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L 18896 - 464 - F: 3,60 € N° 464 / All English. La presse internationale
L 18896 - 464 - F: 3,60 € N° 464 / All English. La presse internationale
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en anglais Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019 / 3,60 € SOCIETY QATAR ON COURSE FOR

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THE GUARDIAN

CINEMA

KEIRA KNIGHTLEY ON COLETTE

LOS ANGELES TIMES

NEW

YORK

FROM BROADWAY TO BROOKLYN

ENVIRONMENT

HOW THE BALD EAGLE SOARED AGAIN

THE ECONOMIST

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AMÉLIE ARA RÉDACTRICE EN CHEF
AMÉLIE ARA
RÉDACTRICE EN CHEF

New York, New York

In this edition, we feature a slice of the Big Apple via two iconic areas. Our New York escapade begins on Broadway, one of the most famous avenues in the world. It lends its name to the theatre district it intersects, but our interest is further north along the 24 km stretch of road that dates as far back as the Pre-Columbian era. Broadway has much more to offer than illuminated facades and majestic theatres as the northern section boasts a wealth of architectural delights.

Then, we cross the East River to Brooklyn. This is the most populated area of the city, and for a long time ignored by visitors and inhabitants alike. Now, however, following twenty years of change, New-Yorkers and tourists alike are enjoying a vibrant area full of culture and commerce. The Brooklyn that director Spike Lee celebrates in his ilms is fast becoming a Brooklyn of deluxe hotels, start up businesses, and “hipster” culture. And this diverse district is more than ever a source of inspiration for artists. The neighbourhood of Bushwick is a veritable open air gallery of street art by artists from all over the world. TV series are now shot on the roof-terrace of the William Vale Hotel. Cosmopolitan and hip, Brooklyn is now the must see area of New York…and the place to be seen.

Happy Reading!

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sommaire

N° 464 / Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

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Pour faciliter le repérage et la compréhension, les mots traduits sont surlignés dans tous les articles du magazine.

 

Grand angle On parle d'eux

 

4

5

À la une

 C1-C2

Broadway’s hidden gems

 
THE NEW YORK TIMES (US)   6

THE NEW YORK TIMES (US)

 

6

A

tour of the northern section of this legendary avenue.

 
 B2-C1  A2-B1
 B2-C1
A2-B1

Brooklyn, borough with a view

CHICAGO TRIBUNE (US)
CHICAGO TRIBUNE (US)

9

Brooklyn, New York’s new hip area.

 

Sur le vif

12

 

Société

 B2-C1
 B2-C1

Qatar on course for its improbable World Cup

 

THE GUARDIAN (UK)

 

13

 

Qatar’s preparations for the 2022 football World Cup.

 

Restoring birthright citizenship

THE NEW YORK TIMES (US)

 

15

The Irish in favour of reinstating birthright citizenship.

 

PRATIC’ABLE

PRATIC’ ABLE
 

17

Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler comme un anglophone

 

Réseaux sociaux et applis / Point de grammaire : Verbes réguliers et irréguliers / Jeux de mots

À 360°

21

Enjeux

Making tomatoes sustainable again

THE INDEPENDENT (UK)
THE INDEPENDENT (UK)

22

Mr Organic, an ethical food brand that has won the hearts of the British.

The irst pan-EU political party?

THE ECONOMIST (UK)
THE ECONOMIST (UK)

24

 C1-C2

Volt, a young pan-European political movement ready to take on the European Parliament.

Culture

Keira Knightley looks to Colette for courage

LOS ANGELES TIMES (US)

25

The English actress talks about her new role in Wash Westmoreland’s Colette.

 C1-C2

Writing for TV

THE NEW YORK TIMES (US)

The small screen, an increasingly attractive medium for novelists.  A2-B1 Les échos
The small screen, an increasingly attractive medium for novelists.
A2-B1
Les échos

Découverte

 B2-C1 THE GUARDIAN (UK)
 B2-C1
THE GUARDIAN (UK)

Origin of chocolate shifts 1,400 miles and 1,500 years

A new discovery of the origin of chocolate.

 B2-C1
 B2-C1

How the bald eagle soared again

THE ECONOMIST (UK)
THE ECONOMIST (UK)

The bald eagle: a rare ecological success story in the United States.

Les sorties

27

29

30

32

34

L’actualité en images Grand angle ETATS-UNIS NEW SPOT FOR THE “FEARLESS GIRL” Popular statue in
L’actualité en images
Grand
angle
ETATS-UNIS
NEW SPOT FOR THE
“FEARLESS GIRL”
Popular statue in New York is given a new location
New York
The Fearless Girl Statue has been relocated to stand opposite the New York Stock
Exchange. The 1.20m bronze statue of a girl with a deiant look on her face was irst
unveiled in Bowling Green, in front of Wall Street’s bull sculpture, in March 2017. It was
originally commissioned to draw attention to the lack of women on the boards of inancial institutions, and was meant
to be temporary, but became so popular with New Yorkers and tourists alike that it ended up staying. The statue has
just been moved to its new location because the old spot raised safety concerns. “We are welcoming her with open
arms,” Betty Liu, executive vice chairwoman of the Exchange, said in an interview.
to relocate to transfer to a diferent place / to stand, stood, stood to be located / Stock Exchange market where stocks and bonds are traded / to unveil to uncover,
present, inaugurate / Bowling Green small public garden on Broadway / bull male cow / to commission to oicially ask sb to create sth / to draw, drew, drawn here, to
attract / lack absence, shortage / board committee (of directors) / to be meant to to be intended to / alike both
provoke / safety security / concern issue, problem / chairwoman female director, leader.
and
/ location place / to raise to cause, bring about,
(SIPA)

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On parle d'eux… Retrouvez le fil d’infos sur www.vocable.fr Ceux qui font l'actu
On parle d'eux…
Retrouvez le fil d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
Ceux qui font l'actu

Nick Ayers

36-year-old Nick Ayers has turned down a job offer from American President Donald Trump. In December, he was asked to take over from John Kelly as White House chief of staff – as Kelly announced he would leave by the end of the year. But the next day, Ayers, who was then chief of staff to Mike Pence, tweeted his thanks to both the presi- dent and the vice-president, stating he would “be depart- ing from the White House at the end of the year” because of family commitments. Trump is reported to be looking for a chief of staff to be in place through to the 2020 elec- tion and Nick Ayers had emerged as a front-runner to re- place Kelly.

to turn down to refuse, decline an ofer of / to take, took, taken over (from) to take the place of / chief of staf senior staf oicer at the White House / to tweet to send a message via Twitter / to state to declare / commitment reason, obligation / through (to) to, until / front-runner favourite, leading candidate.

(SIPA)
(SIPA)
Sadiq Khan (SIPA)
Sadiq Khan
(SIPA)

London Mayor Sadiq Khan is considering introducing rent controls across the capital. In a letter to a Labour MP, he wrote that London needed to adopt a “strategic approach to rent stabilisation and control.” Although national legislation currently governs private sector rents, the mayor will begin to advocate for measures to tackle overinlated rents.

mayor head of a city government / to consider to envisage / rent control a form of price control that limits the amount a property owner can charge for renting out a home, apartment or other real estate / Labour major centre-left U.K. party / MP = Member of Parliament / currently at present, at the moment / to govern to manage, control / to advocate to be in favour of, recommend / to tackle to combat, deal with / overinlated excessive.

Stephanie Cliford (SIPA)
Stephanie Cliford
(SIPA)

Porn star Stephanie Cliford, also known as “Stormy Daniels,” has been ordered to pay Donald Trump nearly $300,000 in legal fees after her defamation suit against him was dismissed by a federal judge in Los Angeles. In early 2018, Cliford alleged she had an afair with him in 2006 and was paid $130,000 as part of a non-disclosure agreement before the 2016 presidential election. After Trump dismissed her claims as a “total con job,” she sued him for defamation – and has now to pay for his attorneys’ fees.

to order to command (here, court order, legal ruling, decision by a judge in a tribunal) / legal fees fees for the court and legal representation / suit trial / to dismiss to reject / to allege to accuse, claim / afair sexual/ romantic relationship / non-disclosure agreement conidentiality contract / claim declaration, assertion, here, accusation / con job trickery, cheating, here, false accusation to make money / attorney lawyer.

Jack Dorsey (Bryan Thomas/The New York Times)
Jack Dorsey
(Bryan Thomas/The New York Times)

Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey has faced severe criticism for posting a series of tweets promoting Myanmar as a tourist destination. In December, he told his 4 million followers he had followed a silent meditation retreat in the country, and encouraged them to visit. The Myanmar regime has been accused of genocide against the Muslim Rohingya minority in Rakhine state by the UN. Jack Dorsey later apologised.

CEO = Chief Executive Oicer president of a company / follower here, internet user who takes an interest in a person’s blog or page / UN = United Nations (Organisation) / to apologise to say sorry.

À la une

À la une I Destination I ETATS-UNIS I    C 2 The Theater District

I

Destination I

À la une I Destination I ETATS-UNIS I    C 2 The Theater District

ETATS-UNIS I C2

The Theater District consists of 41 professional theatres located along Broadway.

For the 2017–2018 season, 13,792,614 people attended Broadway shows.

Shubert Alley, between Broadway and 8th Avenue. (Edu Bayer/The New York Times)
Shubert Alley, between Broadway and 8th Avenue. (Edu Bayer/The New York Times)

THE NEW YORK TIMES

SAM ROBERTS

Inwood Hill Park. (Dana / Flickr)

TIMES SAM ROBERTS Inwood Hill Park. (Dana / Flickr) Some of the characters in Times Square,

Some of the characters in Times Square, near Broadway.

(Edu Bayer/The New York Times)

BROADWAY’S HIDDEN GEMS

Some of the lesser known sights on New York's iconic street

Broadway is the oldest north-south running avenue in New York. Well known for its theatres and intersection with Times Square, this emblematic avenue crosses several districts, from Manhattan to the Bronx, boasting a rich variety of architectural curiosities. A journalist from the New York Times takes a tour of the lesser-known and less touristy northern section of Broadway.

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NIVEAU BASIQUE DU SUPPLÉMENT SONORE

On the Basic recording, Dario, Bibi and Shelly share their memories of New York City and its borroughs. CD audio ou téléchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)

Farmhouse and Museum is the oldest re- maining farmhouse in the borough , made of
Farmhouse and Museum is the oldest re-
maining
farmhouse
in the
borough
, made of
ieldstone
, brick and white
clapboard
with a
gambrel roof and
Dutch door, dating from
about 1783 — a magical stop on Broadway’s
least-discovered
northern
stretch
.
2. Broadway is arguably the most famous thoroughfare in the world (by one measure, 250
2. Broadway is
arguably
the most famous
thoroughfare
in the world (by one measure,
250 million
hits
on Google versus 6 million
for the Champs-Élysées). But in the city
that never stops recycling itself,
it takes
a
discerning
landmarks
lâneur to ind the few original
like this one that have survived
along Broadway’s 13-
mile
route from one
end of Manhattan to the other.

SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE

Notez la diférence

entre l'anglais des

États-Unis et l'anglais britannique :

plowed (US) (§ 1) ploughed (GB) subway (US) (§ 1) underground (GB) neighborhood (US) (§ 3)

neighbourhood (GB) gas station (US) (§ 4) filling station / petrol station (GB)

Seaman Drake Arch, still standing on Broadway near 216th Street, is a replica of the Arc de Triomphe.

(Edu Bayer/The New York Times)

3. Most guidebooks to Broadway begin at

the Battery (named since the 17th century for the artillery placed there to protect the

HISTORICAL SITES

tour
tour

4. Our

northernmost Gilded Age
northernmost
Gilded Age

miles

en-

of the two

included what was once a

settlers on
settlers
on
leet
leet
focus lanked by idiosyncratic
focus
lanked
by
idiosyncratic

from an invading

), and

clave in Inwood, where Broadway is

Bowling Green, Trinity Church, St. Paul’s

historical sites

Chapel, the Sun Building, Flatiron Building and Shubert Alley in Times Square. But on

a
a

drizzly morning recently, Fran Leadon, a

City College of New York architecture pro-

fessor and the author of a new book, Broad- way: A History of New York City in Thirteen

hosted less traveled
hosted
less traveled

Miles,

a two-person walking excur-

sion of the

blocks on the inal

stretch, beginning just before Broadway

merges
merges

with Riverside Drive and Dyckman

Street. The mission was to ind some of the thoroughfare’s hidden historical treasures,

overlooked by neighborhood
overlooked
by
neighborhood

the sites often

residents as well as tourists.

farmhouse place where a farmer lives / borough district, neighbourhood / ieldstone natural stone / clapboard thin planks used to make rudementary housing / gambrel roof mansard or Dutch roof, symmetrical two-sided construction with an upper slope on a shallow angle, and a steep lower slope / Dutch door stable door, with two horizontal halves / least-discovered lesser known / stretch section, part.

2. arguably most probably / thoroughfare avenue,

boulevard / hit here, times someone links to a site / it

takes

showing acute judgement / landmark historic monument,

famous tourist site / mile = 1.609 km.

3. settler colonist / leet lotilla, group of ships / to focus

on to concentrate on / drizzly rainy and misty / to host to

organise / less traveled (US), travelled (GB) less frequented, known / to merge to join together, unite / to overlook to neglect, forget, ignore / neighborhood (US) = neighbourhood (GB) area, district.

here, it requires

/ discerning discriminating,

that are not only neglected by most visitors’ guides, but eclipsed by the street’s com-

bustle
bustle

mercial

. The irst anomaly is the

Dyckman Farmhouse and Museum, open

Flemish
Flemish

for public tours. The

colonial house

faces
faces

ing

two buildings across the street. One,

house faces ing two buildings across the street. One, gas station. In the newcomer to the

gas station. In the

two buildings across the street. One, gas station. In the newcomer to the beer garden .

newcomer

to the

across the street. One, gas station. In the newcomer to the beer garden . . It’s
beer garden .
beer garden
.

. It’s a

incongruously, is a

other, a relative

gentrify-

neighborhood, the Dyckmans might

have felt right at home

5. A little

the Dyckmans might have felt right at home 5. A little farther north, now the site

farther

north, now the site of a

right at home 5. A little farther north, now the site of a location leather the
location leather
location
leather

the

the

farther north, now the site of a location leather the the operated mini-storage warehouse, is where

operated

mini-storage warehouse, is where the

the last working

farm in Manhattan until the mid-1950s. On the west side of Broadway, starting around 212th Street, is Isham Park, once

Benedetto family

A painter in front of the Flatiron Building, near Broadway.

(Edu Bayer/The New York Times)

N ew York — I am three blocks from the Broadway local subway stop, West 204th Street. Right before me

past time machine
past
time machine

just

is a

orchards
orchards

and

, capable of transporting

me back to when most of Manhattan north

consisted of plowed
consisted of
plowed
hilly meadows ,
hilly
meadows
,

of Canal Street

ields. The Dyckman

1. past beyond, after / time machine machine that goes back in time / to consist of to be composed of / hilly with many hills / meadow prairie, grassland / orchard area of land on which fruit trees are grown / to plow (US) = to plough (GB) here, to clear for growing/planting /

Italianate
Italianate

of an

villa owned by

merchant William B. Isham, on

4. tour guided visit / northernmost the furthest to the

north / Gilded Age Golden Age / to lank to border, be situated on the side of / idiosyncratic singular, unique, eccentric / bustle agitation, animation / Flemish relating to the region of Flanders (northern part of Belgium) / to face to be situated opposite, across from, in front of / gas station (US) = petrol station (GB) service station / newcomer new arrival / gentrifying that is becoming more bourgeois / to feel, felt, felt right at home to feel comfortable with / beer garden outdoor pub.

5. farther further, at a greater distance / mini-storage

warehouse small scale depot / to operate to run / location place, site / Italianate in the Italian style /

>>>

À la une

I

Destination I

À la une I Destination I ETATS-UNIS I    C 2 The name Broadway

ETATS-UNIS I

C2

The name Broadway is the literal translation of the original Dutch name, Brede Wegh.

>>>

a promontory with sweeping views of both the Hudson and Harlem Rivers. Near the Inwood
a promontory with
sweeping views
of both
the Hudson and Harlem Rivers. Near the
Inwood
entrance is a brown
milestone
, presumably
an original
marker, that was set into the wall.
Inwood is the northernmost
district
on the island of Manhattan, bordered by the
Harlem River to the north and east, and the Hudson River to the west.
According
6.
If you look closely, in the
driveway of an auto
to
legend, it was in Inwood Hill Park that Peter Minuit, director general of the
repair shop
between 215th and 218th Streets,
Dutch
colony of
New Netherland, bought the island of Manhattan from the
you can see a
crumbling
marble
replica of the
Lenape Indians in 1626. With 40,000 people across one and a half
square miles
,
Arc de Triomphe in Paris. The
grafiti-scarred
Inwood is a low-density
neighbourhood
. In 1970, a third of its population was
relic, dating from 1855, was the
gateway to a
Irish. Today, it is 73% Hispanic, mostly Dominican.
grand 25-acre hilltop
summer
estate
belonging
district area, locality / according to as stated by
/ Dutch from Holland / New Netherland New Holland,
to John F. Seaman and his
heiress
wife, an ec-
Dutch colony / square mile = 2.56 km² / neighbourhood area (in a town, city).
centric descendant of Sir Francis Drake.
7.
Also near 215th Street is the majestic
light
of 110
steps
, which evoke the Rue Foyatier in
9. What surprised him most were how
1919“BlackSox”WorldSeries
scandalwas
plotted.
Montmartre. The steps connect Broadway with
Park Terrace East and Inwood Hill Park. The
many lives were
entwined
with the his-
(It was the irst
air-conditioned hotel in the city
tory of the street — George Washington
and, a century
ahead of its time
,
ran a farm on its
park, on a schist
ridge
200
feet above the Hud-
who worshipped
at St. Paul’s Chapel; en-
son,
is home to
Manhattan’s largest remaining
forest and where
caves
trepreneurs like F.W. Wool-
worth and A .T. Stewart
roof.). Leadon ended his book in Marble Hill,
which is lanked on three sides
attest to
the most an-
cient habitation in New York from pre-Colom-
whose commercial
flag-
by the Bronx and on the fourth
by the Harlem River.
bian
times
to
seasonal camps
occupied by the
ships
lanked
City Hall
; and
Lenape
people as late as the 17th century.
8. Leadon, who grew up in Gainesville,
Florida, and lives in Brooklyn with his
The street has
always been
more a state of
mind than a
mere physical
space.
11. The street has always
been more a state of mind
FIGURES
the ghosts along the stretch
of Broadway that undulates
past Times Square, whose
reputation for bright lights
than a
mere
physical space,
one that has deied the
un-
and
shattered
dreams were
bending
Manhattan
grid
for
family, was inspired to
devote
an entire
epitomized
in its
legacy
as
two centuries as it
snaked
book to Broadway after collaborating on
the AIA Guide to New York City and dis-
covering that except for David W. Dunlap’s
exuberant On Broadway (1990), few other
authors had done their urban anthropology
the Great White Way and
the Street of Broken Hearts.
uptown
and that even now,
defying its name, is being
narrowed
to
accommodate
ARCHITECTURAL GEMS
pedestrian
plazas
. “Broadway is New York
10. As it
meanders
north, Broadway is
studded
intensiied — the relex of the Republic, —
spadework
.
with architectural gems like the antique apart-
hustling
,
feverish
,
crowded
,
ever changing,”
ment buildings, many of them
spared by the
Landmarks Preservation Commission from
New York’s
merciless
cycle of demolition and
the journalist Junius Henry Browne wrote
in 1868. “Broadway is always being built,
but it is never inished.” l
leather animal skin / sweeping view impressive long
view / milestone stone designating distance /
presumably probably / marker indicator.
redevelopment
. The Ansonia at West 73rd
6. driveway residence’s private way where vehicules can be
Street, the Beaux-Art home of Enrico Caruso,
Babe Ruth and Igor Stravinsky, was where the
parked or which leads to a garage / repair shop garage for
automobile service and repairs / crumbling deteriorating,
disintegrating / marble hard, white veined stone used for
buildings/statues / graiti-scarred covered in graiti /
gateway entry point / grand big and luxurious / acre 0.4
hectare / hilltop on the summit of a raised area of land /
estate property, domain, here, manor house, ancestral home
/ heiress (female) successor, here inheritor of a fortune.
9. to entwine to interlace, connect / to worship here, to
go to church / lagship largest shop of a franchise / City
Hall New York City Hall / shattered broken / to
epitomize to incarnate, symbolize / legacy here,
reputation.
“Black Sox” scandal Major League Baseball match ixing
incident in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox
were accused of intentionally losing the 1919 World Series
in exchange for money from a gambling syndicate / to
plot to conspire / air-conditioned with air conditioning
(system that cools the air inside a building/vehicle) /
ahead of one’s time in advance of general use or
acceptance / to run, ran, run to operate, manage.
7. light of steps staircase / ridge crest / foot (pl. feet)
= 30.48 cm / to be home to to be the place where sth is
located / cave cavern / to attest to to bear witness to,
here, to provide proof of / times era / seasonal camp
inhabited for part of the year only / Lenape Native
American tribe, also known as the ‘Delawares’.
10. to meander to wind about in a curcuitous course / to
stud with to punctuate with / to spare to save from /
merciless without pity, here, relentless, unstoppable /
redevelopment renovation, reconstruction /
8. igure person, personality / to devote to dedicate /
11. mere simple / unbending inlexible, intransigent /
grid network, pattern / to snake to wind, twist and turn
(snake serpent) / uptown residential areas north of
Manhattan / to narrow to be reduced / to
accommodate to have enough space for / pedestrian
person on foot / plaza square / hustling busy, lively /
feverish febrile / crowded full of people / ever always,
constantly.

spadework ref to preliminary research done at the site, on location (spade shovel).

8 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  diicile C1-C2

À la une

I

Destination I

À l a u n e I Destination I ETATS-UNIS I   B 2 -

ETATS-UNIS I

B2-C1

Brooklyn by the numbers

Brooklyn by the numbers

2,648,771 residents 180 km 2

77 neighbourhoods Home to the 2 nd largest public art collection in the United States with the Brooklyn Museum

CHICAGO TRIBUNE ELAINE GLUSAC BROOKLYN,BOROUGH WITH A VIEW Brooklyn ofers great views of Manhattan, (the
CHICAGO TRIBUNE
ELAINE GLUSAC
BROOKLYN,BOROUGH
WITH A VIEW
Brooklyn ofers great views of Manhattan, (the title refers to
the film based on a book by E.M. Forster, A Room with a View; borough district)
The Brooklyn Bridge with the Manhattan
skyline in the background. (Istock)

Brooklyn has been on the rise for the past twenty years. While the business districts were developing, other areas have become the chosen location for artists and international celebrities. Hotels and chic restaurants can now be found on every street corner. Has Brooklyn become the most chic area in New York?

J ake Gyllenhaal is walking into my New York hotel. It's not on Fifth Avenue
J ake Gyllenhaal is walking into my New
York hotel. It's not on Fifth Avenue or
one of the
trendy corners
of Lower Manhat-
tan. It's in Brooklyn. And it – the 1 Hotel
Brooklyn Bridge – might be the
buzziest new
hotel in the city,
star sightings
or no. Because

1. trendy fashionable, chic / corner here, area / buzzy here, surrounded by media hype and attention / star sighting with appearances of famous people /

the 1 Hotel Brooklyn Bridge, like the new William Vale Hotel and the Williamsburg

vista framed across the East River and begun touting it via rooftop bars, hotel rooms
vista framed across the East River and begun
touting
it via
rooftop
bars, hotel rooms and
improved
parks.
PRAISED
BY ARTISTS
2. From
early fan Walt Whitman to the con-
temporary Avett Brothers, centuries of artists
to the con- temporary Avett Brothers, centuries of artists have sung the praises of Brooklyn, among

have sung the praises of Brooklyn, among

neigh-
neigh-

the largest cities in the nation before

swallowed
swallowed
boring ,
boring
,

New York

it in 1898. It's

>>>

Hotel, both new to Brooklyn's waterfront

have something that Manhattan doesn't

skyline awoken to
skyline
awoken to
Developers
Developers

have

have: the

panorama.

newly

the Wall-Street-to-Harlem

waterfront next to water (lake, river or sea) / skyline here, horizon created by the silhouette of buildings / developer person or company that buys and sells land and property / to awake, awoke, awoken (to) to become aware or conscious of /

vista view, panorama / to frame to form a border round / to tout to publicize, to promote / rooftop (on the) top part of a building / improved renovated.

2. to praise to speak favourably of, show approval of, celebrate / early at the beginning of sth / to sing, sang, sung the praises (of) to compliment, celebrate / neighboring (US) = neighbouring (GB) next door, nearby / to swallow to engulf, absorb /

>>>

À la une

I

Destination I

>>> À la une I Destination I ETATS-UNIS I   B 2 - C 1

ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1

I Destination I ETATS-UNIS I   B 2 - C 1 NIVEAU BASIQUE DU SUPPLÉMENT

NIVEAU BASIQUE DU SUPPLÉMENT SONORE

On the Basic recording, Dario, Bibi and Shelly share their memories of New York City and its borroughs. CD audio ou téléchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)

craft renais- serviced way trains thrive , giving rise and cheaper rates spread flannels ionable
craft
renais- serviced
way trains
thrive
, giving rise
and cheaper
rates
spread
flannels
ionable
Uber-friendly).
sub-
sub-

the epicenter of the country's

frequently by the 1 through 5

sance, where creative entrepreneurs and

, you have access to both boroughs

lodging ( fash-
lodging
(
fash-

artisanal food producers

on food and

to and beards
to
and
beards

hipster culture that has

Williamsburg is less accessible, but

to the Nashvilles, Austins and

Omahas of the nation.

5. Staying in Brooklyn, my son and I got off

the 1 train from our Broadway visit (20 min- utes by train) to a very quiet downtown Brooklyn at 11 p.m. on a Friday night. We

3. But for a traveler visiting New York, is Brooklyn enough? Can you do the Big Apple

New York, is Brooklyn enough? Can you do the Big Apple without taking a bite of

without

taking a bite of Manhattan? The

teen-angst

Hansen
Hansen

, was too

taking a bite of Manhattan? The teen-angst Hansen , was too dubbed Dear Evan short answer
dubbed Dear Evan
dubbed
Dear Evan

short answer is no. Broadway, and specifi-

cally the

to keep me

solely in the borough. But the long answer is

it the “city that sleeps,” and that's not

answer is it the “city that sleeps,” and that's not hotels, Tony-winner compelling such a bad

hotels,

Tony-winner

compelling

such a bad thing when it comes to

which are proliferating here. We found great

value
value

, compared with Manhattan quarters,

mostly. And here's why.

4. First, understand that Brooklyn, measur- ing 71 square miles of land, is sprawling and
4. First, understand that Brooklyn, measur-
ing 71
square miles
of land, is
sprawling
and
that not all of it is
convenient
. But if you
stick
to
Brooklyn Heights and downtown Brook-
lyn, the closest
quarters
to Manhattan and

craft artisanal / to thrive, thrived or throve, thrived or thriven to lourish, prosper / to give, gave, given rise to to result in / to spread, spread, spread to extend, disperse, gain territory / lannel soft cotton cloth often in a plaid pattern / beard man’s facial hair.

3. to take, took, taken a bite of to take a mouthful,

here, to get to know, discover / teen-angst adolescent

anxiety / Tony award for achievement in the theatre / Dear Evan Hansen musical that debuted on Broadway in 2016 / compelling irresistible, fascinating / solely uniquely, only.

4. square mile = 2.56 km² / sprawling covering a large

area, vast / convenient practical, here, easy to navigate /

to stick, stuck, stuck to to stay in, keep to / quarter district, part of a town /

in both the recently renovated New York Marriott at the Brooklyn Bridge and the 1

latter's
latter's

Hotel Brooklyn Bridge. The

iconic
iconic

the

views of

bridge and the more distant Statue

of Liberty warrant room-service dinner.

MEETING THE LOCALS

6. When it comes to

locals, Brooklyn, a

New York's business districts, is

And a mini-boom of entrepreneurial guide services has made finding them easier than

actually meeting the

has made finding them easier than actually meeting the bedroom community for friendliest . ever. I
has made finding them easier than actually meeting the bedroom community for friendliest . ever. I

bedroom community for

friendliest

.

actually meeting the bedroom community for friendliest . ever. I joined the Brooklyn startup Local neighbor-

ever. I joined

the Brooklyn startup Local

neighbor- tour of
neighbor-
tour
of

Expeditions on one of its locals-led

hood
hood

itineraries, a three-hour bike

DUMBO ($40), the historic area Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass where via-

and his-

toric warehouses

shelter
shelter

ducts

weekly

flea markets

frame distant

skyscrapers

in Instagram-popular images.

SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE

sight

sight = la vue to have good eyesight avoir une bonne vue to be short-sighted être myope to be long-sighted être hypermétrope the sights attractions touristiques to go sightseeing faire du tourisme, visiter la ville star sighting (§ 1) lorsqu'une vedette a été aperçue

7. Ironically, I had to meet my guide on the

Manhattan side of the bridge. “I like to start over here because the biking across the bridge is spectacular, and there are always

to service to provide transport for / subway (US) = underground (GB) train metro / rate price / lodging accommodation / fashionable in vogue, chic / Uber-friendly practical if using Uber to get around.

5. to dub to call, nickname / when it comes to as far as

is concerned / value good value in quality/price ratio / latter the second (of the two) / iconic emblematic, famous / to warrant to justify.

6. local person living in an area, inhabitant / actually

really / bedroom community residential area in which a large number of people live but do not work / friendly pleasant, nice, agreeable / to join to become a member of / neighborhood (US) = neighbourhood (GB) local area, community / tour guided visit / to shelter to accomodate / lea market outdoor market with stands selling bric a brac / warehouse depot / skyscraper very tall modern building.

10 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

building. 10 • VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019 New Lab, a space dedicated to

New Lab, a space dedicated to commercializing digital-age har

(Vincent Tullo/The New York Times)

digital-age har (Vincent Tullo/The New York Times) Bushwick Collective street art in Brooklyn. (Erik

Bushwick Collective street art in Brooklyn. (Erik Pendzich/Shut

Collective street art in Brooklyn. (Erik Pendzich/Shut The Brooklyn Flea in the neighborhood of DUMBO. (SIPA)

The Brooklyn Flea in the neighborhood of DUMBO. (SIPA)

facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  diicile C1-C2

Améliorez votre prononciation en écoutant tous les articles sur le supplément audio de lecture SUPPLÉMENT
Améliorez votre prononciation en écoutant tous les articles sur le supplément audio de lecture SUPPLÉMENT

Améliorez votre prononciation en écoutant tous les articles sur le supplément audio de lecture

SUPPLÉMENT VIDÉO

Ficalora est le fondateur du Bushwick Collective. Ce collectif, composé d’artistes de street art à la notoriété internationale, a réalisé plus d’une cinquantaine de peintures murales dans le quartier de Bushwick, à Brooklyn. Découvrez le reportage vidéo et testez votre compréhension sur www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais

votre compréhension sur www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais dware start-ups, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. terstock/SIPA)

dware start-ups, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

dware start-ups, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. terstock/SIPA) Citi Bikes (a bicycle-sharing program) avail-

terstock/SIPA)

dware start-ups, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. terstock/SIPA) Citi Bikes (a bicycle-sharing program) avail- able on
Citi Bikes (a bicycle-sharing program) avail- able on this side,” said Nancy Blaine, a former
Citi Bikes (a bicycle-sharing program) avail-
able on this side,” said Nancy Blaine, a former
textbook
editor, nearly
lifelong
Brooklynite
and founder of Local Expeditions, as we
pedaled over the
scenic
span
.

8. Based on guides' interests and expertise,

Local Expeditions itineraries explore the

multifaceted borough from Jackie Robinson's

of Bushwick, but they

. Ours was at the

Brooklyn to the murals always include a snack stop
Brooklyn to the
murals
always include a
snack stop

petite Almondine Bakery where Nancy bought us

a snack stop petite Almondine Bakery where Nancy bought us creamy almond croissants to share. “We

creamy almond croissants to

share. “We want to get to know people, and around food, it goes so well,” she said.

FOOD

9. During our Manhattan

detour, we stopped for a $21

tostada
tostada

at Cosme in the Flat-

Granted , it
Granted
,
it

M e x i c o 's

iron District.

c a m e f r o m Michelin-starred
c a m e
f r o m
Michelin-starred

chef En-

more inviting and accessible to the 99 percent. Here, the singer Iggy Pop was posing nude for a drawing class when we

art-filled great
art-filled
great

visited the

jazz

Brooklyn Museum and

performing
performing

Ramsey Lewis was

a free concert at the Brooklyn Academy of Music.

expansive
expansive

11. The Brooklyn Navy Yard, an

acre patch
acre
patch

300-

of waterfront established

USS
USS

in 1801 and the birthplace of the

Maine
Maine

, now serves as an

incubator for startups. We

green hosting
green
hosting

visited the center of

entrepreneurship,

everything from a film stu-

eco-manufactur-
eco-manufactur-

dio to an

Brooklyn is the epicenter of the country's

craft renaissance.

ing
ing

center and artist studi-

os, on Turnstile Tours' two-hour trip around the

docks ($30) that history buffs
docks
($30) that
history
buffs

drew both

and hipsters.

12. We closed our Brooklyn

aural company narrates a atop the Brook-
aural
company
narrates
a
atop
the Brook-
spree
spree

in the

sea urchin , but indul-
sea urchin
, but
indul-

rique Olvera and contained

it

of filmmaker Ken Burns, who

new Detour walking tour

achievements

handsome

1883

was certainly an only-in-New-York

gence
gence

. The next night we ate at Leuca, chef

in
in

to get to the hotel's rooftop bar,

lyn Bridge ($4.99). He calls it “one of the

in human history.”

The

was

greatest

Andrew Carmellini's new restaurant in the William Vale Hotel in Williamsburg, where

the line
the
line

suspension bridge

the first to connect Manhattan and Brook- lyn by something other than a boat. The
the first to connect Manhattan and Brook-
lyn by something other than a boat. The
span helped
pave the way for
Brooklyn's
loss of independence, 15 years later, when
it became a part of the larger city. Still,
more than a century later, its
indie
iden-
tity is
alive and well
– and more
hospitable
than ever. l

full thrall of the Manhattan skyline, started

around 4 p.m.

cadre
cadre

10. Brooklyn has its own

lured
lured

chefs

of celebrity

rents. budg-
rents.
budg-

across the river by lower

But it's not a mini-Manhattan for the

et-minded
et-minded

. It's its own animal, somehow

7. textbook school book / editor person in charge of a

publication / lifelong lasting all of one’s life / scenic having a magniicent, spectacular view / span here, space

between the two ends of the bridge.

8. multifaceted complex, with many aspects / mural

large wall painting, fresco / snack a light meal / stop stage / creamy with the taste and consistency of cream.

9. tostada fried corn tortilla / granted it’s true /

Michelin-starred awarded with a star by the Michelin

Guide / sea urchin marine echinoderm with a shell covered in mobile spines / indulgence extravagance, treat

/ line queue / in full thrall of with a sweeping view of.

10. cadre professional group of / to lure to attract, entice

/ rent regular payment for use of a residence etc / budget-minded for people with limited inances /

art-illed full of works of art / great here, famous, revered musician / to perform here, to give.

11. expansive vast / acre measurement of land, 1 acre = 0.4

hectare / patch here, zone / USS Maine American naval cruiser ship, sunk from an explosion in 1898 in Havana Harbour, which served as the catalyst for the Spanish- American War / green ecological / to host to receive, house / eco-manufacturing ecological production of goods / dock quay, platform where boats are loaded / to draw, drew, drawn here, to attract / buf enthusiast, fan.

12. spree a period of self-indulgence or other enjoyable

activity / aural listening / to narrate to relate, tell the

story of / atop at the top of, on / achievement accomplishment / handsome beautiful, elegant / to pave the way for to prepare the way for / indie independent / alive and well active / hospitable pleasant to live in, welcoming.

Brèves de

société

B r è v e s d e société Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr (Tom Nicholson/LNP/REX/Shutterstock/SIPA)
B r è v e s d e société Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr (Tom Nicholson/LNP/REX/Shutterstock/SIPA)
B r è v e s d e société Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr (Tom Nicholson/LNP/REX/Shutterstock/SIPA)

Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr

(Tom Nicholson/LNP/REX/Shutterstock/SIPA)
(Tom Nicholson/LNP/REX/Shutterstock/SIPA)

Way out

In December, the European Court of Justice ruled that the United Kingdom could unilaterally halt the Brexit process. The court stated that the UK had the power to withdraw its notiication to leave the EU under Article 50 without the agreement of other member states. However, it must do so before the withdrawal agreement negotiated between the two parties comes into force, the court said. The case was brought before the ECJ by pro-Remain campaigners in Scotland, despite the British government’s opposition. After the ruling, There- sa May stated that she would not revoke Article 50 because it would betray voters who won the 2016 referendum.

to rule to decide, decree / to state to declare / to withdraw, drew, drawn to leave, to pull out from / under in accordance with / agreement accord / to come, came, come into force to come into efect / case afair, situation / to bring, brought, brought here, to take to court / pro-Remain here, to stay in the E.U. / campaigner active supporter of a cause, militant / to revoke to cancel, annul / to betray to be a traitor to.

Womb-bedrooms

A set of hotel rooms that resemble human wombs, created by design-led serviced apartments Cuckooz, in collaboration with sleep technology company Simba, have just opened in Shoreditch, London. These rooms, adorned with soft pink walls, high-tech mattresses and muted lighting, have been designed to encourage relaxation and REM-rich sleep.

(Cuckooz)
(Cuckooz)

womb uterus / set collection, group / design-led where the decor is intrinsic and mainly modern, design (to lead, led, led to direct, here, be the guiding objective) / serviced- apartment an appartment where the services of a hotel are ofered / to adorn to decorate / mattress soft part of a bed / muted here, subdued / to design to conceive, create, devise / REM sleep last and lightest phase of sleep (REM= Rapid Eye Movement).

12 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

le chifre de la quinzaine

This is the approximate sum thought to have been embezzled by two nuns while working
This is the approximate sum thought to have
been embezzled by two nuns while working at
a Catholic school in California. Sisters Mary
Margaret Kreuper and Lana Chang had been
working at St James school for decades,
respectively as the school’s principal and an
eighth-grade teacher. They reportedly used
the money to pay for
gambling trips to Las
Vegas! The nuns have apologized and
promised to pay back the money. Church
oicials will not press charges.
thought
to have been believed, estimated to have
been / to embezzle to take money fraudulently / nun
female member of a religious community / decade
period of ten years / eighth-grade school year for
students aged 13 to 14 / reportedly allegedly, supposedly
/ … gambling trips to gamble (place bets in a casino) /
to apologize to say sorry for, ask for pardon / church
oicials ecclesiastical authorities / to press charges to
make a formal legal complaint.
(Istock)
(Steve Meddle/Shutterstock/SIPA)
(Steve Meddle/Shutterstock/SIPA)

Game addiction

The video game Fortnite, irst released in 2017, has been accused of creating widespread addiction for its players, sending kids throughout the world to gaming rehab. According to Lorrine Marer, a British behavioral specialist, this video game “is like heroin. Once you are hooked, it’s hard to get unhooked.” An online U.K. divorce service also said that 200 petitions cited Fortnite and other video games as the reason for marriage breakup this year. More than 200 million people play Fortnite worldwide.

to release here, to make available, put on the market / widespread extending widely / throughout all over, everywhere in / rehab detoxiication (rehab = rehabilitation) / according to as stated by, reported by / behavioral (US) = behavioural (GB) relating to human conduct / to be hooked to be addicted / to get unhooked to overcome an addiction / worldwide all over the world.

Société

I

Football I

S o c i é t é I Football I QATAR I  B2-C1 Construction is

QATAR

I

 B2-C1

Construction is continuing apace at Al Wakrah stadium, in Qatar. (Olya Morvan/ The New York
Construction is
continuing apace at
Al Wakrah stadium,
in Qatar. (Olya Morvan/
The New York Times)

THE GUARDIAN

DAVID CONN

QATAR ON COURSE FOR ITS IMPROBABLE WORLD CUP

Preparations unbelievably going to plan for Qatar's World Cup

In 2010, to everyone’s surprise, Fifa chose Qatar to host the football World Cup in 2022. The tiny Middle Eastern state, known for its intensely hot temperatures, has been criticised for the poor conditions of its foreign workers constructing the stadiums. However, having ignored the controversy, Qatar is redoubling its eforts to be ready in time for what promises to be an exceptional event…

I t began almost a decade ago as the most “ Deliver Amazing” with its
I t began
almost a decade ago as the most
Deliver Amazing” with its
stated mission to
ship with
theInternationalLabourOrganisation.
unfeasible bid ever to
host a World Cup: an
unify people in
the Middle East and project a
In June last year, political hostilities
erupted in
outlandish proposal for “air-cooled” stadiums in
positive Arab experience – has
survived a
hur-
theimmediateregionandQatar
remains
subject
the desert summer heat of a
tiny,
obscure- ricane
of challenges. There have been waves
of
to an
actual blockade led by its much bigger,
seeming Arab emirate with one city, Doha,
corruption
allegations
, which the secretary
loomingneighbour,SaudiArabia,theUnitedArab
populated by just 300,000
citizens
. Qatar is
Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt.
though, the richest
per capita state on earth, and
general of the “supreme committee” organising
the World Cup, Hassan al-Thawadi, repeatedly
on that cold Zurich night in December 2010 its
denied.
UNTROUBLED PREPARATIONS
bid
succeeded in
garnering a majority of Fifa
4.
Yet preparations inside the country are con-
executivecommitteevotes,and
to host the 2022 World Cup.
claimed theright
3. Intensive
Fifa
inquiries
into the vote did not
tinuingalmost untroubled, andnowQatar
looks
ind Qatar’s bid more irregular than Australia’s
– or England’s for 2018 and the FBI’s criminal
most
likely to also
ride
a
late
effort by the Fifa
president, Gianni Infantino, to
expand the tour-
2. Since then Qatar’s planned hosting of the
investigation into American Fifa football
barons
tournament – its
ubiquitous
slogan in Doha is
has produced nothing
solid against Qatar. There
has been international condemnation of Qatar’s
regime for migrant workers, now part of a reform
nament from 32 to 48 teams and have the coun-
try share some matches with other countries in
the region. The footballing calendar has already
been
reordered – moving the World Cup from
1. almost nearly / decade period of ten years / unfeasible
>>>
implausible / bid here, candidacy of a country / ever of all time
/ to host to organise an event / outlandish unconventional,
eccentric / proposal proposition, project / air-cooled
air-conditioned / tiny minuscule / obscure-seeming
unknown / citizen person / though however / per capita per
inhabitant / to succeed in (+ ger.) to be successful in / to
garner to gain, to acquire / to claim to take.
process the government is
conducting in
partner-
(the) International Labour Organisation United Nations
agency which establishes and promotes decent working
standards internationally / to erupt to break out, to start / to
remain to continue to be / actual real / to loom to appear in a
menacing way / neighbour nearby country.
2. tournament championship / ubiquitous omnipresent /
to deliver to bring, to provide / stated expressed, declared /
(the) Middle East region of the world including Egypt, Jordan,
Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iran and Iraq / to survive to
overcome / hurricane deluge / wave series / allegation
accusation / to deny to refute.
3. intensive exhaustive, complete, thorough / inquiry
investigation / baron magnate / solid concrete / to conduct
to carry out / partnership association, collaboration /
4. yet however, despite this / to look to seem / likely
probable / to ride, rode, ridden here, to beneit from / late
after the normal time / to expand to increase / to reorder to
reorganise.

>>>

Société

I

Football I

QATAR
QATAR

I  B2-C1

Une suggestion ? écrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr monavis@vocable.fr

Fans of the Qatari soccer club Al Sadd SC watch a match at the Jassim
Fans of the Qatari soccer club Al Sadd SC
watch a match at the Jassim bin Hamad
Stadium in Doha. (Olya Morvan/The New York Times)
summer to winter for the irst time, to escape the
desert heat.
5.
So, still
somehow unbelievably, in four years’
time, the World Cup really will
kick off in Qatar,
in one of the seven entirely new, all air-cooled
stadiums, with the 80,000
-seater in the newly
built Doha district of Lusail the venue for the inal
on 18 December. And, as always
intended when
the supremely ambitious Sheikh Hamad bin
Khalifaal-Thani,
thenthecountry’s
ruler,pushed
Qatar to bid, it will play host to the most watched
sporting tournament on earth. Amazing,
pur-
pose-builtstages
willhavebeenbuiltfor
thelikes
Hassan al-Thawadi, head of
Qatar’s 2022 World Cup commit-
of Kylian Mbappé, 23
by then, Neymar, perhaps
tee. (Earl Wilson/The New York Times)
a veteran Lionel Messi and football’s other stars
to captivate a
global
audience
. And Qatar will
broadcast its chosen image to the world.
wadi at between $8
bn and $10bn,
although that
smothered the Qatar bid. It is a small, claustro-
is
buttressed by the $200bn being
spent more
COLOSSAL BUDGET
huge
6.
In a country
grown rapidly rich
beyond imag-
generally to have a new metro system and
infrastructure ready for 2022.
ining because of its pioneering exploitation of
liquidnaturalgas,the bonanza hascreatedaGulf
7. In Qatar it is immediately striking how ad-
phobic city of skyscrapers and malls, where
people mostly do not walk because in the hot,
impossibly humid summer, only the migrant
workers, who built it all, spend any time out-
side. All societies are unequal and class-based
city of
skyscrapers
and
malls
, which can
put on
vanced the plans are, the improbable bid now
to some extent
, but in Qatar the
divides
are
aWorldCup
fromscratch.Theoficialbudgetfor
solidly
cemented with facts on the ground. The
extreme. While the Qataris, many of them
World Cup-speciic construction is
put by Tha-
one World Cup stadium not being built from
scratch, the Khalifa International stadium –
English or US-educated, have been
blessed with
named after the father Sheikh Hamad
deposed
5. somehow in some way in spite of all this / to kick of to
in a
bloodless
palace coup in 1995 – had its recon-
most privileged lives, the 1.7 million migrant
workers are mostly men from the Indian sub-
continent, brought thousands of miles from
start / -seater with
seats / venue place / to intend to plan /
then at the time / ruler leader / purpose-built built
speciically for the event / stage platform in a theatre/stadium
iguration
completed last year.
their families,
housed in camps, with no ques-
tion of citizenship.
/ the likes of here, players like
/ by then by that time /
SCEPTICISM
global international, worldwide / audience group of
8. Of the eight stadiums, perhaps the most sym-
10.
It is a little dificult, too, to envisage what the
spectators / to broadcast, broadcast, broadcast to
transmit, to show.
bolic is the 60,000-seat Al Bayt, which is in ad-
prospective 1.5millionfansexpectedfor2022will
6. to grow, grew, grown to become / beyond outside the
vanced,
eye-catching construction at Al Khor, a
do with their
leisure time
; beyond the Corniche,
limits of / bonanza great prosperity / skyscraper very tall
modern building / mall shopping centre / to put, put, put on
to organise / from scratch from nothing / to put, put, put
here, to estimate /
currently dusty district 20 miles north of Doha.
Souq Waqif and
a couple of cultural centres,
It is named and
designed after bayt al sha’ar, tents
Doha’s list of tourist activities
shopping malls.
runs
quickly
into
used by the nomadic people of Qatar before the
money
rained in.
Driving past it, we could see the
televisual statement it will make for Qatar in 2022:
11.
Yet almost 10 years
into
selling his vision,
look, world, we were tent-
look at all we can do now.
dwellers
before, and
Thawadi can still
brim with enthusiasm and
believesthetournamentitselfwill
overcome
any
reservations
: “The weather is going to be fantas-
9. Yet being in Doha even for a few days
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
prompts
the same scepticism which has always
Parlons foot
tic,” he says. “Sun, sand and beach, you can enjoy
that. We’re adding the desert experience … a
phenomenal,magicalexperience.Andthesimple
fact is: the World Cup itself is a spectacle.” l
"the World Cup really will kick of in
Qatar" (§ 5)
bn = billion (one thousand million) / although even if / to
buttress to support, to reinforce / to spend, spent, spent to
invest / huge enormous.
7. striking noticeable / to cement to irmly establish / with
to kick donner un coup de pied
to kick of donner le coup d'envoi
facts on the ground here, with visible concrete structures in
mais aussi
place / to depose to remove from power / bloodless without
blood (red oxygenating luid in the body), here, without
violence / to complete to inish.
to smother to sufocate, here, to surround, to envelop, to
eclipse / to some extent to a certain degree / divide division /
to bless to honour, to confer / to house to accommodate.
the party kicked of in great style la
soirée a démarré en beauté
8. eye-catching visually attractive / currently at present, at
10. prospective anticipated / leisure time free time / a
couple of a few, two / to run, ran, run into to end up, to lead
to.
it all kicked of when
ce qui a tout
the moment / dusty sandy, dirty / to design to plan
architecturally / to rain in to low / to drive, drove, driven
past to go past in a vehicle / dweller person who lives in a
déclenché, c'est
a kick-of meeting séance de
9. to prompt to provoke /
11. into after / to brim with to be full of / to overcome,
overcame, overcome to triumph over, to surmount /
reservation doubt.
démarrage

14 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  diicile C1-C2

Société I Droit du sol I

S o c i é t é I Droit du sol I IRLANDE I  B2-C1

IRLANDE I  B2-C1

The Irish public is overwhelmingly in favour of a proposal to reinstate birthright citizenship. (SIPA)
The Irish public is overwhelmingly in favour of a
proposal to reinstate birthright citizenship. (SIPA)

THE NEW YORK TIMES

ED O’LOUGHLIN

RESTORING

BIRTHRIGHT

CITIZENSHIP

Reinstating the law allowing citizenship to people born in Ireland of immigrant families

At a time when birthright citizenship is being eroded in some countries, Ireland is taking a diferent position on the matter. A recent poll has shown that in fact 71% of Irish inhabitants are in favour – as opposed to 2004 when they were happy with being less generous. A new law has been put forward to the Senate to allow children of immigrants born in Ireland, with a residence of more than three years, the right to stay. What made the population of Ireland change its mind so dramatically?

D UBLIN — Ireland, which seems

intent on bucking

the

D UBLIN — Ireland, which seems intent on bucking the tighten the Irish public enacted grant

tighten

the Irish public

enacted grant
enacted
grant

2. Should it be

, the proposed law

called for ending birthright citizenship in the United States, follows a high-proile case in which Eric Zhi Ying Xue, a 9-year-old boy

who was born in Ireland, was threatened in

October with

Chinese mother. His teachers and

deportation

along with

his

 

classmates

at St. Cronan’s School in County Wicklow

rallied around
rallied around

him, and a petition asking the

government not to deport Eric or his mother

asking the government not to deport Eric or his mother collected 50,000 signatures within a few

collected 50,000 signatures within

a few

days. The family was instead given three

make a case remain route
make a case
remain
route

months to

permission to

sible

to full citizenship.

to be given legal

in the country, a pos-

illiberal tide
illiberal tide

would

the right to citizenship to any

subse-
subse-

in the West,

move to

tion,

favor of a proposal to reinstate birthright citizenship. A proposed law on the subject passed a preliminary vote in the Irish Sen- ate in November, three days after an opinion

is at it again: As other countries

restrictions on immigra-

person who is born in Ireland and

regardless
regardless

quently lives in the country for three years,

is overwhelmingly in
is
overwhelmingly in

of the parents’ citizenship or

residency status. It would largely reverse the effect of a 2004 referendum in which 79

removal
removal

of a

percent of voters supported the

provision
provision

constitutional

granting citizenship

to anyone born in Ireland.

HIGH-PROFILE

CASE

3. This remarkable

swing

 

in public opinion,

at a time when President Donald Trump has

poll
poll

for the Irish edition of The Sunday

Times of London showed that 71 percent of

respondents
respondents

favor birthright citizenship,

while 19 percent were opposed and 10 per- cent undecided.

1. to be intent on to be determined to / to buck to go

against, resist / illiberal antiliberal / tide here, tendency /

at it again has just ofered another example / to

tighten to reinforce, restrict / the Irish public the Irish

people / overwhelmingly greatly, by a large majority / poll survey, study of public opinion / respondent person questioned.

is

2. to enact to pass into law / to grant to allow, authorise

/ subsequently after that / regardless irrespective of / removal withdrawal / provision clause.

3. high-proile prominent, attracting much (media)

attention / case afair / swing sudden change (into

favour, popularity) /

to be threatened with to be in danger of / deportation expulsion / along with with / classmate fellow student / to rally around to mobilise, support / within in the space of / to make, made, made a case to argue for sth / to remain to stay / route path, way.

>>>

Société

Société Une suggestion ? Ecrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr 16 • VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

Une suggestion ? Ecrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr

Une suggestion ? Ecrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr 16 • VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019 >>>

16 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

>>>

OPPONENT

obtain citizenship in the Republic of Ireland,

bloc .
bloc
.

which will remain in the

CURRENT SYSTEM

6. Under the current system, a person born in

Ireland must have at least one Irish parent, or

several
several

years of legal residency in Ireland by

Sen
Sen

. Ivana

a parent, to qualify for citizenship.

Bacik, who introduced the bill, said the current

immigration system was too slow and too dependent on the opaque

officials .
officials
.

decisions of

“Over the last few years, we’ve seen a number of cases of children born

few years, we’ve seen a number of cases of children born and raised in Ireland, yet

and

raised in Ireland, yet

who are threatened with deportation because their parents’ immigra-

dragged
dragged

4. As popular as it may be, the birthright

critical
critical

citizenship proposal has one

oppo-

nent: the Irish government, which says it

has one oppo- nent: the Irish government, which says it will bill seek to defeat the

will

bill
bill

seek to defeat the new

. The govern-

ment’s opposition is based on the special relationship between Ireland and Northern

spokesman
spokesman

Ireland, said a

for the Depart-

ment of Justice and Equality, which has

matters .
matters
.

responsibility for immigration Although Northern Ire-

land is part of the Unit- ed Kingdom, its people

are
are

As popular as it may be, the birthright citizenship proposal has one critical opponent: the Irish government.

entitled to
entitled to

legally

both British and Irish citizenship.

5. The Irish government

fears
fears

that people living

tion cases have on be up to
tion
cases
have
on
be up to

illegally in Britain could

move to Northern Ire- land, give birth to a child there and obtain Irish citizenship for their child after living there for three years. The parents could then use the child’s citizenship to obtain resi- dency anywhere in Ireland or the United Kingdom which, though separate countries, confer extensive mutual residency and travel rights on each other’s citizens. There

for years and years,”

Bacik said. “It shouldn’t

of
of

the classmates

frightened children to

mount campaigns

to have them stay in the country.”

7. The Irish Council for Immigrants, an in-

dependent nongovernmental organization,

broader registration and le-
broader
registration
and le-

said that Eric’s case was part of a

problem relating to the

concerns
concerns

are also

that British residents

galization of children who were either born

to
to

in Ireland

immigrants in the country il-

legally or brought to the country when they were very young.

seeking to retain European rights to free movement after Britain leaves the European Union might use the same mechanism to

4. critical crucial, important / to seek, sought, sought here, to try / bill draft of a proposed law / spokesman representative / matter issue / to be entitled to to have the right to.

5. to fear to be afraid of, worry about / concern worry /

to fear to be afraid of, worry about / concern worry / SUR LE BOUT DE

SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE

"it will seek to defeat the new bill" (§ 4)

bill un projet de loi

mais "bill" a aussi le sens de :

un billet de banque (US) a $20 bill

l'addition (GB) Can I have the bill please?

une facture an electricity bill

un acte bill of indictment (acte d'accusation)

un contrat bill of sale (acte de vente)

8. This year, students, teachers and parents

at a school in Tullamore, County Offaly, suc-

fought
fought

cessfully

the deportation of Nonso

Muojeke, a 14-year-old who was born in Ni- geria but has lived in Ireland since he was 2. “It is really the classmates of these children

standing up for
standing up for

who are

them,” said Pippa

Woolnough, spokeswoman for the Irish Council for Immigrants. “It’s people saying,

‘ Hang on
‘ Hang on

, this is Eric or Nonso; I play with

him after school and he’s part of our com- munity. He’s as Irish as I am.'” l

bloc here, European Union.

6. current present / several numerous / Sen. = Senator

/ oicial high-ranking employee or government representative / raised having grown up / case here, ile / to drag on to go on for a long time / to be up to to be the responsibility of / frightened scared / to mount to organise, set up.

7. broad large, general / registration making an oicial

record of sth / to here (born) whose (parents are

immigrants).

8. to ight, fought, fought to battle against / to stand,

stood, stood up for to defend, support / hang on wait a minute.

facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  diicile C1-C2

www.vocable.fr

PRATIC’ABLE

Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler comme un Anglais…

AUGUSTIN HABRAN

Applis et réseaux sociaux

Que vous soyez un amateur de selie, un acharné du post ou que vous ayez un regard plutôt critique sur les réseaux sociaux, cette page est faite pour vous !

Vocabulaireclé

sociaux, cette page est faite pour vous ! Vocabulaireclé (news) feed fil d’actualité add (as a

(news) feed fil d’actualité add (as a friend), "friend" ajouter addicted accro, addict app appli block bloquer browse naviguer, surfer browser navigateur chat conversation chatroom forum de discussion comment commenter, commentaire community communauté connected connecté cover photo photo de couverture data données dating app appli de rencontre discussion thread fil de discussion dislike ne pas aimer download télécharger emoticon, emoji emoji event événement ilter filtre ingerprint recognition reconnaissance digitale follower abonné friend « ami » friend request demande d’ami group group harassment harcèlement IM, instant message message instantané judgement jugement lense (littéralement « lentille ») animation du visage sur Snapchat

like « j’aime » login name nom d’utilisateur messaging service de messagerie notiication notification page page password mot de passe PM (private message) MP (message privé) popular populaire, connu post publication, post privacy confidentialité proile profil proile photo photo de profil publish publier remove supprimer RT, retweet partager un tweet (Twitter) shallow superficiel share partager sign in, log in se connecter sign out, log out se déconnecter social media, social network réseau social stalk traquer, suivre de manière inquiétante status statut status update mise à jour de profil tag taguer timeline historique trending phrase / mot populaire dans le moment (Twitter) trendy tendance wall mur

Bonàsavoir

le moment (Twitter) trendy tendance wall mur Bonàsavoir Depuis novembre 2017, Facebook a dépassé les 2

Depuis novembre 2017, Facebook a dépassé les 2 milliards d’utilisateurs dans le monde ! En 2018, Twitter compte 326 millions d’utilisateurs actifs. Instagram et Snapchat en comptent respectivement 1 milliard et 255 millions. Chers amis « millenials » (nés entre 1980 et 2000), vous qui avez été la première génération à utiliser Facebook, sachez que ce réseau est désormais has been pour les plus jeunes… Si Instagram reste populaire, c’est vers Snapchat qu’il faut se tourner désormais.

c’est vers Snapchat qu’il faut se tourner désormais. (ISTOCK) Retrouvez cette fiche de vocabulaire lue sur
(ISTOCK)
(ISTOCK)
vers Snapchat qu’il faut se tourner désormais. (ISTOCK) Retrouvez cette fiche de vocabulaire lue sur le

Retrouvez cette fiche de vocabulaire lue sur le CD lecture et son commentaire sur la partie basique du CD conversation. CD audio ou téléchargement MP3

Expressionsàretenir

CD audio ou téléchargement MP3 Expressionsàretenir He is totally addicted to social networks… he spends his

He is totally addicted to social networks… he spends his life on his phone! Il est totalement accro aux réseaux sociaux… il passe sa vie sur son smartphone ! How many likes did you get for that pic? Combien de likes as-tu eu pour cette photo ? This video has gone viral! Cette vidéo est devenue virale ! We all know she’s seeking approval, this is sad…. On sait tous qu’elle recherche l’approbation de tout le monde, c’est triste… I can’t believe Tom unfriended me! Je n’arrive pas à croire que Tom m’ait retiré de ses amis ! Why did you block him on Facebook? Pourquoi l’as-tu bloqué sur Facebook ? It’s crazy how people seem to have an amazing life on Facebook! C’est dingue comme les gens ont l’air d’avoir une vie incroyable sur Facebook !

Testez-vous
Testez-vous

Associez chaque mot de la première liste avec un mot de la seconde :

1- landscape 2- selie 3- meme 4- dish 5- TBT (Throwback Thursday) 6- log in 7- harassment 8- tag

a - notiication b - stick c - username d - suicide e - #noilter f- food porn g- memories h- hilarious

8-a.;7-d;6-c;5-g;4-f;3-h;2-b;1-e:SOLUTIONS

VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019 17

PRATIC’ABLE / Grammaire

JOAN GREENWOOD

Verbes réguliers et irréguliers

Piqûre de rappel

Piqûre de rappel

Pour les verbes réguliers, le passé simple et le participe passé se terminent en “ed” (exemple: to work worked). [A]

Pour les verbes irréguliers,

- le passé simple et le participe passé

peuvent être diférents (exemple : to see,

saw, seen) [B]

-

le passé simple et le participe passé

peuvent être les mêmes (exemple : to tell,

told, told) [C]

l’ininitif, le passé simple et le participe passé peuvent être identiques (exemple :

-

to cut, cut, cut) [D]

Certains verbes peuvent être réguliers ou

irréguliers (exemple : to burn : burned ou burnt). [E]

2
2

Utilisez des verbes de l’exercice 1 pour compléter ces phrases.

1. We’re ready! We’ve

food is cooked.

the table and the

2. I have

so much since I have been

working with you.

3. Has everyone

like any more?

? Would anyone

4. to him yesterday but he didn’t tell me much.

I

5. into Heathrow Airport

They early this morning.

6. Have they

7. that dress last time. Don’t you

the baby’s name yet?

You

want to wear something diferent today?

8. I never

9. I washed my new pullover in the machine and it has

10. I wonder how many people have on that horse.

I would be the winner!

5.4.spoke,inished,3.2.learned/learnt,1.set,:SOLUTIONS

10.bet.9.shrunk,8.dreamed/dreamt,7.wore,6.chosen,lew,

10.bet.9.shrunk,8.dreamed/dreamt,7.wore,6.chosen,lew, sur www.vocable.fr Retrouvez beaucoup plus d'exercices

sur www.vocable.fr

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18 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

1
1

Placez chaque verbe, avec son passé simple et son participe passé, dans la colonne appropriée en suivant les exemples donnés dans la piqûre de rappel.

to finish

to dream

to learn

to put

to wear

to paint

to win

to choose

to set

to speak

to buy

to bet

to spoil

to fly

to shrink

to find

to drive

to swing

to spell

to use

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

[E]

work, worked,

       

worked

see, saw, seen

tell, told, told

cut, cut, cut

burned/burnt

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

………………

 

………………

………………

 

………………

 

………………

     
 

………………

     

speakchosen,choseechoos[B]usedusedusepainted,paintedpaintinished,inishedinish[A]:SOLUTIONS

found,foundind,[C]runkshshrankshrinkworn,woreweardriven,drovedrivelown,lewlyspoken,spoke

learn[E]betetbbetput,putputset,setset[D]swungswungswingbought,boughtbuywon,wonwin

spoiled/spoillspoidreamed/dreamt,dreamspelled/spelt,spelllearned/learnt,

Retrouvez Yves Cotten sur et-compagnie.blogspot.fr
Retrouvez Yves Cotten sur et-compagnie.blogspot.fr

/ Prononciation & Orthographe

/ Prononciation & Orthographe Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr Soignez votre orthographe Transformez

Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr

Soignez votre orthographe

Transformez chaque mot de la colonne A en le complétant avec le suixe de la colonne B pour l’inscrire dans la colonne C.plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr Soignez votre orthographe Attention, il faut faire quelques adaptations

Attention, il faut faire quelques adaptations orthographiques !

A

 

B

C

announce

+

iate

…………………

curious

+

ity

…………………

disaster

+

ous

…………………

enter

+

ance

…………………

exclaim

+

ation

…………………

generous

+

ity

…………………

hunger

+

y

…………………

labour

+

ious

…………………

proclaim

+

ation

…………………

pronounce

+

iation

…………………

proclamation,laborious,hungry,erosity,genexclamation,entrance,disastrous,curiosity,annunciate,:SOLUTIONS

pronunciation

2
2

Tendez l'oreille

Which word contains the same ‘ea’ sound as in ‘wear’?

ear fair heard

Which word contains the ‘ch’ sound of ‘ache’?

architect machine lunch

Find the word with the same sound as the end of ‘although’.

sew

thought rough

The ‘i’ sound of ‘site’ is found in which word?

arid

greed height

Which word rhymes with ‘eight’?

late

height street

Which word contains the same vowel sound as in ‘how’?

  blow cow sown

Which word contains the same sound as the ‘s’ of ‘sure’?

  measure lose pressure

The vowel in ‘square’ does NOT appear in which of these?

rarely unfair rather

ratherpressure,cow,late,height,sew,architect,fair,:SOLUTIONS

Le saviez-vous ?

:SOLUTIONS Le saviez-vous ? Comment se repérer à New York ? Manhattan , connu pour

Comment se repérer à New York ?

Manhattan, connu pour son “grid system” avec les “streets” qui vont de l’est vers l’ouest et les “avenues” du nord au sud, est divisé en 3 sections :

Downtown, qui commence au sud de Union Square

Midtown, qui est au nord de

Union Square et qui va jusqu’à 59th Street

Uptown, qui est au nord de la partie sud de Central Park

Fifth Avenue divise Manhattan

entre east et west side.

La numérotation des bâtiments commence à Fifth Avenue et part vers l’est et vers l’ouest, ce qui donne des adresses comme 17 East 35th Street et 17 West 35th Street.

Certaines avenues ont un nom, par exemple Madison Avenue ou bien un numéro + un nom, par exemple Dr Martin Luther King Boulevard / 125th Street.

Broadway est une avenue qui traverse tout Manhattan du nord au sud.

est une avenue qui traverse tout Manhattan du nord au sud. sur www.vocable.fr Retrouvez beaucoup plus

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PRATICABLE / Vocabulaire

www.vocable.fr

Jeux de mots

Tous ces mots igurent dans les articles de ce numéro. Connaissez-vous leur équivalent en anglais britannique ? s igurent dans les articles de ce numéro. Connaissez-vous leur équivalent en anglais britannique ?

US

GB

neighborhood

……………………………

gas station

……………………………

buzziest

……………………………

plowed

……………………………

traveled

……………………………

pedaled

……………………………

a line

……………………………

a pay check

……………………………

a bedroom community

……………………………

theater

……………………………

center

……………………………

favor

……………………………

program

……………………………

fall

……………………………

subway

……………………………

payqueue,dalled,petravelled,ploughed,busiest,station,station/petrolilling,neighbourhood:SOLUTIONS

undergroundmn,autuprogramme,favour,centre,theatre,town,dormitoryacheque,

En vous référant au Sur le bout de la langue de la page 26, retrouvez les diférents mots qui ont donné naissance aux contractions ci-dessous. férents mots qui ont donné naissance aux contractions ci-dessous.

I dunno

lemme see

it’s a lotta bucks

she mighta done

c’mon!

lotsa people

I kinda knew

whadja do?

wheredja go?

youda known

ofkindIple,peooflotsbucks,oflotait’son!,comedone,havemightshesee,meletknow,don’tI:SOLUTIONS

knownhavewouldyougo?,youdo/didwheredo?,youdo/didwhatknew,

Aretenir

Aretenir 5 mots à mémoriser dans ce numéro organic bio harvest
5 mots à mémoriser dans ce numéro organic bio harvest récolte seeds graines greenhouse serre
5 mots à mémoriser
dans ce numéro
organic
bio
harvest
récolte
seeds
graines
greenhouse
serre
orchards
vergers
 
 

L'expressionidiomatique

 

“A Gulf city which can put on a World Cup from scratch” (§ 6 )

from scratch

en partant de rien

to start from scratch

repartir de zéro

to scratch money together

réussir à amasser de l’argent (en

raclant les fonds de tiroirs)

to scratch a meal together

faire un repas avec des restes ou

avec ce que l’on a chez soi.

repas avec des restes ou avec ce que l’on a chez soi. sur www.vocable.fr Retrouvez beaucoup

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20 VOCABLE Du 10 au 23 janvier 2019

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À 360° Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr Le tour du monde en V.O.
À 360°
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Le tour du monde en
V.O.
(SIPA)
(SIPA)

New leadersur www.vocable.fr Le tour du monde en V.O. (SIPA) After 18 years, Germany’s ruling Christian Democratic

After 18 years, Germany’s ruling Christian Democratic Union has a new leader. On 29 October, following catastrophic results in recent state elections and flag- ging poll numbers, German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, chose to resign as the CDU leader. Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer was elected to succeed her in early December. A close ally of Angela Merkel’s – who officially backed her during the succession campaign –, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is an economic centrist in favour of Germany’s minimum wage, but has conservative social views.

ruling in power / lagging declining / poll survey, study of public opinion / to resign to leave (a post) / ally supporter / to back to support / wage salary.

The church service that never ends/ ally supporter / to back to support / wage salary. From October to December, a

From October to December, a marathon church service ran for more than six weeks without taking a break at Bethel Church, in the Dutch city of The Hague. The service started in order to protect an Armenian family from deportation, as Dutch law prevents the police from disrupting a church service to make an arrest. The Tamrazyans, who have lived in the Netherlands since 2010, had their asylum status recently overturned after a ive-year procedure. More than 550 pastors from about 20 denominations have taken part in the service.

to run, ran, run to take place, last / Dutch from Holland, from the Netherlands / The Hague seat of government and administrative centre of the Netherlands / in order to to, to be able to / deportation expulsion, extradition / to prevent (from) to stop / to disrupt to disturb, interrupt / Netherlands Holland / to overturn to cancel, reverse / denomination recognized autonomous branch of the Christian Church.

(SIPA)
(SIPA)
(Amer Ghazzal/Shutterstock/SIPA)
(Amer Ghazzal/Shutterstock/SIPA)

Back to theChristian Church. (SIPA) (Amer Ghazzal/Shutterstock/SIPA) Commonwealth The Maldives has applied to rejoin the

Commonwealth

The Maldives has applied to rejoin the Commonwealth, two years after withdrawing from the organisation under autocratic president Abdulla Yameen. Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, Maldives’ new president, wrote to the Commonwealth secretary-general in December to request his country to be readmitted to the Commonwealth. The Maldives is a former British colony.

to apply to make a formal request for sth / to withdraw, drew, drawn to leave, to pull out from / to request to ask for / former previous.

(SIPA)
(SIPA)

Live chickens tofrom / to request to ask for / former previous. (SIPA) your door Food-delivery app Tupuca,

your door

Food-delivery app Tupuca, which has been bringing meals to residents of Angola’s capital, Luanda, since 2016, has started a new service for its users. Since October, the latter can buy items such as coal, petrol, fruit and vegetables from the app, in addition to the usual take-away meals. They can also purchase live animals, such as chickens, pigs or goats!

delivery distribution of goods / app = application /