Groupe ablien Abelian group

Hexagone Hexagon
Homologie Homology
Homothtie Homothety, homothecy,
dilatation
Horizontal Horizontal
Hyperbole Hyperbola
Hypotnuse Hypotenuse

Identit Identity
Impair Odd
Inclusion Inclusion
Induction Induction
Ingalit Inequality
Inni (n.) Innity
Inni (adj.) Innite

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Innitsimal Innitesimal
Intgral Integral
Intersection Intersection
Intervalle Interval
Inversion Inversion

Ligne Line
Limite Limit
Logarithme Logarithm
Logique Logic
Loi Law
Losange Rhombus (plu. -buses or -bi)

Mathmaticien Mathematician
Mdian Median
Mdiane Median
Mthode des moindres carrs Least-squares method
Mettre au carr To square
Mettre au cube To cube
Moindres carrs Least squares
Moyenne Average
Multiplication Multiplication
Multiplier To multiply

Nombre Number
Nombre complexe Complex number
Nombre entier Whole number, integer
Nombre imaginaire Imaginary number
Nombre impair Odd number
Nombre ngatif Negative number
Nombre pair Even number
Nombre premier Prime number
Nombre rel Real number

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Octadre Octahedron
Octogone Octagon
Ordonne Ordinate

Pair Even
Parabole Parabola (plu. -as or -ae)
Paradoxe Paradox
Parallle Parallel
Paralllogramme Parallelogram
Pentagone Pentagon
Pente Slope
Primtre Perimeter
Priodique Periodic
Permutation Permutation
Perpendiculaire Perpendicular
Polygone Polygon
Polynme Polynomial
Pourcentage Percentage
Pression Pressure
Produit Product
Puissance To the power of
Pyramide Pyramid

Quadrangle Quadrangle
Quadrangulaire Quadrangular, four-angled
Quadrilatre Quadrilateral, quadrangle
Quadrilatral Quadrilateral

Racine carre Square root


Racine cubique Cube root
Rapport Ratio
Rapporteur Protractor
Rayon Radius (plu. -ii)

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Rectangle Rectangle
Rectangulaire Rectangular
Rexivit Reexivity
Rsoudre To solve
Rsultante Resultant

Srie Series
Srie gomtrique Geometric series
Simplication Simplication
Sinus Sine
Sommet (3 dimensions) Apex
Sommet (gomtrie plane) Vertex
Soustraction Subtraction
Soustraire To subtract
Sphre Sphere
Surface, supercie Area
Symbole Symbol
Symtrie Symmetry

Tangente Tangent
Thorme Theorem
Thorme de Pythagore Pythagoras theorem
Topologie Topology
Torque Torque
Totaliser To total (up)
Tracer To plot
Traceur graphique Plotter
Transposition Transposition
Trapze Trapezium (GB), trapezoid (US)
Triangle Triangle
Triangle quilatral Equilateral triangle
Triangle isocle Isosceles triangle
Triangulaire Triangular

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Les Mathmatiques/Mathematics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Triangulation Triangulation
Trigonomtrie Trigonometry
Trigonomtrique Trigonometric or trigonometrical

Unit Unity

Valeur Value
Valeur absolue Absolute value
Variable Variable
Vecteur Vector
Vlocit Velocity
Vertex Vertex
Vertical Vertical
Volume Volume

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La Physique/Physics

Aberration chromatique Chromatic aberration


Acclrateur linaire Linear accelerator
Acclration Acceleration
Acclration centripte Centripetal acceleration
Acoustique Acoustics
Action capillaire Capillary action
Adhsion Adhesion
Aimant Magnet
Ampre Ampere
Ampremtre Ammeter
Amplitude Amplitude
Anrode Aneroid
Angle critique Critical angle
Angle de rfraction Angle of refraction
Angle dincidence Angle of incidence
Angle limite Critical angle
Anne lumire Light year

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La Physique/Physics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Antineutrino Antineutrino
Antinuclon Antinucleon
Antiparticule Antiparticle
Appareil Apparatus
Armature Armature
Atome Atom
Atomique Atomic
Attraction Pull
Auto-induction Self-induction
Axe principal Principal axis

Bande de frquence Waveband


Bang supersonique Sonic boom
Baromtre Barometer

Candela Candela
Canon lectrons Electron gun
Cellule photovoltaque Photovoltaic cell
Celsius Celsius
Centre de gravit Centre of gravity
Centre dinertie Centre of inertia
Chaleur Heat
Champ de force Force eld
Champ lectrique Electric eld
Champ gravitationnel Gravitational eld
Champ magntique Magnetic eld
Charge lectrique Electric charge
Cinmatique Kinematics
Circuit Circuit
Circuit en srie Series circuit
Circuit parallle Parallel circuit
Cohrence Coherence
Cohsion Cohesive force

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La Physique/Physics

Composant Component
Compteur Geiger Mller Geiger-Mller counter
Concave Concave
Condensateur Capacitor
Condensation Condensation
Conducteur Conductor
Conduction Conduction
Connement inertiel Inertial connement
Constituent Constituent
Convection Convection
Corps Body
Corps lumineux Luminous body
Couleur primaire Primary colour
Couleurs complmentaires Complementary colours
Courant Current
Court circuit Short circuit

Dclration Deceleration
Dcibel Decibel
Dcrotre To decrease
Dfaut de masse Mass defect
Demi-vie, priode Half-life
Dmultiplication mcanique Mechanical advantage
Densit optique Optical density
Dplacement Displacement
Dsintgrer (se) To collapse, to decay
Deutron Deuteron
Diffrence Difference
Diffracter To diffract
Diffraction Diffraction
Diffusion Compton Compton effect
Diple Dipole
Disjoncteur Circuit breaker

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La Physique/Physics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Dispersion Dispersion
Dissonance Dissonance
Distance Distance
Distance focale Focal length
Distorsion Distortion
Domaine Domain
Dynamique Dynamics

cho Echo
clairement Illuminance
Effet Doppler Doppler shift
Effet photolectrique Photoelectric effect
gal Equal
lasticit Elasticity
lectrique Electric
lectroaimant Electromagnet
lectromagntique Electromagnetic
lectromagntisme Electromagnetism
lectron Electron
lectroscope Electroscope
lmentaire Elementary
Ellipse Ellipse
En apesanteur Gravity-free
nergie Energy
nergie cintique Kinetic energy
nergie de liaison Binding energy
nergie potentielle Potential energy
Enrichissement Enrichment
Entre Input
Entrer en collision To collide
Entropie Entropy
quilibre Equilibrium
quilibre statique Static equilibrium

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La Physique/Physics

tat State
tude des fondements Grounding
vaporation Evaporation
Exactitude Accuracy
Exprience (en laboratoire) Experiment
Extrapolation Extrapolation

Faisceau Beam
Fibre optique Fiber optics
Fission nuclaire Nuclear ssion
Fluide Fluid
Fluorescence Fluorescence
Flux magntique Magnetic ux
Fondamental Fundamental
Force Force
Force centripte Centripetal force
Force contre-lectromotrice Back-EMF
Force lectromagntique Electromagnetic force
Force lectromotrice Electromotive force
Force gravitationnelle Gravitational force
Force magntique Magnetic force
Force normale Normal force
Foyer Focal point
Frquence Frequency
Friction Friction
Fusible Fuse
Fusion nuclaire Nuclear fusion

Gaz lectronique Electron gas


Gaz Gas
Gnrateur Generator
Grandes ondes Long wave
Graphique, diagramme Graph

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La Physique/Physics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Gravitation universelle Universal gravitation
Gravitationnel Gravitational
Gravit Gravity

Hertz Hertz
Horizontal Horizontal
Hydrodynamique Hydrodynamics
Hydrostatique Hydrostatics
Hyperbole Hyperbola
Hypotnuse Hypotenuse

Image relle Real image


Image virtuelle Virtual image
Imploser To implode
Impulsion Impulse, pulse
Incandescent Incandescent
Incidence Incidence
Index de rfraction Index of refraction
Induction lectromagntique Electromagnetic induction
Induction magntique Magnetic induction
Inertie Inertia
Intensit Intensity
Interfrence Interference
Interne Internal
Ion agit Excited ion
Isolateur Insulator
Isotope Isotopes

Joule Joule

Kelvin Kelvin
Kilogramme Kilogram
Kilowatt heure Kilowatt hour

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La Physique/Physics

Laser Laser
Lentille Lens
Lentille convergente Converging lens
Lentille divergente Diverging lens
Lepton Leptons
Liquide Liquid
Loi Law
Loi de Boyle Boyles law
Loi de conservation Conservation law
Loi de Coulomb Coulombs law
Loi gravitationnelle Gravitational law
Longueur Length
Longueur donde Wavelength
Longueur focale Focal length
Lumen Lumen
Lumire Light
Lumire monochromatique Monochromatic light
Lumineux Luminous

Magnitude Magnitude
Masse Mass
Matire Matter
Mcanique classique Classical mechanics
Mcanique ondulatoire Wave mechanics
Mcanique quantique Quantum mechanics
Mson Meson
Mtre Metre, meter
Miroir convergent Converging mirror
Miroir divergent Diverging mirror
Miroir parabolique Parabolic mirror
Modrateur Moderator
Moment Momentum
Mouvement Motion

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La Physique/Physics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Neutrino Neutrino
Neutron Neutron
Newton Newton
Nud, point nodal Node
Nombre atomique Atomic number
Nombre de masse Mass number
Nombre rel Real number
Normal Normal
Noyau Nucleus (plu. -ei), core
Nuage dlectrons Electron cloud
Nuclon Nucleon

Oculaire Eyepiece
Ohm Ohm
Onde Wave
Onde de son Sound wave
Onde de surface Surface wave
Onde lectromagntique Electromagnetic wave
Onde lumineuse Light wave
Onde mcanique Mechanical wave
Onde stationnaire Standing wave
Oprande Operand
Oprateur Operator
Optique Optics

Parabole Parabola
Particule Particle
Particules alpha Alpha particles
Particules Bta Beta particles
Pascal Pascal
Priode Period
Phosphorescence Phosphorescence
Photolectron Photoelectron

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La Physique/Physics

Photon Photon
Physicien Physicist
Pi Pi
Pizolectrique Piezoelectricity
Plan inclin Inclined plane
Poids Weight
Polaris Polarised
Positron Positron
Potentiomtre Potentiometer
Pression Pressure
Prvisible Predictable
Principe Principle
Principe de Bernoulli Bernoullis principle
Principe de linertie Law of inertia
Principe dquivalence Equivalence principle
Principe dincertitude Uncertainty principle
(de Heisenberg)
Production de paires Pair production
Produit Product
Proprit Property
Proton Proton
Puissance Power
Pulsar Pulsar
Pulsation Pulse

Quantum Quantum
Quark Quark
Quotient Quotient

Radioactivit Radioactivity
Ralentisseur Moderator
Rayon Ray
Rayons gamma Gamma rays

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La Physique/Physics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Rayons X X rays
Ractance inductive Inductive reactance
Racteur nuclaire Nuclear reactor
Ractif (adj.) Reactive
Raction thermonuclaire Thermonuclear reaction
Rcepteur Receiver
Rfrentiel Frame of reference
Rfraction Refraction
Relativit Relativity
Rsistance Resistance
Rsolution Resolution
Rsonance Resonance

Satellite Satellite
Scalaire Scalar
Seconde Second
Semi-conducteur Semiconductors
Solide Solid
Son Pitch
Sonder To probe
Sortie Output
Spectre Spectrum
Spectre dabsorption Absorption spectrum
Spectre dmission Emission spectrum
Spectrographe de masse Mass spectrograph
Subatomique Subatomic
Supra conductivit Superconductivity
Surcharge Overload
Surgnrateur Breeder reactor
Symtrie Symmetry
Temprature Temperature
Temps Time
Tension de surface Surface tension

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La Physique/Physics

Thorie quantique Quantum theory


Thermodynamique Thermodynamics
Thermomtre Thermometer
Trajectoire Trajectory
Transformateur Transformer
Transmutation Transmutation
Transparent Transparent
Travail Work

Unit drive Derived unit

Valeur Value
Vaporisation Vaporisation
Vlocit Velocity
Vide (n.) Vacuum
Vitesse Speed, momentum
Vitesse angulaire Angular momentum
Vitesse de la lumire Speed of light
Volt Volt
Voltmtre Voltmeter

Watt Watt

Zro absolu Absolute zero

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
La Chimie/Chemistry

Actone Acetone
Acide (n.) Acid
Acide (adj.) Acidic
Acide amin Amino acid
Acide azotique Nitric acid
Acide carbonique Carbonic acid
Acide carboxylique Carboxylic acid
Acide chlorhydrique Hydrochloric acid
Acide de Bronsted Bronsted acid
Acide de Lewis Lewis acid
Acide faible Weak acid
Acide fort Strong acid
Acide nuclique Nucleic acid
Acide phnique ou carbolique Carbolic acid
Acide sulfurique Sulphuric acid
Acidique Acidic
Acier Steel

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Activation Activation
Addition Addition
ADN (Acide Dsoxyribo- DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Nuclique)
Adsorption Adsorption
Arosol Aerosol
Agglomrat Cluster
Agitateur Glass-rod
Aimant Magnet
Air Air
Air liquide Liquid air
Alambic Still
Alcalode Alkaloid
Alcane Alkane
Alcne Alkene
Alchimiste Alchemist
Alcool Alcohol
Alcool primaire Primary alcohol
Alcool secondaire Secondary alcohol
Alcool tertiaire Tertiary alcohol
Alcyne Alkyne
Aldhyde Aldehyde
Alliage Alloy
Allotrope Allotrope
Alumine Alumina
Aluminium Aluminium
Ambiance Ambience
Ambiant Ambient
Amiante Asbestos
Amide Amide
Amin Amine
Ammoniac (n.) Ammonia
Ammoniac (adj.) ammoniac

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Ammoniacate Ammoniate
Ammoniaque Ammonia water
Ammonium Ammonium
Ammonium quaternaire Quaternary ammonium
Ammonolyse Ammonolysis
Amorphe Amorphous
Ampromtrie Amperometry
Amphotre Amphoteric
Analyse Analysis
Analyse centsimale Centesimal analysis
Analyse chimique Chemical analysis
Analyse cintique Kinetic analysis
Analyse pondrale Ponderal analysis
Analyse qualitative Qualitative analysis
Analyse quantitative Quantitative analysis
Analyser To analyse
Anhydre Anhydrous
Anhydride Anhydride
Anion Anion
Anode Anode
Anode soluble Soluble anode
Anolyte Anolyte
Anomalie Anomaly
Anthracne Anthracene
Antimoine Antimony
Application Application
Aqueux Aqueous
Argent Silver
Argon Argon
Arsenic Arsenic
Athermique Athermic
Atome Atom
Atomique Atomic

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Azotrope Azeotrope
Azote Nitrogen
Azote liquide Liquid nitrogen

Bain de sable Sand bath


Bain thermostat Thermostated bath
Bain-marie Bain-marie
Ballon Balloon
Baryte Baryta
Baryum Barium
Base Base
Base faible Weak base
Base forte Strong base
Basique Basic
Bec Bunsen Bunsen burner
Bryllium Beryllium
Bilan Balance
Biochimie Biochemistry
Bore Boron
Brome Bromine
Broyeur Grinder

Cadmium Cadmium
Calcium Calcium
Calorie Calorie
Caoutchouc Rubber
Capsule Capsule
Capteur Sensor
Carbanion Carbanion
Carboglace Dry ice
Carbone Carbon
Carbone vitreux Vitreous carbon
Catalyse Catalysis

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Catalyseur Catalyst
Cathode Cathode
Catholyte Catholyte
Cation Cation
Cellule Cell
Cellulose Cellulose
Centigrade Centigrade
Centrifugation Centrifugation
Centrifuger To centrifuge
Csium Caesium
Chauffer To heat
Chaux Lime
Chaux vive Quicklime
Chimie analytique Analytical chemistry
Chimie applique Applied chemistry
Chimie du sol Soil chemistry
Chimie industrielle Industrial chemistry
Chimie inorganique Inorganic chemistry
Chimie minrale Mineralogical chemistry
Chimie nuclaire Nuclear chemistry
Chimie organique Organic chemistry
Chimie physiologique Physiological chemistry
Chimie physique Physical chemistry
Chimie quantique Quantum chemistry
Chimie thorique Theoretical chemistry
Chlore Chlorine
Chromatographie Chromatography
Chromatographie liquide Liquid chromatography
Chrome Chromium
Cintique Kinetics
Cobalt Cobalt
Colonne Column
Colorant Dye

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Coloration Colouring, dyeing


Colorimtre Colorimeter
Combinaison Combination
Combustion Combustion
Compos Compound
Composition Composition
Concentration Concentration
Conductimtre Conductivity meter
Conductimtrie Conductimetry
Conductivit Conductivity
Conduire la chaleur To conduct heat
Constante de vitesse Kinetic constant
Cornue Retort
Coulomtre Coulometer
Coupure Cleavage
Creuset Crucible
Cristal Crystal
Cristal liquide Liquid crystal
Cristallin Crystalline
Cristallisation Crystallisation
Cristallisoire Chiller
Cristallognse Crystallogenesis
Cristallographie Crystallography
Cryogniser To cryogenize
Cryognie Cryogenics
Cubique face centre Body-centred cubic
Cuivre Copper

Dbimtre Debimeter
Dcoloration Decoloration
Dcolorer To decolourise
Dcomposition Decomposition
Degr Degree

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Densit Density
Densitomtre Densitometer
Densitomtrie Densitometry
Driv Derivative
Dshydratation Dehydration
Dshydrater To dehydrate
Dessiccateur Desiccator
Dextrogyre Dextrogyre
Diagramme Diagram
Diaphragme Diaphragm
Diffus Diffuse
Diffuser To diffuse
Diffusion Diffusion
Diminuer To reduce
Diminution Reduction
Dioxyde de carbone Carbon dioxide
Disperser To disperse
Dispersion Dispersion
Dissociation Dissociation
Dissocier To dissociate
Dissoudre To dissolve
Distillat Distillate
Distillation Distillation
Distiller To distil
Diviser To divide
Dosage Measuring out
Double dcomposition Double decomposition

Eau distille Distilled water


Eau oxygne Hydrogen peroxide
bullition Boiling
lastique Elastic
lastomre Elastomer

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La Chimie/Chemistry

lectrocatalyse Electrocatalysis
lectrochimie Electrochemistry
lectrode Electrode
lectrode soluble Soluble electrode
lectrodyalise Electrodyalisis
lectrolyse Electrolysis
lectrolyser To electrolyse
lectrolyte Electrolyte
lectron Electron
lectron de valence Valence electron
lectrophorse Electrophoresis
lectrosynthse Electrosynthesis
lment Element
mulsion Emulsion
Endothermique Endothermic
nergie dactivation Activation energy
nergie interne Internal energy
nergie libre Free energy
Enthalpie Enthalpy
Enthalpie libre Free enthalpy
Entit Entity
Entropie Entropy
Enzyme Enzyme
prouvette Test-tube, test-glass
quilibre Balance, equilibrium
tain Tin
tape Stage
tat State
tude exprimentale Experimental study
tuve Dryer
vaporateur rotatif Rotary evaporator
vaporation Evaporation
vaporer To evaporate

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Exothermique Exothermic
Explosif Explosive
Explosion Explosion, blast

Fer Iron
Fermenter To ferment
Filtrat Filtrate
Filtration Filtration
Fission Fission
Fluor Fluorine
Fondre To melt
Fondu Molten
Fonte Cast iron
Fonte brute Pig-iron
Formule Formula (plu. -a or -ae)
Fructose Fructose
Fusion Fusion, melting

Gadolinium Gadolinium
Gallium Gallium
Galvaniser To galvanise
Galvanoplastie Galvanoplasty
Gaz Gas
Gaz rare Noble gas
Gazeux Gaseous
Gel Gel
Glycogne Glycogen
Granulomtrie Granulometry
Gravimtrie Gravimetry

Halogne Halogen
Hlium Helium
Htrogne Heterogeneous

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Homogne Homogeneous
Homogniser To homogenise
Huile Oil
Hydratation Hydration
Hydrate Hydrate
Hydreux Hydrous
Hydrocarbure Hydrocarbon
Hydrognation Hydrogenation
Hydrogne Hydrogen
Hydrogn Hydrogenized
Hydrolyse Hydrolysis
Hydrolyser To hydrolyse
Hydrophile Hydrophilic
Hydroscopique Hydroscopic
Hydroxide Hydroxide
Hypothse Hypothesis

Indicateur Indicator
Induction Induction
Induire To induce
Induit Induced (adj.)
Iode Iodine
Iod Iodised
Ion Ion
Iridium Iridium
Isobare (n.) Isobar
Isobare (adj.) Isobaric
Isomre Isomer
Isomre chimique Chemical isomer
Isomre optique Optical isomer
Isomrie Isomerism
Isomrisation Isomerisation
Isomriser To isomerise

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Isomorphe Isomorphous
Isomorphisme Isomorphism
Isotherme Isothermal (adj.)
Isotope Isotope

Krypton Krypton

Lanthane Lanthanum
Lanthanide Lanthanide
Laser Laser
Lvogyre Laevogyrate
Lvulose Laevulose
Liaison chimique Chemical bond
Liaison covalente Covalent bond
Liqufaction Liquefaction
Liquer To liquefy
Liquide Liquid
Loi physique Physical law
Longueur donde Wave length
Luminescence Luminescence
Luminescent Luminescent
Lyophilisation Lyophilization, freeze-drying
Lyophiliser To lyophilise

Magnsie Magnesia
Magnsien Magnesian, magnesic
Magnsium Magnesium
Manganse Manganese
Masse Mass
Masse atomique Atomic mass
Masse molculaire Molecular mass
Matriau Material
Matriau molculaire Molecular material

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Mcanisme Mechanism
Mlange Blend
Mlanger To blend
Mercure Mercury
Msomre Mesomer
Msomrie Mesomery
Mesure Measure
Mesurer To measure
Mtal alcalin Alkali metal
Mtallode Metalloid
Microscope lectrochimique Electrochemical microscope
Milieu Medium
Modle molculaire Molecular model
Modlisation Modelling
Modliser To model
Mole Mole
Molculaire Molecular
Molcule Molecule
Monocristal Monocrystal
Monoxyde de carbone Carbon monoxide

Non Neon
Neutralisation Neutralisation
Neutraliser To neutralise
Neutre Neutral
Neutron Neutron
Niobium Niobium
Nombre atomique Atomic number
Nombre doxydation Oxidation number
Non mtallique Non metal
Non volatile Non-volatile
Noyau Nucleus
Nuclophile (n.) Nucleophile

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Nuclophile (adj.) Nucleophilic
Nuclophilie Nucleophily
Numro atomique Atomic number
Nutriment Nutrient

Oligomre Oligomer
Onde Wave
Ondulatoire Undulatory
Orbitale Orbital
Orbitale molculaire Molecular orbital
Orbite Orbit
Organique Organic
Organomagnsien Organomagnesian
Organolithien Organolithian
Orientation Orientation
Osmolyse Osmolysis
Oxydable Oxidisible
Oxydant (n.) Oxidiser
Oxydant (adj.) Oxidising
Oxydation Oxidation
Oxyde Oxide
Oxyder To oxidise
Oxygne Oxygen

Particule Particle
Particule alpha Alpha particle
Peinture Paint
Peser To weigh
pH pH
Phase Phase
Phase gazeuse Gas phase
Phase liquide Liquid phase
Phase solide Solid phase

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Phnomne Phenomenon (plu. -na)


pH-mtre pH meter
pHmtrie pH-metry
Phosphore Phosphorus
Phosphorescent Phosphorescent
Photochimie Photochemistry
Photolyse Photolysis
Photon Photon
Pilon Pestle
Plasma Plasma
Plomb Lead
Point dbullition Boiling point
Point de conglation, point zro Freezing point
Point de fusion Melting point
Polarogramme Polarogram
Polarographie Polarography
Polymre Polymer
Polymrisation Polymerisation
Polymriser To polymerise
Pompage Pumping
Pompe Pump
Pompe circulation Circulation pump
Pompe diffusion Diffusion pump
Pompe vide Vacuum pump
Pomper To pump
Pondrer To balance
Porter bullition To bring to a boil
Potassium Potassium
Potentiomtrie Potentiometry
Pouvoir rotatoire Rotatory power
Prcipitation Precipitation
Prcipit Precipitate
Prcipiter To precipitate

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Prparation Preparation
Pression Pressure
Processus Process
Produit chimique Chemical
Proprit Property
Proprit chimique Chemical property
Proprit optique Optical property
Proprit physique Physical property
Proton Proton

Qualitatif Qualitative
Quantique Quantum
Quantitatif Quantitative
Quark Quark

Racmique Racemic
Racmiser To racemise
Radiation Radiation
Radical Radical
Radicalaire Radical
Radioactif Radioactive
Radioactivit Radioactivity
Radium Radium
Radon Radon
Racteur Reactor
Ractif Reagent
Raction Reaction
Ractivit Reactivity
Ragir To react
Recristallisation Recrystallisation
Recristalliser To recrystallise
Rducteur Reducing
Rductible Reducible

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Rduction Reduction
Rduire To reduce
Refroidir To cool
Rsonance magntique Nuclear magnetic resonance
nuclaire
Rsoudre To resolve, to solve
Rhodium Rhodium

Saponication Saponication
Satur Saturated
Sel Salt
Slectif Selective
Slectivit Selectivity
Slnium Selenium
Silicagel ou gel de silice Silica gel
Silicate Silicate
Silice Silica
Siliceux Siliceous
Silicium Silicon
Silicone Silicone
Sodium Sodium
Solide Solid
Solidication Solidication
Soluble Soluble
Solut Solution
Solution Solution
Solution concentre Concentrated solution
Solution dilue Dilute solution
Solution tampon Buffer solution
Solvant Solvent
Solvatation Solvation
Solvate Solvate (n.)
Solvater To solvate
Soufre Sulphur (GB), sulfur (US)
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La Chimie/Chemistry

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Spectre Spectrum
Spectre dabsorption Absorption spectrum
Spectre dmission Emission spectrum
Spectre de masse Mass spectrum
Spectromtre Spectrometer
Spectrophotomtre Spectrophotometer
Stabilit Stability
Sublimation Sublimation
Substance Substance
Substitution Substitution
Substitution nuclophile First-order nucleophilic
du 1er ordre substitution
Substitution nuclophile Second-order nucleophilic
du 2e ordre substitution
Substitution nuclophile Radical-nucleophilic
radicalaire substitution
Sulfate Sulphate (GB), sulfate (US)
Sulte Sulphite (GB), sulte (US)
Sulfure Sulphide (GB), sulde (US)
Superacide Superacid
Suspension Suspension
Symbole Symbol
Symbole chimique Chemical symbol
Synthse Synthesis
Synthtiser To synthetize, to synthesise
Systme System

Tableau de Mendeleev Periodic table


Tlure Telure
Temprature Temperature
Temprature de transition Transition temperature
Trbenthine Turpentine
Thermochimie Thermochemistry
Thermodynamique Thermodynamics

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La Chimie/Chemistry

Thermogravimtrie Thermogravimetry
Thermostat Thermostat
Thorium Thorium
Titane Titanium
Toxine Toxin
Transfert Transfer
Transformation Transformation
Transmutation Transmutation
Trpied Tripod
Tube Tube
Tube essai Test tube
Tube capillaire Capillary tube
Turbidimtrie Turbidimetry

Ultravide Ultravacuum
Uranium Uranium

Valence Valence
Vapeur Vapour
Vaporisation Vaporisation
Variable Variable
Variance Variance
Vide Vacuum
Viscosit Viscosity
Vitesse de raction Kinetic reaction
Vitreux Vitreous
Volatile Volatile
Volume Volume
Volume molaire Molar volume
Vulcanisation Vulcanisation
Vulcaniser To vulcanise

Xnon Xenon

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
La Mdecine/Medicine

Accs de (stress) Bout of (stress)


Accident Accident
Accident du travail Industrial injury
Accident vasculaire crbral Stroke
(AVC)
Accouchement Delivery
Acn Acne
Aide soignant Nursing auxiliary, auxiliary nurse
Aigu Acute
Alcoolisme Alcoholism
Allergie Allergy
Ambulance Ambulance
Ambulancier Ambulance man, paramedic
Amnsie Amnesia
Ampoule Blister
Amputation Amputation
Amputer To amputate

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Amygdales Tonsils
Amygdalite Tonsillitis
Analgsique, calmant Painkiller, pain reliever
Analyse de sang Blood test
Analyse durine Urine test
Anamnse Anamnesis
Anatomie Anatomy
Anmie Anaemia
Anmique Anaemic
Anorexie Anorexia
Anorexique Anorexic
Anormal Abnormal
Antcdents mdicaux Medical history
Antibiotiques Antibiotics
Anticorps Antibody
Antidpresseur Anti-depressant
Appareil dentaire Braces
Appendice Appendix
Appendicite Appendicitis
Armature orthopdique Braces
Artre Artery
Arthrite Arthritis
Arthrose Arthrosis
Articulation Joint
Assurance maladie Health insurance
Asthme Asthma
Attaque Seizure, stroke, heart attack
Attaque cardiaque Stroke, heart attack
Attaque crbrale Stroke
Avoir de la vre To have a temperature

Bactricide (n.) Bactericide


Bactricide (adj.) Bactericidal

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Bactrie Bacterium (plu. -a)
Bactriologie Bacteriology
Bactriostatique Bacteriostatic
Bnin Benign
Bquille Crutch
Biopsie Biopsy
Bless Injured, wounded
Blessure Injury, wound
Bosse Bump
Boulimie Bulimia, compulsive eating,
binge-eating syndrome (US)
Bronchite Bronchitis
Brlure Burn
Brlure au premier degr First-degree burn

Cabinet mdical Medical practice, consulting


room
Cabinet dentaire Dental practice
Cage thoracique Rib cage
Caillot Clot
Calculs rnaux Kidney stones
Cancer Cancer
Cancreux Cancerous
Cellule Cell
Cellule souche Stem cell
Centre mdico-social Health centre
Certicat mdical Medical certicate
Cerveau Brain
Csarienne Caesarean (section)
Chimiothrapie Chemotherapy
Chirurgical Surgical
Chirurgie Surgery
Chirurgien Surgeon

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Cholestrol Cholesterol
Cholestrolmie Cholestorolaemia (GB),
cholestorolemia (US)
Chronique Chronic
Cirrhose du foie Cirrhosis of the liver
Clavicule Collarbone
Cong maladie Sick leave
Col de lutrus Cervix
Colite Colitis
Colonne vertbrale Spine
Comprims Tablets
Constipation Constipation
Consultation Consultation
Consultation externe Outpatients department
Consulter To see patients
Consulter un mdecin To consult a doctor, to take
medical advice
Cordon ombilical Umbilical cord
Crise cardiaque Heart attack
Crise dpilepsie Epileptic crisis
Cuti TB test
Cystite Cystitis

Dbut des symptmes Onset of symptoms


Dmence Dementia
Dentiste Dentist
Dpression nerveuse Nervous breakdown
Dprim Depressed
Dermatologue Dermatologist
Dernier cycle menstruel Last menstrual period (LMP)
Dshydrat Dehydrated
Dvelopper (une tumeur) To grow or develop (a tumour)
Diabte Diabetes

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Diagnostique Diagnosis
Diagnostiquer To diagnose
Dialyse Dialysis
Diarrhe Diarrhoea
Docteur Doctor
Donneur Donor
Donneur de sang Blood donor
Douleur Ache, pain
Douleur abdominale Abdominal pain
Douleurs dans la poitrine Chest pains
Douloureux Sore

Ecchymose Bruise
chographie Ultrasound scan, echography
cole de mdecine Medicine school
Eczma Eczema
Effets secondaires Side effects
lectrocardiogramme Electrocardiogram
liminer un calcul To pass a stone
Embryologie Embryology
Empoisonnement sanguin Blood poisoning
En bonne sant Healthy
Encphalite Encephalitis
Encphalopathie spongiforme Bovine spongiform
bovine (ESB) encephalopathy (BSE)
Endmie Endemic
Endmique Endemic
Endocrine Endocrine
Endocrinologie Endocrinology
Enamm Inamed
En Swollen
Enure Swelling
Engourdissement Numbness

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Entorse Sprain, wrench


Enzyme Enzyme
pidmie Epidemic
pilepsie Epilepsy
Essai clinique Clinical trial
Essoufement Shortness of breath
tat stable Stable condition
thique (n.) Ethics
vanouissement Faint
Examen clinique Clinical examination
Excroissance Growth, lump
Exercer la mdecine To practise medicine

Facult de mdecine Medical Faculty (GB), School


of Medicine (US)
Faiblesse Weakness
Faire des tudes de mdecine To study medicine
Fatal Fatal
Fausse couche Miscarriage
Fauteuil roulant Wheel chair
Fibrillation Fibrillation
Fivre Fever
Fivre aphteuse Foot and mouth disease
Fivreux Feverish
Fracture Fracture

Gastrite Gastritis
Gastro-entrite Gastro-enteritis
Gne Discomfort
Gnraliste General practitioner (GP)
Gntique (n.) Genetics
Gntique (adj.) Genetic
Gnito-urinaire Genito-urinary

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Germe Germ
Glande thyrodienne Thyroid gland
Greffe Transplant
Greffer To graft, to transplant
Grippe Flu, inuenza
Grippe aviaire Avian u, bird u
Grippe intestinale Gastric u
Gros intestin Large intestine
Grossesse Pregnancy
Grosseur Lump
Gurir To cure
Gyncologie Gynaecology

Hmatie Red (blood) corpuscle


Hmatologie Haematology
Hmatome Haematoma, bruise
Hmiplgie Hemiplegia
Hmophilie Haemophilia
Hmorragie Bleeding
Hpatite Hepatitis
Heures de visite Visiting hours
Homopathie Homeopathy
Hormone Hormone
Hyperglycmie Hyperglycaemia
Hypertension High blood pressure,
hypertension
Hyperthermie Hyperthermia
Hypocondrie Hypocondria
Hypoglycmie Hypoglycaemia

Immunisation Immunisation
Immuniser To immunise
Immunit Immunity

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Immunoglobuline Immunoglobulin
Immunologie Immunology
Inciser To incise
Incision Incision
Inconscient Unconscious
Incontinence Incontinence
Infarctus Infarction
Infarctus du myocarde Myocardial infarction,
coronary thrombosis
Infect Infected
Infection Infection
Inrmier, inrmire Nurse
Insufsance rnale Renal failure
Intrieur Internal
Interne (n.) Resident
Intestin Intestine
Intestins Bowels
Intestin grle Small intestine
Intoxication alimentaire Food poisoning
Intraveineux Intravenous, IV
IRM (imagerie par rsonance MRI (magnetic resonance
magntique) imaging)

Jaunisse Jaundice

Kyste Cyst

Laryngite Laryngitis
Laser Laser
Lymphatique Lymphatic
Lymphe Lymph
Lymphocyte Lymphocyte

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Mal la gorge Sore throat
Mal la tte Headache
Mal de dent Toothache
Mal doreille Earache
Mal de ventre Stomach-ache
Malade (n.) Patient
Malade (adj.) Ill, sick
Maladie Disease, illness
Maladie cardio-vasculaire Heart disease
Maladie contagieuse Infectious disease
Maladie dAlzheimer Alzheimers disease
Maladie du charbon Anthrax
Maladie nerveuse Nervous disorder
Maladie professionnelle Occupational disease
Maladie respiratoire Respiratory illness
Maladie sexuellement Sexually transmissible disease
transmissible (MST) (STD)
Malin Malignant
Malnutrition Malnutrition
Mdecin Doctor, physician
Mdecin-chef Head doctor
Mdecin-conseil Medical adviser
Mdecin de famille Family doctor or practitioner
Mdecin des hpitaux Consultant
Mdecin du travail Company doctor
Mdecine alternative ou douce Alternative medicine
ou naturelle
Mdecine curative Remedial medicine
Mdecine gnrale General medicine
Mdecine lgale Forensic medicine or science
Mdecine librale Medicine of doctors who have
their own practice
Mdecine parallle Alternative medicine

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Mdecine prventive Preventive medicine


Mdecine durgence Emergency treatment
Mdecine du travail Industrial medicine
Mdecine du sport Sports medicine
Mdecine spcialise Specialised branches of
medicine
Mdecin gnraliste General practitioner (GP)
Mdecin lgiste Forensic scientist, medical
examiner
Mdecin militaire Army medical ofcer
Mdecin scolaire School doctor
Mdecin traitant Attending physician, family
doctor
Mdicaments Medicine, drugs, medication
Mdicament gnrique Generic drug
Membrane Membrane
Mningite Meningitis
Mnopause Menopause
Microbe Microbe, germ
Migraine Migraine
Molcule Molecule
Mononuclose Mononucleosis
Mort Fatality, death
Mucoviscidose Cystic brosis
Muscle Muscle

Nause Nausea
Nphrite Nephritis
Nervosit Nervousness
Neurochirurgie Neurosurgery
Neurologique Neurological
Nvrose Neurosis
Nvros Neurotic

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Obsit Obesity
dme Oedema
Omoplate Shoulder blade
Oncologue, oncologiste Oncologist
Opration Operation
Oprer To operate on
Ordonnance Prescription
Oreillons (the) Mumps
Organe Organ
ORL (oto-rhino-laryngologie) ENT (ear, nose and throat)
Os Bone
Ostomylite Osteomyelitis

Palpitation Palpitation
Pancras Pancreas
Pancratite Pancreatitis
Pandmie Pandemic
Pansement Bandage
Paralys Paralysed
Paramdical Paramedical
Pathogne Pathogen
Pathologie Pathology
Pathologiste Pathologist
Peau Skin
Pdiatre Paediatrician (GB),
pediatrician (US)
Pdiatrie Paediatrics (GB), pediatrics (US)
Priode dincubation Incubation period
Personnel paramdical Paramedics
Personnel soignant Auxiliary nursing staff
Perte de poids Weight loss
Pharmacie Pharmacy, chemist
Pharmacologie Pharmacology

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Pharyngite Pharyngitis
Physiologie Physiology
Piquer To inject
Piqre Injection, shot
Plaie Sore, wound
Plante mdicinale Medicinal plant
Pneumonie Pneumonia
Pneumopathie Pneumopathy
Poison Poison
Poliomylite Poliomyelitis
Porteur du SIDA AIDS carrier
Premiers soins First aid
Prnatal Prenatal
Prescrire To prescribe
Pression sanguine Blood pressure
Problmes dlocution Speech problems
Produire des anticorps To produce antibodies
Protine Protein
Psychiatrie Psychiatry
Pubert Puberty

Qui dmange Itchy


Quinte Fit

Radiographie Radiography, X-ray photography


Rage Rabies
Raideur Stiffness
Rayon X X-ray
Receveur (greffe) Recipient
Recherche mdicale Medical research
Repos Rest
Rsistant au traitement Drug-resistant
Rhumatisme Rheumatism

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Risque pour la sant Health hazard
Rotule Kneecap
Rougeole Measles
Rubole German measles, rubella
Rythme cardiaque Heart rhythm

Sage-femme Midwife
Sain, en bonne sant Healthy
Salle dopration Operating room (OR)
Salle des urgences Emergency room (ER)
Salmonellose Salmonellosis
SAMU (service daide mdicale Mobile emergency medical
durgence) service
Sang Blood
Sant Health
Sant publique Public health
Sautes dhumeur Mood swings
Scanner Scanner
Scarlatine Scarlet fever
Sclrose en plaques Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Septicmie Septicemy, septicaemia
Sropositif HIV positive
Srum Serum
Srum physiologique Physiological salt solution
Service (dans un hpital) Hospital ward
Services mdicaux Health care, NHS (National
Health Service in GB)
Schizophrnie Shizophrenia
SIDA (Syndrome Immunodci- AIDS (Acquired Immune
taire Acquis) Deciency Syndrome)
Signes cliniques Clinical signs
Soigner (quelquun) To look after, to take care of
(someone)
Soigner (une maladie) To treat (an illness)

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Soins domicile Home care, nursing


Soins intensifs Intensive care
Soins palliatifs Terminal care
Souche (de virus) Strain (of virus)
Soulagement Relief
Soulager To relieve
Spasme Spasm
Spcialiste Specialist
Stress Stress
Stressant Stressful
Stress Stressed
Sucs gastriques Gastric juices
Surdit Deafness
Symptmes Symptoms
Systme immunitaire Immune system
Systme nerveux Nervous system

Tachycardie Tachycardia
Taux dalcoolmie Alcohol level
Temprature Temperature
Ttanos Tetanus
Ttraplgique Quadriplegia, tetraplegia
Thrapie Therapy
Thermomtre Thermometer
Thyrode Thyroid
TOC (troubles obsessionnels OCD (Obsessive Compulsive
compulsifs) Disorder)
Torticolis Stiff neck
Tousser To cough
Toux Cough
Toxine Toxin
Toxique Poisonous
Traitement Treatment

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La Mdecine/Medicine

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Traiter To treat
Transplantation Transplant
Transplanter To transplant
Tremblement Tremor
Troubles Trouble, disorder
Tuberculose Tuberculosis (TB)
Tumeur Tumour

Ulcre de lestomac Gastric or stomach ulcer


Ultrason Ultrasound
Unit de soins intensifs Intensive care unit (ICU)
Urgence Emergency
Urticaire Hives, urticaria

Vaccin Vaccine
Vaccination Vaccination
Vacciner Vaccinate
Vache folle Mad cow disease
Vaisseau sanguin Blood vessel
Varicelle Chickenpox
Vgtations Adenoids
Veine Vein
Vertige Dizzy or giddy spell
Vsicule biliaire Gallbladder
Vessie Bladder
Virus Virus
Visite mdicale Medical examination
Vomir To vomit

Zona Shingles

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La Gntique/Genetics

Ablation Removal
ADN (Acide Dsoxyribo- DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Nuclique)
Agriculture biologique Organic farming
Agriculture industrielle Industrial farming
Agriculture viable Sustainable agriculture
Agrobiologiste Agrobiologist
Agrochimie Agrochemistry
Aliment biologique Organic food
Aliments contenant des OGM GM food
Allle Allele
Amliorer le rendement To improve the yield
Animal de compagnie clon sur Cloned-to-order pet
demande
Artre Artery
Atome Atom
Autopollinisation Self-pollination

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La Gntique/Genetics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Banque de gnes Gene bank
Banque du sperme Sperm bank
Bb prouvette Test-tube baby
Biologie molculaire Molecular biology
Biotechnologie Biotechnology

Capital gntique Genetic pool


Caryotype Karyotype
Cellulaire Cellular
Cellule Cell
Cellule lle Daughter cell
Cellule mre Mother cell, parent cell
Cellule souche Stem cell
Chirurgien Surgeon
Chromosome Chromosome
Chromosome X ou Y X or Y chromosome
Clonage Cloning
Clonage animal Animal cloning
Clonage de mammifre Mammalian cloning
Clonage humain Human cloning
Clonage thrapeutique Therapeutic cloning
Clone Clone
Cloner To clone
Code gntique Genetic code
Culture gntiquement modie Genetically modied crop
Culture rsistante aux herbicides Herbicide-tolerant crop
Cultures contamines par des GM contamination of crops
OGM

Division cellulaire Cell division


Dominant Dominant
Dommage gntique Genetic damage
Don dovules Egg donation

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La Gntique/Genetics

Don de sperme Sperm donation


Durable, viable Sustainable

change gntique Genetic exchange


Embryon Embryo
Enlever To remove
thique (n.) Ethics
tiquetage Labelling
tre sous assistance respiratoire To be on a life support machine
Eugnisme Eugenics
voluer To evolve
Faire un prlvement To take a sample
Faucheur volontaire Voluntary reaper
Fertilisation in vitro (FIV) In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
Fertiliser To fertilise
Ftus Foetus (GB), fetus (US)

Gne Gene
Gne ltal Lethal gene
Gne rcessif Recessive gene
Gnticien Geneticist
Gnie gntique, manipulations Genetic engineering
gntiques
Gnome humain Human genome
Gnotoxicit Genotoxicity
Gnotype Genotype
Globule Blood cell
Greffe Graft
Greffer To graft
Groupe de pression anti-OGM Anti-GM lobby

Haute Autorit sur les OGM High Authority on GMOs


Hrditaire Hereditary
Htrozygote Heterozygous
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La Gntique/Genetics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Homozygote Homozygous
Hormone Hormone
Hybride Hybrid

Implanter un embryon dans To implant an embryo


un utrus in a womb
Industrie alimentaire Food-processing industry
Industrie bioalimentaire Biofood sector, bioagriculture
Insmination articielle (IA) Articial insemination (AI)
Insmination articielle par don- Articial insemination by donor
neur (IAD) (AID)
Insminer To inseminate
Intervention, opration Surgery, operation

Lgumes biologiques Organically-grown vegetables


Localisation des champs OGM Location of GM elds

Manger bio To eat organic food


Manipulation gntique Genetic manipulation
Membrane cellulaire Cell membrane
Mesures de scurit biologique Bio-safety measures
Mesures sanitaires Sanitary control
Militant anti-OGM Anti-GM defender
Molcule Molecule
Mutation de gnes Gene mutation

Noyau Nucleus (plu. -ei)

Oprer (quelquun) To operate (on someone)


Organisme Organism
Organisme gntiquement Genetically modied or
modi, OGM engineered organism,
GM organism
Ovule Ovum (plu. -a)

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La Gntique/Genetics

Phnotype Phenotype
Phnotype cellulaire Cellular phenotype
Phnotype macroscopique Macroscopic phenotype
Phnotype molculaire Molecular phenotype
Phytognticien Crop or plant breeder
Pollinisation croise Cross pollination
Polliniser To pollinate
Prserver lalimentation des To keep food GM free
OGM
Prise de sang Blood sample
Produit bio(logique) Organic product
Produit issu de lagriculture Organic-certied product
biologique
Protine Protein

Race humaine Human race


Rcessif Recessive
Receveur Recipient
Reconnu dutilit publique To be state approved
Rejet Rejection
Rejeter To reject
Rplique Replica
Rservoir de gnes Gene pool
Ressources gntiques Genetic resources

Sinltrer dans notre nourriture To sneak into our food


Sang Blood
Scurit alimentaire Food safety
Semence Seed
Squenage Sequencing
Squence Sequence
Squencer To sequence
Souche (de virus) Strain (of virus)

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La Gntique/Genetics

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Spermatozode Spermatozoon (plu. -zoa)
Subir une opration To be operated on
Systmique Systemic

Tension artrielle Blood pressure


Thrapie gnique Gene therapy
Tissu Tissue
Tissu cellulaire Connective tissue
Traabilit Traceability
Traitement Treatment, cure
Transfert dembryon Embryo transfer
Transgnique Transgenic
Transplantation Transplant, transplantation
Transplanter To transplant

Unicellulaire Unicellular

Vaisseau Vessel
Variations gntiques Genetic variations
Veine Vein

Zone sans OGM GM free zone

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La Gologie et
La Palontologie/
Geology and Paleontology

sang froid Cold-blooded


Aalnien suprieur Aalenian superior
Accrtion Accretion
Actualisme Actualism
ADN (Acide Dsoxyribo DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
Nuclique)
Afuent Tributary
Agnathe Agnathan
Aiguille Point
Aile Wing
Alcalin Alkaline

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Alumine Alumina, aluminium oxide
Ambre Amber
Amiante Asbestos
Amibe Amoeba
Ammonite Ammonite
Amphibien Amphibian
Anctre Ancestor
Angiospermes Angiosperms
Animal Animal
Aplanir To level
Apomorphique Apomorphic
Apparatre (espce) To arise
Aqueux Aqueous
Arboricole Arboreal
Archae Archae
Archologie Archaeology
Archologue Archaeologist
Argent Silver
Argile Clay
Argilite Argilite
ARN (acide ribonuclique) RNA (ribonucleic acid)
Arthropode Arthropod
Ascendance Ancestry
Asthnosphre Asthenosphere
Aven Swallowhole

Baie Bay
Bajocien Bajocian
Banquise Ice oe
Basaltique Basaltic
Bassin Basin
Biostratigraphie Biostratigraphy
Biote diacarien ou dEdiacara Ediacaran biota

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Bipde (n.) Biped


Bipde (adj.) Two-footed, two-legged
Bivalve Bivalve
Bois Wood
Bouclier Shield
Brousse Bush

Calotte glaciaire Polar cap, ice cap


Cambrien (n.) Cambrian
Cambrien (adj.) Cambrian
Carbonate de calcium cristallis Calcite
Carbone Carbon
Carbone 14 Carbon 14, radiocarbon
Carbonifre Carboniferous
Carnivore Carnivorous
Carotte Core sample
Cascade Waterfall
Caverne Cave, cavern
Cavit naturelle Natural cavity
Cendres Ash
Cendres volcaniques Volcanic ash
Cnozoque Cenozoic
Chane de montagnes Mountain range or chain
Chane gnalogique Genealogical chain
Charbon Coal
Charognard Scavenger
Chlore Chlorine
Chronostratigraphie Chronostratigraphy
Cirque Cirque or corrie
Clade Clade
Cladistique Cladistics
Cladogramme Cladogram
Classe Class

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Clinoptilolite Clinoptilolite
Coccolite Coccolith
Coccolithophore Coccolithophore
Col Pass, col
Conodonte Conodont
Contrefort Spur
Coquille Shell
Corne Horn
Corniche Ledge
Corps Body
Corps simple Element
Cte (gographie) Coast
Cte (mdecine) Rib
Couche Layer
Couche supercielle de la Terre Surface layer of the earth
Coule de lave Lava ow or stream
Coupe gologique Geological section
Courant Current
Cracher (volcan) To spew forth / out / into the air
Crne Skull
Crte Ridge
Creuser To dig
Crique Creek
Cristal Crystal
Cristallin Crystalline
Cristallographie Crystallography
Crote ocanique Oceanic crust
Crote terrestre Earths crust

Datation Dating
Datation au carbone 14 Radiocarbon dating
Datation radiochronologique Radiochronologic dating
Dent Tooth (plu. teeth)

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Drive des continents Continental drift


Dtecteur Sensor
Dterrer To unearth
Dtroit Strait
Dvonien Devonian
Diagense Diagenesis
Dinosaure Dinosaur
Disparatre To become extinct
Disparition Demise
Disparu Extinct
Domaine Domain
Durcir To harden

Eau pure Pristine water


chelle des temps gologiques Ladder of geological time,
geologic timescale
Empreinte Footprint
Endmisme Endemism
Entomologie Entomology
Eocne Eocene
poque Age, period
re Era
re diacarienne Ediacaran Period
re gologique Geological era
rionite Erionite
rosion Erosion
ruption Eruption
Escargot Snail
Espce Species
Espce stratgie K K-strategy species
Espce stratgie R R-strategy species
Espce en voie de disparition Endangered species
Estuaire Estuary, rth
tage Stage, formation
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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
tage toarcien Toarcian stage
tendue de terre Stretch of land
tre vivant Living being
voluer To evolve
volution Evolution
Excaver To excavate
Excrments fossiles Fossil feces
Existant encore Extant
Explosion Blast, explosion
Extinction Extinction

Faille Fault
Falaise Cliff
Famille Family
Faune Fauna, wildlife
Fer Iron
Feuillet Foliated
Fissure Cleavage
Flore Flora
Fond marin Sea-bed
Forer To drill
Fort tropicale Rainforest
Formation sdimentaire Sedimentary deposit
Forme Shape
Fossile Fossil
Fossile microscopique Microscopic fossils
Fossilifre Fossiliferous
Fossilisation Fossilization
Fossilis Fossilized
Fouilles Excavations

Gastropode Gastropod
Gaz Gas

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Gaz naturel Natural gas


Gazeux Gaseous
Gnotype Genotype
Genre Genus (plu. -era)
Gochimie Geochemistry
Godsie Geodesy, geodetics
Godynamique Geodynamics
Gographe Geographer
Gographie physique Physical geography
Gologie Geology
Gologie structurale Structural geology
Gologue Geologist
Gomorphologie Geomorphology
Gophysique Geophysics
Geyser Geyser
Gisement mtallifre Metalliferous deposit
Gisement ptrolifre Oileld
Gisements houillers Coal deposits
Glacier Glacier
Golfe Gulf
Grande province ruptive Large igneous province
Graptolite Graptolite
Griffe, serre Claw
Grotte Cave

Haute mer High seas


Hlium Helium
Hmisphre nord Northern hemisphere
Hmisphre sud Southern hemisphere
Herbivore Herbivore
Hominode Hominoid
Homologie Homology
Homoplasie Homoplasy

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Hybridation Hybridization
Hydrogologie Hydrogeology

Ichnocnose Ichnocoenose
Ichnofossiles Ichnofossils
Ichnologie Ichnology
Ichtyologie Ichthyology
Inclinaison Tilt
Inhospitalier Inhospitable
Invertbr Invertebrate

Jungle Jungle, wilderness


Jurassique (n.) Jurassic Period
Jurassique (adj.) Jurassic

Karst Karst

Lacustre Lacustrine
Lame de fond Tidal wave
Lamproie Lamprey
Large (le) Open sea
Larve Larva (plu. -ae)
Lave Lava
Ligne Lineage
Limon Silt, limon
Lithologique Lithologic
Lithostratigraphie Lithostratigraphy
Loi du plus fort Survival of the ttest

Mchoire Jaw
Macrofossile Macrofossil
Magma Magma
Magntostratigraphie Magnetostratigraphy

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Mammifre Mammal
Mammouth Mammoth
Maniraptor Maniraptor
Maniraptora Maniraptora
Marne Marl
Matrice Matrix (plu. -ces)
Mgafaune Megafauna
Mer agite Rough sea
Mer calme Smooth sea
Mtal Metal
Mtallognie Metallogeny
Mtorite Meteorite
Mica Mica
Microfossile Microfossil
Microminral Micromineral
Micropalontologie Micropalaeontology
Migration Migration
Migrer To migrate
Minerai Ore
Minral Mineral
Minralis Mineralised
Minraliser To mineralise
Minralogie Mineralogy
Miocne Miocene
Modle gnalogique Genealogical model
Mollusque Mollusc
Moraine Moraine
Mordenite Mordenite
Morphologie Morphology
Moule Mould, cast
Multicellulaire Multicellular
Mutation Mutation

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Muter To mutate
Myxine Myxini, hagsh

Nappe phratique Underground water,


groundwater
Nectique Nektic
Necton Nekton
Nectonique Nektonic
Neiges ternelles Everlasting snow
Nogne Neogene
Nid Nest
Nodule Nodule
Norme parasismique Anti-earthquake standard
Notochorde Notochord
Nourrir (se) To feed

uf Egg
Omnivore (n.) Omnivore
Omnivore (adj.) Omnivorous
Onde sismique Seismic wave
Or Gold
Ordovicien Ordovician
Ordre Order
Organisme Organism
Orogne Orogen
Orognie, orognse Orogeny
Orographie Orography
Os Bone
Ostracode Ostracode
Ostracoderme Ostracoderm
Ovipare Oviparous
Oxygne Oxygen

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Paloanthropologie Paleoanthropology
Palobathymtrie Paleobathymetry
Palobiochimie Paleobiochemistry
Palobotanique Paleobotanics
Paloclimat Paleoclimate
Paloclimatologie Paleoclimatology
Palocoprologie Paleocoprology
Palocologie Paleoecology
Paloenvironnement Paleoenvironment
Palogne Paleogene
Palogographie Paleogeography
Paloichnologie Paleoichnology
Palontologie Palaeontology
Palontologue Palaeontologist
Palozoque Paleozoic
Palozoologie Paleozoology
Palynologie Palynology
Panache (de fume) Plume
Paraphyltique Paraphyletic
Paraphylie Paraphyly
Paroi Rock face
Patrimoine gologique Geological heritage
Pturages Pasture lands, pasture,
pasturage
Peau Skin
Plagique Pelagic
Pente Slope
Perce Breach
Percer To breach
Priode Period
Priode glaciaire Ice age
Perlite Perlite
Petit ravin Gully

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Ptri Petried
Ptrographie Petrography
Ptrole Petroleum (GB), oil (US)
Ptrologie Petrology
Peu profond Shallow
Phanrozoque Phanerozoic
Phntique Phenetics
Philogntique (n.) Philogenetics
Philogntique (adj.) Philogenetic
Philognie Phylogeny
Philognie molculaire Molecular phylogeny
Phosphate Phosphate
Phylum Phylum (plu. -a)
Pied tridactyle Three-toed foot
Pierre ponce Pumice
Pierre prcieuse Gemstone
Pierre semi-prcieuse Semi-precious stone
Placodermes Placoderms
Plancton Plankton
Planctonique Planktonic
Plante Plant
Plaques tectoniques Tectonic plates
Plateau Plateau
Plate-forme Platform
Plsiomorphe Plesiomorph
Plsiomorphie Plesiomorphy
Plume Feather
Poisson cartilagineux Cartilaginous sh
Pollen Pollen
Polyphiltique Polyphyletic
Prairie Grassland
Prcambrien Precambrian
Prdateur Predator

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Prhistorique Prehistoric
Primitif Primitive
Proie Prey
Prospecteur minier Mining prospector
Prospection gologique Geological exploration
Provinces gologiques Geologic provinces
Ptrodactyle Pterodactyl
Ptrodactyloide Pterodactyloid
Ptrosauriens Pterosauria
Puits Shaft

Quadrupde (n.) Quadruped


Quadrupde (adj.) Four-footed
Quartz Quartz
Quaternaire (n. et adj.) Quaternary

Rang taxonomique Taxonomic rank


Rgion holarctique Holarctic region
Rgion montagneuse Mountainous region, highlands
Rgion zoogographique Zoogeographical region
Rgne Kingdom
Relev gologique Geologic(al) survey
Relief Relief
Reptilien Reptilian
Ressources naturelles Natural resources
Restes fossiles Fossil remains
Rhizopode Rhizopod
Risque sismique Seismic risk
Rivage Shore
Rive Bank
Roche Rock
Roche en fusion Molten rock
Roche igne Igneous rock

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Roche mtamorphique Metamorphic rock
Roche sdimentaire Sedimentary rock
Roche siliceuse Siliceous rock
Roches dtritiques Debris
Rudiste Rudist
Ruisseau Brook, creek

Sable Sand
Sauropode Sauropod (plu. -s or -a)
Savane Savannah
Sciences de la Terre Earth sciences
Scories Scoria
Secousse Jolt
Sdiment Sediment
Sdimentaire Sedimentary
Sdimentologie Sedimentology
Sisme Earthquake, seism
Sismologie Seismology
Slection naturelle Natural selection
Seuil Threshold
Silice Silica
Silurien Silurian
Sismologie Seismology
Site de fouilles Dig site
Sommet Peak, summit
Souffre Sulphur (GB), sulfur (US)
Source Spring, source
Sous-groupe Subgroup
Sous-sol Subsoil, substratum
Souterrain Underground
Spcimen Specimen
Splologie Speleology
Spore Spore

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Squelette Skeleton
Strate Stratum (plu. -a), layer
Stratication Stratication
Stratigraphie Stratigraphy
Stratotype Stratotype
Suivre la trace To track
Surveiller To monitor
Synapomorphe Synapomorph
Synapomorphie Synapomorphy
Systme de classication Taxonomic classication system
taxonomique

Taxon Taxon (plu. -a)


Taxonomie Taxonomy
Tectonique des plaques Plate tectonics
Temps gologique Geological time, geologic time
Terre ferme Mainland
Terrestre Terrestrial
Tte Head
Ttrapode Tetrapod
Thropodes Theropoda
Toarcien Toarcian
Topographie Topography
Torrent Stream, torrent
Toundra Tundra
Traces dactivit biologique Trace fossils
fossilises
Traits volutifs Evolutionary traits
Tremblement de terre Earthquake, tremor
Trs ancien Ancient
Trilobite Trilobite
Trou de sonde Borehole
Troupeau Herd

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La Gologie et La Palontologie/Geology and Paleontology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Unicellulaire Unicellular, single-celled

Vertbre Vertebra (plu. -ae or -as)


Vertbr Vertebrate
Volcan Volcano
Volcan en activit Active volcano
Volcan teint Extinct volcano
Volcanique Volcanic
Volcanisme Volcanism
Volcanologie Volcanology
Volcanologue Volcanologist

Zolite Zeolite
Zone karstique Karstic zone
Zones humides Wetlands
Zooplanctonique Zooplanktonic

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Lcologie/Ecology

Accord multilatral sur Multilateral environmental


lenvironnement (AME) agreement (MEA)
Acheter vert To buy green
Activisme cologiste Environmental activism
Activisme vert Green activism
Activiste cologiste radical Eco-warrior
Activiste vert Green activist
Agence europenne pour European Environment
lenvironnement (AEE) Agency (EEA)
Agriculture biologique Organic farming
Alimenter en eau To supply water
Altermondialisation Anti-globalisation,
alter-globalisation
Altermondialiste Anti-globalisation activist
Approche squentielle Sequential approach
Article recyclable Recyclable item
Association de protection Environmental protection group
de lenvironnement

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Lcologie/Ecology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Audit denvironnement Environmental audit(ing),
eco-audit
Autocologie Autoecology
Autopuration Self-purication
Autorits charges Environmental ofcials
de lenvironnement

Bilan cologique Ecological assessment


Bilan nergtique Energy balance or budget
Bilan environnemental Environmental balance-sheet
Biocarburants Biofuels
Biocnose Biocoenosis, biocenosis
Biodgradable Biodegradable
Biodgradation Biodegradation
Biodiversit Biodiversity
Biomasse Biomass
Biome Biome, life zone
Biosphre Biosphere
Biote Biota
Biotope humain Human habitat
Bote de conserve Tin (GB), can (US)
Bote de recyclage individuelle Free household recycling box
gratuite

Campagne de sensibilisation Awareness-building campaign


Capacits de rgnration Regenerative properties
Capacits des sols Land restoration
Carton Cardboard
Centre de rcupration Bottle redemption centre
du verre
Centre de tri Sorting centre
Chane alimentaire Food chain
Choix qui permet dconomiser Energy saving option
lnergie

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Lcologie/Ecology

Collecte deau pluviale Catch-water drain


Collecte des dchets Bulk collection, collection of
encombrants bulky waste
Collecte du verre Glass collection
Commerce quitable Fair trade
Commission mondiale sur World Commission on
lenvironnement et Environment and Development
le dveloppement (CMED) (WCED)
Compost Compost
Compostage Composting
Composteur Compost container
Comptabilit environnementale Environmental accounting
Comptabilit verte Green accounting
Conditionnement en plastique Plastic packaging
Conscience cologique, Ecological consciousness,
prise de conscience environmental awareness
environnementale
Consommateur cologique Green consumer
Consommateur vert Green consumer
Consumrisme vert Green consumerism
Conteneur verre Glass container
Contrle de la pollution Pollution monitoring
Couloir cologique Habitat or ecological corridor
Cot de dpollution Abatement cost
Cot environnemental Environmental cost
Couverture vgtale Ground cover
Covoiturage Car-pooling, car-pool
Cycle de vie dun produit Life cycle of a product

Dchets vgtaux Garden waste


Dchetterie Rubbish dump
Dcontamination Decontamination
Dfense de lenvironnement Conservation

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Lcologie/Ecology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Dfenseur de lenvironnement Conservationist, environmentalist
Dtergent biologique Biodetergent
Dette cologique Ecological debt
Dveloppement durable Sustainable development
Dvelopper des voitures utilisant To develop alternative energy
une autre source dnergie cars
Droit de lenvironnement Environmental law
Durabilit Sustainability

Eau du robinet Tap water


Eau potable Drinking water
Ecocide Ecocide
Ecocitoyennet Ecocitizenship, environmental
citizenship
cocline Ecocline
colabel Ecolabel
cologie industrielle Industrial ecology
cologie microbienne Microbial ecology
cologie urbaine Urban ecology
cologique Environmental, ecological
cologiste Environmentalist, ecologist
conomie dnergie Energy conservation
conomies dnergie Energy savings
coproduit Green product
cosynthse Ecosynthesis
cosystme Ecosystem
cozone Ecozone
lecteur cologiste Green voter
Empreinte cologique Ecological footprint
nergie alternative Alternative energy
nergie biomasse Biomass energy
nergie des vagues Wave power
nergie douce Soft energy

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Lcologie/Ecology

nergie durable Sustainable energy


nergie du vent Wind energy
nergie hydrolectrique Hydropower
nergie marmotrice Tidal energy, tidal power
nergie solaire Solar energy
nergies non renouvelables Non-renewable energy,
conventional energy
nergies renouvelables Sustainable or renewable
energies, renewables
Engrais biologique Biofertilizer, organic fertilizer
Engrais vert Green manure
Entreprise verte Green company or rm
quilibre de la nature Balance of nature
quilibre cologique Ecological balance
Espce Species
Espce protge Protected species
valuation des dommages Damage assessment
valuation des risques Environmental risk assessment
environnementaux

Faire du compost To compost


Faune Wildlife
Faune et ore Fauna and ora

Gnie cologique Ecological engineering


Gothermie Geothermal energy
Gestion de leau Water management
Gestion de la biodiversit Biodiversity management
Gestion globale des dchets Global waste management
Groupe de pression cologiste Green lobby

Habitat Habitat

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Lcologie/Ecology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Impt cologique Environmental tax
Indicateurs de dveloppement Sustainable development
durable (IDD) indicators
Industrie du recyclage Recycling industry
Insecticide biologique Bioinsecticide
Interdiction des essais nuclaires Nuclear test ban

Lutte contre la pollution Air pollution control


atmosphrique

March des droits polluer Pollution rights market


Marketing cologique Ecomarketing
Marketing vert Green marketing
Mcanisme de dveloppement Clean development mechanism
propre
Militantisme cologique Green activism
Ministre de lEnvironnement Department of the Environment
Mouvement cologique Green or environmental
movement
Nappe phratique Underground water,
groundwater
Nappes souterraines Underground waters or reserves
Nature sauvage Wilderness
Niche cologique Ecological niche
Non recyclable Non recyclable

Panneau solaire Solar panel


Papier recycl Recycled paper
Photosynthse Photosynthesis
Plastiques recyclables Recyclable plastics
Point de collecte Collection outlet
Point verre Collection point
Politique de lenvironnement Environmental policy

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Lcologie/Ecology

Politique du recyclage Recycling policy


Politique cologique Green policy
Politique intgre de produits Integrated product policy (IPP)
(PIP)
Pot catalytique Catalytic converter, "cat"
Poubelle de recyclage Recycling bin
Pouvoir des cologistes Green power
Prvision dimpact sur Environmental forecasting
lenvironnement
Principe pollueur-payeur Polluter pays principle
Programme des Nations Unies United Nations Development
pour le Dveloppement (PNUD) Program (UNDP)
Protection de lenvironnement Environmental protection
Protection de la nature Nature conservation
Protger To preserve
Prudence Cautiousness
Prudent Cautious

Quotas dmissions Emissions quotas

Ramassage domicile Doorstep collection


Ramassage des produits Recycling collection service
recyclables domicile from ones home
Reboisement Reforestation, afforestation
Rcupration de lnergie Energy recovery
Rcupration des dchets Waste recovery
Recyclage Recycling
Recyclage demballage Packaging recycling
Recyclage des dchets Waste recycling
Recyclage du papier Paper recycling
Recyclage du verre Glass recycling
Recycler To recycle, to re-use
Redevance de dversement Efuent charge
Redevance cologique Ecological tax

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Lcologie/Ecology

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Redevances de pollution Pollution charges
Redevances pour pollution Water pollution charges
de leau
Registre des missions Emissions register
Rgles sanitaires Sanitary regulations
Rintroduction danimaux Animal species reintroduction
Rseau dalimentation en eau Water system
Rseau trophique Food web
Rserve de biosphre Biosphere reserve
Responsabilit Environmental liability
environnementale
Ressources naturelles Natural resources
Ressources non renouvelables Finite resources

Sac dos cologique Ecological rucksack


Sauvegarde Preservation
Se convertir lcologie To go green
Sentier cologique Ecological trail
Sources dnergie Alternative sources of energy
de substitution
Systme dchange de quotas Emissions trading scheme
dmissions

Technologie douce Alternative technology


Tourisme cologique Ecological tourism
Tourisme vert Green tourism
Trier les ordures To sort garbage

Valorisation des dchets Waste recycling and use


Veille cologique Ecological watch
Veille sanitaire Health watch
Verts (n.) Green Party, Greens, Ecology
Party
Voiture cologique "Green" car

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Lcologie/Ecology

Voiture lectrique Battery-powered or electric car


Voiture hybride Hybrid car
Voiture propre Clean car

Zone de protection marine Marine conservation area


Zone dnuclarise Nuclear-free zone

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Le progrs, source
de pollution/Progress
as a source of pollution

Agent chimique Chemical agent


Agent de contamination Contaminant
Agent de pollution Polluting agent
Air irrespirable Unbreathable air
Alerte la pollution Pollution alert
Algue Alga (plu. -ae)
Algues toxiques Toxic algae
Aliments pour animaux Animal feed
Allergne Allergen
Allergie Allergy

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Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

Amiante Asbestos
Appauvrir la couche dozone To deplete the ozone layer
Appauvrissement des sols Soil depletion
Appauvrissement en ozone Ozone depletion
Aridication Aridication
Armes chimiques Chemical weapons
Asschement des marais Draining of marshes
Asschement des zones Drying out of wetlands
humides
Au large Offshore
Augmentation du niveau Sea-level rise, rise in sea level
de la mer
Avalanche Avalanche
Azote Nitrogen

Baisse de la nappe phratique Water table decline, phreatic


decline
Barge de rcupration Skimmer vessel
Barrage ottant Containment boom
Barrire de corail en danger Endangered coral reef
Barrires ottantes Floating oil barriers
Bioterrorisme Bioterrorism
Bombe arosol, atomiseur Aerosol spray, spray can
Bombe atomique Atomic bomb
Bouchon (embouteillage) Trafc jam
Boues dgout Sewage sludge

Cancrigne Carcinogenic
Canicule Heat wave
Catastrophes naturelles Natural disasters
Causer du tort To do harm
Centrale lectrique Power station, power plant
Centrale nuclaire Nuclear power station or plant
Centrale thermique charbon Coal-red plant

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Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
CFC (chlorouorocarbure) CFC (chlorouorocarbon)
Changements atmosphriques Atmospheric changes
Changements climatiques Climate change
Charbon Coal
Chemine dusine Smokestack
Circulation automobile Trafc
Climatisation Air conditioning
Combustible Fuel
Combustibles fossiles Fossil fuels
Combustibles radioactifs Radioactive fuels
Conservateur Preservative
Constituer une menace To pose a threat
Contaminer To contaminate
Couche dozone Ozone layer
Couche de glace Ice sheet
Crise de lextinction plantaire Global extinction crisis
Cyclone Cyclone

Danger pour la sant Health hazard


Dcharge Landll (site), dump, dip, rubbish
heap
Dcharge illgale Fly-tipping
Dcharge toxique Hazardous waste site, toxic
landll site
Dcharges en mer Dumping at sea
Dchets Waste
Dchets agricoles Agricultural waste
Dchets dangereux Hazardous waste
Dchets industriels Industrial waste
Dchets mnagers Household waste
Dchets nuclaires Nuclear waste
Dchets radioactifs Radioactive waste
Dchets toxiques Toxic waste
Dclencher To trigger

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Dforestation, dboisement Deforestation


Dgts environnementaux Environmental damage
Dgazage Tank cleaning
Dgazer To ush, to swill tanks
Dgradation des sols Weathering
Dgradation cologique Ecological damage
Dprissement de la fort Forest decline
Dprissement de la vgtation Vegetation loss
Dpotoir Junk heap
Dsertication Desertication
Dsherbant Weedkiller
Destruction de la fort tropicale Destruction of the rainforest
Dtritus (sur le sol) Litter
Dtruire les forts tropicales To wreck rainforests
Dtruire une espce To wipe out a species
Dverser To dump
Diesel Diesel
Diminution de lozone Ozone depletion
Dioxine Dioxin
Dioxyde dazote (NO2) Nitrogen dioxide
Dioxyde de carbone (CO2) Carbon dioxide

Effet de serre Greenhouse effect


gouts, eaux uses Sewage
El Nio El Nio
levage en batterie Battery farming
levage hors-sol Factory farming
levage industriel Factory farming
levage intensif Intensive animal breeding,
intensive farming
limination des dchets Waste disposal
manations de dioxyde Carbon dioxide emissions
de carbone

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Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Emballage jeter Disposable container
Embouteillage Congestion
Emettre des gaz To emit exhaust fumes
dchappement
missions toxiques Toxic releases
Empoisonner To poison
En voie de disparition In danger of extinction,
threatened with extinction,
endangered
Encphalopathie spongiforme Bovine spongiform
bovine (ESB) encephalopathy (BSE)
Endommager To damage
nergie nuclaire Nuclear power
Enfouissement des dchets Landll
Engrais Fertiliser
pidmie Epidemic
Espce disparue Extinct species
Espce menace dextinction Endangered species
Espce menace de disparition Threatened species
Espces envahissantes Invasive species
Essence Petrol (GB), gas (US)
Expansion thermique des Thermal expansion of the
ocans oceans
Exploitation minire Mining

Faire des ravages sur la plante To wreak havoc on the planet


Feu de fort Wildre
Fongicide Fungicide
Fonte des glaces Ice melt
Fonte des glaciers Melting of glaciers
Forer To drill
Fuite, voie deau Leakage
Fumes dusine Factory fumes
Fumier Manure

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Gaspiller To be wasteful, to waste


Gaz effet de serre Greenhouse gases (GHG)
Gaz dchappement Exhaust fumes
Gaz naturel Natural gas
Gaz toxique Toxic gas
Glissement de terrain Landslide
Graine hybride Hybrid seed
Grippe aviaire Bird u, avian u, inuenza
Guerre bactriologique Germ warfare
Guerre chimique Chemical warfare

Hormone Hormone

Immersion des dchets Sinking of waste


Immission Immission
Incinrateur Incinerator
Incinration Incineration
Incinration des ordures Refuse incineration
mnagres
Industrie chimique Chemical industry
Industrie houillre Coal industry
Inltration des engrais dans Fertiliser runoff
la nappe phratique
Inondation Flood, ooding
Insecticide Insecticide
Intoxication alimentaire Food poisoning

Jetable Disposable, throwaway


Jeter To throw out, to throw away
Laisser des dtritus To litter
Lgionellose Legionellosis, Legionnaires
disease
Lgionnelle Legionella

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Le progrs, source de pollution/Progress as a source of pollution

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Lessive, dtergent Detergent
Liste rouge des espces IUCN Red List of threatened
menaces de lIUCN species
Livre Rouge (des espces Red Data Book
menaces)

Maladie cardiovasculaire Heart disease


Maladie de Creutzfeldt Jakob Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease (CJD)
Maladie pidmique Epidemic disease
Maladie respiratoire Respiratory illness
Mare noire Oil spill, spill, black tide
Mauvaises herbes Weeds
Mesurer les risques sur la sant To assess the health risks
Mthane Methane
Mettre en danger To jeopardise
Modier les climats To alter weather patterns
Mondialisation Globalization
Monoxyde dazote (NO) Nitrogen oxide
Monoxyde de carbone (CO) Carbon monoxide

Nappe de ptrole Oil slick


Naufrage Shipwreck
Nitrates Nitrates
Nitrites Nitrite
Non-biodgradable Non-degradable
Nuage toxique Poison cloud
Nuisible Harmful

Objet jetable Throwaway or disposable object


Oiseau mazout Oiled bird
Ordures Garbage, trash, rubbish, refuse
Ouragan Hurricane

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Pandmie Pandemic
Pavillon de complaisance Flag of convenience
Pesticide Pesticide
Ptrole Petroleum (GB), oil (US)
Ptrolier Oil tanker
Plantes en danger Plants at risk
Plastique Plastics
Plate-forme de forage Oil rig
Plomb Lead
Pluies acides Acid rain
Pluviomtrie Rainfall
Polluant Pollutant, contaminant
Polluant transport par le vent Airborne pollutant
Polluer To pollute
Pollueur Polluter
Pollution atmosphrique Air pollution
Pollution aux hydrocarbures Oil pollution
Pollution aux nitrates Nitrate pollution
Pollution de lair Air pollution
Pollution des cours deau Stream and river pollution
Pollution des eaux douces Freshwater pollution
Pollution des sols Soil pollution
Principe de prcaution Precautionary principle
Produit cancrigne Carcinogen
Produit chimique Chemical
Produits chimiques agricoles Agrochemicals
Produits combustibles Burnables
Produits lourds Durables
Produits nuisibles Harmfuls
Protoxyde dazote (N2O) Nitrogen protoxide, nitrous oxide

Qualit de lair Air quality


Quatre-quatre 4x4 sports utility vehicle (SUV)

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Rafnerie de ptrole Oil renery
Raz-de-mare Tidal wave
Rchauffement de la plante Global warming
Rejet dhydrocarbures Oil spill
Rejet dans latmosphre Discharge into the atmosphere
Rejet de dchets en mer Dumping at sea, ocean
dumping
Rejet des eaux uses Raw sewage discharges
non traites
Rejets automobiles Automobile emissions
Rejets radioactifs Radioactive discharges
Rejets thermiques Thermal discharges
Relcher dans latmosphre To release in the atmosphere
Rseau trophique Food web
Retombes radioactives Radioactive fallout
Retraitement des dchets Reprocessing of nuclear waste
nuclaires
Risque environnemental Environmental risk
Risque pour la sant Health hazard
Risques naturels Natural hazards

Sinltrer dans la terre To run off the land


Scheresse Drought
Seuil critique Critical threshold
Seuil de toxicit Toxicity threshold
Smog Smog
Socit de consommation Consumer society
SRAS (syndrome respiratoire SARS (severe acute respiratory
aigu svre) syndrome)
Station dpuration Sewage plant
Surexploitation Overexploitation
Systme dchange de droits Emissions trading system
dmission
Systme de pompage Pumping system

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Tempte Storm
Tornade Tornado
Traitement des boues Sludge processing
Traitement des dchets Disposal of radioactive waste
nuclaires
Traitement des eaux uses Wastewater treatment
Traitement des ordures Refuse disposal
Trou dans la couche dozone Hole in the ozone layer,
ozone hole
Tsunami Tsunami
Typhon Typhoon

Union internationale pour la International Union for the


conservation de la nature Conservation of Nature
Usine dincinration Combustion or incineration
plant
Usine de produits chimiques Chemical factory
Usines Factories, manufactures

Vache folle Mad cow disease


Vaisselle jetable Disposable dishes
Vhicule quatre roues Four-wheel drive car
motrices

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
LEspace/Space

bord Aboard, on board


Achondrite Achondrite
Activit solaire Solar activity
Albdo Albedo
Aligner To line up
Amas Cluster
Amas de galaxies Galactic cluster
Amas globulaire Globular or star cluster
Amas ouvert Open cluster
Anne lumire Light year
Antimatire Antimatter
Apesanteur Weightlessness
Aphlie Aphelion
Apoge Apogee
Astre Celestial body
Astronaute Astronaut
Astronome Astronomer

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LEspace/Space

Astronomie Astronomy
Astronomique Astronomic
Atterrir To touch down, to land
Atterrissage Touchdown, landing
Aurore australe Aurora australis
Aurore borale Aurora borealis
Axe mineur Minor axis
Axe polaire Polar axis
Azimut Azimuth

Binaire spectroscopique Spectroscopic binary

Ceinture dastrodes Asteroid belt


Champ magntique Magnetic eld
Charge utile Live load
Chemin de lclipse Eclipse path
Chondrite Chondrite
Chondrule Chondrule
Chromosphre Chromosphere
Comte Comet
Compte rebours Countdown
Conns de lunivers Far reaches of the universe
Conjonction Conjunction
Constellation Constellation
Cosmologie Cosmology
Cosmonaute Cosmonaut
Couronne Corona (plu. -ae)
Cycle des taches solaires Sunspot cycle

De Kepler Keplerian
Dcalage vers le bleu Blueshift
Dcalage vers le rouge Redshift

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Dclinaison Declination
Dcollage Lift-off, take-off
Dcoller To lift off, to take off
Dtecteur Sensor
Disque Disc

clipse Eclipse
clipse annulaire Annular eclipse
clipse partielle Partial eclipse
clipse totale Total eclipse
cliptique Ecliptic
Effet Doppler Doppler effect
Elliptique Elliptical
longation Elongation
En apesanteur Gravity-free
Engin spatial Spacecraft
quateur Equator
quateur cleste Celestial Equator
quinoxial Equinoctial
quinoxe Equinox
quipage Crew
toile neutrons Neutron star
toile binaire Binary star
toiles circumpolaires Circumpolar stars
toile variable Variable star
Exosphre Exosphere
Exploration Exploration
Explorer To explore
Extragalactique Extragalactic

Fuse Rocket
Fuse de lancement Blaster rocket

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Galaxie elliptique Elliptical galaxy


Galaxie en spirale barre Barred spiral galaxy
Galaxie en spirale Spiral galaxy
Galaxie irrgulire Irregular galaxy
Galaxie Galaxy
Gante rouge Red giant
Gante Giant
Granulation Granulation
Gravit Gravity
Graviter To orbit
Groupe local Local Group

Halo (de galaxie) Halo (of galaxy)


Hliocentrique Heliocentric

Inclinaison Tilt
Incliner To tilt
Ionisation Ionisation
Ionosphre Ionosphere

Lancement Launch
Lancer To launch
Latitude Latitude
Ligne dmission Emission line
Longitude Longitude
Longueur donde Wavelength
Lumire zodiacale Zodiacal light
Luminosit Luminosity
Lune Moon
Lune gibbeuse Gibbous Moon

Magntosphre Magnetosphere
Magnitude Magnitude

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Magnitude absolue Absolute magnitude
Magnitude apparente Apparent magnitude
Mer Mare (plu. -ria)
Mridien Meridian
Msosphre Mesosphere
Mtore Meteor
Mtorite Meteorite
Mtorode Meteoroid
Mettre feu To blast
Mise feu Blast-off
Mission sans quipage Unmanned mission
Mouvement ou rotation Retrograde motion or rotation
rtrograde

Nadir Nadir
Naine blanche White dwarf
Naine noire Black dwarf
Naine Dwarf
Navette Shuttle
Navette spatiale Space shuttle
Nbuleuse du crabe Crab nebula
Nbuleuse en mission Emission nebula
Nbuleuse plantaire Planetary nebula
Nbuleuse rchissante Reection nebula
Nbuleuse solaire Solar nebula
Nbuleuse Nebula (plu.-ae)
Neutron Neutron
Nouveau catalogue gnral New General Catalog (NGC)
Nouvelle lune New moon
Nova Nova (plu. -ae or -as)
Noyau Core
Nuage dOort Oort cloud
Nuages de Magellan Clouds of Magellan

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LEspace/Space

Objectif Lens
Objet astronomique Astronomical object
Objet cleste Celestial object
Occultation Occultation
Ombre Umbra (plu. -as or -ae)
Opposition Opposition
Orage magntique Magnetic storm
Orbite Orbit
Ozonosphre Ozonosphere

Panache (de fume) Plume


Pas de tir Launch pad
Pnombre Penumbra
Prige Perigee
Prihlie Perihelion
Pesanteur Gravity
Phases de la lune Phases of the moon
Photosphre Photosphere
Plan de lcliptique Ecliptic plane
Plante infrieure Inferior planet
Plante jovienne Jovian planet
Plante terrestre Terrestrial planet
Pleine lune Full moon
Pluie de mtores Meteor shower
Ple magntique Magnetic pole
Poussire interstellaire Interstellar dust
Prcession Precession
Prendre de la vitesse To pick up speed
Pulsar Pulsar

Quasar Quasar
Quitter la trajectoire To veer off course

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Radiation lectromagntique Electromagnetic radiation
Radiations ultraviolettes Ultraviolet radiation
Rayons cosmiques Cosmic rays
Rayons gamma Gamma rays
Recherche spatiale Space research
Rfracteur Refractor
Rfraction Refraction
Rotation Rotation
Rougeoiement Reddening

Satellite Satellite
Satellites galilens Galilean satellites
Squence principale Main sequence
Sidrale Sidereal
Solstice Solstice
Sonde Probe
Spectre Spectrum (plu. -a)
Spectre dmission Emission spectrum
Spectrographe Spectrograph
Spectromtre Spectrometer
Spectrophotomtrie Spectrophotometry
Spectroscope Spectroscope
Stratosphre Stratosphere
Super gante Supergiant

Tache solaire Sunspot


Tlescope rexion Reecting telescope
Tlescope rfraction Refracting telescope
Tlescope de Newton Newtonian telescope
Terminator Terminator
Tte (de comte) Head (of comet)
Thorie du Big Bang Big Bang Theory

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Thermosphre Thermosphere
Tourner autour de la Terre To circle the Earth
Trane Trail
Trajectoire Path
Trajectoire de vol Flight path
Transit Transit
Troposphre Troposphere
Trou noir Black Hole

Unit astronomique Astronomical unit (AU)


Univers en expansion Expansion universe
Univers ouvert Open universe

Vaisseau spatial Spacecraft


Variable de type RR Lyrae RR Lyrae variable
Vhicule habit Manned vehicle
Vlocit Velocity
Vent solaire Solar wind
Voie lacte Milky Way
Vol Flight
Vol habit Manned ight
Vol spatial Space ight

Znith Zenith
Zodiaque Zodiac

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
LInformatique/
Computer Science

Achats en ligne Online or Internet shopping


Acheter par Internet To shop on the Net, to shop
online
Adresse de site internet Web address
Adresse internet Email address
Afcher lcran To display
Amliorer To upgrade
Annexe Attachment
Antivirus Antivirus
Architecture informatique Computer architecture

Banque de donnes Data bank


Barrette mmoire RAM chip
Base de donnes Database

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Bavarder To chat
Bit Bit (binary digit)
Bogue Bug
Borne Wi-Fi Wi-Fi hot spot
Bureau Desktop

Capacit de mmoire Storage capacity


Carte graphique Graphics board
Carte interface Interface board
Carte mre Motherboard
Cartouche dencre Ink cartridge
CD-ROM CD-ROM
Chiffre Figure
Clavier Keyboard
Clavier AZERTY AZERTY keyboard
Clavier QUERTY QWERTY keyboard
Cl daccs Key
Cl USB USB key
Clic Click
Cliquer To click
Codage des donnes Data encryption
Code daccs Code number
Commerce en ligne E-commerce
Comptence en informatique Computer literacy
Compresser To pack
Compression de donnes Data compression
Concepteur de sites web Web designer
Conception assiste par Computer-aided design (CAD)
ordinateur (CAO)
Congurer To congure
Contrevenant Offender
Convivial User-friendly

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Copie de sauvegarde Backup
Copier / coller Cut and paste
Correcteur orthographique Spell check
Courriel Email
Cration de pages web Web authoring
Criminalit informatique Computer crime
Curseur Cursor
Cybercaf Cybercaf
Cyberespace Cyberspace
Cybernaute Cybernaut

Dbit Throughput
Dfragmenter To defrag
Disque dur Hard disc
Disquette Floppy disc
Donnes Data
Dossier File
Droits dauteur Copyrights
DVD DVD

change de chiers File-swapping


changer de la musique To swap music online
en ligne
cran Screen
craser To overwrite
dition sur le web Web publishing
Effacer To erase, to delete
En gras In bold type
En ligne Online
Enseignement en ligne E-learning
Ensemble de donnes Data set
Entre Input

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Entreposage de donnes Data warehousing


re informatique Computer age
Erreur de logiciel Software bug
Etre dutilisation facile To be user friendly
Exploitation de donnes Data mining
Extraction de donnes Data retrieval
Extraire To retrieve

Fabrication assiste par Computer-aided manufacturing


ordinateur
Faire la mise en page To edit, to lay out
Favoris Hotlist, bookmarks
Fichier File
Fichier de conguration Setup le
Fichier musical Music le
Foire aux questions FAQ (Frequently Asked
Questions)
Forum News group, forum
Fournisseur daccs Internet provider

Gestion de chiers File management


Gestion de rseaux Networking

Hbergement de sites web Web hosting

Images de synthse Computer animation


(animation)
Imprimante Printer
Infographie, images Computer graphics
de synthse
Informaticien Computer scientist,
computerist (US)
Informatisation Computerisation

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Informatiser To computerise
Initi lordinateur Computer-literate, computerate
Intelligence articielle Articial intelligence (AI)
Interligne simple ou double Single or double spacing
Internaute Netsurfer
Internet Internet

Jargon informatique Computerese


Jeu lectronique Computer game

Langage de programmation Computer language


Lecteur de CD-ROM CD-ROM player
Lecteur de DVD DVD player
Lien hypertexte Hyperlink
Listing Printout
Localisation de panne Fault nding
Logiciel Software
Logiciel commercial pirat et Warez (slang)
mis en ligne
Logiciel de traitement de texte Word processing software

March de lachat domicile Home shopping market


Matriel informatique Hardware
Mmoire Storage
Mmoire morte ROM (Read Only Memory)
Mmoire tampon Buffer memory
Mmoire virtuelle Virtual memory
Mmoire vive RAM (Random Access Memory)
Mettre jour To update
Mettre en route To start up
Mettre un dossier en ligne To post a le online
Mise en mmoire Storage

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Modlisation Modelling
Modem Modem
Moniteur Monitor
Mot de passe Password
Moteur de recherche Search engine

Navigateur, logiciel Web browser


de navigation
Nom dutilisateur Username
Numrique Digital

Octet Byte
Ordinateur Computer
Ordinateur de bureau PC, personal or desktop
computer
Ordinateur portable Laptop, handheld or portable
computer

Page daccueil Home page


Page web Web page
Pair--pair Peer-to-peer, peer-2-peer, P2P
Panne dordinateur Computer failure
Paramtres Settings
Parcourir To browse
Pare-feu Firewall
Pav numrique Numeric keypad
Peer-to-peer Peer-to-peer, peer-2-peer, P2P
Priphrique Peripheral
Piratage de logiciels Software piracy
Piratage en ligne Online piracy
Pirate Hacker
Pirater To pirate, to crack
Piste Track
Planter To crash

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Police Font
Port USB USB port
Problme informatique Computing problem
Progiciel Software package
Programmation Programming
Programme de destruction Worm
Programme de partage Online le-sharing programme
de chiers en ligne
Programme informatique Computer programme
Programmeur Computer operator
Puce Chip

Raccourci Shortcut
Reconnaissance de la parole Voice recognition
Rcuprer des donnes To retrieve data
Rinitialiser To reboot
Rpertoire Directory
Rseau Network

Sy connatre en ordinateurs To be computer smart


Saut de page Page break
Sauvegarder To save
Scanner Scanner
Se connecter internet To log on the Net
Serveur Web server
Service de tlchargement Paid-for download service
payant
Site de bavardage Chatroom
Site internet Website, site
Socit lheure Computer society
de linformatique
Socit de services et de A software company
conseils en informatique
Sortie papier Hard copy, printout

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Souris Mouse
Stockage Storage
Stocker des donnes To store data
Streaming ou diffusion Web streaming
en continu
Surfer sur le net To surf on the Net
Systme dexploitation Operating system (OS)
Systme informatique Computer system

Tableur Spreadsheet
Tapis Mouse-pad
Technologie assiste par Computer monitoring
ordinateur technology
Technologie de linformation Information technology
Tlchargement Downloading
Tlcharger To download
Tlphone par internet Web phone
Terminal Terminal
Toile Web
Tomber en panne To fail
Touche de clavier Key
Traitement des donnes Data processing
Traitement de texte Word-processing
Traiter To process
Transfert de chiers File transfer

Unit centrale Mainframe, central processing


unit (CPU)
Utilisateurs dinternet Internet users

Virus Virus
Vote par internet E-voting

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LInformatique/Computer Science

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Webmestre Webmaster, webmistress
Wi-Fi Wi-Fi

Lire une adresse en franais et en anglais :


www.google.com
En franais : double v, double v, double v, point, google, point, com,
barre oblique
En anglais : double you, double you, double you, dot, google, dot, com,
slash
ann.smith@yahoo.com
En franais : ann, point, smith, arobase, yahoo, point, com
En anglais : ann, dot, smith, at, yahoo, dot, com

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Les Sciences
Industrielles/Engineering

Acier Steel
Acier inoxydable Stainless steel
Acirie Steel works
Agent de matrise Supervisor
Agglomrat Cluster
Ajuster To trim
Ajusteur Fitter
Alliage Alloy
Anthracite Anthracite
Arbre de couche Shaft
Ardoise Slate
Automatiser To automate

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Bton Concrete
Bton arm Reinforced concrete
Bton pr-contraint Prestressed concrete
Bureau dtudes Research department

Carreau de pltre Plaster tile


Carrelage Tile
Carrire (gologie) Quarry
Centrale lectrique Power plant
Centrale hydrolectrique Hydroelectric plant
Centrale nuclaire Nuclear power plant
Centrale solaire Photovoltaic plant
Centrale thermique Power station
Centre de recherches Research centre
Cramique Ceramic
Chane de montage Assembly line
Chaleur Heat
Charbon Coal
Charbonnages Coal industry
Chauffage Heating
Chaudire Boiler
Chimique Chemical
Ciment Cement
Cimenterie Cement works
Clouer To nail
Coller To glue
Commutateur Switch
Concevoir To conceive, to devise
Conducteur (adj.) Conducting
Conducteur dengins Heavy plant driver
Conducteur de travaux Clerk of works
Conduit Duct

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Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

Contrematre Foreman
Couche Layer
Couler To cast
Coupe-circuit Circuit-breaker
Courroie de transmission Driving-belt
Court-circuit Short-circuit

Dalle Slab
Dfectueux Faulty
Dispositif de scurit Safety device

lectricit Electricity
levage industriel Factory farming
nergie Energy
Engins Heavy plant
Engrenage Gear
Enrobage Coating
quipement usage industriel Heavy-duty equipment
tanchit Waterproong
Excavateur Excavator
Extraction Extraction (oil), mining (ore)

Fabrications de pointe Advanced manufacturing


Fabriquer To manufacture
Faire un alliage To alloy
Fer Iron
Fibres optiques Fibre optics
Fibres synthtiques Synthetic bres
Fonderie Smelting works
Fondre To smelt
Forge Iron works
Forger To forge

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Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Fourneau Furnace
Fraiseuse Milling machine
Fusion Fusion

Gaine Sheath
Graissage Lubrication
Grue Crane

Ignifug Fireproof
Industrialiser To industrialise
Industrie alimentaire Food (processing) industry
Industrie chimique Chemical industry
Industrie dassemblage Assembling industry
Industrie de luxe Luxury goods industry
Industrie de prcision Precision tool industry
Industrie de transformation Processing industry
Industriels de lautomobile Car or automobile
manufacturers
Industriels du textile Textile manufacturers
Industrie lgre Light industry
Industrie lourde Heavy industry
Industrie minire Mining industry
Industrie pharmaceutique Pharmaceutical or drug industry
Industries du livre Book-related industries
Ingnieur Engineer
Ingnieur des mines Mining engineer
Inoxydable Stainless
Isolant Insulator
Isolation Insulation

Lignite Lignite
Liqufaction Liquefaction

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Les Sciences Industrielles/Engineering

Machine Machine
Machine-outil Machine tool
Manufacture Manufacture
Marteau piqueur Sledgehammer
Matriaux composites Composite materials
Matriaux de construction Building materials
Matriaux de haute High performance materials
performance
Matriaux lgers Lightweight materials
Matire plastique Plastics
Matire premire Raw material
Mcanique Mechanics
Mcatronique Mechatronics
Mtallurgie Metallurgical industry, metallurgy
Mine Mine
Minerai Ore
Montage Assembly
Monte-charge Hoist

Outillage Machinery
Ouvrier de fabrication Production worker
Ouvrier dusine Factory worker
Ouvrier quali Skilled worker

Panneau prfabriqu Precast panel


Peinture Painting (activity),
paint (material)
Perceuse Drill
Plastique Plastics
Plasturgie Plastics technology
Plomb Lead
Polymre Polymer
Ponceuse Sander
Poste de travail Work station

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Vocabulaire thmatique
franais/anglais
Potasse Potash
Poutre Beam
Prise femelle Socket
Prise male Plug
Procd Process
Processus Process
Produire To produce
Produit chimique Chemical
Prototype Prototype
Prototype en tat de marche Working prototype

Rendement Output
Rpondre aux normes To meet safety standards
de scurit
Rsine Resin
Rsistance Resistance
Rsistance des matriaux Strength of materials
Rsistance mcanique Mechanical resistance
Rsistant Strong
Rsistant la chaleur Heatproof
Robotique Robotics
Roulement Turnover
Roulements bille Bearings

Solidication Solidication
Souder To solder
Soudure larc Arc welding
Soupape Valve
Source dnergie Source of energy
Station hydraulique Waterworks

Tour Lathe
Tout en plastique All-plastic

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Travaux publics Public works


Treuil Windlass
Turbine Turbine

Usine Factory
Usine gaz Gas works
Usine sidrurgique Iron works

Ventilateur Fan

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anglais/franais
Lexique

Fiches mthodes Lexique anglais/franais Vocabulaire thmatique


franais/anglais
www.biblio-scientifique.net
A
Aalenian Aalnien Acidic (adj.) Acide
superior suprieur Acne Acn
Abatement cost Cot de Acoustics Acoustique
dpollution
Acquired Syndrome
Abdomen Abdomen Immune Immunodci-
Abdominal pain Douleur Deciency taire Acquis
abdominale Syndrome (AIDS) (SIDA)
Abelian group Groupe ablien Activation Activation
Abnormal Anormal Activation Energie
Aboard bord energy dactivation

Abort Avorter Active volcano Volcan en

Lexique anglais/franais
activit
Abortion Avortement
Actualism Actualisme
Abscissa Abscisse
Acute Aigu
Absolute Magnitude
magnitude absolue Acute Angle Angle aigu

Absolute value Valeur absolue Add Additionner

Absolute zero Zro absolu Addition Addition

Absorption Spectre Adenoids Vgtations


spectrum dabsorption Adhesion Adhsion
Academic Universitaire Adjacency Contigut
Acceleration Acclration Adjacent Adjacent
Accelerator Acclrateur Adsorption Adsorption
Accident Accident Advance (n.) Avance
Accretion Accrtion Advance (v.) Progresser
Accuracy Exactitude Advanced Fabrications
Acetone Actone manufacturing de pointe

Ache Douleur Aerodynamics Arodynamique

Achieve Russir Aerophagy Arophagie

Achievement Exploit Aerosol Arosol

Achondrite Achondrite Aerosol spray Bombe arosol,


atomiseur
Acid (n.) Acide
Afne geometry Gomtrie afne
Acid rain Pluies acides
Afforestation Reboisement
Acidic Acidique
Age poque

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Agnathan Agnathe Alkaloid Alcalode
Agricultural Dchets Alkane Alcane
waste agricoles Alkene Alcne
Agrobiologist Agrobiologiste Alkyne Alcyne
Agrobiology Agrobiologie Allele Allle
Agrochemicals Produits Allergen Allergne
chimiques
agricoles Allergy Allergie

Agrochemistry Agrochimie Allotrope Allotrope

AI (Articial IA (intelligence Alloy (n.) Alliage


intelligence) articielle) Alloy (v.) Faire un alliage
AIDS SIDA All-plastic Tout en
AIDS carrier Porteur du SIDA plastique

Air Air Alpha particle Particule alpha

Air conditioning Climatisation Alter weather Modier les


patterns climats
Air pollution Pollution atmo-
sphrique ou Alter-globalisation Altermondiali-
de lair sation

Air pollution Lutte contre Alternative energy Energie


control la pollution alternative
atmosphrique Alternative Mdecine
Airborne Polluant trans- medicine alternative
pollutant port par ou douce ou
le vent naturelle ou
parallle
Air quality Qualit de lair
Alternative Sources
Albedo Albdo sources of dnergie de
Alchemist Alchimiste energy substitution
Alchemy Alchimie Alternative Technologie
Alcohol Alcool technology douce

Alcoholism Alcoolisme Alumina Alumine

Alcohol level Taux Aluminium Aluminium


dalcoolmie Aluminium oxide Alumine
Aldehyde Aldhyde Alzheimers Maladie
Alga (plu. -ae) Algue disease dAlzheimer

Algebra Algbre Amber Ambre

Algebraic Algbrique Ambience Ambiance

Algorithm Algorithme Ambient Ambiant

Alkali metal Mtal alcalin Ambulance Ambulance

Alkaline Alcalin Ambulance Ambulancier


man

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Amide Amide Angle Angle
Amine Amin Angle of Angle
Amino acid Acide amin incidence dincidence

Ammeter Ampremtre Angle of Angle de


refraction rfraction
Ammonia Ammoniac
Angular Vitesse angulaire
Ammoniac Ammoniac momentum
Ammoniate Ammoniacate Anhydride Anhydride
Ammonia water Ammoniaque Anhydrous Anhydre
Ammonite Ammonite Animal Animal
Ammonium Ammonium Animal cloning Clonage
Ammonolysis Ammonolyse animal
Amnesia Amnsie Animal feed Aliments pour
animaux
Amoeba Amibe
Animal species Rintroduction
Amorphous Amorphe
reintroduction danimaux

Lexique anglais/franais
Ampere Ampre
Anion Anion
Amperometry Ampromtrie
Annular eclipse clipse annulaire
Amphibian Amphibien
Anode Anode
Amphoteric Amphotre
Anolyte Anolyte
Amplitude Amplitude
Anomaly Anomalie
Amputate Amputer
Anorexia Anorexie
Amputation Amputation
Anthracene Anthracne
Anaemia Anmie
Anthracite Anthracite
Anaemic Anmique
Anthrax Maladie du
Anaesthesia Anesthsie charbon
Analyse Analyser Anthropologist Anthropologue
Analysis Analyse Anthropology Anthropologie
Analytic Gomtrie Antibiotics Antibiotiques
geometry analytique
Antibody Anticorps
Analytical Chimie
Anti-depressant Antidpresseur
chemistry analytique
Anti-earthquake Norme
Anamnesis Anamnse
standard parasismique
Anatomy Anatomie
Anti-globalisation Altermondialisa-
Ancestor Anctre tion
Ancestry Ascendance Anti-globalisation Altermondialiste
Ancient Trs ancien activist

Aneroid Anrode Anti-GM Militant


defender anti-OGM
Angiosperms Angiospermes

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Anti-GM lobby Groupe Argilite Argilite
de pression Argon Argon
anti-OGM
Aridication Aridication
Antimatter Antimatire
Arise Apparatre
Antimony Antimoine (espce)
Antineutrino Antineutrino Armature Armature
Antinucleon Antinuclon Army medical Mdecin militaire
Antiparticle Antiparticule ofcer
Antispasmodic Antispasmo- Arsenic Arsenic
dique Arteriography Artriographie
Antiviral Antiviral Artery Artre
Antivirus Antivirus Arthritis Arthrite
Anxiolitic Anxiolytique Arthropod Arthropode
Apex Sommet Arthrosis Arthrose
(3 dimensions)
Articial Insmination
Aphelion Aphlie insemination (AI) articielle (IA)
Apogee Apoge Articial Insmination
Apomorphic Apomorphique insemination by articielle par
Apparatus Instruments donor (AID) donneur (IAD)

Apparatus Appareil Articial Intelligence


intelligence (AI) articielle (IA)
Apparent magni- Magnitude
tude apparente Asbestos Amiante

Appendicitis Appendicite Ash Cendres

Appendix Appendice Assembling Industrie


industry dassemblage
Application Application
Assembly Montage
Applied Chimie
chemistry applique Assembly line Chane de
montage
Applied research Recherche
applique Assess the health Mesurer les
risks risques sur
Aqueous Aqueux la sant
Arboreal Arboricole Asteroid belt Ceinture
Arc Arc dastrodes
Arc welding Soudure larc Asthenia Asthnie
Archae Archae Asthenosphere Asthnosphre
Archaeologist Archologue Asthma Asthme
Archaeology Archologie Astronaut Astronaute
Area Surface, Astronomer Astronome
supercie Astronomic Astronomique

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Astronomical Objet Aurora borealis Aurore borale
object astronomique Auscultation Auscultation
Astronomical unit Unit Autoecology Autocologie
(AU) astronomique
Automate Automatiser
Astronomy Astronomie
Automobile Rejets
Astrophysicist Astrophysicien emissions automobiles
Astrophysics Astrophysique Automobile Industriels de
Athermic Athermique manufacturers lautomobile
Atmospheric Changements Auxiliary nurse Aide soignant
changes atmosphriques Auxiliary nursing Personnel
Atom Atome staff soignant
Atomic Atomique Avalanche Avalanche
Atomic bomb Bombe Average Moyenne
atomique Avian u Grippe aviaire
Atomic mass Masse Avian inuenza Grippe aviaire
atomique

Lexique anglais/franais
Awareness-- Campagne de
Atomic number Nombre building sensibilisation
atomique campaign
Attachment Annexe Axis Axe
Attending Mdecin Azeotrope Azotrope
physician traitant
Azerty keyboard Clavier azerty
Aurora australis Aurore australe
Azimuth Azimut

B
Back-EMF Force contre-- Bain-marie Bain-marie
lectromotrice Bajocian Bajocien
Backup Copie de Balance (n.) Bilan, quilibre
sauvegarde
Balance (v.) Pondrer
Bactericidal Bactricide
Balance of quilibre de la
Bactericide Bactricide nature nature
Bacteriology Bactriologie Balloon Ballon
Bacteriostatic Bactriostatique Bandage Pansement
Bacterium Bactrie Bank Rive
(plu. -a)
Barium Baryum

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Barometer Baromtre Beta particles Particules Bta
Barred spiral Galaxie en Big Bang theory Thorie du Big
galaxy spirale barre Bang
Barycentre Barycentre Binary Binaire
Baryta Baryte Binary star toile binaire
Basaltic Basaltique Binding energy nergie de
Base Base liaison

Basic Basique Binge-eating Boulimie


syndrome (US)
Basic research Recherche
fondamentale Bioagriculture Industrie
bioalimentaire
Basin Bassin
Biocenosis Biocnose
Basis Base
Biochemist Biochimiste
Battery Batterie ou pile
Biochemistry Biochimie
Battery farming levage en
batterie Biocoenosis Biocnose

Battery-powered Voiture Biodegradation Biodgradation


car lectrique Biodetergent Dtergent
Bay Baie biologique

Be computer Sy connatre en Biodiversity Biodiversit


smart ordinateurs Biodiversity Gestion de la
Be on a life tre sous management biodiversit
support assistance Biofertilizer Engrais
machine respiratoire biologique
Be operated on Subir une Biofood sector Industrie
opration bioalimentaire
Be state Reconnu dutilit Biofuels Biocarburants
approved publique Bioinsecticide Insecticide
Be user friendly tre dutilisation biologique
facile Biologist Biologiste
Be wasteful Gaspiller Biology Biologie
Beaker Vase bec Biomass Biomasse
Beam Faisceau, poutre Biomass energy nergie
Bearings Roulements biomasse
bille Biome Biome
Become extinct Disparatre Biophysicist Biophysicien
Benign Bnin Biophysics Biophysique
Bernoullis Principe de Biopsy Biopsie
principle Bernoulli
Bio-safety Mesures de
Beryllium Bryllium measures scurit
biologique

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Biosphere Biosphre Blow-torch Chalumeau
Biosphere Rserve de Blueshift Dcalage vers
reserve biosphre le bleu
Biostratigraphy Biostratigraphie Body Corps
Biota Biote Body-centred Cubique face
Biotechnology Biotechnologie cubic centre

Bioterrorism Bio terrorisme Boiler Chaudire

Biped Bipde Boiling bullition

Bird u Grippe aviaire Boiling point Point dbullition

Bit (binary digit) Bit Bone Os

Bivalve Bivalve Bookmarks Favoris

Black dwarf Naine noire Book-related Industries du livre


industries
Black hole Trou noir
Borehole Trou de sonde
Black spil Mare noire
Boron Bore
Black tide Mare noire

Lexique anglais/franais
Bottle redemption Centre de
Bladder Vessie centre rcupration
Blast (n.) Explosion du verre
Blast (v.) Mettre feu Bout of (stress) Accs de (stress)
Blaster rocket Fuse de Bovine Encphalopathie
lancement spongiform spongiforme
encephalopathy bovine (ESB)
Blast-off Mise feu
(BSE)
Bleeding Hmorragie
Bowels Intestins
Blend (n.) Mlange
Boyles law Loi de Boyle
Blend (v.) Mlanger
Braces Appareil
Blister Ampoule dentaire,
Blood Sang armature
orthopdique
Blood cell Globule
Brain Cerveau
Blood donor Donneur de
sang Breach (n.) Perce

Blood Empoisonne- Breach (v.) Percer


poisoning ment sanguin Breakthrough Dcouverte
Blood pressure Tension artrielle, majeure
pression Breeder reactor Surgnrateur
sanguine
Bring to a boil Porter bullition
Blood sample Prise de sang
Bromine Brome
Blood test Analyse de sang
Bronchitis Bronchite
Blood vessel Vaisseau
Bronchopneu- Bronchopneu-
sanguin
monia monie

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Bronsted acid Acide de Bulimia Boulimie
Bronsted Bulk collection Collecte des
Brook Ruisseau dchets
Browse Parcourir encombrants

Bruise Ecchymose, Bum Bosse


hmatome, Bunsen burner Bec Bunsen
bleu Burette Eprouvette
BSE ESB gradue
Buffer memory Mmoire Burn (n.) Brlure
tampon Burn (v.) Brler
Buffer solution Solution Burnables Produits
tampon combustibles
Bug Bogue Bush Brousse
Building materials Matriaux de Buy green Acheter vert
construction
Byte Octet
Bulb Ampoule

C
CAD CAO Cancerous Cancreux
Cadmium Cadmium Candela Candela
Caesarean Csarienne Capacitor Condensateur
(section) Capillary action Action capillaire
Caesium Csium Capillary tube Tube capillaire
Calcite Carbonate Capsule Capsule
de calcium
cristallis Car manufac- Industriels de
turers lautomobile
Calcium Calcium
Carbanion Carbanion
Calculate Calculer
Carbolic acid Acide phnique
Calculations Calculs ou carbolique
Calculus Calcul Carbon Carbone
Calorie Calorie Carbon 14 Carbone 14
Cambrian Cambrien Carbon dioxide Dioxyde de
Can (US) Bote de carbone (CO2)
conserve Carbon dioxide manations
Cancer Cancer emissions de dioxyde
de carbone

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Carbon Monoxyde de Celestial body Astre
monoxide carbone (CO) Celestial equator Equateur cleste
Carbonic acid Acide Celestial object Objet cleste
carbonique
Cell Cellule
Carboniferous Carbonifre
Cell division Division
Carboxylic acid Acide cellulaire
carboxylique
Cell membrane Membrane
Carcinogen Produit cellulaire
cancrigne
Cellular Cellulaire
Carcinogenic Cancrigne
Cellular Phnotype
Cardboard Carton phenotype cellulaire
Cardiovascular Cardiovasculaire Cellulose Cellulose
Carnivorous Carnivore Celsius Celsius
Car-pool Covoiturage Cement Ciment
Car-pooling Covoiturage Cement works Cimenterie
Cartilaginous sh Poisson

Lexique anglais/franais
Cenozoic Cnozoque
cartilagineux
Centesimal Analyse
Cast (n.) Moule analysis centsimale
Cast (v.) Couler Centigrade Centigrade
Cast iron Fonte Central Unit centrale
"Cat" Pot catalytique processing
Catalysis Catalyse unit (CPU)

Catalyst Catalyseur Centre of gravity Centre de


gravit
Catalytic Pot catalytique
converter Centre of inertia Centre dinertie

Cataract Cataracte Centre of mass Centre de masse

Catch-water drain Collecte deau Centrifugal Centrifuge


pluviale Centrifugation Centrifugation
Catheter Cathter Centrifuge (n.) Centrifugeur
Cathode Cathode Centrifuge (v.) Centrifuger
Catholyte Catholyte Centripetal Acclration
Cation Cation acceleration centripte

Cautious Prudent Centripetal force Force centripte

Cautiousness Prudence Ceramic Cramique

Cave Grotte, caverne Cerebrospinal Crbrospinal

Cavern Caverne Cervix Col de lutrus

CD-ROM Cd-rom CFC (chlorouoro- CFC chlorouoro-


carbon) carbure)
CD-ROM player Lecteur de
cd-rom Challenge (n.) D

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Challenge (v.) Der, lancer Chondrite Chondrite
un d Chondrule Chondrule
Chat (v.) Bavarder Chromatic Aberration
Chatroom Site de aberration chromatique
bavardages Chromatography Chromatogra-
Chemical (n.) Produit chimique phie
Chemical (adj.) Chimique Chromium Chrome
Chemical agent Agent chimique Chromosome Chromosome
Chemical Analyse Chromosphere Chromosphre
analysis chimique Chronic Chronique
Chemical bond Liaison chimique Chronostrati- Chronostrati-
Chemical factory Usine de produits graphy graphie
chimiques Circle Cercle
Chemical industry Industrie Circle the Earth Tourner autour
chimique de la Terre
Chemical isomer Isomre Circuit Circuit
chimique
Circuit breaker Disjoncteur,
Chemical Proprit coupe-circuit
property chimique
Circular Circulaire
Chemical symbol Symbole
chimique Circulation pump Pompe
circulation
Chemical warfare Guerre
himique Circumference Circonfrence

Chemical Armes Circumpolar stars Etoiles


weapons chimiques circumpolaires

Chemist Chimiste, Cirque Cirque


pharmacien Cirrhosis of the Cirrhose du foie
Chemistry Chimie liver

Chemotherapy Chimiothrapie Clade Clade

Chest pains Douleurs dans Cladistics Cladistique


la poitrine Cladogram Cladogramme
Chickenpox Varicelle Class Classe
Chiller Cristallisoire Classical Mcanique
Chip Puce mechanics classique

Chlorine Chlore Claw Griffe, serre

Cholesterol Cholestrol Clay Argile

Cholestorolaemia Cholestrolmie Clean car Voiture propre


(GB) Clean Mcanisme
Cholestorolemia Cholestrolmie development de dveloppe-
(US) mechanism ment propre

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Cleavage Coupure, ssure Coccolithophore Coccolithophore
Clerk of works Conducteur de Code number Code daccs
travaux Coherence Cohrence
Click (n.) Clic Cohesive force Cohsion
Click (v.) Cliquer Col Col
Cliff Falaise Cold-blooded sang froid
Climate change Changements Colitis Colite
climatiques
Collapse Dsintgrer (se)
Clinical Examen clinique
examination Collarbone Clavicule

Clinical signs Signes cliniques Collection of Collecte des


bulky waste dchets
Clinical trial Essai clinique encombrants
Clinoptilolite Clinoptilolite Collection outlet Point de collecte
Clone (n.) Clone Collection point Point verre
Clone (v.) Cloner Collide Entrer en collision

Lexique anglais/franais
Cloned-to-order Animal de Colorimeter Colorimtre
pet compagnie
clon sur Colouring Coloration
demande Column Colonne
Cloning Clonage Combination Combinaison
Clot Caillot Combustion Combustion
Clouds of Nuages de Combustion or Usine
Magellan Magellan incineration dincinration
Clue Indice plant

Cluster Amas, Comet Comte


agglomrat Company Mdecin du
Coal Charbon doctor travail

Coal deposits Gisements Comparison Comparaison


houillers Complex number Nombre
Coal industry Industrie complexe
houillre, Complimentary Couleurs
charbonnages colours complmen-
Coal-red plant Centrale taires
thermique Component Composant
charbon
Composite Matriaux
Coast Cte materials composites
Coating Enrobage Composition Composition
Cobalt Cobalt Compost (n.) Compost
Coccolith Coccolite Compost (v.) Faire du compost

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Compost Composteur Computer Systme
container system informatique
Composting Compostage Computer-aided Conception
Compound Compos design assiste par
ordinateur
Compton effect Diffusion
Compton Computer-aided Fabrication
manufacturing assiste par
Compulsive Boulimie ordinateur
eating
Computerate Initi
Computer Ordinateur lordinateur
Computer age re informatique Computerese Jargon
Computer Images de informatique
animation synthse Computerisation Informatisation
(animation)
Computerise Informatiser
Computer Architecture
architecture informatique Computerist (US) Informaticien

Computer crime Criminalit Computer-literate Initi


informatique lordinateur

Computer failure Panne Computing Problme


dordinateur problem informatique

Computer game Jeu lectronique Concave Concave

Computer Infographie, Conceive Concevoir


graphics images de Concentrated Solution
synthse solution concentre
Computer Langage de Concentration Concentration
language programmation Concrete Bton
Computer Comptence en Condensation Condensation
literacy informatique
Conduct heat Conduire la
Computer Technologie chaleur
monitoring assiste par
technology ordinateur Conductimetry Conductimtrie

Computer Programmeur Conducting Conducteur


operator Conduction Conduction
Computer Programme Conductivity Conductivit
programme informatique
Conductivity Conductimtre
Computer Informatique meter
science
Conductor Conducteur
Computer Informaticien
Cone Cne
scientist
Congure Congurer
Computer Socit
society lheure de Congestion Embouteillage
linformatique Conjunction Conjonction

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Connective tissue Tissu cellulaire Copyrights Droits dauteur
Conodont Conodonte Core Noyau
Conservation Dfense de Core sample Carotte
lenvironnement Corona (plu. -ae) Couronne
Conservation law Loi de Coronary Infarctus du
conservation thrombosis myocarde
Conservationist Dfenseur de Corrie Cirque
lenvironnement
Cosine Cosinus
Constant Constante
Cosmic rays Rayons
Constellation Constellation cosmiques
Constipation Constipation Cosmology Cosmologie
Constituent Constituant Cosmonaut Cosmonaute
Consult a doctor Consulter un Cough (n.) Toux
mdecin
Cough (v.) Tousser
Consultant Mdecin des
hpitaux Coulombs law Loi de Coulomb

Lexique anglais/franais
Consultation Consultation Coulometer Coulomtre

Consulting room Cabinet mdical Countdown Compte


rebours
Consumer society Socit de
consommation Covalent bond Liaison covalente

Containment Barrage ottant Coverglass Lamelle


boom (en verre)

Contaminant Agent de Crab nebula Nbuleuse du


contamination, crabe
polluant Crack Pirater
Contaminate Contaminer Crane Grue
Continental drift Drive des Crash (computer) Planter
continents
Creek Crique, ruisseau
Conundrum nigme
Creutzfeldt Maladie de
Convection Convection Jakob disease Creutzfeldt
Conventional nergies non (cjd) Jakob
energy renouvelables Crew quipage
Convergent Convergent Critical angle Angle critique
Converging lens Lentille ou limite
convergente Critical threshold Seuil critique
Converging mirror Miroir convergent Crop breeder Phytognticien
Convex Convexe Cross pollination Pollinisation
Cool Refroidir croise

Copper Cuivre Cross-section Coupe


transversale

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Crucible Creuset Cure (n.) Traitement
Crutch Bquille Cure (v.) Gurir
Cryogenics Cryognie Current Courant
Cryogenize Cryogniser Cursor Curseur
Crystal Cristal Cut and paste Copier/coller
Crystalline Cristallin Cybercaf Cybercaf
Crystallisation Cristallisation Cybernaut Cybernaute
Crystallogenesis Cristallognse Cybernetics Cyberntique
Crystallography Cristallographie Cyberspace Cyberespace
Cube (n.) Cube Cyclone Cyclone
Cube (v.) Mettre au cube Cylinder Cylindre
Cube root Racine cubique Cyst Kyste
Cubed Au cube Cystic brosis Mucoviscidose
Cupel Coupelle Cystitis Cystite
Curb Courbe

D
Damage Endommager Data Entreposage
Damage valuation des warehousing de donnes
assessment dommages Database Base de donnes
Data Donnes Dating Datation
Data bank Banque de Daughter cell Cellule lle
donnes Deafness Surdit
Data Compression de Death Mort
compression donnes
Debimeter Dbimtre
Data encryption Codage des
donnes Debris Roches
dtritiques
Data mining Exploitation de
donnes Decay Dsintgrer (se)

Data processing Traitement des Deceleration Dclration


donnes Decibel Dcibel
Data retrieval Extraction de Decimal Dcimale
donnes
Declination Dclinaison
Data set Ensemble de
Decoloration Dcoloration
donnes

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Decolourise Dcolorer Detergent Lessive, dtergent
Decomposition Dcomposition Deuteron Deutron
Decontamination Dcontamination Develop Dvelopper,
Decrease Dcrotre se dvelopper

Deforestation Dforestation, Develop a Dvelopper une


dboisement tumour tumeur

Defrag Dfragmenter Develop Dvelopper


alternative des voitures
Degree Degr energy cars utilisant une
Dehydrate Dshydrater autre source
dnergie
Dehydrated Dshydrat
Device Appareil, engin
Dehydration Dshydratation
Devise Concevoir
Delete Effacer
Devonian Dvonien
Delivery Accouchement
Dewar ask Vase de Dewar
Dementia Dmence
Dextrogyre Dextrogyre
Demise Disparition

Lexique anglais/franais
Diabetes Diabte
Demonstration Dmonstration
Diagenesis Diagense
Densitometer Densitomtre
Diagnose Diagnostiquer
Densitometry Densitomtrie
Diagnosis Diagnostique
Density Densit
Diagonal Diagonale
Dental practice Cabinet dentaire
Diagram Diagramme
Dentist Dentiste
Dialysis Dialyse
Department Ministre de
of the lEnvironnement Diameter Diamtre
Environment Diaphragm Diaphragme
Deplete the Appauvrir Diarrhoea Diarrhe
ozone layer la couche
dozone Diesel Diesel

Depressed Dprim Difference Diffrence

Derivative Driv Differential Calcul diffrentiel


calculus
Derived unit Unit drive
Diffract Diffracter
Dermatologist Dermatologue
Diffraction Diffraction
Desertication Dsertication
Diffuse (adj.) Diffus
Desiccator Dessiccateur
Diffuse (v.) diffuser
Desktop Bureau
Diffusion Diffusion
Desktop Ordinateur
computer de bureau Diffusion pump Pompe
diffusion
Destruction of the Destruction de la
rainforest fort tropicale Dig Creuser

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Dig site Site de fouilles Distilled water Eau distille
Digital Digital, Distortion Distorsion
numrique Divergent Divergent
Dihedron (plu. a Didre Diverging lens Lentille
or ons) divergente
Dilute solution Solution dilue Diverging mirror Miroir divergent
Dinosaur Dinosaure Divide Diviser
Dioxin Dioxine Division Division
Dipole Diple Dizzy spell Vertige
Direct Direct DNA (Deoxyribo- ADN (Acide
Directory Rpertoire nucleic acid) dsoxyribonu-
Disc Disque clique)

Discharge into Rejet dans Do harm Causer du tort


the atmosphere latmosphre Do research Faire de la
Discomfort Gne recherche

Discovery Dcouverte Doctor Docteur,


mdecin
Disease Maladie
Dodecahedron Dodcadre
Disorder Troubles
Domain Domaine
Disperse Disperser
Dominant Dominant
Dispersion Dispersion
Donor Donneur
Displacement Dplacement
Doorstep Ramassage
Display computer Afcher lcran collection domicile
Disposable Emballage Doppler effect Effet Doppler
container jeter
Doppler shift Effet Doppler
Disposable dishes Vaisselle jetable
Double Double
Disposable Jetable decomposition dcomposition
Disposal of Traitement Double spacing Interligne double
radioactive des dchets
waste nuclaires Download Tlcharger

Dissociate Dissocier Downloading Tlchargement

Dissociation Dissociation Draining of Asschement


marshes des marais
Dissolve Dissoudre
Draw Dessiner
Dissonance Dissonance
Drill (n.) Perceuse,
Distance Distance exercice
Distil Distiller Drill (v.) Forer
Distillate Distillat Drinking water Eau potable
Distillation Distillation Driving-belt Courroie de
transmission

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Drought Scheresse Dump Dverser
Drugs Mdicaments Dumping at sea Dcharge en
Drug industry Industrie phar- mer, rejet de
maceutique dchets en mer

Drug-resistant Rsistant au Durables Produits lourds


traitement DVD DVD
Dry ice Carboglace DVD player Lecteur de DVD
Dryer tuve Dwarf Naine
Drying out of Asschement Dye Colorant
wetlands des zones Dyeing Coloration
humides
Dynamics Dynamique
Duct Conduit

Lexique anglais/franais
Earache Mal doreille Ecological cologique
Earth sciences Sciences de la Ecological Bilan cologique
Terre assessment
Earths crust Crote terrestre Ecological quilibre
balance cologique
Earthquake Tremblement
de terre, sisme Ecological Conscience
consciousness cologique
Eat organic food Manger bio
Ecological Couloir
Echo cho
corridor cologique
Echography chographie
Ecological Dgradation
Eclipse clipse damage cologique
Eclipse path Chemin de Ecological debt Dette
lclipse cologique
Ecliptic cliptique Ecological Gnie
Ecliptic plane Plan de engineering cologique
lcliptique Ecological Empreinte
Eco-audit Audit denviron- footprint cologique
nement Ecological niche Niche
Ecocide cocide cologique
Ecocitizenship cocitoyennet Ecological Sac dos
rucksack cologique
Ecocline cocline
Ecological tax Redevance
Ecolabel colabel
cologique

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Ecological Tourisme Electric eld Champ
tourism cologique lectrique
Ecological trail Sentier Electricity lectricit
cologique Electrocardio- lectrocardio-
Ecological watch Veille gram gramme
cologique Electrocatalysis lectrocatalyse
Ecologist cologiste Electrochemical Microscope
Ecology Party Verts (les) microscope lectrochimique
Ecomarketing Marketing Electrochemistry lectrochimie
cologique Electrode lectrode
E-commerce Commerce Electrodyalisis lectrodyalise
en ligne
Electrolyse lectrolyser
Ecosynthesis cosynthse
Electrolysis lectrolyse
Ecosystem cosystme
Electrolyte lectrolyte
Eco-warrior Activiste
cologiste Electromagnet lectroaimant
radical Electromagnetic lectromagn-
Ecozone cozone tique

Eczema Eczma Electromagnetic Force lectro-


force magntique
Ediacaran biota Biote diacarien
ou dEdiacara Electromagnetic Induction lectro-
induction magntique
Ediacaran Period re diacarienne
Electromagnetic Radiation lec-
Edit Faire la mise radiation tromagntique
en page
Electromagnetic Onde lectroma-
Efuent charge Redevance de wave gntique
dversement
Electromagnetism lectromagn-
Egg uf tisme
Egg donation Don dovules Electromotive Force
El nio El Nio force lectromotrice
Elastic lastique Electron lectron
Elasticity lasticit Electron cloud Nuage
Elastomer lastomre dlectrons

E-learning Enseignement Electron gas Gaz lectronique


en ligne Electron gun Canon
Electric lectrique lectrons

Electric car Voiture Electronics lectronique


lectrique Electrophoresis lectrophorse
Electric charge Charge Electroscope lectroscope
lectrique Electrosynthesis lectrosynthse

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Element lment, corps Encephalitis Encphalite
simple Endangered En voie de
Elementary lmentaire disparition
Ellipse Ellipse Endangered Barrire de corail
Elliptical Elliptique coral reef en danger

Elliptical galaxy Galaxie elliptique Endangered Espce en voie


species de disparition,
Elongation longation espce mena-
Email Courriel ce dextinction
Email address Adresse internet Endemic (n.) Endmie
Embryo Embryon Endemic (adj.) Endmique
Embryo transfer Transfert Endemism Endmisme
dembryon Endocrine Endocrine
Embryologist Embryologiste Endocrinology Endocrinologie
Embryology Embryologie Endothermic Endothermique
Emergency Urgence Energy nergie

Lexique anglais/franais
Emergency room Salle des Energy balance Bilan
(ER) urgences nergtique
Emergency Mdecine Energy budget Bilan
treatment durgence nergtique
Emission line Ligne dmission Energy conserva- conomie
Emission nebula Nbuleuse tion dnergie
en mission Energy recovery Rcupration
Emission Spectre de lnergie
spectrum dmission Energy saving Choix qui permet
Emissions quotas Quotas option dconomiser
dmissions lnergie
Emissions register Registre des Engineer Ingnieur,
missions technicien
Emissions Systme Engineering Ingnierie
trading scheme dchange Enrichment Enrichissement
de quotas
dmissions ENT (ear, nose ORL (oto-rhino-
and throat) laryngologie)
Emissions Systme
trading system dchange Enthalpy Enthalpie
de droits Entity Entit
dmission Entomology Entomologie
Emit exhaust mettre des gaz Entropy Entropie
fumes dchappe-
ment Environmental cologique

Emulsion mulsion

147
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Environmental Comptabilit Environmental risk valuation des
accounting environnemen- assessment risques environ-
tale nementaux
Environmental Activisme Environmental tax Impt
activism cologiste cologique
Environmental Audit denviron- Environmentalist cologiste, dfen-
audit(ing) nement seur de lenvi-
Environmental Prise de ronnement
awareness conscience Enzyme Enzyme
environnemen- Eocene ocne
tale
Epidemic (n.) pidmie
Environmental Bilan environne-
balance-sheet mental Epidemic (adj.) pidmique

Environmental cocitoyennet Epidemic Maladie


citizenship disease pidmique

Environmental Cot environne- Epilepsy pilepsie


cost mental Epileptic crisis Crise dpilepsie
Environmental Dgts environ- Equal gal
damage nementaux
Equality galit
Environmental Prvision
Equation quation
forecasting dimpact sur
lenvironnement Equator quateur
Environmental law Droit de Equilateral quilatral
lenvironnement Equilateral Triangle
Environmental Responsabilit triangle quilatral
liability environnemen- Equilibrium quilibre
tale
Equinoctial quinoxial
Environmental Mouvement
movement cologique Equinox quinoxe

Environmental Autorits Equipment Matriel


ofcials charges de Equivalence quivalence
lenvironnement
Equivalence Principe
Environmental Politique de principle dquivalence
policy lenvironnement
Era re
Environmental Protection de
Erase Effacer
protection lenvironnement
Erionite rionite
Environmental Association de
protection group protection de Erosion Erosion
lenvironnement Eruption Eruption
Environmental risk Risque environ- Estuary Estuaire
nemental
Ethical Ethique, moral

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Ethics thique Exothermic Exothermique
Eugenics Eugnisme Expansion Univers en
European Agence universe expansion
Environment europenne Experiment Exprience
Agency (EEA) pour lenviron- (en laboratoire),
nement (AEE) test
Evaporate vaporer Experimental tude exprimen-
Evaporation vaporation study tale

Even Pair Expert Expert

Even number Nombre pair Exploration Exploration

Everlasting snow Neiges ternelles Explore Explorer

Evidence Preuves Explosion Explosion

Evolution volution Explosive Explosif

Evolutionary traits Traits volutifs Extant Existant encore

Evolve voluer Extinct Disparu


Extinct species Espce disparue

Lexique anglais/franais
E-voting Vote par internet
Excavate Excaver Extinct volcano Volcan teint

Excavations Fouilles Extinction Extinction

Excavator Excavateur Extraction (oil) Extraction

Excited ion Ion agit Extragalactic Extragalactique

Exhaust fumes Gaz dchappe- Extrapolation Extrapolation


ment Eyepiece Oculaire
Exosphere Exosphre

F
Factorial Factoriel Fail Tomber
Factorisation Factorisation en panne,
connatre
Factory Usine un chec
Factory farming Elevage hors-sol, Faint (n.) vanouissement
levage indus-
triel Faint (v.) Svanouir

Factory fumes Fumes dusine Fair trade Commerce


quitable
Factory worker Ouvrier dusine
Family Famille

149
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Family doctor Mdecin File management Gestion
de famille, de chiers
mdecin File transfer Transfert
traitant de chiers
Family Mdecin File-swapping change
practitioner de famille de chiers
Fan Ventilateur Filter paper Papier ltre
Faq Foire aux Filtrate Filtrat
(frequently questions
asked questions) Filtration Filtration

Far reaches of the Conns de Find (n.) Dcouverte


universe lunivers Find (out) (v.) Trouver
Fatal Fatal Finding Dcouverte
Fatality Mort Finite resources Ressources non
Fault (geology) Faille renouvelables

Fault nding Localisation Fireproof Ignifug


de panne Firewall Coupe-feu
Faulty Dfectueux First aid Premiers soins
Fauna Faune First-degree burn Brlure au
Fauna and ora Faune et ore premier degr

Feather Plume First-order Substitution


nucleophilic nuclophile
Feed Nourrir (se) substitution du 1er ordre
Ferment Fermenter Firth Estuaire
Fertilise Fertiliser Fission Fission
Fertiliser Engrais Fit (n.) (medical) Quinte
Fertiliser runoff Inltration des Fitter Ajusteur
engrais dans
la nappe Flag of Pavillon de
phratique convenience complaisance

Fever Fivre Flask Ballon

Feverish Fivreux Flight Vol

Fibre optics Fibres optiques Flight path Trajectoire de vol

Fibrillation Fibrillation Floating oil Barrires


barriers ottantes
Field of study Champ dtude
Flood Inondation
Fieldwork Recherches sur
le terrain Flooding Inondation

Figure Chiffre Floppy disc Disquette

File Dossier, chier Flora Flore

150
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Flu Grippe Forge Forger
Fluid Fluide Formation tage
Fluorescence Fluorescence Formula (plu. a Formule
Fluorine Fluor or ae)

Flush tanks Dgazer Forum Forum

Fly-tipping Dcharge Fossil Fossile


illgale Fossil feces Excrments
Focal length Distance ou fossiles
longueur focale Fossil fuels Combustibles
Focal point Foyer fossiles

Foetus (GB), fetus Ftus Fossil remains Restes fossiles


(US) Fossiliferous Fossilifre
Foliated Feuillet Fossilization Fossilisation
Font Police Fossilized Fossilis
Food (process- Industrie Four-footed Quadrupde
ing) industry alimentaire

Lexique anglais/franais
Four-wheel drive Vhicule
Food chain Chane car quatre roues
alimentaire motrices
Food poisoning Intoxication Fractal Fractal
alimentaire Fraction Fraction
Food safety Scurit Fracture Fracture
alimentaire
Frame of Rfrentiel
Food web Rseau reference
trophique
Free energy nergie libre
Food-processing Industrie
industry alimentaire Free enthalpy Enthalpie libre

Foot and mouth Fivre aphteuse Free household Bote de


disease recycling box recyclage
individuelle
Footprint Empreinte gratuite
Force Force Freeze-drying Lyophilisation
Force eld Champ de force Freezing point Point de
Foreman Contrematre conglation,
Forensic Mdecine lgale point zro
medicine Frequency Frquence
Forensic science Mdecine lgale Freshwater Pollution des
Forensic scientist Mdecin lgiste pollution eaux douces

Forest decline Dprissement Friction Friction


de la fort Fructose Fructose

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Fuel Combustible Fungicide Fongicide
Full moon Pleine lune Funnel Entonnoir
Function Fonction Furnace Four, fourneau
Fundamental Fondamental Fuse Fusible
Fundamental Recherche Fusion Fusion
research fondamentale

G
Gadolinium Gadolinium Gear Engrenage,
Galactic cluster Amas de vitesse (bote)
galaxies Geiger-Mller Compteur
Galaxy Galaxie counter Geiger Mller

Galilean Satellites Gel Gel


satellites galilens Gemstone Pierre
Gallbladder Vsicule biliaire prcieuse

Gallium Gallium Gene Gne

Galvanise Galvaniser Gene bank Banque


de gnes
Galvanoplasty Galvanoplastie
Gene mutation Mutation
Gamma rays Rayons gamma de gnes
Garbage Ordures Gene pool Rservoir
Garden waste Dchets de gnes
vgtaux Gene therapy Thrapie
Gas Gaz gnique
Gas phase Phase gazeuse Genealogical Chane
chain gnalogique
Gas works Usine gaz
Genealogical Modle
Gaseous Gazeux
model gnalogique
Gastric u Grippe
General Mdecine
intestinale
medicine gnrale
Gastric juices Sucs gastriques
General Mdecin
Gastric ulcer Ulcre de practitioner (GP) gnraliste
lestomac
Generator Gnrateur
Gastritis Gastrite
Generic drug Mdicament
Gastro-enteritis Gastro-entrite gnrique
Gastropod Gastropode Genetic Gntique

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Genetic code Code Geologic Provinces
gntique provinces gologiques
Genetic Dommage Geologic Time Temps
damage gntique gologique
Genetic Gnie gntique, Geologic chelle
engineering manipulations timescale des temps
gntiques gologiques
Genetic change Geologic(al) Relev
exchange gntique survey gologique
Genetic Manipulation Geological era re gologique
manipulation gntique Geological Prospection
Genetic pool Capital exploration gologique
gntique Geological Patrimoine
Genetic Ressources heritage gologique
resources gntiques Geological Coupe
Genetic Variations section gologique
variations gntiques Geological time Temps

Lexique anglais/franais
Genetically Organisme gologique
engineered gntiquement Geologist Gologue
organism modi
Geology Gologie
Genetically Culture
modied crop gntiquement Geometric series Srie
modie gomtrique

Genetically Organisme Geometric(al) Gomtrique


modied gntiquement Geometrical Figure
organism modi gure gomtrique
Geneticist Gnticien Geometry Gomtrie
Genetics Gntique Geomorphology Gomorphologie
Genito-urinary Gnito-urinaire Geophysicist Gophysicien
Genius Gnie Geophysics Gophysique
Genotoxicity Gnotoxicit Geoscientist Spcialiste des
Genotype Gnotype sciences de la
terre
Genus Genre
(plu. -era) Geothermal Gothermie
energy
Geochemist Gochimiste
Germ Germe, microbe
Geochemistry Gochimie
Germ warfare Guerre
Geodesy Godsie bactriologique
Geodetics Godsie German measles Rubole
Geodynamics Godynamique Geyser Geyser
Geographer Gographe Giant Gante

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Gibbous moon Lune gibbeuse Graphic Graphique
Giddy spell Vertige Graphics board Carte
Glacier Glacier graphique

Glass collection Collecte Graptolite Graptolite


du verre Grassland Prairie
Glass container Conteneur Gravimetry Gravimtrie
verre Gravitational Gravitationnel
Glass recycling Recyclage Gravitational eld Champ
du verre gravitationnel
Glass-rod Agitateur Gravitational Force Gravita-
(en verre) force tionnelle
Global Crise de Gravitational law Loi Gravitation-
extinction crisis lextinction nelle
plantaire
Gravity Gravit,
Global Rchauffement pesanteur
warming de la plante
Gravity-free En apesanteur
Global waste Gestion globale
management des dchets Green Comptabilit
accounting verte
Globalization Mondialisation
Green activism Activisme vert,
Globular cluster Amas globulaire militantisme
Glue Coller cologique
Glycogen Glycogne Green activist Activiste vert
GM contamina- Cultures "Green" car Voiture
tion of crops contamines cologique
par des OGM Green Entreprise verte
GM food Aliments company
contenant Green Consommateur
des OGM consumer cologique
GM free zone Zone sans OGM ou vert
GMO OGM Green Consumrisme
Go green Se convertir consumerism vert
lcologie Green lobby Groupe
Gold Or de pression
cologiste
Graft (n.) Greffe
Green manure Engrais vert
Graft (v.) Greffer
Green Marketing vert
Granulation Granulation marketing
Granulometry Granulomtrie Green Mouvement
Graph Graphique, movement cologique
diagramme Green Party Verts

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Green policy Politique Grinder Broyeur
cologique Ground cover Couverture
Green power Pouvoir des vgtale
cologistes Grounding tude des
Green product co-produit fondements
Green tourism Tourisme vert Groundwater Nappe
Green voter lecteur phratique
cologiste Grow a tumour Dvelopper une
Greenhouse Effet de serre tumeur
effect Growth Excroissance
Greenhouse Gaz effet Gulf Golfe
gases (GHG) de serre Gully Petit ravin
Greens Verts Gynaecology Gyncologie

Lexique anglais/franais
H1N1 virus Virus de la Harmfuls Produits
grippe A, H1N1 nuisibles
Habitat Habitat Have a Avoir de la vre
temperature
Hacker Pirate
informatique Hazardous waste Dchets
dangereux
Haematology Hmatologie
Hazardous waste Dcharge
Haematoma Hmatome
site toxique
Haemophilia Hmophilie
Head Tte
Hagsh Myxine (of comet)
Half-life Demi-vie, priode Head doctor Mdecin-chef
Halo (of galaxy) Halo Headache Mal la tte
Halogen Halogne Health Sant
Hard copy Sortie papier Health care Services
Hard disc Disque dur services mdicaux
(in the US)
Harden Durcir
Health care Systme
Hardware Matriel system de sant
informatique
Health centre Centre
Harmful Nuisible mdico-social

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Health hazard Risque pour Hexagon Hexagone
la sant High Authority on Haute Autorit
Health Assurance GMOs sur les OGM
insurance maladie High blood Hypertension
Health watch Veille sanitaire pressure
Healthy Sain, en bonne High Matriaux
sant performance de haute
Heart attack Attaque, crise materials performance
cardiaque High seas Haute mer
Heart disease Maladie cardio- Highlands Rgion
vasculaire montagneuse
Heart rhythm Rythme HIV positive Sropositif
cardiaque Hives Urticaire
Heat (n.) Chaleur Hoist Monte-charge
Heat (v.) Chauffer Holarctic region Rgion
Heat wave Canicule holarctique
Heating Chauffage Hole in the ozone Trou dans
Heatproof Rsistant layer la couche
la chaleur dozone

Heavy industry Industrie lourde Home care Soins domicile

Heavy plant Engins Home page Page daccueil

Heavy plant driver Conducteur Home shopping March de


dengins market lachat
domicile
Heavy-duty Equipement
equipment usage Homeopathy Homopathie
industriel Hominoid Hominode
Heliocentric Hliocentrique Homogeneous Homogne
Helium Hlium Homogenise Homogniser
Hemiplegia Hmiplgie Homology Homologie
Hepatitis Hpatite Homoplasy Homoplasie
Herbicide-tolerant Culture rsistante Homothety Homothtie
crop aux herbicides Homozygous Homozygote
Herbivore Herbivore Hood (lab) Hotte
Herd Troupeau Horizontal Horizontal
Hereditary Hrditaire Hormone Hormone
Heritage Patrimoine Horn Corne
Hertz Hertz Hotlist Favoris
Heterogeneous Htrogne Household waste Dchets
Heterozygous Htrozygote mnagers

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Human being tre humain Hydrogenation Hydrognation
Human cloning Clonage humain Hydrogenized Hydrogn
Human genome Gnome humain Hydrogeology Hydrogologie
Human habitat Biotope humain Hydrolyse Hydrolyser
Human race Race humaine Hydrolysis Hydrolyse
Hurricane Ouragan Hydrophilic Hydrophile
Hybrid Hybride Hydropower nergie hydro-
Hybrid car Voiture hybride lectrique

Hybrid seed Graine hybride Hydroscopic Hydroscopique

Hybridization Hybridation Hydrostatics Hydrostatique

Hydrate Hydrate Hydrous Hydreux

Hydration Hydratation Hydroxide Hydroxide

Hydraulics Hydraulique Hyperbola Hyperbole

Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbure Hyperglycaemia Hyperglycmie


Hyperlink Lien hypertexte

Lexique anglais/franais
Hydrochloric acid Acide
chlorhydrique Hypertension Hypertension
Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamique Hyperthermia Hyperthermie
Hydroelectric Centrale hydro- Hypocondria Hypocondrie
plant lectrique Hypoglycaemia Hypoglycmie
Hydrogen Hydrogne Hypotenuse Hypotnuse
Hydrogen Eau oxygne Hypothesis Hypothse
peroxide

I
Ice age Priode Ichnology Ichnologie
glaciaire Ichthyology Ichtyologie
Ice cap Calotte Identity Identit
glaciaire
Igneous rock Roche igne
Ice oe Banquise
Ill Malade
Ice melt Fonte des glaces
Illness Maladie
Ice sheet Couche de
glace Illuminance clairement

Ichnocoenose Ichnocenose Imaginary Nombre


number imaginaire
Ichnofossils Ichnofossiles

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Immission Immission Induction Induction
Immune system Systme Inductive Ractance
immunitaire reactance inductive
Immunisation Immunisation Industrial Chimie
Immunise Immuniser chemistry industrielle

Immunity Immunit Industrial ecology cologie


industrielle
Immunoglobulin Immunoglobuline
Industrial farming Agriculture
Immunologist Immunologiste industrielle
Immunology Immunologie Industrial injury Accident
Implant an Implanter du travail
embryo un embryon Industrial Mdecine
in a womb dans un utrus medicine du travail
Implode Imploser Industrial waste Dchets
Improve the yield Amliorer industriels
le rendement Industrialise Industrialiser
Impulse Impulsion Inequality Ingalit
In bold type En gras Inertia Inertie
In danger of En voie Inertial Connement
extinction de disparition connement inertiel
In vitro fertilisation Fertilisation Infarction Infarctus
(IVF) in vitro (FIV)
Infected Infect
Incandescent Incandescent
Infection Infection
Incidence Incidence
Infectious disease Maladie
Incineration Incinration contagieuse
Incinerator Incinrateur Inferior planet Plante
Incise Inciser infrieure
Incision Incision Innite Inni
Inclined plane Plan inclin Innitesimal Innitsimal
Inclusion Inclusion Innity Inni
Incontinence Incontinence Inamed Enamm
Incubation Priode Inuenza Grippe
period dincubation Information Technologie de
Incubator tuve, incubateur technology (IT) linformation
Index of Index de Inhospitable Inhospitalier
refraction rfraction Inject Piquer
Indicator Indicateur Injection Piqre
Induce Induire Injured Bless
Induced Induit Injury Blessure

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Ink cartridge Cartouche Intersection Intersection
dencre Interstellar dust Poussire
Innovator Innovateur interstellaire
Inorganic Chimie Interval Intervalle
chemistry inorganique Intestine Intestin
Input Entre Intravenous (IV) Intraveineux
Inroad Perce Invasive species Espce
Insecticide Insecticide envahissante
Inseminate Insminer Invention Invention
Insulation Isolation Inventor Inventeur
Insulator Isolateur, isolant Inversion Inversion
Integer Nombre entier Invertebrate Invertbr
Integral Intgral Iodine Iode
Integral calculus Calcul intgral Iodised Iod
Integrated Politique Ion Ion

Lexique anglais/franais
product policy intgre de Ionisation Ionisation
(IPP) produits (PIP)
Ionosphere Ionosphre
Intensity Intensit
Iridium Iridium
Intensive animal levage intensif
breeding Iron Fer

Intensive care Soins intensifs Iron works Forge, usine


sidrurgique
Intensive care unit Unit de soins
(ICU) intensifs Irregular galaxy Galaxie
irrgulire
Intensive farming levage intensif
Isobar Isobare
Interface board Carte interface
Isobaric Isobare
Interference Interfrence
Isomer Isomre
Internal Intrieur, interne
Isomerisation Isomrisation
Internal energy nergie interne
Isomerise Isomriser
International Union interna-
Union for the tionale pour Isomerism Isomrie
Conservation la prservation Isomorphism Isomorphisme
of Nature de la nature
Isomorphous Isomorphe
Internet Internet
Isosceles triangle Triangle isocle
Internet provider Fournisseur
Isothermal Isotherme
daccs
Isotopes Isotope
Internet Achats en ligne
shopping Itchy Qui dmange
Internet users Utilisateurs IUCN Red List of Liste rouge des
dinternet threatened espces mena-
species ces de l IUCN

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J
Jaundice Jaunisse Joule Joule
Jaw Mchoire Jovian planet Plante jovienne
Jeopardise Mettre en Jungle Jungle
danger Junk heap Dpotoir
Joint Articulation Jurassic Jurassique
Jolt Secousse Jurassic Period Jurassique

K
Karst Karst Kinematics Cinmatique
Karstic zone Zone karstique Kinetic analysis Analyse
Karyotype Caryotype cintique

Keep food GM Prserver Kinetic constant Constante de


free lalimentation vitesse
des OGM Kinetic energy Energie cintique
Kelvin Kelvin Kinetic reaction Vitesse de
Keplerian De Kepler raction

Key Cl daccs, Kinetics Cintique


touche de Kingdom Rgne, royaume
clavier Kneecap Rotule
Kidney stones Calculs rnaux Krypton Krypton
Kilogram Kilogramme K-strategy Espce
Kilowatt hour Kilowatt heure species stratgie K

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L
Lab Labo Latitude Latitude
Lab assistant Laborantin Launch (n.) Lancement
Lab coat Blouse Launch (v.) Lancer
Labelling tiquetage Launch pad Pas de tir
Laboratory Laboratoire Lava Lave
Lacustrine Lacustre Lava ow Coule de lave
Ladder of chelle Lava stream Coule de lave
geological time des temps Law Loi
gologiques
Law of inertia Principe
Laevogyrate Lvogyre de linertie
Laevulose Lvulose

Lexique anglais/franais
Lay out Faire la mise
Lamprey Lamproie en page
Land (n.) Terre(s) Layer Strate, couche
Land (v.) Atterrir Layman Profane
Landll (site) Dcharge, Lead Plomb
enfouissement Leakage Fuite, voie deau
des dchets
Least squares Moindres carrs
Landing Atterrissage
Least-squares Mthode
Landslide Glissement de method des moindres
terrain carrs
Lanthanide Lanthanide Ledge Corniche
Lanthanum Lanthane Legionella Lgionnelle
Laptop Ordinateur Legionellosis Lgionellose
portable
Legionnaires Lgionellose
Large igneous Grande disease
province province
ruptive Length Longueur

Large intestine Gros intestin Lens Lentille, objectif

Larva (plu. ae) Larve Leptons Lepton

Laryngitis Laryngite Lethal gene Gne ltal

Laser Laser Level (n.) Niveau

Last menstrual Dernier cycle Level (v.) Aplanir


period (LMP) menstruel Lewis acid Acide de Lewis
Lathe Tour

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Life cycle Cycle de vie Litmus paper Papier tournesol
of a product dun produit Litter (n.) Dtritus
Life zone Biome (sur le sol)
Lift-off Dcollage Litter (v.) Laisser des
Lift off Dcoller dtritus

Light (n.) Lumire Live load Charge utile

Light (v.) Allumer Living being tre vivant

Light (adj.) Lger Local group Groupe local

Light industry Industrie lgre Location of GM Localisation des


elds champs OGM
Light wave Onde lumineuse
Log on the Net Se connecter
Light year Anne lumire internet
Lightweight ma- Matriaux lgers Logarithm Logarithme
terials
Logic (n. and Logique (n. et
Lignite Lignite adj.) adj.)
Lime Chaux Long wave Grandes ondes
Limit Limite Longitude Longitude
Limon Limon Look after Soigner,
Line Droite, ligne soccuper (de)
Line up Aligner Loop Boucle
Lineage Ligne Lubrication Graissage
Linear Linaire Lumen Lumen
Linear Acclrateur Luminescence Luminescence
accelerator linaire Luminescent Luminescent
Linear equation quation linaire Luminosity Luminosit
Liquefaction Liqufaction Luminous Lumineux
Liquefy Liquer Luminous body Corps lumineux
Liquid Liquide Lump Grosseur,
Liquid air Air liquide excroissance
Liquid Chromatogra- Luxury goods Industrie de luxe
chromatography phie liquide industry
Liquid crystal Cristal liquide Lymph Lymphe
Liquid nitrogen Azote liquide Lymphatic Lymphatique
Liquid phase Phase liquide Lymphocyte Lymphocyte
Lithologic Lithologique Lyophilise Lyophiliser
Lithostratigraphy Lithostratigraphie Lyophilization Lyophilisation

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M
Machine Machine Mainframe Unit centrale
Machine tool Machine-outil Mainland Terre ferme
Machinery Outillage Malignant Malin
Macrofossil Macrofossile Malnutrition Malnutrition
Macroscopic Phnotype Mammal Mammifre
phenotype macroscopique Mammalian Clonage
Mad cow Maladie de la cloning de mammifre
disease vache folle Mammoth Mammouth
Magma Magma Manganese Manganse
Magnesia Magnsie Maniraptor Maniraptor
Magnesian Magnsien

Lexique anglais/franais
Maniraptora Maniraptora
Magnesic Magnsien Manned ight Vol habit
Magnesium Magnsium Manned vehicle Vhicule habit
Magnet Aimant Manometer Manomtre
Magnetic eld Champ Manufacture (n.) Manufacture,
magntique usine
Magnetic ux Flux magntique Manufacture (v.) Fabriquer
Magnetic force Force Manure Fumier
magntique
Mare (plu. -ria) Mer
Magnetic Induction
induction magntique Marine Zone de
conservation protection
Magnetic pole Ple magntique area marine
Magnetic reso- Imagerie par Marl Marne
nance imaging rsonance
magntique Mass Masse

Magnetic storm Orage Mass defect Dfaut


magntique de masse

Magnetosphere Magntosphre Mass number Nombre


de masse
Magnetostratig- Magntostrati-
raphy graphie Mass Spectrographe
spectrograph de masse
Magnitude Grandeur
(dun nombre), Mass spectrum Spectre de
magnitude masse

Main sequence Squence Mastermind Gnie


principale

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Material Matriau Medical Cabinet
Maternity leave Cong practice mdical
maternit Medical record Dossier mdical
Mathematical nigme Medical Recherche
conundrum mathmatique research mdicale
Mathematician Mathmaticien Medicare (US) Assistance
Mathematics Mathmatiques mdicale pour
les personnes
Matrix (plu. -ces) Matrice ges et les
Matter Matire handicaps
Measles Rougeole Medication Mdicaments
Measure (n.) Mesure Medicinal plant Plante
mdicinale
Measure (v.) Mesurer
Medicine Mdicaments
Measuring out Dosage
Medicine of Mdecine
Mechanical Dmultiplication
doctors who librale
advantage mcanique
have their own
Mechanical Rsistance practice
resistance mcanique
Medicine school cole de
Mechanical wave Onde mdecine
mcanique
Medicine Mdicaments,
Mechanics Mcanique mdecine
Mechanism Mcanisme Medium Milieu
Mechatronics Mcatronique Meet safety Rpondre aux
Median (n.) Mdiane standards normes de
scurit
Median (adj.) Mdian
Megafauna Mgafaune
Medicaid (US) Assistance
mdicale pour Melt Fondre
les dfavoriss Melting of Fonte des
Medical adviser Mdecin-conseil glaciers glaciers

Medical Certicat Melting point Point de fusion


certicate mdical Membrane Membrane
Medical Visite mdicale Meningitis Mningite
examination
Menopause Mnopause
Medical Mdecin lgiste
Mercury Mercure
examiner
Meridian Mridien
Medical Faculty Facult de
(GB) mdecine Mesomer Msomre
Medical history Antcdents Mesomery Msomrie
mdicaux, Meson Mson
dossier mdical
Mesosphere Msosphre

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Metal Mtal Mine Mine
Metalliferous Gisement Mineral Minral
deposit mtallifre Mineralise Minraliser
Metallogeny Mtallognie Mineralised Minralis
Metalloid Mtallode Mineralogical Chimie
Metallurgical Mtallurgie chemistry minrale
industry Mineralogy Minralogie
Metamorphic Roche Mining (ore) Extraction ou
rock mtamorphique exploitation
Metamorphosis Mtamorphose minire
Meteor Mtore Mining Ingnieur des
Meteor shower Pluie de engineer mines
mtores Mining industry Industrie minire
Meteorite Mtorite Mining Prospecteur
Meteoroid Mtorode prospector minier

Meteorology Mtorologie Minor axis Axe mineur

Lexique anglais/franais
Methane Mthane Miocene Miocne

Method Mthode Miscalculation Erreur de calcul

Metre Mtre, compteur Miscarriage Fausse couche

Mica Mica Mistake Erreur

Microbe Microbe Mobile SAMU (service


emergency daide
Microbial cologie medical service mdicale
ecology microbienne durgence)
Microbiology Microbiologie Model Modliser
Microfossil Microfossile Modelling Modlisation,
Micromineral Micro-minral modle
molculaire
Micropalaeon- Micropalon-
tology tologie Modem Modem
Microscope Microscope Moderator Modrateur,
ralentisseur
Microscopic Fossile
fossils microscopique Molar volume Volume molaire
Midwife Sage-femme Mole Mole
Migraine Migraine Molecular Molculaire
Migrate Migrer Molecular Biologie
biology molculaire
Migration Migration
Molecular mass Masse
Milky way Voie lacte
molculaire
Milling machine Fraiseuse

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Molecular Matriau Mould Moule
material molculaire Mountain chain Chane de
Molecular model Modlisation montagnes
Molecular orbital Orbitale Mountain range Chane de
molculaire montagnes
Molecular Phnotype Mountainous Rgion
phenotype molculaire region montagneuse
Molecular Philognie Mouse Souris
phylogeny molculaire Mouse-pad Tapis
Molecule Molcule MRI (magnetic IRM (imagerie
Mollusc Mollusque resonance par rsonance
Molten Fondu imaging) magntique)

Molten rock Roche en fusion Multicellular Multicellulaire

Momentum Moment, vitesse Multilateral Accord


environmental multilatral sur
Monitor (n.) Moniteur agreement lenvironnement
Monitor (v.) Surveiller (MEA) (AME)
Monochromatic Lumire mono- Multiple sclerosis Sclrose en
light chromatique (MS) plaques
Monocrystal Monocristal Multiplication Multiplication
Mononucleosis Mononuclose Multiply Multiplier
Mood swings Sautes dhumeur Mumps (the) Oreillons
Moon Lune Muscle Muscle
Moraine Moraine Music le Fichier musical
Mordenite Mordenite Mutate Muter
Morphology Morphologie Mutation Mutation
Mother cell Cellule mre Myocardial Infarctus du
infarction myocarde
Mortar Creuset
Myxini Myxine
Motherboard Carte mre
Motion Mouvement

166
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N
Nadir Nadir Networking Gestion de
Nail (n.) Clou rseaux

Nail (v.) Clouer Neurological Neurologique

Nanometer Nanomtre Neurosis Nvrose

Natural cavity Cavit naturelle Neurosurgery Neurochirurgie

Natural disasters Catastrophes Neurotic Nvros


naturelles Neutral Neutre
Natural gas Gaz naturel Neutralisation Neutralisation
Natural hazards Risques naturels Neutralise Neutraliser
Natural Ressources Neutrino Neutrino
resources naturelles

Lexique anglais/franais
Neutron Neutron
Natural selection Slection Neutron star toile neutrons
naturelle
New general Nouveau cata-
Nature Protection catalog NGC logue gnral
conservation de la nature
New moon Nouvelle lune
Nausea Nause
News group Forum
Nebula (plu. -ae) Nbuleuse dinformation
Negative number Nombre ngatif Newton Newton
Nektic Nectique Newtonian Tlescope
Nekton Necton telescope de Newton
Nektonic Nectonique NHS (National Services
Neogene Nogne Health Service mdicaux
in GB) (en GB)
Neon Non
Niobium Niobium
Nephritis Nphrite
Nitrate pollution Pollution
Nervous Dpression aux nitrates
breakdown nerveuse
Nitrates Nitrates
Nervous disorder Maladie
nerveuse Nitric acid Acide azotique

Nervous system Systme nerveux Nitrite Nitrites

Nervousness Nervosit Nitrogen Azote

Nest Nid Nitrogen dioxide Dioxyde dazote


(NO2)
Netsurfer Internaute
Nitrogen oxide Monoxyde
Network Rseau dazote (NO)

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Nitrogen Protoxyde Nuclear power nergie
protoxide dazote (N2O) nuclaire
Nitrous oxide Protoxyde Nuclear power Centrale
dazote (N2O) plant nuclaire
Noble gas Gaz rare Nuclear power Centrale
Node Nud, point station nuclaire
nodal Nuclear reactor Racteur
Nodule Nodule nuclaire

Non metal Non mtallique Nuclear test ban Interdiction


des essais
Non recyclable Non recyclable nuclaires
Non-degradable Non biodgra- Nuclear waste Dchets
dable nuclaires
Non-renewable nergies non Nuclear-free zone Zone
energy renouvelables dnuclarise
Non-volatile Non volatile Nucleic acid Acide nuclique
Normal Normal Nucleon Nuclon
Normal force Force normale Nucleophile Nuclophile
Northern Hmisphre nord Nucleophilic Nuclophile
hemisphere
Nucleophily Nuclophilie
Notochord Notochorde
Nucleus (plu. -ei) Noyau
Nova (plu. -ae or Nova
-as) Number Nombre

Nuclear chemistry Chimie nuclaire Numbness Engourdissement

Nuclear ssion Fission nuclaire Numeric keypad Pav numrique

Nuclear fusion Fusion nuclaire Nurse Inrmier, inrmire

Nuclear Rsonance Nursing auxiliary Aide soignant


magnetic magntique Nutrient Nutriment
resonance nuclaire

O
Obesity Obsit Obtuse angle Angle obtus
Observation Observation Occultation Occultation
Obsessive Troubles Occupational Maladie profes-
Compulsive obsessionnels disease sionnelle
Disorder (OCD) compulsifs
(TOC)

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OCD (Obsessive TOC (Troubles Online le-sharing Programme
Compulsive obsessionnels programme de partage
Disorder) compulsifs) de chiers
Ocean dumping Rejet de dchets en ligne
en mer Online piracy Piratage en ligne
Oceanic crust Crote Online Achats en ligne
ocanique shopping
Octagon Octogone Onset of Dbut des
Octahedron Octadre symptoms symptmes

Odd Impair Oort cloud Nuage dOort

Odd number Nombre impair Open cluster Amas ouvert

Oedema dme Open sea Large (n.)

Offender Contrevenant Open universe Univers ouvert

Offshore Au large Operand Oprande

Ohm Ohm Operate on Oprer

Oil Huile, ptrole Operating room Salle dopration

Lexique anglais/franais
(US) (OR)

Oil pollution Pollution aux Operating system Systme


hydrocarbures (OS) dexploitation

Oil renery Rafnerie de Operation Opration,


ptrole intervention

Oil rig Plate-forme Operator Oprateur


de forage Opposition Opposition
Oil slick Nappe de Optical density Densit optique
ptrole Optical isomer Isomre optique
Oil spill Mare noire, Optical property Proprit optique
rejet dhydro-
carbures Optics Optique

Oil tanker Ptrolier Orbit (n.) Orbite

Oiled bird Oiseau Orbit (v.) Graviter


mazout Orbital Orbitale
Oileld Gisement Order (n.) Ordre,
ptrolifre commande
Oligomer Oligomre Order (v.) Ordonner,
Omnivore Omnivore commander

Omnivorous Omnivore Ordinate Ordonne

Oncologist Oncologue, Ordovician Ordovicien


oncologiste Ore Minerai
Online En ligne Organ Organe

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Organic Organique Ostracoderm Ostracoderme
Organic Chimie Outpatients Consultation
chemistry organique department externe
Organic farming Agriculture Output Sortie, rendement
biologique Overexploitation Surexploitation
Organic fertiliser Engrais Overload Surcharge
biologique
Overwrite craser
Organic food Aliment
biologique Oviparous Ovipare

Organic product Produit Ovum (plu. -a) Ovule


bio(logique) Oxidation Oxydation
Organically-- Lgumes Oxidation number Nombre
grown biologiques doxydation
vegetables
Oxide Oxyde
Organic-certied Produit issu de
Oxidise (n.) Oxydant
product lagriculture
biologique Oxidise (v.) Oxyder
Organism Organisme Oxidisible Oxydable
Organomagne- Organomagn- Oxidising Oxydant
sian sien Oxygen Oxygne
Organolithian Organolithien Ozone depletion Appauvrisse-
Orientation Orientation ment en ozone,
diminution de
Orogen Orogne
lozone
Orogeny Orognie,
Ozone hole Trou dans
orognse
la couche
Orography Orographie dozone
Osmolysis Osmolyse Ozone layer Couche dozone
Osteomyelitis Ostomylite Ozonosphere Ozonosphre
Ostracode Ostracode

P
Pack Compresser Paediatrics (GB) Pdiatrie
Packaging Recyclage Page break Saut de page
recycling demballages Paid-for down- Service de tl-
Paediatrician Pdiatre load service chargement
(GB) payant

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Pain Souffrance, Panel Comit,
douleur commission
Pain reliever Analgsique, Paper recycling Recyclage
calmant du papier
Painkiller Analgsique, Parabola Parabole
calmant (plu. -as or -ae)
Paint Peinture Parabolic mirror Miroir
(matriau) parabolique
Painting Peinture, tableau Paradox Paradoxe
Pair production Production de Parallel Parallle
paires Parallel circuit Circuit parallle
Palaeontologist Palontologue Parallelogram Paralllogramme
Palaeontology Palontologie Paralysed Paralys
Paleoanthropol- Paloanthropo- Paramedic Ambulancier
ogy logie
Paramedical Paramdical
Paleobathymetry Palobathym-
Paramedics Personnel

Lexique anglais/franais
trie
paramdical
Paleobiochem- Palobiochimie
istry Paraphyletic Paraphyltique

Paleobotanic Palobotanique Paraphyly Paraphylie

Paleoclimate Paloclimat Parent cell Cellule mre

Paleoclimatology Paloclimato- Partial eclipse Eclipse partielle


logie Particle Particule
Paleocoprology Palocoprologie Pascal Pascal
Paleoecology Palocologie Pass Col
Paleo- Palo- Pass a stone Eliminer un
environment environnement calcul
Paleogene Palogne Password Mot de passe
Paleogeography Palogographie Pasturage Pturages
Paleoichnology Paloichnologie Pasture Pturages
Paleozoic Palozoque Pasture lands Pturages
Paleozoology Palozoologie Path Trajectoire
Palpitation Palpitation Pathogen Pathogne
Palynology Palynologie Pathologist Pathologiste
Pancreas Pancras Pathology Pathologie
Pancreatitis Pancratite Patient Malade
Pandemic (n.) Pandmie PC (personal PC, ordinateur de
Pandemic (adj.) Pandmique computer) bureau

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Peak Sommet Phases Phases
Pediatrician (US) Pdiatre of the moon de la lune

Pediatrics (US) Pdiatrie Phenetics Phntique

Peer-to-peer, peer- Pair--pair, peer- Phenomenon Phnomne


2-peer, P2P to-peer, P2P (plu. na)

Pelagic Plagique Phenotype Phnotype

Pentagon Pentagone Philogenetic Philogntique

Penumbra Pnombre Philogenetics Philogntique

Percentage Pourcentage pH-meter pH-mtre

Perigee Prige pH-metry pH-mtrie

Perihelion Prihlie Phosphate Phosphate

Perimeter Primtre Phosphorescence Phosphores-


cence
Period poque, priode
Phosphorescent Phosphorescent
Periodic Priodique
Phosphorus Phosphore
Periodic table Tableau de
Mendeleev Photochemistry Photochimie

Peripheral Priphrique Photoelectric Effet photolec-


effect trique
Perlite Perlite
Photoelectron Photolectron
Permutation Permutation
Photolysis Photolyse
Perpendicular Perpendiculaire
Photon Photon
Personal Ordinateur
computer (PC) de bureau, PC Photosphere Photosphre

Pesticide Pesticide Photosynthesis Photosynthse

Pestle Pilon Photovoltaic cell Cellule


photovoltaque
Petried Ptri
Photovoltaic plant Centrale solaire
Petrography Ptrographie
Phreatic decline Baisse
Petrol (GB) Essence de la nappe
Petroleum (GB) Ptrole phratique
Petrology Ptrologie Phylogeny Philognie
pH pH Phylum (plu. a) Phylum
Phanerozoic Phanrozoque Physical Chimie physique
chemistry
Pharmaceutical Industrie phar-
industry maceutique Physical Gographie
geography physique
Pharmacology Pharmacologie
Physical law Loi physique
Pharmacy Pharmacie
Physical property Proprit
Pharyngitis Pharyngite
physique
Phase Phase

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Physician Mdecin Plate tectonics Tectonique
Physicist Physicien des plaques

Physics Physique Plateau Plateau

Physiological Chimie Platform Plate-forme


chemistry physiologique Plesiomorph Plsiomorphe
Physiological salt Srum Plesiomorphy Plsiomorphie
solution physiologique Plot Tracer
Physiologist Physiologiste Plotter Traceur
Physiology Physiologie graphique
Pi Pi Plug (n.) Prise mle
Pick up speed Prendre de la Plug (v.) Brancher
vitesse Plume Panache
Piezoelectricity Pizolectricit (de fume)
Pig-iron Fonte brute Pneumonia Pneumonie
Pioneer Pionnier Pneumopathy Pneumopathie

Lexique anglais/franais
Pipette (n.) Pipette Point Aiguille
Pipette (v.) Prlever la Poison (n.) Poison
pipette Poison (v.) Empoisonner
Pirate Pirater Poison cloud Nuage toxique
Pitch Son Poisonous Toxique,
Placoderms Placodermes empoisonn
Planetary nebula Nbuleuse Polar axis Axe polaire
plantaire Polar cap Calotte glaciaire
Plankton Plancton Polarized Polaris
Planktonic Planctonique Polarogram Polarogramme
Plant Plante, usine Polarography Polarographie
Plant breeder Phytognticien Poliomyelitis Poliomylite
Plants at risk Plantes en Pollen Pollen
danger
Pollinate Polliniser
Plasma Plasma
Pollutant Polluant
Plaster tile Carreau
de pltre Pollute Polluer

Plastic Conditionne- Polluter Pollueur


packaging ment en Polluter pays Principe
plastique principle pollueur-payeur
Plastics Plastique, matire Polluting agent Agent de
plastique pollution
Plastics Plasturgie Pollution alert Alerte la
technology pollution

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Pollution Redevances Precipitate (v.) Prcipiter
charges de pollution Precipitation Prcipitation
Pollution Contrle de la Precision tool Industrie
monitoring pollution industry de prcision
Pollution rights March des Predator Prdateur
market droits polluer
Predictable Prvisible
Polygon Polygone
Pregnancy Grossesse
Polymer Polymre
Prehistoric Prhistorique
Polymerisation Polymrisation
Prenatal Prnatal
Polymerise Polymriser
Preparation Prparation
Polynomial Polynme
Prescribe Prescrire
Polyphyletic Polyphiltique
Prescription Ordonnance
Ponderal analysis Analyse
pondrale Preservation Sauvegarde

Pose a threat Constituer Preservative Conservateur


une menace Preserve Protger
Positron Positron Pressure Pression
Post a le online Mettre un dossier Prestressed Bton
en ligne concrete pr-contraint
Potash Potasse Preventive Mdecine
Potassium Potassium medicine prventive

Potential energy nergie Prey Proie


potentielle Primary alcohol Alcool primaire
Potentiometer Potentiomtre Primary colour Couleur primaire
Potentiometry Potentiomtrie Prime number Nombre premier
Power Puissance Primitive Primitif
Power plant Centrale Principal axis Axe principal
lectrique
Principle Principe
Power station Centrale
Printer Imprimante
lectrique
Printout Listing, copie
Practise Exercer la
medicine mdecine Prism Prisme
Precambrian Prcambrien Pristine water Eau pure
Precast panel Panneau Probe (n.) Sonde
prfabriqu Probe (v.) Sonder
Precautionary Principe de Process (n.) Processus,
principle prcaution procd
Precession Prcession Process (v.) Traiter
Precipitate (n.) Prcipit

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Processing Industrie de Prove Prouver
industry transformation Psychiatry Psychiatrie
Processor Processeur Pterodactyl Ptrodactyle
Produce (n.) Produit frais Pterodactyloid Ptrodactyloide
Produce (v.) Produire Pterosauria Ptrosauriens
Produce Produire Puberty Pubert
antibodies des anticorps
Public health Sant publique
Product Produit
manufactur Public works Travaux publics

Production worker Ouvrier Pull Attraction


de fabrication Pulsar Pulsar
Programming Programmation Pulse Impulsion,
Progress (n.) Progrs pulsation

Progress (v.) Progresser Pumice Pierre ponce

Proof Preuve Pump (n.) Pompe

Property Proprit Pump (v.) Pomper

Lexique anglais/franais
Prospect Perspective Pumping Pompage

Protected species Espce protge Pumping system Systme de


pompage
Protein Protine
Pyramid Pyramide
Proton Proton
Pythagoras Thorme
Prototype Prototype theorem de Pythagore
Protractor Rapporteur

Q
Quadrangle Quadrangle Qualitative Qualitatif
Quadrangular Quadrangulaire Qualitative Analyse
Quadratic quation analysis qualitative
equation quadratique Quantitative Quantitatif
Quadrilateral (n.) Quadrilatre Quantitative Analyse
Quadrilateral Quadrilatral analysis quantitative
(adj.) Quantum Quantum,
Quadriplegia Ttraplgie quantique

Quadruped Quadrupde Quantum Chimie


chemistry quantique

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Quantum Mcanique Quasar Quasar
mechanics quantique Quaternary Quaternaire
Quantum theory Thorie Quaternary Ammonium
quantique ammonium quaternaire
Quark Quark Quicklime Chaux vive
Quarry Carrire Quotient Quotient
Quartz Quartz Qwerty keyboard Clavier qwerty

R
Rabies Rage Radium Radium
Racemic Racmique Radius (plu. -ii) Rayon
Racemise Racmiser Radon Radon
Radiation Radiation Rainfall Pluviomtrie
Radical (n.) Radical Rainforest Fort tropicale
Radical (adj.) Radicalaire RAM (random Mmoire vive
Radical- Substitution access
nucleophilic nuclophile memory)
substitution radicalaire RAM chip Barrette mmoire
dordre 1 Random Alatoire
Radioactive Radioactif Ratio Rapport
Radioactive Rejets radioactifs Raw material Matire premire
discharges
Raw sewage Rejet des eaux
Radioactive Retombes discharges uses non
fallout radioactives traites
Radioactive fuels Combustibles Ray Rayon
radioactifs
React Ragir
Radioactive Dchets
waste radioactifs Reaction Raction

Radioactivity Radioactivit Reactive Ractif

Radiocarbon Carbone 14 Reactivity Ractivit

Radiocarbon Datation au Reactor Racteur


dating carbone 14 Reagent Ractif
Radiochronologic Datation radio- Real image Image relle
dating chronologique
Real number Nombre rel
Radiography Radiographie

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Reason Proposer une Reducing Rducteur
hypothse Reduction Diminution,
Reboot Rinitialiser rduction
Receiver Rcepteur Reecting Tlescope
Recessive Rcessif telescope rexion

Recessive gene Gne rcessif Reection Nbuleuse


nebula rchissante
Recipient (graft) Receveur
Reexivity Rexivit
Recrystallisation Recristallisation
Reforestation Reboisement
Recrystallise Recristalliser
Refracting Tlescope
Rectangle Rectangle telescope rfraction
Rectangular Rectangulaire Refraction Rfraction
Recyclable item Article Refractor Rfracteur
recyclable
Refuse Ordures
Recyclable Plastiques
plastics recyclables Refuse disposal Traitement des
ordures

Lexique anglais/franais
Recycle Recycler
Refuse Incinration
Recycled paper Papier recycl incineration des ordures
Recycling Recyclage mnagres
Recycling bin Poubelle Regenerative Capacits de
de recyclage properties rgnration
Recycling Ramassage des Reinforced Bton arm
collection produits concrete
service from recyclables Reject Rejeter
ones home domicile
Rejection Rejet
Recycling Industrie du
industry recyclage Relativity Relativit

Recycling policy Politique du Release in the Relcher dans


recyclage atmosphere latmosphre

Red (blood) Hmatie Relief Relief,


corpuscle soulagement

Red data book Livre Rouge Relieve Soulager


(des espces Remedial Mdecine
menaces) medicine curative
Red giant Gante rouge Removal Ablation
Reddening Rougeoiement Remove Enlever
Redshift Dcalage vers Renal failure Insufsance
le rouge rnale
Reduce Diminuer, rduire Renewables nergies
Reducible Rductible renouvelables
Replica Rplique

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Reprocessing of Retraitement Rheumatism Rhumatisme
nuclear waste des dchets Rhizopod Rhizopode
nuclaires
Rhodium Rhodium
Reptilian Reptilien
Rhombus (plu. Losange
Research and Recherche -buses or -bi)
development et dveloppe-
ment Rib Cte

Research area Domaine de Rib cage Cage thoracique


recherches Ridge Crte
Research Budget Right angle Angle droit
budget consacr la
Rise in sea level Augmentation
recherche
du niveau
Research centre Centre de de la mer
recherches
RNA (ribonucleic ARN (acide
Research Service de acid) ribonuclique)
department recherche,
Robotics Robotique
bureau
dtudes Rock Roche
Research work Travaux de Rock face Paroi
recherche Rocket Fuse
Researcher Chercheur ROM (Read Only Mmoire morte
Resident Interne Memory)
Resin Rsine Rotary vaporateur
evaporator rotatif
Resistance Rsistance
Rotation Rotation
Resolution Rsolution
Rotatory power Pouvoir rotatoire
Resolve Rsoudre
Rough sea Mer agite
Resonance Rsonance
RR Lyrae variable Variable de type
Respiratory Maladie
RR Lyrae
illness respiratoire
R-strategy Espce
Rest Repos
species stratgie R
Resultant Rsultante
Rubber Caoutchouc
Retort Cornue
Rubbish Ordures
Retrieve Extraire
Rubbish dump Dchetterie
Retrieve data Rcuprer des
Rubbish heap Dcharge
donnes
Rubella Rubole
Retrograde Mouvement
motion rtrograde Rudist Rudiste
Retrograde Rotation Run off the land Sinltrer dans la
rotation rtrograde terre
Re-use Recycler

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S
Safety device Dispositif de School of Facult de
scurit Medicine (US) mdecine
Salmonellosis Salmonellose Science Science
Salt Sel Scientic Scientique
Sample Echantillon Scientist Scientique
Sampling tube Tube essai Scoria Scories
Sand Sable Screen Ecran
Sand bath Bain de sable Sea-bed Fond marin
Sander Ponceuse Sea-level rise Augmentation
Sanitary control Mesures du niveau
sanitaires de la mer

Lexique anglais/franais
Sanitary Rgles sanitaires Search engine Moteur de
regulations recherche

Saponication Saponication Second Seconde

SARS (severe SRAS (syndrome Secondary Alcool


acute respiratory respiratoire aigu alcohol secondaire
syndrome) svre) Second-order Substitution
Satellite Satellite nucleophilic nuclophile
substitution du 2e ordre
Saturated Satur
Sediment Sdiment
Sauropod Sauropode
(plu. s or a) Sedimentary Sdimentaire

Savannah Savane Sedimentary Formation


deposit sdimentaire
Save Sauvegarder
Sedimentary rock Roche
Scalar Scalaire sdimentaire
Scale(s) Balance Sedimentology Sdimentologie
Scalpel Scalpel See patients Consulter
Scan (n. and v.) Scanner Seed Semence
Scanner (device) Scanner Seism Sisme
Scarlet fever Scarlatine Seismic risk Risque sismique
Scavenger Charognard Seismic wave Onde sismique
Scholar Savant, rudit Seismology Sismologie,
School doctor Mdecin sismologie
scolaire Seizure Attaque

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Selective Slectif Sheath Gaine
Selectivity Slectivit Shell Coquille
Selenium Slnium Shield Bouclier
Self-induction Auto-induction Shingles Zona
Self-pollination Autopollinisation Shipwreck Naufrage
Self-purication Autopuration Schizophrenia Schizophrnie
Semiconductors Semi-conducteur Shop on the Net Acheter
Semi-precious Pierre semi- par Internet
stone prcieuse Shop online Acheter par
Sensor Dtecteur Internet

Septicaemia Septicmie Shore Rivage

Septicemy Septicmie Short-circuit Court-circuit

Sequence (n.) Squence Shortcut Raccourci

Sequence (v.) Squencer Shortness of Essoufement


breath
Sequencing Squenage
Shot Piqre
Sequential Approche
approach squentielle Shoulder blade Omoplate

Series Srie Shuttle Navette

Series circuit Circuit en srie Sick Malade

Serum Srum Sick leave Cong maladie

Set Ensemble Side effects Effets


secondaires
Set square querre
Sidereal Sidrale
Settings Paramtres
Silica Silice
Setup le Fichier de
conguration Silica gel Silicagel, gel
de silice
Sewage gouts, eaux
uses Silicate Silicate

Sewage plant Station Siliceous Siliceux


dpuration Siliceous rock Roche siliceuse
Sewage sludge Boues dgout Silicon Silicium
Sexually Maladie Silicone Silicone
transmissible sexuellement Silt Limon
disease (STD) transmissible
(MST) Silurian Silurien

Shaft Puits (mine), Silver Argent


arbre de Simplication Simplication
couche
Sine Sinus
Shallow Peu profond
Single-celled Unicellulaire
Shape Forme

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Single spacing Interligne simple Soil depletion Appauvrissement
Sinking of waste Immersion des des sols
dchets Soil pollution Pollution des sols
Skeleton Squelette Solar activity Activit solaire
Skilled worker Ouvrier quali Solar energy nergie solaire
Skimmer vessel Barge de Solar nebula Nbuleuse
rcupration solaire
Skin Peau Solar panel Panneau solaire
Skull Crne Solar wind Vent solaire
Slab Dalle Solder Souder
Slate Ardoise Solid Solide
Sledgehammer Marteau piqueur Solid phase Phase solide
Slope Pente Solidication Solidication
Sludge Traitement Solstice Solstice
processing des boues Soluble Soluble

Lexique anglais/franais
Small intestine Intestin grle Soluble anode Anode soluble
Smelt Fondre Soluble electrode Electrode soluble
Smelting works Fonderie Solution Solut, solution
Smog Smog Solvate (n.) Solvate
Smokestack Chemine Solvate (v.) Solvater
dusine
Solvation Solvatation
Smooth sea Mer calme
Solve Rsoudre
Snail Escargot
Solvent Solvant
Sneak into our Sinltrer dans
food notre nourriture Sonic boom Bang
supersonique
Socket Prise femelle
Sore (n.) Plaie
Sodium Sodium
Sore (adj.) Douloureux
Soft energy nergie douce
Sore throat Mal de gorge
Software Logiciel
Sort garbage Trier les ordures
Software bug Erreur de logiciel
Sorting centre Centre de tri
Software Socit de
company services et Sound wave Onde de son
de conseils Source Source
en informatique
Source of energy Source dnergie
Software Progiciel
Southern Hmisphre sud
package
hemisphere
Software piracy Piratage
Space Espace
de logiciels
Space ight Vol spatial
Soil chemistry Chimie du sol

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Space research Recherche Spew forth/out/ Cracher
spatiale into the air (volcan)
Space shuttle Navette spatiale Sphere Sphre
Spacecraft Engin ou Spine Colonne
vaisseau spatial vertbrale
Spacing Interligne Spiral galaxy Galaxie en
Spasm Spasme spirale

Specialised Mdecine Spore Spore


branches spcialise Sports medicine Mdecine
of medicine du sport
Specialist Spcialiste Sprain Entorse
Species Espce Spray can Bombe arosol,
Specimen Spcimen atomiseur

Spectrograph Spectrographe Spreadsheet Tableur

Spectrometer Spectromtre Spring Source

Spectrophotom- Spectrophoto- Spur Contrefort


eter mtre Square (n.) Carr, au carr
Spectrophotom- Spectrophoto- Square (v.) Mettre ou lever
etry mtrie au carr
Spectroscope Spectroscope Square root Racine carre
Spectroscopic Binaire spectro- Squared Au carr
binary scopique Stability Stabilit
Spectrum Spectre Stable condition tat stable
(plu. -a)
Stage tage
Speculate Proposer une
hypothse Stainless Inoxydable

Speech problems Problmes Stainless steel Acier inoxydable


dlocution Standing wave Onde
Speed Vitesse stationnaire

Speed of light Vitesse de la Star cluster Amas globulaire


lumire Start up Mettre en route
Speleology Splologie State tat
Spell check Correcteur Static equilibrium Equilibre statique
orthographique
STD (sexually MST (maladie
Sperm bank Banque du transmissible sexuellement
sperme disease) transmissible)
Sperm donation Don de sperme Steel Acier
Spermatozoon Spermatozode Steel works Acirie
(plu. -zoa)
Stem cell Cellule souche

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Stiff neck Torticolis Strong acid Acide fort
Stiffness Raideur Strong base Base forte
Still Alambic Structural Gologie
Stomach-ache Mal de ventre geology structurale

Stomach ulcer Ulcre Study tude


lestomac Study medicine Faire des tudes
Storage Mmoire, mise de mdecine
en mmoire, Subatomic Subatomique
stockage Subgroup Sous-groupe
Storage capacity Capacit Sublimation Sublimation
de mmoire
Subsoil Sous-sol
Store data Stocker des
donnes Substance Substance

Storm Tempte Substitution Substitution

Straight angle Angle plat Substratum Sous-sol

Strain (of virus) Souche Subtract Soustraire

Lexique anglais/franais
(de virus) Subtraction Soustraction
Strait Dtroit Sulfate (US) Sulfate
Stratication Stratication Sulde (US) Sulfure
Stratigraphy Stratigraphie Sulte (US) Sulte
Stratosphere Stratosphre Sulfur (US) Soufre
Stratotype Stratotype Sulphate (GB) Sulfate
Stratum (plu. -ta) Strate Sulphide (GB) Sulfure
Stream and river Pollution des Sulphite (GB) Sulte
pollution cours deau
Sulphur (GB) Soufre
Stream Torrent
Sulphuric acid Acide sulfurique
Strength of Rsistance des
Sum Additionner
materials matriaux
Summit Sommet
Stress Stress
Sunspot Tache solaire
Stressed Stress
Sunspot cycle Cycle des taches
Stressful Stressant
solaires
Stretch of land tendue de terre
Superacid Superacide
Stroboscope Stroboscope
Superconductivity Supraconduc-
Stroke Accident tivit
vasculaire
Supergiant Super gante
crbral (AVC),
attaque Supervisor Agent de
crbrale matrise
Strong Rsistant Supply water Alimenter en eau

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Surf on the Net Surfer sur le net Sustainable nergies
Surface layer Couche super- or renewable renouvelables
of the earth cielle de la Terre energies

Surface tension Tension Swallowhole Aven


de surface Swap music changer
Surface wave Onde de surface online de la musique
en ligne
Surgeon Chirurgien
Swelling Enure
Surgery Chirurgie,
opration Swill tanks Dgazer
chirurgicale Swine u Grippe porcine,
Surgical Chirurgical grippe A,
virus H1N1
Survival of the Loi du plus fort
ttest Switch Commutateur

Suspension Suspension Swollen En

Sustainability Durabilit Symbol Symbole

Sustainable Durable, viable Symmetry Symtrie

Sustainable Agriculture viable Symptoms Symptmes


agriculture Synapomorph Synapomorphe
Sustainable Dveloppement Synapomorphy Synapomorphie
development durable Synthesis Synthse
Sustainable Indicateurs Synthetic bres Fibres
development de dveloppe- synthtiques
indicators ment durable
(IDD) Synthesise Synthtiser

Sustainable nergie durable Syringe Seringue


energy System Systme
Systemic Systmique

T
Tablets Comprims Take off Dcoller
Tachycardia Tachycardie Take-off Dcollage
Take a sample Faire un Tangent Tangente
prlvement Tank cleaning Dgazage
Take care Soigner Tap water Eau du robinet
(of someone) (quelquun)
Taxidermy Taxidermie
Take medical Consulter
advice un mdecin Taxon (plu. -a) Taxon

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Taxonomic Systme de Therapy Thrapie
classication classication Thermal Rejets
system taxonomique discharges thermiques
Taxonomic rank Rang Thermal Expansion
taxonomique expansion thermique
Taxonomy Taxonomie of the oceans des ocans
TB (tuberculosis) Tuberculose Thermochemistry Thermochimie
TB test Cuti Thermodynamics Thermodyna-
Technique Technique mique

Tectonic plates Plaques Thermogravimetry Thermogravi-


tectoniques mtrie

Telure Tlure Thermometer Thermomtre

Temperature Temprature Thermonuclear Raction thermo-


reaction nuclaire
Tension Tension
Thermosphere Thermosphre
Terminal Terminal
Thermostat Thermostat
Terminal care Soins palliatifs

Lexique anglais/franais
Thermostated Bain thermostat
Terminator Terminator bath
Terrestrial Terrestre Theropoda Thropodes
Terrestrial planet Plante terrestre Think tank Groupe dexperts
Tertiary alcohol Alcool tertiaire Thorium Thorium
Test Test, exprience Threatened Espce
Test tube prouvette, species menace
tube essai de disparition
Test-glass prouvette Threatened En voie
with extinction de disparition
Test-tube baby Bb prouvette
Three-toed foot Pied tridactyle
Tetanus Ttanos
Threshold Seuil
Tetraplegia Ttraplgie
Throughput Dbit
Tetrapod Ttrapode
Throw away Jeter
Textile Industriels
manufacturers du textile Throw out Jeter
Theorem Thorme Throwaway Jetable
Theoretical Chimie Throwaway object Objet jetable
chemistry thorique Thyroid Thyrode
Theoretician Thoricien Thyroid gland Glande
Theorise Thoriser thyrodienne
Theory Thorie Tidal energy nergie
marmotrice
Therapeutic Clonage
cloning thrapeutique

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Tidal power nergie Toxin Toxine
marmotrice Trace fossils Traces dactivit
Tidal wave Lame de fond, biologique
raz-de-mare fossilises
Tile Carrelage Traceability Traabilit
Tilt (n.) Inclinaison Track (n.) Piste
Tilt (v.) Incliner Track (v.) Suivre la trace
Time Temps Trafc Circulation
Tin tain, bote de automobile
conserve (GB) Trafc jam Bouchon
Tissue Tissu automobile

Titanium Titane Trail Trane

To the power of Puissance Trajectory Trajectoire

Toarcian Toarcien Transfer Transfert

Toarcian stage tage toarcien Transformation Transformation

Tonsillitis Amygdalite Transformer Transformateur

Tonsils Amygdales Transgenic Transgnique

Tooth Dent Transit Transit

Toothache Mal de dent Transition Temprature


temperature de transition
Topography Topographie
Transmutation Transmutation
Topology Topologie
Transparent Transparent
Tornado Tornade
Transplant (n.) Transplantation,
Torque Torque greffe
Torrent Torrent Transplant (v.) Transplanter
Total (up) Totaliser Transplantation Transplantation
Total eclipse clipse totale Transposition Transposition
Touch down Atterrir Trapezium (GB) Trapze
Touchdown Atterrissage Trapezoid (US) Trapze
Toxic algae Algues toxiques Trash Ordures
Toxic gas Gaz toxique Tray Plateau
Toxic landll site Dcharge Treat Traiter
toxique
Treat an illness Soigner une
Toxic releases missions maladie
toxiques
Treatment Traitement
Toxic waste Dchets toxiques
Tremor Secousse,
Toxicity threshold Seuil de toxicit tremblement
Toxicology Toxicologie Trial Exprience

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Triangle Triangle Tsunami Tsunami
Triangular Triangulaire Tube Tube
Triangulation Triangulation Tuberculosis (TB) Tuberculose
Tributary Afuent Tumour Tumeur
Trigger Dclencher Tundra Toundra
Trigonometric Trigonomtrique Turbidimetry Turbidimtrie
Trigonometrical Trigonomtrique Turbine Turbine
Trigonometry Trigonomtrie Turnover Roulement
Trilobite Trilobite Turpentine Trbenthine
Trim Ajuster Two-footed Bipde
Tripod Trpied Two-legged Bipde
Troposphere Troposphre Typhoon Typhon
Trouble Troubles

Lexique anglais/franais
U
Ultrasound Ultrason Underground Nappes
Ultrasound scan chographie waters souterraines

Ultravacuum Ultravide Undulatory Ondulatoire

Ultraviolet Radiations Unearth Dterrer


radiation ultraviolettes Unicellular Unicellulaire
Umbilical cord Cordon United Nations Programme
ombilical Development des Nations
Umbra (plu. -as or Ombre Program (UNDP) Unies pour le
-ae) Dveloppement
(PNUD)
Unbreathable air Air irrespirable
Unity Unit
Uncertainty Principe
principle dincertitude Universal Gravitation
(de Heisenberg) gravitation universelle

Unconscious Inconscient Unmanned Mission sans


mission quipage
Underground Souterrain
Update Mettre jour
Underground Nappes
reserves souterraines Upgrade Amliorer

Underground Nappe Uranium Uranium


water phratique Urban ecology cologie urbaine

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Urine test Analyse durine User-friendly Convivial
Urticaria Urticaire Username Nom dutilisateur
USB key Cl USB U-tube Tube en U
USB port Port USB

V
Vaccinate Vacciner Vertical Vertical
Vaccination Vaccination Vessel Vaisseau,
Vaccine Vaccin rcipient, vase

Vacuum Vide Virtual image Image virtuelle

Vacuum pump Pompe vide Virtual memory Mmoire virtuelle

Valence Valence Virus Virus

Valence electron lectron de Viscosity Viscosit


valence Visionary Visionnaire
Value Valeur Visiting hours Heures de visite
Valve Soupape Vitreous Vitreux
Vaporisation Vaporisation Vitreous carbon Carbone vitreux
Vapour Vapeur Voice recognition Reconnaissance
Variable Variable de la parole

Variable star toile variable Volatile Volatile

Variance Variance Volcanic Volcanique

Vat Cuve Volcanic ash Cendres


volcaniques
Vector Vecteur
Volcanism Volcanisme
Veer off course Quitter la
trajectoire Volcano Volcan

Vegetation loss Dprissement Volcanology Volcanologie


de la vgtation Volt Volt
Vein Veine Voltmeter Voltmtre
Velocity Vlocit Volume Volume
Vertebra Vertbre Voluntary reaper Faucheur
(plu. -ae or -as) volontaire
Vertebrate Vertbr Vomit Vomir
Vertex Sommet Vulcanisation Vulcanisation
(gomtrie Vulcanise Vulcaniser
plane), vertex

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W
Ward (hospital) Service Wave power nergie des
Warez (slang) Logiciel commer- vagues
cial pirat et mis Waveband Bande de
en ligne frquence
Waste (n.) Dchets Weak acid Acide faible
Waste (v.) Gaspiller Weak base Base faible
Waste disposal limination Weakness Faiblesse
des dchets Weathering Dgradation
Waste recovery Rcupration des sols
des dchets Web Toile
Waste recycling Recyclage Web address Adresse de site
des dchets

Lexique anglais/franais
internet
Waste recycling Valorisation Web authoring Cration de
and use des dchets pages web
Wastewater Traitement des Web browser Navigateur,
treatment eaux uses logiciel de
Water Gestion de leau navigation
management Web designer Concepteur
Water pollution Redevances de sites web
charges pour pollution Web hosting Hbergement de
de leau sites web
Water system Rseau Web page Page web
dalimentation
en eau Web phone Tlphone
par internet
Water table Baisse de la
decline nappe Web publishing dition sur le web
phratique Web server Serveur
Waterfall Cascade Web streaming Streaming,
Waterproong Etanchit diffusion en
continu
Waterworks Station
hydraulique Webmaster, Webmestre
webmistress
Watt Watt
Website, site Site internet
Wave Onde
Weedkiller Dsherbant
Wave length, Longueur donde
wavelength Weeds Mauvaises
herbes
Wave mechanics Mcanique
ondulatoire Weigh Peser

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Weight Poids Word processing Logiciel de traite-
Weight loss Perte de poids software ment de texte

Weightlessness Apesanteur Word-processing Traitement


de texte
Wetlands Zones humides
Work Travail
Wheel chair Fauteuil roulant
Work station Poste de travail
White dwarf Naine blanche
Working Prototype en
Whiz(z) kid Petit gnie prototype tat de marche
Whole number Nombre entier World Commis- Commission
Wi- Wi-Fi sion on Envi- mondiale sur
ronment and lenvironnement
Wi- hot spot Borne Wi-Fi
Development et le dveloppe-
Wilderness Nature sauvage, (WCED) ment (CMED)
jungle
Worm Programme de
Wildre Feu de fort destruction, ver
Wildlife Faune Wound Blessure, plaie
Wind energy nergie du vent Wounded Bless
Windlass Treuil Wreak havoc on Faire des ravages
Wing Aile the planet sur la plante

Wipe out a Dtruire une Wreck rainforests Dtruire les forts


species espce tropicales

Wood Bois Wrench Entorse

X-Y
X or Y Chromosome X-ray Radiographie
chromosome X ou Y photography
X rays Rayons X Yield results Donner des
Xenon Xnon rsultats

X-ray Rayon X

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Z
Zenith Znith Zoogeographical Rgion Zoogo-
region graphique
Zeolite Zolite
Zooplanktonic Zooplanctonique
Zodiac Zodiaque
Zodiacal light Lumire
zodiacale

Lexique anglais/franais

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Fiches mthodes

Fiches mthodes Lexique anglais/franais Vocabulaire thmatique


franais/anglais
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Mthodologie de lpreuve crite
Voici quelques conseils mthodologiques. Nous rappelons que lexpression
crite comme lexpression orale doivent tre structures an de mettre en
valeur les ides du texte et celles que vous aurez dveloppes partir de vos
connaissances personnelles.

Introduction
vitez lternel The text deals with en dbut dessai. Il est prfrable
dentrer directement dans le sujet de larticle avant de donner le plan de
manire subtile :
(Main topic) has been a key issue for some years, however in this case, the
journalist gives us to understand that It would therefore be interesting to
analyse before talking about (and nally).

Dveloppement
Deux ou trois paragraphes sont ncessaires pour rpondre la ques-
tion pose, selon le nombre de mots demands. Utilisez les mots de
liaison pour souligner le cheminement logique de votre rexion.
Chaque mot de liaison ne devrait tre utilis quune seule fois pour
montrer la richesse de votre vocabulaire. De mme, utilisez des
structures varies, vitant absolument There is ou It is ,
moins demployer des expressions idiomatiques.

Conclusion
La conclusion est vidente lcrit car elle est courte et se place la n
de lessai. Nul besoin donc de lintroduire par une expression vidente. Il
ne sagit pas de rsumer les ides dj prsentes mais de sen servir pour
ouvrir le dbat ou pour lancer une nouvelle piste de rexion.
Dans tous les cas, la conclusion idale est celle qui inclut richesse du
Fiches mthodes

vocabulaire et de la grammaire (modaux, pas de rptition de mots dj


employs) et ides nouvelles.
Ultimately then (main topic) will always be in peoples minds and we may
never be able to change things despite the many alternatives oered us. We
could however wonder if (related topic) would improve our understanding of
the issue.

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Mthodologie de lpreuve orale
Voici quelques conseils mthodologiques. Nous rappelons que lexpression
crite comme lexpression orale doivent tre structures an de mettre en
valeur les ides du texte et celles que vous aurez dveloppes partir de vos
connaissances personnelles.
Nous rappelons que la richesse de la langue (vocabulaire, expressions idio-
matiques, temps, aspects, modaux) compte pour la moiti de la note,
lautre moiti correspondant la bonne comprhension des ides du texte
(dans le rsum) et lanalyse dides personnelles et culturelles (dans le
commentaire).

Introduction
Mme remarque que pour lcrit, mais le plan change car le format de
lpreuve est de rsumer puis de commenter le texte. Lidal est de dvelop-
per trois grandes ides an de parler pendant les 15 minutes requises.
Il est galement possible de souligner un dcalage entre ce que le titre de
larticle semble annoncer et le contenu du texte, le commentaire pouvant
alors servir approfondir les sous-entendus.
(The main topic) has been a topical issue for some years. The journalist would
even have us believe that Indeed the article focuses on more specically.
We will rst see the main ideas of the text, which will then lead us to comment
on some that I nd particularly interesting, namely, or

Rsum (5 mn)
Organisez les ides pour les enchaner logiquement et viter les rptitions.
Soulignez les liens logiques du texte avec les mots de liaison. Variez les
structures de phrases, les temps, les aspects et les modaux. Utilisez toute la
palette de vos connaissances.
Attention : pas de citations ni de paraphrase du texte. Prsentez les ides
avec vos propres mots de manire logique et non de manire linaire. Il est
donc dconseill dintroduire les ides avec : Firstly Secondly Thirdly
Prfrez : First of all Moreover Last but not least

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Mthodologie de lpreuve orale

Transition
Prsentez plus prcisment les grandes ides qui vont tre dveloppes dans
le commentaire en essayant de les relier la dernire ide nonce dans le
rsum.
The latter idea naturally leads us to consider three points, , and

Commentaire (10 mn)


Trois grandes parties sont ncessaires pour parler environ 10 minutes. Elles
doivent tre prsentes dans un ordre logique en commenant par celle qui
a un lien direct avec le texte (citation de lauteur, thme, personnalit ou
pays trait dans le texte, ajout de connaissances personnelles sur le sujet),
la deuxime peut largir un peu le sujet (volution du problme depuis la
date de publication, par exemple) et la troisime sloigner encore un peu
plus (parallle avec un autre pays).
Dans tous les cas, mettre le sujet en contexte en rappelant les donnes
politiques, conomiques, culturelles ou historiques du pays concern per-
met de montrer ses connaissances des pays et des institutions anglophones.
Des illustrations de cas spciques extrieurs au texte, des prcisions et des
notions culturelles sont galement attendues et trs apprcies.
Il est bien entendu possible de faire un parallle avec le sujet tel quil
est trait dans son propre pays, condition que cette partie ne soit pas
en premire position. De mme, le candidat doit prsenter son opinion
personnelle la n du commentaire tout en ltayant dune justication
dtaille.
Il est aussi important de souligner le ton de larticle, lironie, lhumour ou
le parti pris du journaliste. Le titre est souvent porteur de sens mais aussi
lobjet dun jeu de mots (a play on words, a pun). Soulignez-le, expliquez-
le puis reliez-le dautres lments du texte qui vont dans le mme sens.

Conclusion
Lidal est de commencer par une expression vidente annonant la
Fiches mthodes

conclusion pour que celle-ci ne soit pas confondue avec le commentaire.


Les conseils donns pour lessai sur la richesse du vocabulaire et louverture
du sujet sont bien videmment applicables.
All things considered we cannot but conclude that Still it would be interesting
to explore Then who knows what we would come up with.
Thank you.

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Lexique pour agencer les ides
Le vocabulaire prsent ci-aprs vous permettra dintroduire, de rsumer,
dargumenter et nalement de conclure vos essais ainsi que vos prsenta-
tions orales pour les dirents concours.

Introduire le thme du document


In most cases Dans la plupart des cas
It is often asserted that On dit souvent que
It is a truism that Il est banal de dire que
It is a commonplace that Il est banal de dire que
It is undeniably true that On ne peut nier le fait que
One of the most striking features of this Lun des aspects les plus frappants de
issue is ce problme est
What this question boils down to is La question se rsume ceci
What should be established at the very La premire constatation qui simpose
outset is that est que
It is interesting to consider Il est intressant de voir
For the great majority of people Pour les gens en grande majorit
A problem which is often debated today Un problme souvent dbattu
is aujourdhui est
We are all deeply concerned with Nous sommes tous extrmement
concerns par
The question is of major interest and La question est dun grand intrt et
deserves consideration mrite considration
We are dealing with a controversy. Il sagit dune controverse.
We are dealing with a polemic. Il sagit dune polmique.
The subject is a controversy. Le sujet est une controverse.
The main point in this article is Le point principal de cet article est
There are parts in the article Il y a parties dans cet article qui
corresponding to correspondent
Several parts stand out in the article. Plusieurs parties se dtachent dans cet
article.

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

The article starts with, then Larticle dbute par, puis il est
concentrates on ; next it moves to centr sur ; ensuite il sintresse
before coming back to avant de revenir
After a short introductory passage in Aprs une courte introduction dans
which the writer provides us with, laquelle lauteur nous fournit, il
he/she proceeds to give us nous donne ensuite
The article is a logical structured Larticle est une dmonstration struc-
demonstration. ture et logique.

Rendre compte du document et du point


de vue du journaliste
The text is about Le sujet abord dans le texte est
The text deals with Le texte traite de
The article focuses on Larticle se concentre sur
It tackles the issue of Il aborde le problme de
It raises the question of Il soulve la question de
The title conveys the impression that Le titre donne limpression que
The author raises a topical issue. Lauteur soulve un problme
dactualit.
The journalist raises a burning issue. Le journaliste pose une question
brlante.
The author raises a key issue. Lauteur pose une question fonda-
mentale.
The author sets the following question Lauteur pose la question suivante
The subject is controversial. Le sujet est discutable.
The author points out that Lauteur montre que
The author draws our attention to Lauteur attire notre attention sur
Fiches mthodes

The author alludes to Lauteur fait allusion


The journalist hints at Le journaliste fait allusion
According to the journalist Selon le journaliste
The author comments on Lauteur commente
The columnist endeavours to Le chroniqueur seorce de
The authors ambition is to Lambition de lauteur est de

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

His/her aim is to Son but est de


His/her purpose is to Son objectif est de
The author intends to Lauteur cherche
The journalist would have us believe Le journaliste voudrait nous faire
that croire que
The author gives us to understand Lauteur nous fait comprendre que
that
The author supports Lauteur est en faveur de
The author stands for Lauteur est en faveur de
The journalist sides with Le journaliste prend parti pour
The author argues in favour of Lauteur argumente en faveur de
The journalist advocates Le journaliste dfend
The journalist gives a fair account of Le journaliste donne un compte-
rendu honnte de
The columnist ignores the problem of Le chroniqueur passe sous silence le
problme de
The columnist overlooks a major Le chroniqueur nglige un problme
problem. majeur.
The author condemns Lauteur condamne
The author criticizes Lauteur critique
The author argues against Lauteur argumente contre
The columnist denounces Le chroniqueur dnonce
The author objects to Lauteur met des objections
The author blames someone for Lauteur reproche quelquun quelque
something. chose.
The writer accuses someone of Le journaliste accuse quelquun de
something. quelque chose.
The journalist is biased/unbiased. Le journaliste est partial/impartial.
The journalist is prejudiced/ Le journaliste a des prjugs/na pas
unprejudiced. de prjugs.
The journalist states that Le journaliste dclare que
The author claims that Lauteur prtend que

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The columnist overstates the problem Le chroniqueur exagre le problme


of de
The columnist minimizes the problem Le chroniqueur minimise le problme
of de
The author debunks the myth of Lauteur dmystie
The columnists argument is consistent. Largument du chroniqueur est
cohrent.
The journalist takes great care (not) Le journaliste prendre grand soin de
to (ne pas)

Ordonner ses ides


To begin with Pour commencer
Let us begin with Commenons par
Several arguments can be put forward. Plusieurs arguments peuvent tre
avancs.
Firstly Premirement
First of all Tout dabord
First and foremost En tout premier lieu
At rst sight premire vue
The rst question which arises is La premire question qui se pose
est
The rst thing that needs to be said is La premire chose dire est
As a starting point we shall examine Pour commencer, nous examine-
rons
We will rst consider Nous considrerons en premier
Secondly Deuximement
Having introduced, I shall/will Ayant introduit, je vais maintenant
Fiches mthodes

discuss discuter de
There is a second argument which Il y a un deuxime argument qui ne
cannot be ignored, namely that peut pas tre ignor, savoir que
Another way of looking at the question Une autre faon de considrer la
is question est de

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

After giving us a few facts, the author Aprs nous avoir donn quelques
analyses faits, lauteur analyse
Then Puis
Next Ensuite
Thirdly Troisimement
Lastly Finalement
Finally Finalement
Eventually Finalement
At last Enn
In the end la n
On the one hand, on the other Dun ct, dun autre ct
hand
Of course, this implies that Bien sr, cela implique que
Of course, this entails that Bien sr, cela entrane que
As a result En consquence
Consequently En consquence
Thus Donc
Therefore Donc
Hence Par consquent, Do
That is the reason why Cest la raison pour laquelle
That is why Cest pourquoi
This can be accounted for Ceci peut tre expliqu par
It is precisely because Cest prcisment parce que
This could explain why Ceci pourrait expliquer pourquoi
Owing to cause de
Due to cause de
, which is why , ce qui explique pourquoi

Ajouter des ides


Moreover De plus
Furthermore De plus

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What is more En plus


In addition to that A cela il faut ajouter
Besides En outre
As we have already mentioned Comme nous lavons dj men-
tionn
As we have previously seen Comme nous lavons vu prcdem-
ment
This brings us to another side of the Ceci nous amne un autre aspect de
question which is la question qui est
Though of minor interest, the question Bien que dintrt moindre, la ques-
of deserves consideration. tion de require notre attention.
The other side of the coin, however, is Cependant, le revers de la mdaille est
that que
On second thoughts En y rchissant bien
On further examination la rexion
Upon further consideration Aprs plus ample rexion
There are one or two things I must Il y a encore une ou deux remarques
say faire
There are advantages to Il y a des avantages
There are drawbacks to Il y a des inconvnients
We should weigh the pros and cons. Nous devrions peser le pour et le
contre.
As regards En ce qui concerne
Concerning En ce qui concerne
By the way ce propos
Incidentally ce propos
Now to come to Maintenant pour en venir
Fiches mthodes

To turn to Pour en venir


Above all Surtout
We may as well mention the fact that Nous ferions tout aussi bien de
mentionner le fait que
We must also remember that Nous devons aussi nous rappeler
que

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

It should also be remembered that On devrait aussi se rappeler que


It is well worth mentioning the fact Le fait que vaut la peine dtre
that mentionn.
As for Quant
Given that tant donn que
Another way of looking at the question Une autre faon de considrer la
is question est de
It may be asserted however that Cependant, on peut armer que
There is also a seamy side to the Il y a aussi un aspect ngatif ce
problem. problme.
There is also a bright side to the Il y a aussi un aspect positif ce
problem. problme.
There is a second argument which Il y a un deuxime argument qui ne
cannot be ignored, namely that peut tre ignor, savoir que
The very opposite may well be true. Le contraire mme peut tre vrai.
In fact it would be more accurate to say En fait, il serait plus exact de dire
that que
Not to speak of Sans omettre
Not to mention Sans oublier de mentionner
All the same Tout de mme
In spite of/Despite Malgr
The snag of this argument is that Linconvnient de cet argument est
que
All this may well be true enough, but Tout ceci a beau tre vrai, mais
It will be objected that On objectera que
This brings us to the question of Ceci nous amne la question de
whether savoir si
The alternative is to Lautre solution est de
It is now time to Il faut en venir maintenant

Illustrer et expliquer
For instance Par exemple
For example Par exemple

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

Let us take the example of Prenons lexemple de


To give an example Pour donner un exemple
To illustrate the truth of this Pour illustrer ceci
such as tel que
in particular en particulier
, particularly , particulirement
A striking example is Un exemple frappant est
One example is enough to show that Un exemple sut montrer que
To quote from Pour citer
As the author remarked Comme la remarqu lauteur
According to Selon
, that is to say , cest--dire
, that is , cest--dire
, i.e. , cest--dire
, namely , savoir
, including , dont
To expand and clarify Pour dvelopper et clarier
In other words En dautres termes
rather than plutt que
Except for lexception de
save for sauf
Apart from part
I will conne myself to Je me contenterai de

Situer dans le temps


Today Aujourdhui
Fiches mthodes

These days De nos jours


Nowadays De nos jours
So far Jusqu prsent
Thus far Jusqu prsent
Up to now Jusqu prsent

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

Over the past few years Ces dernires annes


Meanwhile Pendant ce temps
In the meanwhile Pendant ce temps
In the meantime Pendant ce temps
While Pendant que
Little by little Petit petit
For Pendant/depuis
Since Depuis
During Durant
From now on partir de maintenant
From then on partir de ce moment-l
Sometimes Parfois
Now and then De temps en temps
Now and again De temps autre
From time to time Par moments
He said it again and again. Il la dit et rpt.
He repeats it over and over again. Il le rpte encore et encore.
It is the rst time that has mentioned Cest la premire fois que
the fact that mentionne le fait que

Comparer et contraster
It is the same as Cest comme
as if comme si
as though comme si
Compared to Compar
The former, the latter Le premier, le second
identical to identique
similar to semblable
Similarly De la mme faon
In the same way De la mme faon
Likewise De la mme faon

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

It is swings and roundabouts. Cest du pareil au mme.


By comparison Par comparaison
When compared with Compar
It does not bear comparison with Cela ne supporte pas la comparaison
avec
In contrast with Par contraste
To oppose to Pour opposer
To draw the line between and Pour faire la distinction entre et
To dierentiate from Pour direncier de
To discriminate between and Pour faire la dirence entre et
To discriminate from Pour faire la dirence entre et
To distinguish from Pour faire la distinction entre et
To make a distinction Pour faire une distinction
Conversely Inversement
Unlike Contrairement
Contrary to Contrairement
On the contrary Au contraire
as well as aussi bien que
whereas alors que
Or else Ou alors
Paradoxically enough Assez paradoxalement
Paradoxical though it may seem Cependant, de faon paradoxale, il
peut sembler que
What dierentiates from is Ce qui direncie de, cest

Donner son opinion


Fiches mthodes

Personally Personnellement
I think that Je pense que
I believe that Je crois que
I personally believe that Personnellement, je pense que
I feel that Jai limpression que

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Lexique pour agencer les ides

In my opinion mon avis


For my part Pour ma part
In my view mon avis
As for me Quant moi
As far as I am concerned En ce qui me concerne
From my point of view De mon point de vue
It is my view that Cest mon point de vue que
It seems to me that Il me semble que
I am under the impression that Jai limpression que
It is my impression that Mon impression est que
We are given the impression that On nous donne limpression que
The impression conveyed is one of Limpression donne est une
impression de
There is no reason to suppose that Il ny a pas de raison pour supposer
que
It is an exaggeration to say that Il est exagr de dire que
I am not suggesting that Je ne suggre pas que
I cant help thinking that Je ne peux mempcher de penser
que
I am convinced that Je suis convaincu que
I am well aware that Jai bien conscience que
I would like to point out that Jaimerais souligner que
I would like to stress the fact that Jaimerais souligner le fait que
I have no strong views on the issue. Je nai pas dopinion bien arrte sur
le sujet.
I am not in a position to say Je ne suis pas bien plac pour dire
I dont have the slightest idea on Je nai pas la moindre ide sur
It doesnt strike me as being objective. Ceci ne me frappe pas par son
objectivit.
It would be wrong to say that Il serait faux de dire que
It is true to say that Il est vrai de dire que
Nothing could be more true than Rien ne peut tre plus vrai que

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I agree with Je suis daccord avec


I side with the journalist on Je suis de lavis du journaliste concer-
nant
I see things eye to eye with him. Je vois les choses exactement comme
lui.
What he/she says is all the more Ce quil/elle dit est dautant plus
convincing as/since convaincant que
I certainly go along with Je suis tout fait daccord avec
I agree on that point, but the fact still Je suis daccord sur ce point, mais il
remains that nen demeure pas moins que
I disagree with Je ne suis pas daccord avec
I am critical of Jai certaines critiques lgard de
It is a questionable argument. Cest un argument discutable.
This is beside the question. Ceci est hors de propos.
I dont share the columnists opinion Je ne partage pas lopinion du chroni-
on queur concernant
I cannot share this point of view. Je ne peux pas partager ce point de
vue.
I do not see the problem in quite the Je ne vois pas les choses de la mme
same light. faon.
I dont see his/her point. Je ne comprends pas o il/elle veut en
venir.
It is wrong to say that Il est faux de dire que
By no means En aucun cas
The journalist seems to miss the point. Le journaliste semble tre ct du
sujet.
The argument is relevant/irrelevant. Largument est pertinent/nest pas
pertinent.
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I nd the argument misleading. Je trouve largument trompeur.


The authors fear is groundless. La crainte de lauteur est infonde.
The authors fear is unfounded. La crainte de lauteur est infonde.
The authors view is one-sided. Lauteur ne considre quune facette
du problme.

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The reasoning seems far-fetched. Le raisonnement semble tir par les


cheveux.
This is ludicrous. Cest ridicule.
This is nonsense. Cest absurde.
And indeed De fait
The author lets himself/herself be carried Lauteur se laisse emporter par ses
away by his feelings. sentiments.
The journalists arguments are worthless. Les arguments du journaliste sont
sans valeur.
The columnist says very little of Le chroniqueur parle peu de
The author hardly mentions Lauteur mentionne peine
Very little is said about On parle trs peu de
Most of the facts are accurate/inaccurate. La plupart des faits sont exacts/
inexacts.
Let us consider Considrons
We may notice Nous pouvons remarquer
It may be noticed On peut remarquer
It is noticeable that On peut remarquer que
What is quite certain is that Ce qui est certain, cest que
It is obvious to everyone that Il est vident pour tous que
It goes without saying that Il va sans dire que
Undoubtedly Sans aucun doute
We must take into account that Nous devons prendre en compte
que
There can be no doubt that On ne peut douter du fait que
It should be pointed out that On doit souligner que
It must be recognized that On doit reconnatre que
It must be admitted that On est forc dadmettre que
One should not forget that On ne doit pas oublier que
One should bear in mind that On doit garder lesprit que
There is no denying that On ne peut pas nier que
The facts speak for themselves. Les faits parlent deux-mmes.

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It should be stressed that On devrait insister sur le fait que


One has to emphasize the fact that On doit souligner le fait que
We should not ignore the wide array of On ne devrait pas ignorer la grande
dierent interests diversit des dirents intrts
What strikes me as remarkable about Ce qui me frappe comme une chose
is that remarquable propos de, cest
que
What I nd remarkable about is Ce que je trouve remarquable dans,
that cest que
Even if the subject is beyond the scope of Mme si le sujet dpasse cet article
this article
The question is not whether La question nest pas de savoir si
This makes us fully aware of Ceci nous fait prendre conscience
de
We are made aware to realize that On nous fait prendre conscience et
nous rendre compte que
Far from avoiding stereotypes Loin dviter les strotypes
However consistent the article is Quelque soit la cohrence de
larticle
This statement needs qualifying. Cette dclaration demande tre
nuance.
Strictly speaking proprement parler
To some degree Dans une certaine mesure
To some extent Dans une certaine mesure
Up to a certain point Jusqu un certain point
In a sense Dans un sens
Actually vrai dire
This may be true but Ceci est peut-tre vrai, mais
Fiches mthodes

Of course but Bien sr, mais


This is all very well, but Tout ceci est trs bien, mais
As it were En quelque sorte
This is quite far from the truth. Ceci est trs loin de la vrit.
The author distorts the truth. Lauteur dforme la vrit.

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The author avoids the issue. Lauteur vite la question.


The author evades the issue. Lauteur vite la question.
That is an extreme position. Cest une position exagre.
This is a hasty generalization. Ceci est une gnralisation htive.
This is an oversimplied view of the Ceci est une vue simplie lextrme
problem. du problme.
The author provides no evidence for Lauteur navance pas de preuves pour
what he/she says. tayer ses dires.
We cannot fail to see other aspects of the Nous ne pouvons pas passer sous
problem. silence dautres aspects du problme.
We cant but have reservations about Nous ne pouvons qumettre des
rserves propos de
It remains to be proved that Il reste prouver que
One could argue of course that Bien sr, on pourrait argumenter
que
It is hard to believe that Il est dicile de croire que
Under the pretext of exposing Sous prtexte de montrer
Opinions are divided on that question. Les opinions sont partages ce sujet.
We should consider two ways of tackling On devrait considrer deux faons de
the issue. traiter le sujet.
It deserves neither to be systematically Cela ne mrite pas dtre systmati-
disparaged nor to be praised to the skies. quement dnigr ni port aux nues.
Can we go as far as to say that ? Pouvons nous aller jusqu dire
que ?
We may go as far as saying that On peut aller jusqu dire que
To what extent can it be said that ? Dans quelle mesure peut-on dire
que ?

Conclure
To sum up Pour rsumer
In short Bref
In brief En deux mots
Ultimately then En dnitive

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To recap Pour rcapituler


All in all Tout bien pes
In a word En un mot
In other words En dautres termes
To put it in a nutshell Pour rsumer
In conclusion En conclusion
To conclude Pour conclure
We can conclude that Nous pouvons conclure que
It may be concluded that On peut conclure que
This leads us to conclude that Ceci nous mne la conclusion que
All things considered Tout bien considr
All this goes to show that Tout ceci prouve que
For all these reasons Pour toutes ces raisons
Last but not least Enn et cest un point trs
important
There is not much to be added apart Il ny a pas grand-chose ajouter si ce
from the fact that nest le fait que
It must be acknowledged that On doit reconnatre que
On the whole En dnitive
All this goes to prove that Tout ceci tend prouver que
All we have said tends to demonstrate Tout ce que nous avons dit tend
dmontrer que
Everything points out to the fact that Tout indique que
Such ideas, which are those put forward De telles ides, qui sont celles
by the columnist, are quite avances par le chroniqueur, sont
tout fait
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Inuential scientists
Stephen William Hawking
A British theoretical physicist, he was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford,
England. When he was eight, his family moved to St. Albans. In 1959 he
started studying at University College, Oxford, from which he graduated
with rst class honours in physics in 1962. He then moved to Cambridge
to take up research in general relativity and cosmology. After completing
his doctorate in 1966, Hawking was awarded a fellowship at Gonville
and Caius College, Cambridge. He became Professor of Gravitational
Physics in 1977. Two years later, he was appointed Lucasian Professor of
Mathematics. He retired on October 1, 2009, yet he will go on working at
the University of Cambridge as Director of Research at DAMTP. Hawking
has a neuro muscular dystrophy and is almost completely paralysed.
Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. His
work has inuenced the development of the Big Bang and black hole theories.

Sir Isaac Newton


An English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and natural
philosopher, he was born on 4 January 1643 and died on 31 March
1727. From 1661 to 1665, he studied mathematics, optics, physics and
astronomy at Cambridge University. In 1667, he became a Fellow of
Trinity College before being appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics
at Caius College. Five years later, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society,
which he would preside as of 1703. He was appointed MP for Cambridge
University in 1689, warden of the Royal Mint in 1696, and was knighted
in 1705. He is buried in Westminster Abbey. Newton is considered one of
the greatest scientists and mathematicians of all time.
He invented calculus, formulated the laws of gravitation, made impor-
tant discoveries in the eld of optics and investigated the eld of motion.
Newton also improved the design of the refracting telescope by using
an objective mirror instead of a lens, which is now called a Newtonian
telescope.

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Influential scientists

Albert Einstein
A theoretical physicist, he was born at Ulm, in Wrttemberg, Germany, on
March 14th, 1879 and died on April 18th, 1955 in Princeton, USA. Right
after his birth, the family moved to Munich, then to Pavia, Italy, and Aarau,
Switzerland. He entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich in
1896 to become a mathematics and physics teacher. In 1900 he received
his teaching diploma and started work on his doctoral thesis. A year later
he acquired Swiss citizenship and accepted a position as a teacher. In 1905
he published the Special Theory of Relativity and the following year he
obtained his PhD from the University of Zurich.
In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor
of Theoretical Physics in Prague, and in 1912 he got the same position in
Zurich. In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical
Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. That year he became a
German citizen and remained in Berlin until 1933, when he was led to
renounce his citizenship for political reasons his family was Jewish.
After emigrating to America, he was appointed Professor of Theoretical
Physics at Princeton. He retired in 1945, only ve years after he became a
U.S. citizen.
Einstein is regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. Apart from
the theory of relativity, he also contributed to the development of quantum
mechanics, statistical mechanics and cosmology. In 1921 he was awarded
the Nobel Prize for Physics.

Robert Sanderson Mulliken


An American physicist and chemist, he was born on June 7th, 1896 in
Newburyport, Massachusetts, and died on October 31st, 1986. He
graduated in 1913 and succeeded in getting a scholarship to study at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He majored in chemistry
in 1917. During World War I and for a few years afterward, he worked
in government chemical research. He got his doctorate at the University
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of Chicago in 1921 and began to work on his theory of molecular struc-


ture in the 1920s. He taught at New York University in 1926 and then
joined the faculty of the University of Chicago two years later. There, he
worked on the Plutonium Project, which was part of the development
of the atomic bomb during the Second World War. In 1955 he served as
scientic advisor at the U.S. Embassy in London.

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Influential scientists

In 1952, he developed quantum-mechanical questions underlying


molecular-orbital theory and the use of interatomic overlap integrals as
measures of bond energies. He received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in
1966.

John Forbes Nash, Jr


An American mathematician, he was born on June 13th, 1928 in Blueeld,
West Virginia. In 1948, he received both his bachelors and masters degrees
in mathematics from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh.
In 1950 he got his doctorate at Princeton University. The following year
he joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but he
had to resign in the late 1950s after bouts of schizophrenia. A lm version
of Nashs life, "A Beautiful Mind" released in 2001, won four Academy
Awards. It portrays Nashs long struggle with the disease.
Nash established the mathematical principles of game theory and in 1994,
he was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize for Economics.

Linus Carl Pauling


An American chemist, peace activist, author, and educator, he was born in
Portland, Oregon, on 28 February 1901 and died on 19 August 1994. He
went to the public elementary and high schools in Condon Portland and
in 1917 entered the Oregon State College, from which he got his B.Sc.
degree in chemical engineering in 1922. During the years 1919-1920 he
served as a full-time teacher of quantitative analysis in the State College,
then he was appointed a Teaching Fellow in Chemistry in the California
Institute of Technology, where he taught and carried out his research for
the next 33 years. He got his Ph.D. in chemistry with minors in physics
and mathematics in 1925. In 1954, Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize
in Chemistry and in 1962 the Nobel Peace Prize for his campaign against
above ground nuclear testing.
Pauling rst made his mark in the world of chemistry with his use of
X-rays to examine the molecular structure of crystals. This work led him to
a more thorough investigation of the nature of the chemical bond.

James Dewey Watson


An American molecular biologist, he was born on April 6th, 1928, in Chicago,
Illinois. He enrolled at the University of Chicago at only 15 and graduated in

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Influential scientists

1947. He then received a PhD at Indiana University in 1950 and went to work
at Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, in England, where he met Francis
Crick. In 1956, Watson became a junior member of Harvard University's
Biological Laboratories, which he would leave in 1976. In 1962 Watson,
Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine. From 1968 he served as director of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
(CSHL) on Long Island, New York. Between 1988 and 1992, Watson was
associated with the National Institutes of Health, helping to establish the
Human Genome Project. In 1994, he became the president of CSHL for ten
years, and then served as its chancellor until 2007, when he resigned.
He is known as one of the two co-discoverers with Francis Crick of
the structure of DNA in 1953.

Francis Harry Compton Crick


A British molecular biologist, physicist, and neuroscientist, he was born
on June 8th, 1916 near Northampton and died in California on July 28th,
2004. Crick was educated at Northampton Grammar School and Mill Hill
School, London. He got a B.Sc. degree in physics at University College of
London in 1937. The outbreak of the war in 1939 interrupted his studies.
During the war he worked as a scientist for the British Admiralty, which
he left in 1947 to study biology. He went to Cambridge and in 1954,
obtained a PhD from Caius College.
His friendship with J.D. Watson inuenced his career and in 1953 they came
up with the double-helical structure for DNA. Among many other honours,
they were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Source websites
http://www.britannica.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://nobelprize.org
http://www.who2.com
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A brief history of the National
Health Service in the U.K.
The National Health Service (NHS) oers health services to all permanent
residents of the United Kingdom and is funded through general taxation.
Each of the four countries that constitute the U.K. has a specic NHS, yet
they cooperate with each other.
At rst the majority of doctors did not believe in the NHS as they feared
they would lose patients and money as well as their professional freedom,
but almost all eventually joined it. Its popularity was such that the
governments annual budget was never sucient to pay for all medical
treatments, notably glasses and dental surgery.
Some key dates :
1948 : NHS created under Clement Atlees Labour government. Thereafter
free medical treatment is oered to everyone.
1951 : Charge introduced for some dental surgery and prescriptions for
medicine, except for the young, the elderly, low income or disabled
patients.
2009 : NHS Constitution adopted by the Department of Health. It states
its organization, duties and objectives : "A range of organizations
provide NHS services direct to patients, including hospital trusts,
mental health trusts, ambulance trusts, GP practices, dental
practices, community pharmacies, optical practices, and NHS
Direct." Emergency services are provided by public hospitals only.
Today the NHS oers services free of charge. In 2009 the NHS in England
spent around 100 billion a year nearly 2,000 per person on average.
On the other hand, hospitals employ salaried employees under nationally
agreed contracts. General practitioners, who work in independent practices,
oer primary care and are paid a nationally determined fee.
Private health services are run in parallel to the services regulated by the
NHS. They are mainly paid by private insurance. Patients may also go
abroad to get special treatments that will be paid by the NHS.

British Department of Health : http://www.dh.gov.uk


Quotes from the NHS Constitution : http://www.nhs.uk

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A brief history of the health care
system in the USA
The American health care system is undergoing a major reform under
the Obama Administration in 2009-2010. To understand why it is being
so much criticized, we will rst consider the system as it is today, before
presenting the proposed reform, which still has to be voted by Congress.
The Americans do not benet from a universal health care system although
the state does fund some specic health care organisms that cover part
of the population : the elderly, the poor, veterans and the military. Yet
President Obama declared in September 2009 : "In just a two-year period,
one in every three Americans goes without health care coverage at some
point. And every day, 14,000 Americans lose their coverage."
A little more than half the population receives health insurance through
their employers, yet this number is on the decline whereas the medical
costs have increased sharply. Others cannot count on their jobs or are self-
employed and in that case, it is very dicult for them to aord individual
coverage because it is almost three times as much as the coverage from an
employer, hence the importance in the choice of a job. Moreover insurance
companies refuse to cover many citizens because of previous illnesses or
specic risks.
Some key dates :
1787 : The U.S. Constitution states that "The Congress shall have Power to
lay and collect Taxes, [] and provide for the [] general Welfare
of the United States" (Article 1 Section 8).
1935 : Social Security Act (part of Roosevelts New Deal) oers old-age
assistance, aid to dependent children and to mothers to be.
1953 : Creation of the Department of Health Education and Welfare
(HEW), replaced by The Department of Health and Human Ser-
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vices (HHS) in 1980.


1965 : Medicare created for the elderly (65 and older), regardless of income
or retirement. Prescription drugs are not reimbursed. Medicaid
started and funded by state and federal governments for low--
income people, regardless of age, employment or citizenship.
1977 : Creation of the Health Care Financing Administration to manage
Medicare and Medicaid separately from the Social Security Admi-
nistration.
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A brief history of the health care system in the USA

1988 : The McKinney Act provides health care to the homeless.


1997 : State Childrens Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) enables states to
extend health coverage to children of low-income families.
2001 : Center for Medicare & Medicaid created, replacing the Health
Care Financing Administration.
2003 : Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement, and Modernization Act
expands the coverage, including a prescription drug benet.
2009 : Obama reform launched in September.
The objectives of President Obamas 2009 reform originally were as follows :
bringing down costs, expanding coverage, and improving the quality of the
health care system. "More security and more stability" are the key words.
Basic health insurance will be compulsory for all individuals. In brief :
Nothing was to change for those who already benet from Medicare or
Medicaid. However with this plan, insurance companies would not be
able to deny or reduce coverage to anyone. Those companies would also
have to cover "routine check-ups and preventive care." The government
would set a limit to the medical costs paid by the citizens.
For the Americans who are uninsured, the government would create
"a new insurance exchange, a marketplace where individuals and small
businesses would be able to shop for health insurance at competitive
prices. [] This is how large companies and government employees get
aordable insurance." Competition would make the prices go down,
especially because the government would create a "not-for-prot public
option."
Those who would still not be able to aord health insurance would
get government help through tax credits in order to benet from the
exchange, which would only come into eect in four years. In the
meantime the government would "immediately oer low-cost coverage
that would protect [them] against nancial ruin if [they] became
seriously ill."
Illegal immigrants will not benet from any of those measures.
Although the Senate voted the reform, the Republicans mostly rejected
it in the House of Representatives at the end of 2009. Congress should
vote the bill into law by Easter 2010, yet with a number of amendments
if everything goes well.

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A brief history of the health care system in the USA

The Patient Protection and Affordable


Care Act
December 24, 2009 : It passed the Senate 60-39.
March 21, 2010 : It then passed the House of Representatives 219-212.
March 23, 2010 : The Bill was signed into law by President Barack Obama.

The Health Care and Education


Reconciliation Act of 2010
March 17, 2010 : The act was introduced in the House of
Representatives.
March 21, 2010 : It passed the House 220-211.
March 23, 2010 : The Patient Protection and Aordable Care Act was
signed into law by President Obama.
March 25, 2010 : It then passed the Senate with amendment 56-43,
which was then agreed to by the House 220-207.
March 30, 2010 : The Act was nally signed into law by President
Barack Obama.
Both acts compose the basis of Obamas reform of the U.S. health care
system. The vote has given a new dynamic to Obamas presidency.

The Department of Health and Human Services :


http://www.hhs.gov
Social Security Online : http://www.ssa.gov/history/
Quotes from Obamas speech to Congress on September 9th, 2009 :
http://www.healthreform.gov
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A brief history of ecology
in Britain
In 1998 British Prime Minister Tony Blair ratied the Kyoto Protocol,
which was initially adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997. The Protocol was
enforced starting in 2005.
The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) is a new
government department which brings together the work of the
Climate Change Group, previously housed within the Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Aairs (Defra), with the Energy Group
from the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
(BERR).

http://www.decc.gov.uk

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Aairs (Defra) is the
government department responsible for government policy and advice on
environmental, agricultural and rural issues.

http://www.defra.gov.uk

Natural England is a non-departmental public body responsible for


ensuring that England's natural environment, including its land, ora
and fauna, freshwater and marine environments, geology and soils, are
protected and improved. It also has a responsibility to help people enjoy,
understand and access the natural environment. It brings together English
Nature, the Countryside Agency and the Rural Development Service.

http://www.naturalengland.org.uk

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A brief history of ecology
in the USA
In 1998, Vice-President Al Gore symbolically signed the Kyoto Protocol,
but it was never ratied. However over the years, some measures have
been taken to preserve the environment, notably in certain states such as
California. The new president has however announced his desire to have
the nation participate in world environmental eorts.
In October 2009, Barack Obama indeed initiated the GreenGov Chal-
lenge as part of the Department of the Interior, which is the principal
conservation agency in the US. In doing so, the president intends to make
the federal government an example of sustainability by building a clean
energy program that will help the U.S. meet the 2020 greenhouse gas
emissions reduction target.
In 2009, a new Energy Frontier was launched by the Department of
the Interior to prot from the renewable-energy potential of Americas
public lands, which oer solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, bioenergy, and
hydropower, whereas wind energy, ocean-wave energy and ocean-current
energy will be produced o-shore.
In December 2009, President Obama went to Copenhagen Summit on
Climate Change to show his desire to participate in the world eort to
preserve the earth. However the outcome was not as constructive as the
Kyoto Protocol, the only positive point being the participation of the
USA, China and India, which are among the most polluting countries in
the world.

U.S. Department of the Interior : http://www.doi.gov


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A brief history of space in Britain
The British National Space Centre (BNSC) was created in 1985 as part of
the Ministry of Science and Innovation at the Department for Business,
Innovation and Skills (BIS). Its aims are to coordinate the UK civil space
activity, to support academic research, to nurture the UK space industry,
and to increase the understanding of space and its practical benets.
Today space programmes contribute about 5.8 billion to the UK
economy, employing more than 18,000 skilled workers. They are shaped
by the "UK Civil Space Strategy 2008-2012 and Beyond" whose objec-
tives are to increase and promote the role of Britain in the global market in
space and in the technological innovations that follow.
The Harwell Science and Innovation Campus in Oxfordshire is a
joint venture between one of BNSCs key partners, STFC (Science &
Technology Facilities Council), the Atomic Energy Authority and inter-
national property developer Goodman. Since July 2009, it has housed
scientists of the European Space Agency (ESA), which makes the campus
a new hub of the UKs space programme.

British National Space Centre (BNSC) : http://www.bnsc.gov.uk

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A brief history of space
in the USA
In 1958 President Eisenhower created the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA), whose mission is to pioneer the future in space
exploration, scientic discovery and aeronautics research. In the early
1960s, President Kennedy then launched the New Frontier : space, hence
the mission to the Moon, which was completed on July 20, 1969, when
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon.
Meanwhile NASA has developed research in space technology and its
applications on the Earth, notably weather and communications satellites.
Its space shuttle, which has had 120 successful ights, was rst launched
in 1981. Since 2000, NASA has contributed to the creation of the Inter-
national Space Station (ISS) along with 15 other countries.
Furthermore it has developed exploration rovers such as Spirit and
Opportunity, which have been studying Mars since 2004, while Cassini
has been in orbit around Saturn and the Hubble Space Telescope has been
exploring the cosmos. The data sent by its satellites helps understand the
evolution of the Earth, especially in terms of climate and oceans.
At the same time, its aeronautics team has played an important part in
improving aircraft travel, making it safer and more environmentally-
friendly. In the years to come, NASAs objective is to send humans not
only beyond Earth's orbit, but where no one has ever been. Yet through
its Global Climate Change Education initiative, it is also concentrating
on Americans understanding of space and its use in curbing the Earths
climate change.
Last but not least, the U.S. Department of State includes the Oce of
Space and Advanced Technology (OES/SAT), which deals with space
policy issues at the international level, such as minimizing the generation
of orbital debris or encouraging foreign countries to accept the U.S. Glo-
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bal Positioning System (GPS) as a global standard for navigation based on


satellites.

NASA : http://www.nasa.gov
OES/SAT : http://www.state.gov/g/oes/sat/

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A brief history
of computer science
Contrary to what many people think, computer science does not deal with
information technology or video games, but should rather be described
as the study of the mathematical foundations of information and compu-
tation, and of techniques that permit to implement and apply them in
computer systems.
Modern computer science was developed in the 20th century, although
mathematical theories and the invention of certain devices had already
set the basis of computer engineering. Before the 1920s, human clerks,
especially women with a degree in calculus, were called "computers"
because they performed computations. After that decade, a "computing
machine" performed part of the work of a human computer.
Alan Turing (1912-1954), an English mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst,
and computer scientist, is considered the father of computer science. In
1936, he described the Turing Machine, which later inspired the modern
computer. He went on designing software in the 1940s and his Turing Test
(1950) was extremely important in the debate over articial intelligence.
Some key dates (among many others) :
1924 : IBM is founded.
1936 : The Turing Machine is described.
1937 : George Stibitz creates his Model K, the rst device using binary
form to calculate.
1941 : Turing, Newman and Flowers complete Colossus, the rst all-
electronic calculating machine.
1947 : Hewlett Packard is founded.
1950 : Turings ACE computer is completed. Several other computers are
developed by other engineers.
1953 : IBM 650 is the rst computer to be mass-produced.
1958 : The modem is invented at Bell Labs.
1959 : The second generation of computers starts with transistors instead
of tubes.
1962 : The worlds most powerful computer, the Atlas, is launched in
Britain.

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A brief history of computer science

1967 : The oppy disk is developed by IBM.


1968 : The system of keyboard, keypad, mouse, and windows is presented
by Douglas Engelbart.
1969 : ARPA-Net, the ancestor of the Internet, is created by the
U.S. Department of Defense. Memory chips gain in capacity.
1975 : The Altair 8800, the rst personal computer designed by Ed
Roberts, is a huge success and costs only $397. The rst PC is sold
in kit form.
1976 : Apple Computer is started by Steven Jobs and Stephen Wozniac.
1977 : Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
1980 : Microsoft develops MS-DOS for IBM.
1983 : The rst "laptop" computer is created.
1984 : Macintosh is launched by Apple and the CD-ROM by Sony and
Phillips.
1985 : Windows is released by Microsoft.
1989 : Word for Windows is introduced by Microsoft.
1991 : The JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) format and
QuickTime, a video compression format developed by Apple, are
launched.
1992 : Linux, a free PC operating system, is launched.
1993 : The Pentium chip is announced by Intel.
1995 : Toy Story, the rst computer-generated lm, is released.
1996 : The DVD is created.
1998 : The iMac is developed by Apple.
2000 : The Millennium Bug frightens the world.
2007 : Windows Vista is launched by Microsoft.

http://en.wikipedia.org
Fiches mthodes

www.britannica.com
http://www.warbaby.com

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A brief history of genetics
William Bateson (1861-1926), who coined the term "genetics" in 1905
and played a major role in the development of early genetics in Britain,
founded the John Innes Centre in Norwich, UK, in 1909. The Centre has
contributed to the modern sciences of crop genetics, bacterial genetics and
Arabidopsis research.
Some key dates :
1866 : Mendels "Experiments in Plant Hybridisation" published,
establishing the basic laws of inheritance.
1869 : Miescher extracts what comes to be known as DNA from the nuclei
of white blood cells.
1902 : Boveri and Sutton propose that chromosomes bear hereditary factors.
1904 : Bateson describes gene linkage and shows that several genes may be
required for a specic characteristic.
1909 : Johannsen determines basic genetic terms.
1913 : Sturtevant creates the rst gene map.
1927 : Muller shows X-rays can produce mutations.
1934 : Bernal uses X-ray crystallography to illuminate the structure of
proteins.
1941 : Beadle and Tatum demonstrate how genes direct the synthesis of
enzymes that control metabolic processes.
1943 : Delbrck and Luria start studying bacterial genetics.
1957 : Crick sets out the agenda for molecular biology.
1961 : Nirenberg cracks the genetic code.
1977 : Gilbert and Sanger devise techniques for sequencing DNA.
1986 : The eort to sequence the human genome is launched.
1990s : The genome of a growing number of organisms is sequenced.
2000 : The human genome is sequenced and assembled.
2000s : Many discoveries related to cancer genomics.
Poultry, canine, and bovine genomes sequenced, among other animals.

http://www.genomenewsnetwork.org
http://www.genome.gov

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